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Behavioral addictions

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23 papers 1000+ followers
By Christopher Cook, BA,CADC, SAP Addiction professional. LPC, CADC, CRNP- student, Interventionist, project manager, owner, Director, eval/refer for SUDs/Eating D/o's
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146018/reward-systems-in-the-brain-and-nutrition
#1
REVIEW
Edmund T Rolls
The taste cortex in the anterior insula provides separate and combined representations of the taste, temperature, and texture of food in the mouth independently of hunger and thus of reward value and pleasantness. One synapse on, in the orbitofrontal cortex, these sensory inputs are combined by associative learning with olfactory and visual inputs for some neurons, and these neurons encode food reward value in that they respond to food only when hunger is present and in that activations correlate linearly with subjective pleasantness...
July 17, 2016: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296500/the-neurobiology-of-food-addiction-and-its-implications-for-obesity-treatment-and-policy
#2
REVIEW
Adrian Carter, Joshua Hendrikse, Natalia Lee, Murat Yücel, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, Zane B. Andrews, Wayne Hall
There is a growing view that certain foods, particularly those high in refined sugars and fats, are addictive and that some forms of obesity can usefully be treated as a food addiction. This perspective is supported by a growing body of neuroscience research demonstrating that the chronic consumption of energy-dense foods causes changes in the brain's reward pathway that are central to the development and maintenance of drug addiction. Obese and overweight individuals also display patterns of eating behavior that resemble the ways in which addicted individuals consume drugs...
July 17, 2016: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867599/neurobiological-correlates-in-internet-gaming-disorder-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Daria J Kuss, Halley M Pontes, Mark D Griffiths
Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) is a potential mental disorder currently included in the third section of the latest (fifth) edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) as a condition that requires additional research to be included in the main manual. Although research efforts in the area have increased, there is a continuing debate about the respective criteria to use as well as the status of the condition as mental health concern. Rather than using diagnostic criteria which are based on subjective symptom experience, the National Institute of Mental Health advocates the use of Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) which may support classifying mental disorders based on dimensions of observable behavior and neurobiological measures because mental disorders are viewed as biological disorders that involve brain circuits that implicate specific domains of cognition, emotion, and behavior...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923288/social-genomics-of-healthy-and-disordered-internet-gaming
#4
Jeffrey G Snodgrass, H J François Dengah Ii, Michael G Lacy, Robert J Else, Evan R Polzer, Jesusa M G Arevalo, Steven W Cole
OBJECTIVES: To combine social genomics with cultural approaches to expand understandings of the somatic health dynamics of online gaming, including in the controversial nosological construct of internet gaming disorder (IGD). METHODS: In blood samples from 56 U.S. gamers, we examined expression of the conserved transcriptional response to adversity (CTRA), a leukocyte gene expression profile activated by chronic stress. We compared positively engaged and problem gamers, as identified by an ethnographically developed measure, the Positive and Negative Gaming Experiences Scale (PNGE-42), and also by a clinically derived IGD scale (IGDS-SF9)...
June 20, 2018: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904328/assessment-of-the-italian-version-of-the-internet-disorder-scale-ids-15
#5
Lucia Monacis, Maria Sinatra, Mark D Griffiths, Valeria de Palo
Much research has focused on the validation of psychometric tools assessing Internet addiction. One of the newest measures is the Internet Disorder Scale (IDS-15) based on the modified IGD criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). This study aimed at investigating the psychometric properties of the Italian version of the IDS-15 by examining the construct and the concurrent and the criterion-related validity and by identifying the taxonomy and the patterns of Internet users...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734827/behavioral-addictions-as-mental-disorders-to-be-or-not-to-be
#6
Nancy M Petry, Kristyn Zajac, Meredith K Ginley
Should excessive and problematic engagement in nonsubstance use behaviors be mental disorders? The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) repositioned gambling disorder in the substance use disorders section and introduced Internet gaming disorder in the research appendix; the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11) is also considering it. This article outlines pros and cons of considering behavioral addictions as mental disorders and also reviews the DSM-5 decision-making processes...
May 7, 2018: Annual Review of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494859/predicting-pornography-use-over-time-does-self-reported-addiction-matter
#7
Joshua B Grubbs, Joshua A Wilt, Julie J Exline, Kenneth I Pargament
In recent years, several works have reported on perceived addiction to internet pornography, or the potential for some individuals to label their own use of pornography as compulsive or out of control. Such works have consistently found that perceived addiction is related to concerning outcomes such as psychological distress, relational distress, and other addictive behaviors. However, very little work has specifically examined whether or not perceived addiction is actually related to increased use of pornography, cross-sectionally or over time...
