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Behavioral addictions

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10 papers 500 to 1000 followers
By Christopher Cook Addiction professional. LPC, CADC, CRNP- student, Interventionist, project manager, owner, Director, eval/refer for SUDs/Eating D/o's, 60000 beds referral base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649380/the-typology-of-internet-gaming-disorder-and-its-clinical-implications
#1
Seung-Yup Lee, Hae Kook Lee, Hyekyung Choo
Various perspectives exist regarding Internet gaming disorder. While the concept of behavioral addiction is gaining recognition, some view the phenomenon as merely excessive indulgence in online pastimes. Still, in recent years, complains from patients or their family members about problems related to Internet use, particularly Internet gaming, have become more common. However, the clinical picture of Internet gaming disorder could be obscured by its heterogeneous manifestations with other intertwined factors, such as psychiatric comorbidities, neurodevelopmental factors, socio-cultural factors and game-related factors, that may influence the pathogenesis as well as the clinical course...
September 20, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27450920/neurobiological-findings-related-to-internet-use-disorders
#2
Byeongsu Park, Doug Hyun Han, Sungwon Roh
In the last ten years, numerous neurobiological studies have been conducted on Internet addiction or Internet use disorder. Various neurobiological research methods-such as magnetic resonance imaging; nuclear imaging modalities, including positron emission tomography and single photon emission computed tomography; molecular genetics; and neurophysiologic methods-have made it possible to discover structural or functional impairments in the brains of individuals with Internet use disorder. Specifically, Internet use disorder is associated with structural or functional impairment in the orbitofrontal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and posterior cingulate cortex...
July 23, 2016: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19260039/citicoline-affects-appetite-and-cortico-limbic-responses-to-images-of-high-calorie-foods
#3
William D S Killgore, Amy J Ross, Toshikazu Kamiya, Yoko Kawada, Perry F Renshaw, Deborah A Yurgelun-Todd
OBJECTIVE: Cytidine-5'-diphosphocholine (citicoline) has a variety of cognitive enhancing, neuroprotective, and neuroregenerative properties. In cocaine-addicted individuals, citicoline has been shown to increase brain dopamine levels and reduce cravings. The effects of this compound on appetite, food cravings, and brain responses to food are unknown. METHOD: We compared the effects of treatment with Cognizin citicoline (500 mg/day versus 2,000 mg/day) for 6 weeks on changes in appetite ratings, weight, and cortico-limbic responses to images of high-calorie foods using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 2010: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19940429/neurogenetics-of-dopaminergic-receptor-supersensitivity-in-activation-of-brain-reward-circuitry-and-relapse-proposing-deprivation-amplification-relapse-therapy-dart
#4
REVIEW
Kenneth Blum, Thomas J H Chen, B William Downs, Abdalla Bowirrat, Roger L Waite, Eric R Braverman, Margaret Madigan, Marlene Oscar-Berman, Nicholas DiNubile, Eric Stice, John Giordano, Siobhan Morse, Mark Gold
BACKGROUND AND HYPOTHESIS: It is well known that after prolonged abstinence, individuals who use their drug of choice experience a powerful euphoria that often precipitates relapse. While a biological explanation for this conundrum has remained elusive, we hypothesize that this clinically observed "supersensitivity" might be tied to genetic dopaminergic polymorphisms. Another therapeutic conundrum relates to the paradoxical finding that the dopaminergic agonist bromocriptine induces stronger activation of brain reward circuitry in individuals who carry the DRD2 A1 allele compared with DRD2 A2 allele carriers...
November 2009: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24255603/internet-gaming-addiction-current-perspectives
#5
REVIEW
Daria J Kuss
In the 2000s, online games became popular, while studies of Internet gaming addiction emerged, outlining the negative consequences of excessive gaming, its prevalence, and associated risk factors. The establishment of specialized treatment centers in South-East Asia, the US, and Europe reflects the growing need for professional help. It is argued that only by understanding the appeal of Internet gaming, its context, and neurobiologic correlates can the phenomenon of Internet gaming addiction be understood comprehensively...
2013: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26306326/neuroenhancement-of-exposure-therapy-in-anxiety-disorders
#6
Stefan G Hofmann, Elizabeth A Mundy, Joshua Curtiss
Although exposure-based treatments and anxiolytic medications are more effective than placebo for treating anxiety disorders, there is still considerable room for further improvement. Interestingly, combining these two modalities is usually not more effective than the monotherapies. Recent translational research has identified a number of novel approaches for treating anxiety disorders using agents that serve as neuroenhancers (also known as cognitive enhancers). Several of these agents have been studied to determine their efficacy at improving treatment outcome for patients with anxiety and other psychiatric disorders...
2015: AIMS Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26135331/is-the-internet-gaming-addicted-brain-close-to-be-in-a-pathological-state
#7
Chang-Hyun Park, Ji-Won Chun, Huyn Cho, Young-Chul Jung, Jihye Choi, Dai Jin Kim
Internet gaming addiction (IGA) is becoming a common and widespread mental health concern. Although IGA induces a variety of negative psychosocial consequences, it is yet ambiguous whether the brain addicted to Internet gaming is considered to be in a pathological state. We investigated IGA-induced abnormalities of the brain specifically from the network perspective and qualitatively assessed whether the Internet gaming-addicted brain is in a state similar to the pathological brain. Topological properties of brain functional networks were examined by applying a graph-theoretical approach to analyzing functional magnetic resonance imaging data acquired during a resting state in 19 IGA adolescents and 20 age-matched healthy controls...
July 1, 2015: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25859505/internet-sex-addiction-and-its-negative-consequences-a-report
#8
Jaswinder Kaur, M S Bhatia, Priyanka Gautam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25608605/natural-course-of-behavioral-addictions-a-5-year-longitudinal-study
#9
Barna Konkol├┐ Thege, Erica M Woodin, David C Hodgins, Robert J Williams
BACKGROUND: Resolving the theoretical controversy on the labeling of an increasing number of excessive behaviors as behavioral addictions may also be facilitated by more empirical data on these behavioral problems. For instance, an essential issue to the classification of psychiatric disorders is information on their natural course. However, longitudinal research on the chronic vs. episodic nature of behavioral addictions is scarce. The aim of the present study, therefore, was to provide data on prevalence, substance use comorbidity, and five-year trajectories of six excessive behaviors-namely exercising, sexual behavior, shopping, online chatting, video gaming, and eating...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25275877/a-latent-class-analysis-of-pathological-gambling-criteria-among-high-school-students-associations-with-gambling-risk-and-health-functioning-characteristics
#10
Grace Kong, Jack Tsai, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, Dana A Cavallo, Rani A Hoff, Marvin A Steinberg, Loreen Rugle, Marc N Potenza
OBJECTIVES: To identify subtypes of adolescent gamblers based on the 10 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition criteria for pathological gambling and the 9 Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fifth edition criteria for gambling disorder and to examine associations between identified subtypes with gambling, other risk behaviors, and health/functioning characteristics. METHODS: Using cross-sectional survey data from 10 high schools in Connecticut (N = 3901), we conducted latent class analysis to classify adolescents who reported past-year gambling into gambling groups on the basis of items from the Massachusetts Gambling Screen...
November 2014: Journal of Addiction Medicine
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