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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

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9 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
Charles W Hoge, Rachel Yehuda, Carl A Castro, Alexander C McFarlane, Eric Vermetten, Rakesh Jetly, Karestan C Koenen, Neil Greenberg, Arieh Y Shalev, Sheila A M Rauch, Charles R Marmar, Barbara O Rothbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Borwin Bandelow, Leo Sher, Robertas Bunevicius, Eric Hollander, Siegfried Kasper, Joseph Zohar, Hans-Jürgen Möller
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety disorders are frequently under-diagnosed conditions in primary care, although they can be managed effectively by general practitioners. METHODS: This paper is a short and practical summary of the World Federation of Biological Psychiatry (WFSBP) guidelines for the pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for the treatment in primary care. The recommendations were developed by a task force of 30 international experts in the field and are based on randomized controlled studies...
June 2012: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
Janine L Kwapis, Marcelo A Wood
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other anxiety disorders stemming from dysregulated fear memory are problematic and costly. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that contribute to the formation and maintenance of these persistent fear associations is crucial to developing treatments for PTSD. Epigenetic mechanisms, which control gene expression to produce long-lasting changes in cellular function, may support the formation of fear memory underlying PTSD. We address here the role of epigenetic mechanisms in the formation, storage, updating, and extinction of fear memories...
December 2014: Trends in Neurosciences
Paul G Barnett, Abra Jeffers, Mark W Smith, Bruce K Chow, Miles McFall, Andrew J Saxon
INTRODUCTION: We examined the cost-effectiveness of smoking cessation integrated with treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS: Smoking veterans receiving care for PTSD (N = 943) were randomized to care integrated with smoking cessation versus referral to a smoking cessation clinic. Smoking cessation services, health care cost and utilization, quality of life, and biochemically-verified abstinence from cigarettes were assessed over 18-months of follow-up...
March 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Benjamin S Siegel, Beth Ellen Davis
The wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have been challenging for US uniformed service families and their children. Almost 60% of US service members have family responsibilities. Approximately 2.3 million active duty, National Guard, and Reserve service members have been deployed since the beginning of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq (2001 and 2003, respectively), and almost half have deployed more than once, some for up to 18 months' duration. Up to 2 million US children have been exposed to a wartime deployment of a loved one in the past 10 years...
June 2013: Pediatrics
Kristal C Melvin, Deborah Gross, Matthew J Hayat, Bonnie Mowinski Jennings, Jacquelyn C Campbell
The purpose of this study was to investigate combat-related post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and couple relationships in Army couples. US Army combat veteran couples (N = 66 couples) completed self-report questionnaires on couple functioning, coercion, resilience, and PTSS. In 23% of the couples (n = 15), both members had PTSS above the clinical cut-off for suspected Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Higher levels of PTSS were associated with lower couple functioning and resilience. Individuals with high resilience scores reported higher couple functioning scores, regardless of PTSS (p = ...
April 2012: Research in Nursing & Health
Bradley N Gaynes, Joanne DeVeaugh-Geiss, Sam Weir, Hongbin Gu, Cora MacPherson, Herbert C Schulberg, Larry Culpepper, David R Rubinow
PURPOSE: Mood and anxiety disorders are the most common psychiatric conditions seen in primary care, yet they remain underdetected and undertreated. Screening tools can improve detection, but available instruments are limited by the number of disorders assessed. We wanted to assess the feasibility and diagnostic validity of the My Mood Monitor (M-3) checklist, a new, 1-page, patient-rated, 27-item tool developed to screen for multiple psychiatric disorders in primary care. METHODS: We enrolled a sample of 647 consecutive participants aged 18 years and older who were seeking primary care at an academic family medicine clinic between July 2007 and February 2008...
March 2010: Annals of Family Medicine
Karin Vitzthum, Stefanie Mache, Ricarda Joachim, David Quarcoo, David A Groneberg
Psychotrauma occurs as a result to a traumatic event, which may involve witnessing someone's actual death or personally experiencing serious physical injury, assault, rape and sexual abuse, being held as a hostage, or a threat to physical or psychological integrity. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder and was defined in the past as railway spine, traumatic war neurosis, stress syndrome, shell shock, battle fatigue, combat fatigue, or post-traumatic stress syndrome (PTSS). If untreated, post-traumatic stress disorder can impair relationships of those affected and strain their families and society...
2009: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
Borwin Bandelow, Joseph Zohar, Eric Hollander, Siegfried Kasper, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Joseph Zohar, Eric Hollander, Siegfried Kasper, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Borwin Bandelow, Christer Allgulander, José Ayuso-Gutierrez, David S Baldwin, Robertas Buenvicius, Giovanni Cassano, Naomi Fineberg, Loes Gabriels, Ian Hindmarch, Hisanobu Kaiya, Donald F Klein, Malcolm Lader, Yves Lecrubier, Jean-Pierre Lépine, Michael R Liebowitz, Juan José Lopez-Ibor, Donatella Marazziti, Euripedes C Miguel, Kang Seob Oh, Maurice Preter, Rainer Rupprecht, Mitsumoto Sato, Vladan Starcevic, Dan J Stein, Michael van Ameringen, Johann Vega
In this report, which is an update of a guideline published in 2002 (Bandelow et al. 2002, World J Biol Psychiatry 3:171), recommendations for the pharmacological treatment of anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are presented. Since the publication of the first version of this guideline, a substantial number of new randomized controlled studies of anxiolytics have been published. In particular, more relapse prevention studies are now available that show sustained efficacy of anxiolytic drugs...
2008: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
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