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Anesthesia

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22 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27358333/international-consensus-guidance-for-management-of-myasthenia-gravis-executive-summary
#1
REVIEW
Donald B Sanders, Gil I Wolfe, Michael Benatar, Amelia Evoli, Nils E Gilhus, Isabel Illa, Nancy Kuntz, Janice M Massey, Arthur Melms, Hiroyuki Murai, Michael Nicolle, Jacqueline Palace, David P Richman, Jan Verschuuren, Pushpa Narayanaswami
OBJECTIVE: To develop formal consensus-based guidance for the management of myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: In October 2013, the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America appointed a Task Force to develop treatment guidance for MG, and a panel of 15 international experts was convened. The RAND/UCLA appropriateness methodology was used to develop consensus guidance statements. Definitions were developed for goals of treatment, minimal manifestations, remission, ocular MG, impending crisis, crisis, and refractory MG...
July 26, 2016: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27380869/efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-axillary-brachial-plexus-block-for-analgesia-during-percutaneous-transluminal-angioplasty-for-dialysis-access
#2
Emiko Chiba, Kohei Hamamoto, Michio Nagashima, Katsuhiko Matsuura, Tomohisa Okochi, Keisuke Tanno, Osamu Tanaka
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of ultrasound (US)-guided axillary brachial plexus block (ABPB) for analgesia during percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for dialysis access. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients who underwent PTA for stenotic dialysis access shunts and who had previous experience of PTA without sedation, analgesia, and anesthesia were included. The access type in all patients was native arteriovenous fistulae in the forearm...
October 2016: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19224812/the-utility-of-ketamine-for-the-preoperative-management-of-a-patient-with-parkinson-s-disease
#3
Justin J Wright, Peter D Goodnight, Matthew D McEvoy
Loss of dopaminergic neurons from the substantia nigra characterizes the classical pathology of Parkinson's disease, but persistent activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors is also a major component. During difficult airway management in a patient with advanced Parkinson's disease, the use of low-dose (20 mg) i.v. ketamine resulted in complete abolition of severe tremor and dysarthria. This led to the current case report in which low-dose ketamine was used for preoperative sedation and dyskinesia attenuation...
March 2009: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26678938/propofol-target-controlled-infusion-for-sedated-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-a-comparison-of-propofol-alone-versus-propofol-fentanyl-midazolam
#4
Chiung-Dan Hsu, Jui-Mei Huang, Ya-Ping Chuang, Hua-Yi Wei, Yu-Chung Su, Jeng-Yih Wu, Wen-Ming Wang, Hung-Te Hsu, Hui-Fang Huang, I-Cheng Lu, David Vi Lu
Gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy is the major technique for diagnosis of GI disease and treatment. Various sedation and analgesia regimens such as midazolam, fentanyl, and propofol can be used during GI endoscopy. The purpose of the study was to compare propofol alone and propofol combination with midazolam and fentanyl in moderate sedation for GI endoscopy. One hundred patients undergoing GI endoscopy were enrolled in this study. All patients received a propofol target-controlled infusion (TCI) to maintain sedation during the procedure...
