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Testiculo no descendido

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35 papers 0 to 25 followers
Jaya Vikraman, John M Hutson, Ruili Li, Jorgen Thorup
Undescended testes (UDT), where one or both testes fail to migrate to the base of the scrotum, can be congenital (2-5% of newborn males) or acquired (1-2% of males). The testis may be found in any position along its usual line of descent. Cryptorchidism affects the developing testicular germ cells and increases the risk of infertility and malignancy. Clinical management aims to preserve spermatogenesis and prevent the increased risk of seminoma. Examination to document the testicular position will guide the need for imaging, medical management and the surgical approach to orchidopexy...
August 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
Andrew J A Holland, Natasha Nassar, Francisco J Schneuer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article summarizes the latest evidence on the risk factors, management and outcomes of undescended testes (UDTs). RECENT FINDINGS: UDTs remain common, with increasing evidence that acquired UDT or the ascending testis syndrome should be considered part of the spectrum of this disease. Prompt diagnosis and early referral for surgical evaluation and treatment would seem most likely to result in an optimal functional and cosmetic outcome. Hormonal treatment, rather than orchidopexy, remains popular in some centers, despite a lack of good evidence to support its efficacy, although it may have an important adjunct role in optimizing fertility...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
Eduardo Bracho-Blanchet, Santiago Unda-Haro, Ricardo Ordorica-Flores, Jaime Nieto-Zermeño, Cristian Zalles-Vidal, Emilio Fernandez-Portilla, Roberto Davila-Perez
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to demonstrate the usefulness of laparoscopy in intraabdominal testicle (IAT) and to determine factors associated with diminished size during the final outcome after laparoscopic orchidopexy. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients from 1999 to 2013 with a minimum follow-up of 1year. Patient and testicular factors were related to diminished size. RESULTS: Sixty one patients, and 92 testicles were included...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Sameh Shehata, Rafik Shalaby, Maged Ismail, Mohamed Abouheba, Ahmed Elrouby
BACKGROUND: We present the midterm results of the novel technique of two-stage laparoscopic traction orchiopexy (SLTO) for the high intraabdominal testis (IAT) for elongation of the testicular vessels without division. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Boys with IAT proven by laparoscopy were selected for the technique between September 2009 and April 2013 in 2 Egyptian pediatric surgery units. Boys <6months or >9years were excluded. The technique entails fixation of the testis to a point one inch above and medial to the contralateral anterior superior iliac spine for 12weeks...
February 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Salvatore Arena, Pietro Impellizzeri, Patrizia Perrone, Gianfranco Scalfari, Antonio Centorrino, Nunzio Turiaco, Tiziana Russo, Pietro Antonuccio, Carmelo Romeo
INTRODUCTION: Classically, surgical approach for palpable undescended testis (pUDT) consists is an inguinal orchidopexy. In fact, a double incision allows an adequate mobilization of the spermatic cord and an easy dissection of a patent processus vaginalis and also to perform a subdartos pouch. For reduce potential mobility of the inguinal approach, in 1989 Bianchi and Squire proposed a transcrotal orchidopexy, using a high scrotal incision. We report our experiences and retrospectively evaluate the feasibility and postoperative success of the transcrotal approach for treatment of pUDT...
February 2016: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Lin Zhang, Xing-Huan Wang, Xin-Min Zheng, Tong-Zu Liu, Wei-Bin Zhang, Hang Zheng, Mi-Feng Chen
BACKGROUND: Maternal gestational smoking, diabetes, alcohol drinking, and pre-pregnancy obesity are thought to increase the risk of cryptorchidism in newborn males, but the evidence is inconsistent. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies on the association between maternal gestational smoking, diabetes, alcohol drinking, and pre-pregnancy obesity and the risk of cryptorchidism. Articles were retrieved by searching PubMed and ScienceDirect, and the meta-analysis was conducted using Stata/SE 12...
2015: PloS One
Jai Prakash, Deepansh Dalela, Apul Goel, Divakar Dalela, Manoj Kumar, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Shiv Narain Kureel
OBJECTIVES: To describe our experience and illustrate the surgical procedure of synchronous bilateral testicular rerouting in high inguinal undescended testes (HIUT) by extending the use of "modified Prentiss maneuver" in bilateral situation, to establish this as a procedure of choice in bilateral HIUT and secondly to demonstrate the length gained by maneuver itself. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2012 ten boys (8months-6years) with diagnosis of bilateral HIUT were included in the study...
