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Romain Bouzigon, Frederic Grappe, Gilles Ravier, Benoit Dugue
Cold therapy is commonly used as a method to relieve pain and inflammation. This review focuses primarily on two methods of cold therapy that have received recent attention: whole-body cryotherapy and partial-body cryotherapy. These methods are used to induce physiological and psychological benefits in humans in the context of medicine, health and sports. The subjects experiencing cryotherapy are dressed in minimal clothing and are exposed to very cold air (at -110°C or less) for 1-4min. Despite the increasing scientific interest in these methods, there is a lack of information about the technologies used...
October 2016: Journal of Thermal Biology
Jared D Miller, Saman Nazarian, Henry R Halperin
There is a growing population of patients with implanted electronic cardiac devices and a concomitant increase in the use of magnetic resonance (MR). There are theoretical safety risks posed to such devices by MR. However, there are now considerable laboratory data and clinical experience demonstrating safety in this setting, assuming appropriate device selection and patient monitoring. Herein, we review these data and our safety protocol and the new generation of devices that have been prospectively designed and tested to be safe for MR scanning, assuming certain conditions are met (i...
October 4, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Sara Siemons, Michel Vleugels, Hugo van Eijndhoven
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether de novo development of nickel sensitization is related to placement of the Essure device, and to evaluate whether the grade of reaction to nickel increased after device placement in patients with a confirmed nickel allergy. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Two nonacademic training hospitals in The Netherlands. PATIENTS: Healthy women of childbearing age desiring permanent sterilization...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Huse Kamencic, Luke Thiel, Erwin Karreman, John Thiel
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To examine the surgical indications and pathologic findings in patients undergoing a second surgery following placement of the Essure permanent birth control system to determine the role of Essure in developing new onset pelvic pain. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Tertiary level hospital. PATIENTS: Women who have had Essure placement and subsequent second surgery...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Theresa A Lawrie, Regina Kulier, Juan Manuel Nardin
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a review that was first published in 2002. Female sterilisation is the most popular contraceptive method worldwide. Several techniques exist for interrupting the patency of fallopian tubes, including cutting and tying the tubes, damaging the tube using electric current, applying clips or silicone rubber rings, and blocking the tubes with chemicals or tubal inserts. OBJECTIVES: To compare the different tubal occlusion techniques in terms of major and minor morbidity, failure rates (pregnancies), technical failures and difficulties, and women's and surgeons' satisfaction...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Matthias D Hofer, Allen F Morey, Kunj Sheth, Timothy J Tausch, Jordan Siegel, Billy H Cordon, Matthew I Bury, Earl Y Cheng, Arun K Sharma, Chris M Gonzalez, William E Kaplan, Nicholas L Kavoussi, Alexandra Klein, Claus G Roehrborn
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between decreased serum testosterone levels and AUS cuff erosion. METHODS: We evaluated serum testosterone levels in 53 consecutive patients. Low testosterone was defined as <280 ng/dl and found in 30/53 patients (56.6%). Chi-square and Student's t tests, Kaplan-Meier analysis, binary logistic regression and Cox regression analysis were used to determine statistical significance. RESULTS: Nearly all men with AUS cuff erosions had low serum testosterone (18/20, 90...
July 20, 2016: Urology
Arianna Di Molfetta, Sergio Filippelli, Gianfranco Ferrari, Aurelio Secinaro, Krystzof Zielinski, Antonio Amodeo
A 2-year-old child was implanted with an Berlin Heart EXCOR Ventricular Assist Device (Berlin Heart, Berlin, Germany) as a bridge to heart transplantation for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. At postoperative day 296, a significant reduction of membrane movement was observed. The device was explanted and tested on a hydronumerical circulation simulator. Findings suggested that the integrity of the multilayered membrane had been compromised. This was confirmed by a computed tomography scan of the device. The computed tomography evidenced a detachment of the 3-layered membrane, with a thinner, convex layer on the side of the air chamber and an opposite convexity of the remaining membranes...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Mike Saji, Gorav Ailawadi, Dale E Fowler, Damien J LaPar, John M Dent, Michael Ragosta, D Scott Lim
We describe a patient at high surgical risk who was successfully treated with a MitraClip (Abbott Vascular, Menlo Park, CA) without transmitral gradient. She received corticosteroid therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus, and progressive mitral stenosis developed late after MitraClip implantation. It gradually increased and reached 23 mm Hg at 28 months after the procedure; during the same period, her dose of prednisone had to be increased owing to lupus flare. Systemic inflammatory disease has the potential to result in mitral valve inflammation and fibrosis, ultimately causing thickening of the tissue bridge and worsening of the mitral valve obstruction...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Abd-Elbasset Abaïdia, Julien Lamblin, Barthélémy Delecroix, Cédric Leduc, Alan McCall, Mathieu Nédélec, Brian Dawson, Georges Baquet, Grégory Dupont
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of cold-water immersion and whole-body cryotherapy on recovery kinetics following exercise induced muscle damage. METHODS: Ten physically active men performed single-leg hamstring eccentric exercise comprising 5 sets of 15 repetitions. Immediately post-exercise, subjects were exposed in a randomized cross-over design to cold-water immersion (10 minutes at 10°C) or whole-body cryotherapy (3 minutes at -110°C) recovery...
July 11, 2016: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
J van Aaken, N Holzer, L Wehrli, F Delaquaize, I A Gonzalez, J Y Beaulieu
: The PI2® spacer is designed for treatment of trapeziometacarpal (TM) osteoarthritis. However, the shape of this implant has raised concerns about its stability. We retrospectively investigated 45 implants in 41 patients treated for trapeziometacarpal osteoarthritis in our hospital between 2004 and 2009 who underwent trapeziectomy and insertion of a PI2® spacer. Outcome parameters included revision rates and clinical outcomes correlated with implant position and scaphometacarpal distance, assessed using standard radiographs...