November 2015: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26364193/propofol-and-non-propofol-based-sedation-for-outpatient-colonoscopy-prospective-comparison-of-depth-of-sedation-using-an-eeg-based-sedline-monitor
#5
Basavana Goudra, Preet Mohinder Singh, Gowri Gouda, Anuradha Borle, Augustus Carlin, Avantika Yadwad
Propofol is a popular anesthetic sedative employed in colonoscopy. It is known to increase the patient satisfaction and improve throughput. However, there are concerns among the clinicians with regard to the depth of sedation, as a deeper degree of sedation is known to increase the incidence of aspiration and other adverse events. So we planned to compare the depth of sedation between propofol and non-propofol based sedation in patients undergoing outpatient colonoscopy, as measured by an electroencephalogram (EEG) based monitor SEDLine monitor (SedlineInc...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26188341/cerebral-perfusion-pressure
#6
EDITORIAL
M Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26068208/anesthetics-and-lung-injury-old-research-new-insights
#7
EDITORIAL
Brian P Kavanagh, Gail Otulakowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26068897/fluid-therapy-in-2015-and-beyond-the-mini-fluid-challenge-and-mini-fluid-bolus-approach
#8
EDITORIAL
P E Marik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26039330/harlequin-syndrome-associated-with-thoracic-epidural-analgesia
#9
James Joseph Thomas, David Polaner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26025240/bis-and-state-entropy-of-the-eeg-comparing-apples-and-oranges
#10
EDITORIAL
S Pilge, G Schneider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25993390/predictors-of-delayed-postoperative-respiratory-depression-assessed-from-naloxone-administration
#11
Toby N Weingarten, Vitaly Herasevich, Maria C McGlinch, Nicole C Beatty, Erin D Christensen, Susan K Hannifan, Amy E Koenig, Justin Klanke, Xun Zhu, Bhargavi Gali, Darrell R Schroeder, Juraj Sprung
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify patient and procedural characteristics associated with postoperative respiratory depression or sedation requiring naloxone intervention. METHODS: We identified patients who received naloxone to reverse opioid-induced respiratory depression or sedation within 48 hours after discharge from anesthetic care (transfer from the postanesthesia care unit or transfer from the operating room to postoperative areas) between July 1, 2008, and June 30, 2010...
August 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25929547/intraoperative-mean-arterial-pressure-variability-and-30-day-mortality-in-patients-having-noncardiac-surgery
#12
Edward J Mascha, Dongsheng Yang, Stephanie Weiss, Daniel I Sessler
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the relationship between intraoperative blood pressure variability and mortality after noncardiac surgery. Therefore, the authors tested the hypothesis that blood pressure variability, independent from absolute blood pressure, is associated with increased 30-day mortality. METHODS: Baseline and intraoperative variables plus 30-day mortality were obtained for 104,401 adults having noncardiac surgery lasting 60 min or longer. In confounder-adjusted models, the authors evaluated the associations between 30-day mortality and both time-weighted average intraoperative mean arterial pressure (TWA-MAP) and measures of intraoperative MAP variability--including generalized average real variability of MAP (ARV-MAP) and SD of MAP (SD-MAP)...
July 2015: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25784018/perioperative-fluid-management-and-postoperative-hyponatremia-in-children
#13
Gia J Oh, Scott M Sutherland
Intravenous (IV) fluids are used ubiquitously when children undergo surgical procedures. Until recently, Holliday and Segar's guidelines for calculating maintenance fluids dictated fluid management strategies in postoperative pediatric patients. An increased recognition of hospital-acquired hyponatremia and its associated morbidity has led to a critical re-examination of IV fluid management in this population. Postsurgical patients are at high risk of developing hyponatremia due to the presence of non-osmotic stimuli for antidiuretic hormone release...
January 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25734733/effect-of-sedative-premedication-on-patient-experience-after-general-anesthesia-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Axel Maurice-Szamburski, Pascal Auquier, Véronique Viarre-Oreal, Philippe Cuvillon, Michel Carles, Jacques Ripart, Stéphane Honore, Thibaut Triglia, Anderson Loundou, Marc Leone, Nicolas Bruder
IMPORTANCE: Sedative premedication is widely administered before surgery, but little clinical evidence supports its use. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of sedative premedication on perioperative patient experience. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A randomized clinical trial, the PremedX study, enrolled 1062 adult patients who were younger than 70 years and had been scheduled for various elective surgeries under general anesthesia at 5 French teaching hospitals (in Marseille, Montpellier, Nimes, and Nice) between January 2013 and June 2014...
March 3, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25265988/rapid-sequence-induction-has-no-use-in-pediatric-anesthesia
#15
REVIEW
Thomas Engelhardt
(Classic) rapid sequence induction and intubation (RSII) has been considered fundamental to the provision of safe anesthesia. This technique consists of a combination of drugs and techniques and is intended to prevent pulmonary aspiration of gastric content with catastrophic outcomes to the patient. This review investigates aspects of this technique and highlights dangers and frauds if this technique is transferred directly into pediatric anesthesia practice. The author recommends a controlled anesthesia induction by trained pediatric anesthesiologist with suitable equipment for the children considered at risk of pulmonary aspiration...
