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Endocarditis

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35 papers 25 to 100 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30285921/aortic-root-replacement-with-cryopreserved-homograft-for-infective-endocarditis-in-the-modern-north-american-opioid-epidemic
#1
Ibrahim Sultan, Valentino Bianco, Arman Kilic, Danny Chu, Forozan Navid, Thomas G Gleason
OBJECTIVE: To study mid-term survival in patients with infective endocarditis as a result of IV drug use undergoing aortic root replacement with cryopreserved aortic homograft. METHODS: Patients undergoing aortic root homograft replacement from 2011-2017 were studied retrospectively. Aortic root replacement was performed using a modified Bentall technique. Primary outcomes included both short-term and mid-term survival. Secondary outcomes included immediate postoperative complications...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228088/prophylaxis-of-infective-endocarditis-in-dentistry-analysis-of-the-situation-after-almost-a-decade-of-clinical-practice-guidelines
#2
LETTER
Iria Silva Conde, Francisco Torres-Saura, Alberto Alperi García, Jesús María de la Hera Galarza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2018: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152252/partial-oral-versus-intravenous-antibiotic-treatment-of-endocarditis
#3
Kasper Iversen, Nikolaj Ihlemann, Sabine U Gill, Trine Madsen, Hanne Elming, Kaare T Jensen, Niels E Bruun, Dan E Høfsten, Kurt Fursted, Jens J Christensen, Martin Schultz, Christine F Klein, Emil L Fosbøll, Flemming Rosenvinge, Henrik C Schønheyder, Lars Køber, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Jannik Helweg-Larsen, Niels Tønder, Claus Moser, Henning Bundgaard
Background Patients with infective endocarditis on the left side of the heart are typically treated with intravenous antibiotic agents for up to 6 weeks. Whether a shift from intravenous to oral antibiotics once the patient is in stable condition would result in efficacy and safety similar to those with continued intravenous treatment is unknown. Methods In a randomized, noninferiority, multicenter trial, we assigned 400 adults in stable condition who had endocarditis on the left side of the heart caused by streptococcus, Enterococcus faecalis, Staphylococcus aureus, or coagulase-negative staphylococci and who were being treated with intravenous antibiotics to continue intravenous treatment (199 patients) or to switch to oral antibiotic treatment (201 patients)...
August 28, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971402/management-considerations-in-infective-endocarditis-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Andrew Wang, Jeffrey G Gaca, Vivian H Chu
Importance: Infective endocarditis occurs in approximately 15 of 100 000 people in the United States and has increased in incidence. Clinicians must make treatment decisions with respect to prophylaxis, surgical management, specific antibiotics, and the length of treatment in the setting of emerging, sometimes inconclusive clinical research findings. Observations: Community-associated infective endocarditis remains the predominant form of the disease; however, health care accounts for one-third of cases in high-income countries...
July 3, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24947975/reconstruction-of-fibrous-skeleton-technique-pitfalls-and-results
#5
Gösta B Pettersson, Syed T Hussain, Rajesh M Ramankutty, Bruce W Lytle, Eugene H Blackstone
Destruction of the mitral-aortic (or mitroaortic) intervalvular fibrosa (IVF) by infective endocarditis is a marker of advanced pathology. Patients are at high risk, as they are sicker, have more comorbidities and have more advanced pathology, requiring a difficult operation that includes debriding and reconstructing the IVF. The anatomy and surgical techniques for that reconstruction are presented and discussed. Operative risk is high and remains high for the first year, before becoming equivalent to that of conventional operations for endocarditis...
2014: Multimedia Manual of Cardiothoracic Surgery: MMCTS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923105/guidelines-in-review-comparison-of-esc-and-aha-guidance-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-infective-endocarditis-in-adults
#6
David J Murphy, Munaib Din, Fadi G Hage, Eliana Reyes
Over recent years, new evidence has led a rethinking of the available guidance on the diagnosis and management of infective endocarditis (IE). This review compares the most recently available guidance provided by the American Heart Association (AHA) IE Writing Committee, and the Task Force for the management of IE of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). This represents the sixth of a new series of comparative guidelines review published in the Journal.
June 19, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726931/comparable-perioperative-outcomes-and-mid-term-survival-in-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-and-native-valve-endocarditis
#7
Makoto Mori, Kayoko Shioda, Max Jordan Nguemeni Tiako, Syed Usman Bin Mahmood, Abeel A Mangi, James J Yun, Umer Darr, Philip Yi Kit Pang, Arnar Geirsson
OBJECTIVES: Cardiac surgery for prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) represents one of the highest risk surgeries with in-hospital mortality of 20%. Given the complex nature of the operation, the operative outcome is likely strongly susceptible to the surgeon's experience and centre case volume, as measurements often are not apparent in large observational studies. We sought to evaluate operative outcomes and mid-term survival of patients with PVE compared with those of native valve endocarditis (NVE) at a tertiary care hospital...
