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Richard Amerling, Claudio Ronco, Martin Kuhlman, James F Winchester
The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) has been a mainstay of hemodialysis treatments and the preferred access route since its inception in the 1960s, due to its longevity and resistance to infection. However, the AVF is not benign. There is significant primary failure, as well as cardiac, vascular, and other, less well recognized, complications. Together, they represent toxicity, to which considerable morbidity and mortality can be attached. Official policy, based on guidelines where AVF toxicity is given short shrift, drives an increase in use of these devices, and may have undesired consequences...
2011: Blood Purification
Michelle L Gumz, Lawrence Rabinowitz, Charles S Wingo
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 373, Issue 1, Page 60-72, July 2015.
July 2, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Paul Drawz, Mahboob Rahman
This issue provides a clinical overview of chronic kidney disease, focusing on prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and patient information. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including ACP Smart Medicine and MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic from these primary sources in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of science writers and physician writers...
June 2, 2015: Annals of Internal Medicine
Vivette D D'Agati, Frederick J Kaskel, Ronald J Falk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2011: New England Journal of Medicine
Stine Falsig Pedersen, AndrĂ¡s Kapus, Else K Hoffmann
Perturbations of cellular and systemic osmolarity severely challenge the function of all organisms and are consequently regulated very tightly. Here we outline current evidence on how cells sense volume perturbations, with particular focus on mechanisms relevant to the kidneys and to extracellular osmolarity and whole body volume homeostasis. There are a variety of molecular signals that respond to perturbations in cell volume and osmosensors or volume sensors responding to these signals. The early signals of volume perturbation include integrins, the cytoskeleton, receptor tyrosine kinases, and transient receptor potential channels...
September 2011: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
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