January 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25243638/pediatric-airway-anatomy-may-not-be-what-we-thought-implications-for-clinical-practice-and-the-use-of-cuffed-endotracheal-tubes
#16
REVIEW
Joseph D Tobias
One of the long held tenets of pediatric anesthesia has been the notion that the pediatric airway is conical shape with the narrowest area being the cricoid region. However, recent studies using radiologic imaging techniques (magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography) or direct bronchoscopic observation have questioned this suggesting that the narrowest segment may be at or just below the glottic opening. More importantly, it has been clearly demonstrated that the airway is elliptical in shape rather than circular with the anterior-posterior dimension being greater than the transverse dimension...
January 2015: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25225821/effects-of-neostigmine-reversal-of-nondepolarizing-neuromuscular-blocking-agents-on-postoperative-respiratory-outcomes-a-prospective-study
#17
Nobuo Sasaki, Matthew J Meyer, Sanjana A Malviya, Anne B Stanislaus, Teresa MacDonald, Mary E Doran, Arina Igumenshcheva, Alan H Hoang, Matthias Eikermann
BACKGROUND: We tested the hypothesis that neostigmine reversal of neuromuscular blockade reduced the incidence of signs and symptoms of postoperative respiratory failure. METHODS: We enrolled 3,000 patients in this prospective, observer-blinded, observational study. We documented the intraoperative use of neuromuscular blocking agents and neostigmine. At postanesthesia care unit admission, we measured train-of-four ratio and documented the ratio of peripheral oxygen saturation to fraction of inspired oxygen (S/F)...
November 2014: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24554545/opioid-free-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-reduces-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-bariatric-surgery-beyond-triple-prophylaxis
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
P Ziemann-Gimmel, A A Goldfarb, J Koppman, R T Marema
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing bariatric surgery are at high risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). Despite triple PONV prophylaxis, up to 42.7% of patients require antiemetic rescue medication (AERM). METHODS: This prospective, randomized study was conducted from November 2011 to October 2012. In the Classic group (n=59), patients underwent general anaesthesia with volatile anaesthetics and opioids. In the Total i.v. anaesthesia (TIVA) group (n=60), patients underwent opioid-free TIVA with propofol, ketamine, and dexmedetomidine...
May 2014: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22949977/perioperative-effects-of-various-anesthetic-adjuvants-with-tiva-guided-by-bispectral-index
#19
Hanan F Khafagy, Reeham S Ebied, Emad S Osman, Mohamed Z Ali, Yasser M Samhan
BACKGROUND: This prospective, randomized, double blinded, controlled study was designed to compare effects of intravenous co-administration of clonidine, magnesium, or ketamine on anesthetic consumption, intraoperative hemodynamics, postoperative analgesia and recovery indices during Bispectral Index (BIS) guided total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). METHODS: After ethical committee approval and written informed consent, 120 adult patients ASA I and II scheduled for open cholecystectomy were randomly assigned to one of 4 equal groups...
August 2012: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22546967/hospital-stay-and-mortality-are-increased-in-patients-having-a-triple-low-of-low-blood-pressure-low-bispectral-index-and-low-minimum-alveolar-concentration-of-volatile-anesthesia
#20
Daniel I Sessler, Jeffrey C Sigl, Scott D Kelley, Nassib G Chamoun, Paul J Manberg, Leif Saager, Andrea Kurz, Scott Greenwald
BACKGROUND: Low mean arterial pressure (MAP) and deep hypnosis have been associated with complications and mortality. The normal response to high minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) fraction of anesthetics is hypotension and low Bispectral Index (BIS) scores. Low MAP and/or BIS at lower MAC fractions may represent anesthetic sensitivity. The authors sought to characterize the effect of the triple low state (low MAP and low BIS during a low MAC fraction) on duration of hospitalization and 30-day all-cause mortality...
June 2012: Anesthesiology
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