August 2014: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Thomas F Kolon, C D Anthony Herndon, Linda A Baker, Laurence S Baskin, Cheryl G Baxter, Earl Y Cheng, Mireya Diaz, Peter A Lee, Carl J Seashore, Gregory E Tasian, Julia S Barthold
PURPOSE: Cryptorchidism is one of the most common pediatric disorders of the male endocrine glands and the most common genital disorder identified at birth. This guideline is intended to provide physicians and non-physician providers (primary care and specialists) with a consensus of principles and treatment plans for the management of cryptorchidism (typically isolated non-syndromic). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of the published literature was conducted using controlled vocabulary supplemented with key words relating to the relevant concepts of cryptorchidism...
August 2014: Journal of Urology
Giovanni Cobellis, Carmine Noviello, Fabiano Nino, Mercedes Romano, Francesca Mariscoli, Ascanio Martino, Pio Parmeggiani, Alfonso Papparella
Cryptorchidism represents the most common endocrine disease in boys, with infertility more frequently observed in bilateral forms. It is also known that undescended testes, if untreated, lead to an increased risk of testicular tumors, usually seminomas, arising from mutant germ cells. In normal testes, germ cell development is an active process starting in the first months of life when the neonatal gonocytes transform into adult dark (AD) spermatogonia. These cells are now thought to be the stem cells useful to support spermatogenesis...
2014: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Sigmund H Ein, Ahmed Nasr, Paul W Wales, Arlene Ein
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A normal testis in the scrotum is the most important outcome of the attempted pediatric orchidopexy for a true undescended testis. The reports of post-orchidopexy testicular atrophy in the literature have ranged from non-existent to unclear. Our purpose in this study was to estimate the incidence of and associated risk factors for post-orchidopexy testicular atrophy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of data from children who had an attempted orchidopexy for a true undescended testis from 1969 to 2003 inclusive...
February 2014: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Maciej Szarek, Ruili Li, Jaya Vikraman, Bridget Southwell, John M Hutson
BACKGROUND/AIM: Cryptorchidism affects 2-4% of newborn boys. Testicular descent requires the gubernaculum to differentiate into cremaster muscle (CM) during androgen-mediated inguino-scrotal descent, but the cellular mechanisms regulating this remodeling remain elusive. β-Catenin, a marker of canonical Wnt signaling, promotes myogenic genes and cellular adhesion. We aimed to determine if androgen receptor (AR) blockade altered β-catenin and its downstream myogenic proteins within the CM...
February 2014: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Swethan Alagaratnam, Calvin Nathaniel, Peter Cuckow, Patrick Duffy, Imran Mushtaq, Abraham Cherian, Divyesh Desai, Edward Kiely, Agostino Pierro, David Drake, Paolo De Coppi, Kate Cross, Joe Curry, Naima Smeulders
OBJECTIVE: To assess outcome after laparoscopic second-stage Fowler-Stephens orchidopexy (L2(nd)FSO). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of 94 children (aged 0.75-16 years, median 2.75 years), who underwent L2(nd)FSO for 113 intra-abdominal testes between January 2000 and May 2009: 75 unilateral, 19 bilateral (11 synchronous; 8 metachronous). Follow-up (range 3 months-10.9 years, median 2.1 years) was available for 88 children (102 testes: 71 unilateral, 31 bilateral)...
February 2014: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Francesca Feyles, Valentina Peiretti, Alessandro Mussa, Marco Manenti, Ferdinando Canavese, Maria Grazia Cortese, Roberto Lala
INTRODUCTION: The timing of surgery in cryptorchidism has been debated for a long time. Reports on histology suggest better fertility outcomes with early surgery, whereas evidence of long-term improved fertility still lacks sound data. The aim of this study is to analyze sperm count and motility in a cohort of young men operated on during the first 2 years of life for cryptorchidism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 78 young men (age, 18-26 years) surgically treated for cryptorchidism in the second year of life were recalled to evaluate testicular volume and sperm count and motility...