May 2, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653080/surgical-treatment-of-native-and-prosthetic-aortic-infection-with-xenopericardial-tube-grafts
#8
Maximilian Kreibich, Matthias Siepe, Julia Morlock, Friedhelm Beyersdorf, Stoyan Kondov, Johannes Scheumann, Fabian A Kari, Tim Berger, Holger Schröfel, Bartosz Rylski, Martin Czerny
BACKGROUND: The study sought to report our results of surgical treatment of native and prosthetic aortic infection with xenopericardial tube grafts from the ascending aorta to beyond the bifurcation. METHODS: Within a 28-month period, 20 patients were treated with a bovine self-made pericardial tube graft to replace infected vascular grafts (after conventional surgical aortic replacement or endovascular stent graft implantation) or to treat a contaminated surgical site...
August 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452115/bioprosthetic-versus-mechanical-valve-replacement-for-infective-endocarditis-focus-on-recurrence-rates
#9
Nana Toyoda, Shinobu Itagaki, Henry Tannous, Natalia N Egorova, Joanna Chikwe
BACKGROUND: Consensus guidelines for prosthesis selection in infective endocarditis recommend bioprosthetic or mechanical valve replacement based on life expectancy and comorbidity. However, contemporary outcome data are limited to institution series. METHODS: The outcomes of 3,447 patients identified from mandatory discharge databases in California and New York who had either primary isolated mitral (n = 1,603) or aortic (n = 1,844) valve replacement for active endocarditis between 1998 and 2010 were compared according to whether they received bioprosthetic (n = 1,673, 48...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253091/the-incorporated-aortomitral-homograft-for-double-valve-endocarditis-the-hemi-commando-procedure-early-and-mid-term-outcomes
#10
Haytham Elgharably, Ali H Hakim, Shinya Unai, Syed T Hussain, Nabin K Shrestha, Steven Gordon, Leonardo Rodriguez, A Marc Gillinov, Lars G Svensson, José L Navia
OBJECTIVES: Surgical management of invasive double-valve infective endocarditis (IE) involving the intervalvular fibrosa (IVF) is a technical challenge that requires extensive debridement followed by complex reconstruction. In this study, we present the early and mid-term outcomes of the hemi-Commando procedure and aortic root replacement with reconstruction of IVF using an aortomitral allograft. METHODS: From 2010 to 2017, 37 patients with IE involving the IVF underwent the hemi-Commando procedure...
May 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233766/use-of-the-perceval-sutureless-valve-in-active-prosthetic-aortic-valve-endocarditis
#11
Elena Roselló-Díez, Gregorio Cuerpo, Francisco Estévez, Christian Muñoz-Guijosa, Manel Tauron, José J Cuenca, Ángel González-Pinto, Josep María Padró
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of active prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis presents a challenge for cardiac surgeons because of tissue friability and destruction caused by infection. Sutureless prostheses, such as the Perceval S (LivaNova, Saluggia, Italy), have emerged as an option among the different surgical approaches for these complicated cases. METHODS: This study presents data from 9 patients who underwent aortic valve re-replacement with the Perceval S because of active prosthetic aortic valve endocarditis between January 2014 and August 2016...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211885/outcome-of-surgical-intervention-for-aortic-root-abscess-a-meta-analysis
#12
Guan-Jhou Chen, Wei-Cheng Lo, Hsien-Wei Tseng, Sung-Ching Pan, Yih-Sharng Chen, Shan-Chwen Chang
OBJECTIVES: Aortic root abscess (ARA) is a catastrophic complication of aortic root endocarditis, involving both native and prosthetic valves, which often warrants surgical intervention. Currently, aortic valve replacement (AVR) and aortic root replacement (ARR) are the most widely employed techniques. However, evidence that directly compares these methods is scarce. In this meta-analysis, we aimed to describe the surgical outcome of ARA when using different surgical methods. METHODS: In this meta-analysis, we performed literature searches in the EMBASE and PubMed databases and reviewed articles describing postoperative results of ARA that were published before 30 June 2016...
April 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706868/tricuspid-valve-endocarditis
#13
Syed T Hussain, James Witten, Nabin K Shrestha, Eugene H Blackstone, Gösta B Pettersson
Right-sided infective endocarditis (RSIE) is less common than left-sided infective endocarditis (IE), encompassing only 5-10% of cases of IE. Ninety percent of RSIE involves the tricuspid valve (TV). Given the relatively small numbers of TVIE cases operated on at most institutions, the purpose of this review is to highlight and discuss the current understanding of IE involving the TV. RSIE and TVIE are strongly associated with intravenous drug use (IVDU), although pacemaker leads, defibrillator leads and vascular access for dialysis are also major risk factors...
