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Myra H Wyckoff, Khalid Aziz, Marilyn B Escobedo, Vishal S Kapadia, John Kattwinkel, Jeffrey M Perlman, Wendy M Simon, Gary M Weiner, Jeanette G Zaichkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Pediatrics
Amish Jain, Prakesh S Shah
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) poses a diagnostic and therapeutic dilemma for clinicians. Diagnosis of persistent PDA and determination of its clinical and hemodynamic significance are challenging. Although the condition has been associated with substantial neonatal morbidities such as intraventricular hemorrhage, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, and necrotizing enterocolitis, most therapeutic approaches have failed to show improvement in these outcomes. As such, clinicians have tended toward conservative management strategies; however, the benefits and risks of such an approach are unclear...
September 2015: JAMA Pediatrics
Dany E Weisz, Wei Bing Poon, Andrew James, Patrick J McNamara
Systemic hypotension is common in very low birthweight preterm infants but the nature of the precipitating cause may be unclear. Targeted neonatal echocardiography (TnEcho) is being increasingly used to support hemodynamic decisions in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), including identifying impairments in the transitional circulation of preterm infants, providing timely re-evaluation after institution of therapies and evaluating the placement of indwelling catheters. We present a case of a preterm infant with systemic hypotension and low cardiac output secondary to a large transatrial shunt induced by a malpositioned umbilical venous catheter...
May 2014: American Journal of Perinatology Reports
R B Heuschkel, F Gottrand, K Devarajan, H Poole, J Callan, J A Dias, S Karkelis, A Papadopoulou, S Husby, F Ruemmele, M G Sch├Ąppi, M Wilschanski, P Lionetti, R Orel, J Tovar, N Thapar, Y Vandenplas
OBJECTIVES: This European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) position statement provides a comprehensive guide for health care providers to manage percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes in a safe, effective, and appropriate way. METHODS: Relevant literature from searches of PubMed, CINAHL, and recent guidelines was reviewed. In the absence of evidence, recommendations reflect the expert opinion of the authors. Final consensus was obtained by multiple e-mail exchange and during 3 face-to-face meetings of the gastroenterology committee of the European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition...
January 2015: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Candice K Kwan, Joel D Ernst
A syndemic is defined as the convergence of two or more diseases that act synergistically to magnify the burden of disease. The intersection and syndemic interaction between the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and tuberculosis (TB) epidemics have had deadly consequences around the world. Without adequate control of the TB-HIV syndemic, the long-term TB elimination target set for 2050 will not be reached. There is an urgent need for additional resources and novel approaches for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of both HIV and TB...
April 2011: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
Shina Menon, Rudolph P Valentini
The approach to the pediatric patient with membranous nephropathy (MN) can be challenging to the practitioner. The clinical presentation of the child with this histologic entity usually involves some degree of proteinuria ranging from persistent, subnephrotic-ranged proteinuria to overt nephrotic syndrome. Patients often have accompanying microscopic hematuria and may have azotemia or mild hypertension. Children presenting with nephrotic syndrome are often steroid resistant; as such, their biopsy for steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome results in the diagnosis of MN...
August 2010: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Allan S Lieberthal, Aaron E Carroll, Tasnee Chonmaitree, Theodore G Ganiats, Alejandro Hoberman, Mary Anne Jackson, Mark D Joffe, Donald T Miller, Richard M Rosenfeld, Xavier D Sevilla, Richard H Schwartz, Pauline A Thomas, David E Tunkel
This evidence-based clinical practice guideline is a revision of the 2004 acute otitis media (AOM) guideline from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and American Academy of Family Physicians. It provides recommendations to primary care clinicians for the management of children from 6 months through 12 years of age with uncomplicated AOM. In 2009, the AAP convened a committee composed of primary care physicians and experts in the fields of pediatrics, family practice, otolaryngology, epidemiology, infectious disease, emergency medicine, and guideline methodology...
March 2013: Pediatrics
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