July 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481903/prevalence-of-tanning-addiction-and-behavioral-health-conditions-among-ethnically-and-racially-diverse-adolescents
#8
Kimberly A Miller, Sarah E Piombo, Junhan Cho, Shauna Higgins, Ashley Wysong, Steve Sussman, Myles G Cockburn, Adam M Leventhal
Evidence indicates that tanning may be addictive and is associated with other behavioral health conditions. Few studies have examined tanning addiction among adolescents. We performed a cross-sectional study to explore the relationship between tanning addiction, substance use, and psychological conditions among a racially and ethnically diverse adolescent population. Tanning addiction was assessed using the modified CAGE measure among 11th grade students in Los Angeles (N = 2,637; response rate 78%). Overall, 7...
July 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130329/investigating-the-differential-effects-of-social-networking-site-addiction-and-internet-gaming-disorder-on-psychological-health
#9
Halley M Pontes
Background and aims Previous studies focused on examining the interrelationships between social networking site (SNS) addiction and Internet gaming disorder (IGD) in isolation. Moreover, little is known about the potential simultaneous differential effects of SNS addiction and IGD on psychological health. This study investigated the interplay between these two technological addictions and ascertained how they can uniquely and distinctively contribute to increasing psychiatric distress when accounting for potential effects stemming from sociodemographic and technology-related variables...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057579/orbitofrontal-gray-matter-deficits-as-marker-of-internet-gaming-disorder-converging-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-and-prospective-longitudinal-design
#10
Feng Zhou, Christian Montag, Rayna Sariyska, Bernd Lachmann, Martin Reuter, Bernd Weber, Peter Trautner, Keith M Kendrick, Sebastian Markett, Benjamin Becker
Internet gaming disorder represents a growing health issue. Core symptoms include unsuccessful attempts to control the addictive patterns of behavior and continued use despite negative consequences indicating a loss of regulatory control. Previous studies revealed brain structural deficits in prefrontal regions subserving regulatory control in individuals with excessive Internet use. However, because of the cross-sectional nature of these studies, it remains unknown whether the observed brain structural deficits preceded the onset of excessive Internet use...
October 23, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816501/problematic-gaming-exists-and-is-an-example-of-disordered-gaming
#11
Mark D Griffiths, Daria J Kuss, Olatz Lopez-Fernandez, Halley M Pontes
Background The recent paper by Aarseth et al. (2016) questioned whether problematic gaming should be considered a new disorder particularly because "Gaming Disorder" (GD) has been identified as a disorder to be included in the next (11th) revision of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Diseases (ICD-11). Methods This study uses contemporary literature to argue why GD should be included in the ICD-11. Results Aarseth and colleagues acknowledge that there is much literature (including papers by some of the authors themselves) that some individuals experience serious problems with video gaming...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889060/why-narcissists-are-at-risk-for-developing-facebook-addiction-the-need-to-be-admired-and-the-need-to-belong
#12
Silvia Casale, Giulia Fioravanti
Building upon previous research establishing a positive association between grandiose and vulnerable narcissism and problematic social networking use, the present study tests a model that explains how grandiose and vulnerable narcissists might develop Facebook (Fb) addiction symptoms through the need for admiration and the need to belong. A sample of 535 undergraduates (50.08% F; mean age 22.70±2.76years) completed measures of grandiose narcissism, vulnerable narcissism, Fb addiction symptoms, and two brief scales measuring the need for admiration and the need to belong...
January 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882998/dopamine-and-opioid-neurotransmission-in-behavioral-addictions-a-comparative-pet-study-in-pathological-gambling-and-binge-eating
#13
Joonas Majuri, Juho Joutsa, Jarkko Johansson, Valerie Voon, Kati Alakurtti, Riitta Parkkola, Tuuli Lahti, Hannu Alho, Jussi Hirvonen, Eveliina Arponen, Sarita Forsback, Valtteri Kaasinen
Although behavioral addictions share many clinical features with drug addictions, they show strikingly large variation in their behavioral phenotypes (such as in uncontrollable gambling or eating). Neurotransmitter function in behavioral addictions is poorly understood, but has important implications in understanding its relationship with substance use disorders and underlying mechanisms of therapeutic efficacy. Here, we compare opioid and dopamine function between two behavioral addiction phenotypes: pathological gambling (PG) and binge eating disorder (BED)...
April 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649380/typology-of-internet-gaming-disorder-and-its-clinical-implications
#14
REVIEW
Seung-Yup Lee, Hae Kook Lee, Hyekyung Choo
Various perspectives exist regarding Internet gaming disorder. While the concept of behavioral addiction is gaining recognition, some view the phenomenon as merely excessive indulgence in online pastimes. Still, in recent years, complaints from patients or their family members about problems related to Internet use, particularly Internet gaming, have become more common. However, the clinical picture of Internet gaming disorder could be obscured by its heterogeneous manifestations with other intertwined factors, such as psychiatric comorbidities, neurodevelopmental factors, sociocultural factors, and game-related factors, which may influence the pathogenesis as well as the clinical course...
