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Mood Disorders

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11 papers 0 to 25 followers
Joseph F Goldberg, Roy H Perlis, S Nassir Ghaemi, Joseph R Calabrese, Charles L Bowden, Stephen Wisniewski, David J Miklowitz, Gary S Sachs, Michael E Thase
OBJECTIVE: Practice guidelines have advised against treating patients with antidepressants during bipolar mixed states or dysphoric manias. However, few studies have examined the outcomes of patients with co-occurring manic and depressive symptoms who are treated with antidepressants plus mood stabilizing drugs. METHOD: The authors compared outcomes in patients with bipolar disorder who received a mood stabilizing agent with versus without an antidepressant for a bipolar depressive episode accompanied by > or = 2 concurrent manic symptoms...
September 2007: American Journal of Psychiatry
James Conor Kinahan, Aoife NiChorcorain, Sean Cunningham, Aideen Freyne, Colm Cooney, Siobhan Barry, Brendan D Kelly
OBJECTIVES: Polyuria increases the risk of dehydration and lithium toxicity in lithium-treated patients. Risk factors have been inconsistently described and the variance of this adverse effect remains poorly understood. This study aimed to establish independent risk factors for polyuria in a community, secondary-level lithium-treated sample of patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of the lithium-treated patients attending a general adult and an old age psychiatry service...
February 2015: Bipolar Disorders
Rajnish Mago, Dileep Borra, Rajeev Mahajan
Nonadherence to medications is common and associated with poor or limited clinical outcomes in the treatment of bipolar disorder. A review of the literature discloses that adverse effects are one of the commonly reported reasons for nonadherence to mood stabilizers by patients with bipolar disorder. Nevertheless, other than such broad summaries, relatively little attention has been given to the role of adverse effects in relation to nonadherence. This review article is the first to consolidate the available data on this topic...
November 2014: Harvard Review of Psychiatry
Andrew A Nierenberg, Louisa G Sylvia, Kristen K Ellard, Sharmin Ghaznavi, Thilo Deckersbach
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
Iria Grande, Michael Berk, Boris Birmaher, Eduard Vieta
Bipolar disorder is a recurrent chronic disorder characterised by fluctuations in mood state and energy. It affects more than 1% of the world's population irrespective of nationality, ethnic origin, or socioeconomic status. Bipolar disorder is one of the main causes of disability among young people, leading to cognitive and functional impairment and raised mortality, particularly death by suicide. A high prevalence of psychiatric and medical comorbidities is typical in affected individuals. Accurate diagnosis of bipolar disorder is difficult in clinical practice because onset is most commonly a depressive episode and looks similar to unipolar depression...
April 9, 2016: Lancet
Martin Christoph Melchers, Thomas Plieger, Rolf Meermann, Martin Reuter
Stress-related affective disorders have been identified as a core health problem of the twenty-first century. In the endeavor to identify vulnerability factors, personality has been discussed as a major factor explaining and predicting disorders like depression or burnout. An unsolved question is whether there are specific personality factors allowing differentiation of burnout from depression. The present study tested the relation between one of the most prominent, biological personality theories, Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory, and common measures of burnout (Maslach Burnout Inventory General) and depression (Beck Depression Inventory 2) in a sample of German employees (N = 944) and a sample of inpatients (N = 425)...
2015: Frontiers in Psychiatry
Basant Pradhan, Tapan Parikh, Ramkrishna Makani, Madhusmita Sahoo
Depression affects about 121 million people worldwide and prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) in US adults is 6.4%. Treatment resistant depression (TRD) accounts for approximately 12-20% of all depression patients and costs $29-$48 billion annually. Ketamine and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have useful roles in TRD, but their utility in long term is unknown. As per the latest literature, the interventions using Yoga and meditation including the mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT) have been useful in treatment of depression and relapse prevention...
2015: Depression Research and Treatment
Rachel Franklin, Sam Zorowitz, Andrew K Corse, Alik S Widge, Thilo Deckersbach
Bipolar disorder (BD) is a debilitating and difficult-to-treat psychiatric disease that presents a serious burden to patients' lives as well as health care systems around the world. The essential diagnostic criterion for BD is episodes of mania or hypomania; however, the patients report that the majority of their time is spent in a depressive phase. Current treatment options for this component of BD have yet to achieve satisfactory remission rates. Lurasidone is a drug in the benzisothiazole class approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in June 2013 for the acute treatment of bipolar depression...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
A J Bayes, G McClure, K Fletcher, Y E Román Ruiz Del Moral, D Hadzi-Pavlovic, J L Stevenson, V L Manicavasagar, G B Parker
OBJECTIVE: To identify features differentiating bipolar disorder (BP) from borderline personality disorder (BPD) and with each condition variably defined. METHOD: Participants were assigned a BP or BPD diagnosis on the basis of DSM criteria and, separately, by clinical judgment, and undertook a diagnostic interview and completed self-report measures. RESULTS: Predictors of BPD status varied according to diagnostic decisions, but with the most consistent items being childhood sexual abuse, childhood depersonalization, personality variables relating to relationship difficulties and sensitivity to criticism, and the absence of any BP family history...
March 2016: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Jenny Guidi, Elena Tomba, Giovanni A Fava
OBJECTIVE: A number of randomized controlled trials in major depressive disorder have employed a sequential model, which consists of the use of pharmacotherapy in the acute phase and of psychotherapy in its residual phase. The aim of this review was to provide an updated meta-analysis of the efficacy of this approach in reducing the risk of relapse in major depressive disorder and to place these findings in the larger context of treatment selection. METHOD: Keyword searches were conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Library from inception of each database through October 2014...
February 1, 2016: American Journal of Psychiatry
A K Leonpacher, D Liebers, M Pirooznia, D Jancic, D F MacKinnon, F M Mondimore, B Schweizer, J B Potash, P P Zandi, F S Goes
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing bipolar disorder (BP) from major depressive disorder (MDD) has important relevance for prognosis and treatment. Prior studies have identified clinical features that differ between these two diseases but have been limited by heterogeneity and lack of replication. We sought to identify depression-related features that distinguish BP from MDD in large samples with replication. METHOD: Using a large, opportunistically ascertained collection of subjects with BP and MDD we selected 34 depression-related clinical features to test across the diagnostic categories in an initial discovery dataset consisting of 1228 subjects (386 BPI, 158 BPII and 684 MDD)...
August 2015: Psychological Medicine
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