June 8, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Erja-Leena Paukkeri, Riku Korhonen, Mari Hämäläinen, Marko Pesu, Antti Eskelinen, Teemu Moilanen, Eeva Moilanen
INTRODUCTION: Hip arthroplasty is the standard treatment of a painful hip destruction. The use of modern metal-on-metal (MOM) bearing surfaces gained popularity in total hip arthroplasties during the last decade. Recently, worrisome failures due to adverse reaction to metal debris (ARMD), including pseudotumor response, have been widely reported. However, the pathogenesis of this reaction remains poorly understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the ARMD response by flow cytometry approach...
2016: PloS One
Arno Bisschop, Maurits W van Tulder
BACKGROUND: Spinal pathology and related symptoms are among the most common health problems and are associated with high health care costs and productivity losses. Due to the aging population, these costs are further increasing every year. Another important reason for the increasing costs is the market approval of new technologies, such as spinal devices that are usually more expensive than the existing technologies. Previous cases of medical device failure led to concern about possible deficiencies in the market approval process...
September 2016: European Spine Journal
Jennifer S Nelson, Amer Heider, Ming-Sing Si, Richard G Ohye
BACKGROUND: Animal data demonstrate that intracardiac patches of decellularized porcine small intestine submucosa (CorMatrix; CorMatrix Cardiovascular, Inc, Atlanta, GA) become repopulated with native cells, suggesting the possibility of a substrate for regenerative tissue in humans. We report the only prospective series to date of explanted CorMatrix patches placed in infants with congenital heart disease. METHODS: CorMatrix patches were implanted as the hemi-Fontan baffle in patients during their second stage of palliation...
October 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
M Russell, J Birch, T Love, C J Cook, R M Bracken, T Taylor, E Swift, E Cockburn, C Finn, D Cunningham, L Wilson, L P Kilduff
In professional youth soccer players, the physiological, performance and perceptual effects of a single whole body cryotherapy (WBC) session performed shortly after repeated sprint exercise were investigated. In a randomized, counter-balanced and crossover design, 14 habituated English Premier League academy soccer players performed 15 x 30 m sprints (each followed by a 10 m forced deceleration) on two occasions. Within 20 min of exercise cessation, players entered a WBC chamber (Cryo: 30 s at -60°C, 120 s at -135°C) or remained seated (Con) indoors in temperate conditions (∼25°C)...
May 21, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
M Strik, A Frontera, R Eschalier, P Defaye, P Mondoly, P Ritter, M Haïssaguerre, S Ploux, P Bordachar
INTRODUCTION: The incidence of pacemaker-mediated tachycardia (PMT) varies as a function of patient characteristics, device programming and algorithm specificities. We investigated the efficacy of the Boston Scientific algorithm by reviewing PMT episodes in a large device population. METHODS: In this multicenter study, we included 328 patients implanted with a Boston Scientific device: 157 non-dependent patients with RYTHMIQ™ activated (RYTHMIQ group), 76 patients with permanent AV-conduction disorder (AV-block group) and 95 Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy patients (CRT group)...
July 2016: Journal of Electrocardiology
Rebecca Voelker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Brian K Chen, Y Tony Yang, Xi Cheng, John Bian, Charles L Bennett
The United States Constitution protects the right of citizens to petition the government for "a redress of grievances." This right has important implications for citizens desiring to advance the public health by petitioning administrative agencies, such as the Food and Drug Administration, to take safety actions. We examined a total of 1,915 petitions filed between 2001 and 2013 to investigate the outcomes of citizen petitions that address public health concerns. We found that most petitions were filed by manufacturers against other manufacturers...
2016: PloS One
Ross T Campbell, Gage P Willox, Pardeep S Jhund, Nathaniel M Hawkins, Flora Huang, Mark C Petrie, John J V McMurray
BACKGROUND: Premature treatment discontinuation and loss to follow-up (LTFU) with unknown outcomes leave uncertainty about the true efficacy and safety of a treatment and a lack of confidence in the results of any trial. We reviewed the extent of (and trends over time in) reporting LTFU and treatment discontinuation in large studies in chronic heart failure published since 1990. METHODS AND RESULTS: Online databases were systematically reviewed to identify randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) in chronic heart failure with >400 participants and utilizing all-cause mortality as a component of the primary or secondary end point...
May 2016: Circulation. Heart Failure
Katherine J L Suter, Niruben Rajasagaram, Peter Nottle
The laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB) is a widely performed procedure for the morbid obesity epidemic. Despite its low mortality compared with other mainstream bariatric surgeries, it is not without its complications. The authors report a late and rare complication of a small bowel obstruction in a 52-year-old woman from an LAGB placed for 2 years. She was diagnosed clinically and radiologically with a small bowel obstruction. However, in the setting of an LAGB, this became a closed-loop obstruction...
2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Tomo Ando, Anthony A Holmes, Cynthia C Taub, David P Slovut, Joseph J DeRose
BACKGROUND: Ventricular septal defects (VSD) are rarely reported as a complication following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We sought to characterise the patients, clinical management, and outcomes regarding this rare phenomenon. METHODS: Relevant articles were identified by a systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from January, 2002 to September, 2015. RESULTS: A total of 18 case reports, including 20 patients, were identified...
October 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
2016-05-11 22:57:22
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