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Atrial fibrillation

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4 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742825/atrial-fibrillation-and-chronic-kidney-disease-struggling-through-thick-and-thin
#1
Simardeep Gill, Min Jun, Pietro Ravani
The prevalence of atrial fibrillation and the risk of stroke display an age-related increase in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. Evidence from large randomized controlled trials conducted in the general population supports the use of anticoagulation to reduce the risk of stroke in the setting of non-valvular atrial fibrillation. However, data in the non-dialysis-dependent and dialysis-dependent CKD populations are limited largely to observational studies, which demonstrate conflicting results regarding the risk-benefit profile of anticoagulation...
October 14, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25923984/high-cardiovascular-event-rates-occur-within-the-first-weeks-of-starting-hemodialysis
#2
Kai-Uwe Eckardt, Iain A Gillespie, Florian Kronenberg, Sharon Richards, Peter Stenvinkel, Stefan D Anker, David C Wheeler, Angel L de Francisco, Daniele Marcelli, Marc Froissart, J├╝rgen Floege
Early mortality is high in hemodialysis (HD) patients, but little is known about early cardiovascular event (CVE) rates after HD initiation. To study this we analyzed data in the AROii cohort of incident HD patients from over 300 European Fresenius Medical Care dialysis centers. Weekly rates of a composite of CVEs during the first year and monthly rates of the composite and its constituents (coronary artery, cerebrovascular, peripheral arterial, congestive heart failure, and sudden cardiac death) during the first 2 years after HD initiation were assessed...
November 2015: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25231407/sudden-cardiac-death-in-haemodialysis-patients-preventative-options
#3
REVIEW
Diana Yuan Yng Chiu, Smeeta Sinha, Philip A Kalra, Darren Green
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is the most common cause of death in haemodialysis patients, accounting for 25% of all-cause mortality. There are many potential pathological precipitants as most patients with end-stage renal disease have structurally or functionally abnormal hearts. For example, at initiation of dialysis, 74% of patients have left ventricular hypertrophy. The pathophysiological and metabolic milieu of patients with end-stage renal disease, allied to the regular stresses of dialysis, may provide the trigger to a fatal cardiac event...
December 2014: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21888129/atrial-fibrillation-diagnosis-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Cecilia Gutierrez, Daniel G Blanchard
Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia. It impairs cardiac function and increases the risk of stroke. The incidence of atrial fibrillation increases with age. Key treatment issues include deciding when to restore normal sinus rhythm, when to control rate only, and how to prevent thromboembolism. Rate control is the preferred management option in most patients. Rhythm control is an option for patients in whom rate control cannot be achieved or who have persistent symptoms despite rate control...
January 1, 2011: American Family Physician
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