Read by QxMD icon Read


shared collection
14 papers 0 to 25 followers
Satyan Lakshminrusimha, Bobby Mathew, Corinne L Leach
Inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) is approved for use in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) but does not lead to sustained improvement in oxygenation in one-third of patients with PPHN. Inhaled NO is less effective in the management of PPHN secondary to congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), extreme prematurity, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Intravenous pulmonary vasodilators such as prostacyclin, alprostadil, sildenafil, and milrinone have been successfully used in PPHN resistant to iNO...
April 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
James L Wynn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although infection rates have modestly decreased in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) as a result of ongoing quality improvement measures, neonatal sepsis remains a frequent and devastating problem among hospitalized preterm neonates. Despite multiple attempts to address this unmet need, there have been minimal advances in clinical management, outcomes, and accuracy of diagnostic testing options over the last 3 decades. One strong contributor to a lack of medical progress is a variable case definition of disease...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Parag K Shah, Vishma Prabhu, Smita S Karandikar, Ratnesh Ranjan, Venkatapathy Narendran, Narendran Kalpana
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a vasoproliferative disorder of the retina occurring principally in new born preterm infants. It is an avoidable cause of childhood blindness. With the increase in the survival of preterm babies, ROP has become the leading cause of preventable childhood blindness throughout the world. A simple screening test done within a few weeks after birth by an ophthalmologist can avoid this preventable blindness. Although screening guidelines and protocols are strictly followed in the developed nations, it lacks in developing economies like India and China, which have the highest number of preterm deliveries in the world...
February 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
D H Adamkin, R Polin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Juliane Spiegler, Michael Preuß, Corinna Gebauer, Meike Bendiks, Egbert Herting, Wolfgang Göpel
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether breastmilk feeding is associated with a reduced risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). Secondary outcome measures analyzed were retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). STUDY DESIGN: In an ongoing multicenter cohort study, the data of 1433 very low birth weight infants born before 32 weeks of gestation and discharged in 2013 were analyzed. We compared growth and neonatal complications of infants who received breastmilk exclusively (N = 223) with those who received formula feedings exclusively (N = 239)...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Alejandro Diaz, Elizabeth G Lipman Diaz
On the basis of strong clinical evidence, congenital hypothyroidism should be identified and treated early to avoid potentially profound cognitive deficits. On the basis of strong clinical evidence, the dose of levothyroxine is higher at early ages and progressively decreases into adulthood. On the basis of observational studies and consensus, children with congenital hypothyroidism and a eutopic thyroid gland should discontinue levothyroxine treatment at age 3 years to determine whether their hypothyroidism was transient...
August 2014: Pediatrics in Review
Bolajoko O Olusanya, Zainab O Imam, Abieyuwa A Emokpae, Iman F Iskander
BACKGROUND: Exchange transfusion (ET) for severe neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (SNH) is frequently undertaken in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), in sharp contrast to the prevailing practice in high-income countries. However, the criteria for initiating this procedure in settings with limited resources for treating infants with SNH have not been systematically explored. OBJECTIVE: To identify key considerations for initiating ET in resource-poor countries to curtail its unnecessary use for the prevention of kernicterus...
2016: Neonatology
Dirk Bassler, Richard Plavka, Eric S Shinwell, Mikko Hallman, Pierre-Henri Jarreau, Virgilio Carnielli, Johannes N Van den Anker, Christoph Meisner, Corinna Engel, Matthias Schwab, Henry L Halliday, Christian F Poets
BACKGROUND: Systemic glucocorticoids reduce the incidence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia among extremely preterm infants, but they may compromise brain development. The effects of inhaled glucocorticoids on outcomes in these infants are unclear. METHODS: We randomly assigned 863 infants (gestational age, 23 weeks 0 days to 27 weeks 6 days) to early (within 24 hours after birth) inhaled budesonide or placebo until they no longer required oxygen and positive-pressure support or until they reached a postmenstrual age of 32 weeks 0 days...
October 15, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
J G Jones, G G Lockwood, N Fung, J Lasenby, R I Ross-Russell, D Quine, B J Stenson
AIM: To describe how the stability of oxygen saturation measured by pulse oximetry (SpO2%) varies within and between infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD). METHODS: Clinically stable infants with BPD had SpO2 measured at different inspired oxygen concentrations (FIO2 expressed as %). A computer model of gas exchange, that is, ventilation/perfusion ratio (VA/Q) and shunt, plotted the curve of SpO2 versus FIO2 best fitting these data. The slope of this curve is the change in SpO2 per % change in FIO2, hence SpO2 stability, calculated at each SpO2 from 85% to 95%...
July 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Myra H Wyckoff, Khalid Aziz, Marilyn B Escobedo, Vishal S Kapadia, John Kattwinkel, Jeffrey M Perlman, Wendy M Simon, Gary M Weiner, Jeanette G Zaichkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Pediatrics
Ruth L O'Gorman, Hans U Bucher, Ulrike Held, Brigitte M Koller, Petra S Hüppi, Cornelia F Hagmann
Despite improved survival, many preterm infants undergo subsequent neurodevelopmental impairment. To date, no neuroprotective therapies have been implemented into clinical practice. Erythropoietin, a haematopoietic cytokine used for treatment of anaemia of prematurity, has been shown to have neuroprotective and neuroregenerative effects on the brain in many experimental studies. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of recombinant human erythropoietin on the microstructural development of the cerebral white matter using tract-based spatial statistics performed at term equivalent age...
February 2015: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Jean-Claude Fauchère, Brigitte M Koller, Alois Tschopp, Christof Dame, Christoph Ruegger, Hans Ulrich Bucher
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety and short term outcome of high dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEpo) given shortly after birth and subsequently over the first 2 days for neuroprotection to very preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, double masked phase II trial. Preterm infants (gestational age 26 0/7-31 6/7 weeks) were given rhEpo (nt = 229; 3000 U/kg body weight) or NaCl 0.9% (nc = 214) intravenously at 3, 12-18, and 36-42 hours after birth. RESULTS: There were no relevant differences between the groups for short-term outcomes such as mortality, retinopathy of prematurity, intraventricular hemorrhage, sepsis, necrotizing enterocolitis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia...
July 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Claudio Chiesa, Lucia Pacifico, John F Osborn, Enea Bonci, Nora Hofer, Bernhard Resch
To perform a systematic review assessing accuracy and completeness of diagnostic studies of procalcitonin (PCT) for early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS) using the Standards for Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy (STARD) initiative.EONS, diagnosed during the first 3 days of life, remains a common and serious problem. Increased PCT is a potentially useful diagnostic marker of EONS, but reports in the literature are contradictory. There are several possible explanations for the divergent results including the quality of studies reporting the clinical usefulness of PCT in ruling in or ruling out EONS...
July 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
Michael H Livingston, Anna C Shawyer, Peter L Rosenbaum, Connie Williams, Sarah A Jones, J Mark Walton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Premature infants are often given glycerin enemas or suppositories to facilitate meconium evacuation and transition to enteral feeding. The purpose of this study was to assess the available evidence for this treatment strategy. METHODS: We conducted a systematic search of Medline, Embase, Central, and trial registries for randomized controlled trials of premature infants treated with glycerin enemas or suppositories. Data were extracted in duplicate and meta-analyzed using a random effects model...
June 2015: Pediatrics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"