July 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450920/neurobiological-findings-related-to-internet-use-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Byeongsu Park, Doug Hyun Han, Sungwon Roh
In the last 10 years, numerous neurobiological studies have been conducted on Internet addiction or Internet use disorder. Various neurobiological research methods - such as magnetic resonance imaging; nuclear imaging modalities, including positron emission tomography and single photon emission computed tomography; molecular genetics; and neurophysiologic methods - have made it possible to discover structural or functional impairments in the brains of individuals with Internet use disorder. Specifically, Internet use disorder is associated with structural or functional impairment in the orbitofrontal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and posterior cingulate cortex...
July 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19260039/citicoline-affects-appetite-and-cortico-limbic-responses-to-images-of-high-calorie-foods
#16
William D S Killgore, Amy J Ross, Toshikazu Kamiya, Yoko Kawada, Perry F Renshaw, Deborah A Yurgelun-Todd
OBJECTIVE: Cytidine-5'-diphosphocholine (citicoline) has a variety of cognitive enhancing, neuroprotective, and neuroregenerative properties. In cocaine-addicted individuals, citicoline has been shown to increase brain dopamine levels and reduce cravings. The effects of this compound on appetite, food cravings, and brain responses to food are unknown. METHOD: We compared the effects of treatment with Cognizin citicoline (500 mg/day versus 2,000 mg/day) for 6 weeks on changes in appetite ratings, weight, and cortico-limbic responses to images of high-calorie foods using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 2010: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19940429/neurogenetics-of-dopaminergic-receptor-supersensitivity-in-activation-of-brain-reward-circuitry-and-relapse-proposing-deprivation-amplification-relapse-therapy-dart
#17
REVIEW
Kenneth Blum, Thomas J H Chen, B William Downs, Abdalla Bowirrat, Roger L Waite, Eric R Braverman, Margaret Madigan, Marlene Oscar-Berman, Nicholas DiNubile, Eric Stice, John Giordano, Siobhan Morse, Mark Gold
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: It is well known that after prolonged abstinence, individuals who use their drug of choice experience a powerful euphoria that often precipitates relapse. While a biological explanation for this conundrum has remained elusive, we hypothesize that this clinically observed "supersensitivity" might be tied to genetic dopaminergic polymorphisms. Another therapeutic conundrum relates to the paradoxical finding that the dopaminergic agonist bromocriptine induces stronger activation of brain reward circuitry in individuals who carry the DRD2 A1 allele compared with DRD2 A2 allele carriers...
November 2009: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24255603/internet-gaming-addiction-current-perspectives
#18
REVIEW
Daria J Kuss
In the 2000s, online games became popular, while studies of Internet gaming addiction emerged, outlining the negative consequences of excessive gaming, its prevalence, and associated risk factors. The establishment of specialized treatment centers in South-East Asia, the US, and Europe reflects the growing need for professional help. It is argued that only by understanding the appeal of Internet gaming, its context, and neurobiologic correlates can the phenomenon of Internet gaming addiction be understood comprehensively...
2013: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26306326/neuroenhancement-of-exposure-therapy-in-anxiety-disorders
#19
Stefan G Hofmann, Elizabeth A Mundy, Joshua Curtiss
Although exposure-based treatments and anxiolytic medications are more effective than placebo for treating anxiety disorders, there is still considerable room for further improvement. Interestingly, combining these two modalities is usually not more effective than the monotherapies. Recent translational research has identified a number of novel approaches for treating anxiety disorders using agents that serve as neuroenhancers (also known as cognitive enhancers). Several of these agents have been studied to determine their efficacy at improving treatment outcome for patients with anxiety and other psychiatric disorders...
2015: AIMS Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26135331/is-the-internet-gaming-addicted-brain-close-to-be-in-a-pathological-state
#20
Chang-Hyun Park, Ji-Won Chun, Huyn Cho, Young-Chul Jung, Jihye Choi, Dai Jin Kim
Internet gaming addiction (IGA) is becoming a common and widespread mental health concern. Although IGA induces a variety of negative psychosocial consequences, it is yet ambiguous whether the brain addicted to Internet gaming is considered to be in a pathological state. We investigated IGA-induced abnormalities of the brain specifically from the network perspective and qualitatively assessed whether the Internet gaming-addicted brain is in a state similar to the pathological brain. Topological properties of brain functional networks were examined by applying a graph-theoretical approach to analyzing functional magnetic resonance imaging data acquired during a resting state in 19 IGA adolescents and 20 age-matched healthy controls...
January 2017: Addiction Biology
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