May 2017: Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592753/recent-surgical-results-for-active-endocarditis-complicated-with-perivalvular-abscess
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daisuke Yoshioka, Koichi Toda, Jun-Ya Yokoyama, Ryohei Matsuura, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yukitoshi Shirakawa, Toshiki Takahashi, Taichi Sakaguchi, Hirotsugu Fukuda, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment for endocarditis patients with a perivalvular abscess is still challenging.Methods and Results:From 2009 to 2016, 470 patients underwent surgery for active endocarditis at 11 hospitals. Of these, 226 patients underwent aortic valve surgery. We compared the clinical results of 162 patients without a perivalvular abscess, 37 patients who required patch reconstruction of the aortic annulus (PR group) and 27 who underwent aortic root replacement (ARR group)...
October 25, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365016/2016-the-american-association-for-thoracic-surgery-aats-consensus-guidelines-surgical-treatment-of-infective-endocarditis-executive-summary
#15
Gösta B Pettersson, Joseph S Coselli, Gösta B Pettersson, Joseph S Coselli, Syed T Hussain, Brian Griffin, Eugene H Blackstone, Steven M Gordon, Scott A LeMaire, Laila E Woc-Colburn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207394/infective-endocarditis-with-paravalvular-extension-35-year-experience
#16
Simon Rouzé, Erwan Flécher, Matthieu Revest, Amedeo Anselmi, Marie Aymami, Antoine Roisné, Julien Guihaire, Jean Philippe Verhoye
BACKGROUND: We investigated our surgical strategy and clinical results in patients from active infective endocarditis (AIE) complicated by paravalvular involvement to determine the risk factors of early and late death and reoperation. METHODS: From October 1979 to December 2014, 955 patients underwent operations for AIE; among them 207 had AIE with paravalvular extension. The patients were a mean age of 59.9 ± 15.4 years, and 162 (78%) were male. Of these patients, 137 (66%) had isolated aortic valve endocarditis, and 138 (67%) had native valve endocarditis...
August 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168964/surgical-versus-medical-therapy-for-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-a-meta-analysis-of-32-studies
#17
REVIEW
Christos G Mihos, Romain Capoulade, Evin Yucel, Michael H Picard, Orlando Santana
Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is associated with significant morbidity, and the optimal treatment strategy has not been clearly defined. A systematic review and meta-analysis of 32 studies comparing valve reoperation and medical therapy was performed; it included 2,636 patients, with a mean follow-up of 22 months. A valve reoperation was associated with a lower risk of 30-day mortality, greater survival at follow-up, and a similar rate of PVE recurrence. Prospective studies are warranted to confirm these findings and to clarify clinical decision-making regarding the timing and necessity of a valve reoperation, as opposed to treatment with medical therapy alone...
March 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434503/a-meta-analysis-of-early-versus-delayed-surgery-for-valvular-infective-endocarditis-complicated-by-embolic-ischemic-stroke
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Christos G Mihos, Andres M Pineda, Orlando Santana
OBJECTIVE: An embolic ischemic stroke occurs in 10% to 40% of patients with valvular infective endocarditis (IE) and confers significant morbidity. The optimal timing of valve surgery in this population is not well defined. METHODS: With the use of PubMed, EMBASE, Ovid, and Cochrane databases, a systematic review identified 14 studies through October 2015 that compared early versus delayed surgery for valvular IE complicated by an ischemic stroke. Early surgery was defined as 3 days or less in one, 7 days or less in eight, and 14 days or less in five studies...
May 2016: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869640/early-versus-late-surgical-intervention-or-medical-management-for-infective-endocarditis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Mahesh Anantha Narayanan, Toufik Mahfood Haddad, Andre C Kalil, Arun Kanmanthareddy, Rakesh M Suri, George Mansour, Christopher J Destache, Janani Baskaran, Aryan N Mooss, Tammy Wichman, Lee Morrow, Renuga Vivekanandan
OBJECTIVE: Infective endocarditis is associated with high morbidity and mortality and optimal timing for surgical intervention is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare early surgical intervention with conservative therapy in patients with infective endocarditis. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, CINAHL and Google-scholar databases were searched from January 1960 to April 2015. Randomised controlled trials, retrospective cohorts and prospective observational studies comparing outcomes between early surgery at 20 days or less and conservative management for infective endocarditis were analysed...
June 15, 2016: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26685134/cardiac-surgery-during-the-acute-phase-of-infective-endocarditis-discrepancies-between-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-and-practices
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bernard Iung, Thanh Doco-Lecompte, Sidney Chocron, Christophe Strady, François Delahaye, Vincent Le Moing, Claire Poyart, François Alla, Emmanuelle Cambau, Pierre Tattevin, Catherine Chirouze, Jean-François Obadia, Xavier Duval, Bruno Hoen
AIMS: Indications for surgery in acute infective endocarditis (IE) are detailed in guidelines, but their application is not well known. We analysed the agreement between the patient's attending physicians and European Society of Cardiology guidelines regarding indications for surgery. We also assessed whether surgery was performed in patients who had an indication. METHODS AND RESULTS: From the 2008 prospective population-based French survey on IE, 303 patients with definite left-sided native IE were identified...
March 7, 2016: European Heart Journal
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