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Annette M Bourgault, Janie Heath, Vallire Hooper, Mary Lou Sole, Elizabeth G Nesmith
BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses practice alert on verification of feeding tube placement makes evidence-based practice recommendations to guide nursing management of adult patients with blindly inserted feeding tubes. Many bedside verification methods do not allow detection of improper positioning of a feeding tube within the gastrointestinal tract, thereby increasing aspiration risk. OBJECTIVES: To determine how the expected practices from the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses practice alert were implemented by critical care nurses...
February 2015: Critical Care Nurse
Johann Smith Cerón Arias, Manuel Felipe Muñoz Nañez
INTRODUCTION: The determination of the values of central venous pressure has long been used as a guideline for volumetric therapy in the resuscitation of the critical patient, but the performance of such parameter is currently being questioned as an effective measurement of cardiac preload. This has aroused great interest in the search for more accurate parameters to determine cardiac preload and a patient's blood volume. GOALS AND METHODS: Based on literature currently available, we aim to discuss the performance of central venous pressure as an effective parameter to determine cardiac preload...
April 2012: Colombia Médica: CM
Randall M Chesnut, Nancy Temkin, Nancy Carney, Sureyya Dikmen, Carlos Rondina, Walter Videtta, Gustavo Petroni, Silvia Lujan, Jim Pridgeon, Jason Barber, Joan Machamer, Kelley Chaddock, Juanita M Celix, Marianna Cherner, Terence Hendrix
BACKGROUND: Intracranial-pressure monitoring is considered the standard of care for severe traumatic brain injury and is used frequently, but the efficacy of treatment based on monitoring in improving the outcome has not been rigorously assessed. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, controlled trial in which 324 patients 13 years of age or older who had severe traumatic brain injury and were being treated in intensive care units (ICUs) in Bolivia or Ecuador were randomly assigned to one of two specific protocols: guidelines-based management in which a protocol for monitoring intraparenchymal intracranial pressure was used (pressure-monitoring group) or a protocol in which treatment was based on imaging and clinical examination (imaging-clinical examination group)...
December 27, 2012: New England Journal of Medicine
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