October 2014: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
David Penson, Shanthi Krishnaswami, Astride Jules, Melissa L McPheeters
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Controversy remains concerning the optimal treatment approach for cryptorchidism. The objective of this study was to assess effectiveness of hormone therapy or surgery for cryptorchidism. METHODS: We searched Medline and other databases from 1980 to February 2012. Two reviewers independently assessed studies against predetermined criteria. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assigned overall quality and strength of evidence ratings using predetermined criteria...
June 2013: Pediatrics
John M Hutson, Bridget R Southwell, Ruili Li, Gabrielle Lie, Khairul Ismail, George Harisis, Nan Chen
The first half of this review examines the boundary between endocrinology and embryonic development, with the aim of highlighting the way hormones and signaling systems regulate the complex morphological changes to enable the intra-abdominal fetal testes to reach the scrotum. The genitoinguinal ligament, or gubernaculum, first enlarges to hold the testis near the groin, and then it develops limb-bud-like properties and migrates across the pubic region to reach the scrotum. Recent advances show key roles for insulin-like hormone 3 in the first step, with androgen and the genitofemoral nerve involved in the second step...
October 2013: Endocrine Reviews
N C Casanova, E K Johnson, D K Bowen, K H Kraft, J Wan, D A Bloom, J M Park
PURPOSE: Two-Step Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy for high undescended testes allows for mobilization of the testicle to the scrotal position while preserving perfusion by collateral circulation after gonadal vessel ligation. Although used for decades, the long-term efficacy of this procedure has not been reported. We present our 28-year clinical experience with this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied a cohort of patients who underwent 2-step Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy at our institution between 1982 and 2009...
October 2013: Journal of Urology
Stefanie Zhao Lin Lip, Louise Elizabeth Denheen Murchison, Paul Stephen Cullis, Lindsay Govan, Robert Carachi
BACKGROUND: Significant variability exists for the relative risk (RR) of testicular malignancy in isolated cryptorchidism. OBJECTIVE: To perform a meta-analysis to clarify the true magnitude of this risk, allowing clinicians to better counsel patients and their families. SETTING: Secondary research conducted by undergraduate researchers, clinical academics and a clinical statistician. DESIGN, DATA SOURCES, AND METHODS: A search of the English literature was performed for studies relating to testicular cancer and cryptorchidism, published between 1 January 1980 and 31 December 2010, using Embase and Medline databases...
January 2013: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Amr Abdelhamid AbouZeid, Manal Hassan Moussa, Mohamed Sameh Shalaby, Hesham Soliman Safoury, Osama El-naggar, Sameh Abdel Hay
PURPOSE: The aims of the study were to study the effect of Fowler-Stephens orchiopexy (FSO) on testicular histology and to assess the feasibility of using monopolar diathermy as an alternative to clip ligation during laparoscopic FSO. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 20 patients with 20 intraabdominal testes and short vessels managed by laparoscopic-staged FSO. Biopsies were taken from intraabdominal testes during the first and second stages of the procedure for histologic comparison...
October 2012: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
L A McIntosh, D Scrimgeour, G G Youngson, C P Driver
OBJECTIVE: To review the primary orchidopexy failure rate and outcome of repeat orchidopexy in a tertiary paediatric surgical centre and identify risk factors. METHODS: A prospectively collected and validated audits system was used to identify all boys having a repeat orchidopexy from August 1990 to December 2008 (18 years). RESULTS: In total, 1538 boys underwent orchidopexy with 1886 testicles operated on. Of these 348 (22.6%) patients had bilateral cryptorchidism...
December 2013: Journal of Pediatric Urology
C Kollin, J B Stukenborg, M Nurmio, E Sundqvist, T Gustafsson, O Söder, J Toppari, A Nordenskjöld, E M Ritzén
CONTEXT: A randomized controlled study was conducted comparing the outcome of surgery for congenital cryptorchidism at 9 months or 3 yr of age. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate whether surgery at 9 months is more beneficial than at 3 yr and to identify early endocrine markers of importance for testicular development. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 213 biopsies were taken at orchidopexy, and the number of germ and Sertoli cells per 100 seminiferous cord cross-sections and the surface area of seminiferous tubules and interstitial tissue were analyzed...
December 2012: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
2015-04-28 04:43:29
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