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Inbal Braunstein, Karolyn A Wanat, Katrina Abuabara, Karin L McGowan, Albert C Yan, James R Treat
Historical resistance patterns often guide empiric antibiotic choices in staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS), but little is known about the difference in susceptibility between SSSS and other childhood staphylococcal infections. A retrospective chart review of culture-confirmed cases of SSSS seen in the inpatient dermatology consultation service at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia between 2005 and 2011 was performed. Most cases of SSSS at our institution are due to oxacillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus, and approximately half of the cases are due to clindamycin-resistant strains...
May 2014: Pediatric Dermatology
Moira Blyth, Catalina Estela, Amber E R Young
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome (SSSS) is a rare toxin-mediated condition caused by Staphylococcus aureus, which causes blistering and desquamation of the skin. Between November 2005 and April 2006, four children were admitted to critical care beds in the South West Regional Paediatric Burns Unit because of SSSS affecting more than 50% of the body surface area. Details of these cases are presented, highlighting the potential severity of the condition. The cases also illustrate that fluid overload is a common complication of the condition, despite hypovolaemia being the more obvious risk, and that both hyponatraemia and leukopenia are frequent findings...
February 2008: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
S Ladhani
Staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome describes a spectrum of superficial blistering skin disorders caused by the exfoliative toxins of Staphylococcus aureus. In its severe form, the exfoliation can spread to cover the entire body surface area. Two S. aureus exfoliative toxin serotypes affecting humans have been identified, but their purpose and mechanism of action have remained elusive. Based on their interaction with human and mouse epidermis, their three-dimensional structure and site-directed mutagenesis studies, it is speculated that they act as atypical serine proteases, and desmoglein-1 has now been identified as the specific epidermal substrate...
June 2001: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
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