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Diabetes complications

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4 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Ehud Ur Professor and Head, Endocrinology, UBC, Vancouver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26822326/nine-year-effects-of-3-7-years-of-intensive-glycemic-control-on-cardiovascular-outcomes
#1
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: In the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) trial, ∼4 years of intensive versus standard glycemic control in participants with type 2 diabetes and other cardiovascular risk factors had a neutral effect on the composite cardiovascular outcome, increased cardiovascular and total mortality, and reduced nonfatal myocardial infarction. Effects of the intervention during prolonged follow-up were analyzed. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: All surviving ACCORD participants were invited to participate in the ACCORD Follow-on (ACCORDION) study, during which participants were treated according to their health care provider's judgment...
May 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26571120/impaired-glucose-tolerance-or-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-mellitus-diagnosed-during-admission-adversely-affects-prognosis-after-myocardial-infarction-an-observational-study
#2
Anish George, Raghav T Bhatia, Gill L Buchanan, Anne Whiteside, Robert S Moisey, Stephen F Beer, Sudipta Chattopadhyay, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Joseph John
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prognostic effect of newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus (NDM) and impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) post myocardial infarction (MI). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of 768 patients without preexisting diabetes mellitus post-MI at one centre in Yorkshire between November 2005 and October 2008. Patients were categorised as normal glucose tolerance (NGT n = 337), IGT (n = 279) and NDM (n = 152) on pre- discharge oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26407587/the-impact-of-nocturnal-hypoglycemia-on-sleep-in-subjects-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Poul Jennum, Kirstine Stender-Petersen, Rasmus Rabøl, Niklas Rye Jørgensen, Pei-Ling Chu, Sten Madsbad
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this trial was to investigate the impact of nocturnal hypoglycemia on sleep patterns (assessed by polysomnography) and counterregulatory hormones. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this single-blinded, crossover trial, 26 subjects with type 2 diabetes attended two experimental night visits (one normoglycemic and one hypoglycemic) in randomized order. Plasma glucose (PG) levels were controlled by hyperinsulinemic glucose clamping. On the hypoglycemic night, hypoglycemia was induced after reaching sleep stage N2 by turning off glucose infusion until the PG target of 2...
November 2015: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25871838/differential-gene-expression-in-diabetic-nephropathy-in-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
M Luiza Caramori, Youngki Kim, Allison B Goldfine, Jason H Moore, Stephen S Rich, Josyf C Mychaleckyj, David Kirkpatrick, Helen Nickerson, Andrzej S Krolewski, Michael Mauer
CONTEXT: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the United States. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine whether there were skin fibroblast gene expression differences between subjects with type 1 diabetes (T1D) with or without DN. SETTING: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in the University of Minnesota. PATIENTS: Study volunteers were 100 former participants of Genetics of Kidneys in Diabetes: 40 were diabetic nephropathy (DN) Controls, normoalbuminuric after ≥ 15 years of T1D; and 60 were DN Cases, 25 with proteinuria and 35 with ESRD...
June 2015: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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