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Sleep disorders

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11 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23055049/current-treatment-of-selected-pediatric-sleep-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Shannon S Sullivan
While pediatric sleep disorders are relatively common, treatments are often not straightforward. There is often a paucity of gold standard studies and data available to guide clinicians, treatments may yield arguably incomplete results, interventions may require chronic use, and/ or involve multiple modalities including behavioral interventions that require high parental and family commitment. This review points out diagnostic differences compared to adults and focuses on current therapy for selected common pediatric sleep disorders including sleep disordered breathing/ obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy, and restless legs syndrome...
October 2012: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23385701/sleep-disorders-in-children
#2
REVIEW
Timothy F Hoban
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to examine how sleep disorders in children are affected by age and comorbid medical influences, and to discuss current understanding of how the clinical manifestations, pathophysiology, and treatment of common childhood sleep disorders differ from those of the adult population. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently established age-specific norms are required for accurate interpretation of polysomnograms and multiple sleep latency tests in children...
February 2013: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24695508/common-sleep-disorders-in-children
#3
REVIEW
Kevin A Carter, Nathanael E Hathaway, Christine F Lettieri
Up to 50% of children will experience a sleep problem. Early identification of sleep problems may prevent negative consequences, such as daytime sleepiness, irritability, behavioral problems, learning difficulties, motor vehicle crashes in teenagers, and poor academic performance. Obstructive sleep apnea occurs in 1% to 5% of children. Polysomnography is needed to diagnose the condition because it may not be detected through history and physical examination alone. Adenotonsillectomy is the primary treatment for most children with obstructive sleep apnea...
March 1, 2014: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24932653/the-diagnosis-and-management-of-common-sleep-disorders-in-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Joel Reiter, Dennis Rosen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sleep problems in adolescents are very common and negatively impact the quality of their health and lives, yet often go undiagnosed. This review is meant to familiarize pediatricians with some of the more commonly encountered sleep disorders in this age group, and to review their diagnosis and management. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent findings reinforce the ubiquity of insufficient and poor-quality sleep in teens and their consequences on physical and mental health, cognition, and behavior...
August 2014: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17035465/a-review-of-pediatric-nonrespiratory-sleep-disorders
#5
REVIEW
Melisa Moore, David Allison, Carol L Rosen
Sleep problems are extremely common during childhood, from infancy to adolescence. Despite the prevalence of sleep problems, childhood sleep disorders are often underrecognized and undiagnosed, despite being either preventable or treatable. Sleep impacts almost all aspects of a child's functioning, and thus the increased recognition and treatment of sleep disorders will positively affect a child's well-being. Children experience the same broad range of sleep disturbances encountered in adults, including sleep apnea, insomnia, parasomnia, delayed sleep phase, narcolepsy, and restless legs, but their clinical presentation, evaluation, and management may differ...
October 2006: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765468/memory-consolidation-in-sleep-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Nicola Cellini
In recent years sleep-related memory consolidation has become a central topic in the sleep research field. Several studies have shown that in healthy individuals sleep promotes memory consolidation. Notwithstanding this, the consequences of sleep disorders on offline memory consolidation remain poorly investigated. Research studies indicate that patients with insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and narcolepsy often exhibit sleep-related impairment in the consolidation of declarative and procedural information...
September 25, 2016: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23601752/fight-or-flight-dream-content-during-sleepwalking-sleep-terrors-vs-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder
#7
Ginevra Uguccioni, Jean-Louis Golmard, Alix Noël de Fontréaux, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Agnès Brion, Isabelle Arnulf
OBJECTIVE: Dreams enacted during sleepwalking or sleep terrors (SW/ST) may differ from those enacted during rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD). METHODS: Subjects completed aggression, depression, and anxiety questionnaires. The mentations associated with SW/ST and RBD behaviors were collected over their lifetime and on the morning after video polysomnography (PSG). The reports were analyzed for complexity, length, content, setting, bizarreness, and threat...
May 2013: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24553425/comorbidity-and-medication-in-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-a-multicenter-case-control-study
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Birgit Frauscher, Poul Jennum, Yo-El S Ju, Ronald B Postuma, Isabelle Arnulf, Valerie Cochen De Cock, Yves Dauvilliers, Maria L Fantini, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, David Gabelia, Alex Iranzo, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Thomas Mitterling, Masayuki Miyamoto, Tomoyuki Miyamoto, Jacques Y Montplaisir, Wolfgang Oertel, Amélie Pelletier, Paolo Prunetti, Monica Puligheddu, Joan Santamaria, Karel Sonka, Marcus Unger, Christina Wolfson, Marco Zucconi, Michele Terzaghi, Birgit Högl, Geert Mayer, Raffaele Manni
OBJECTIVE: This controlled study investigated associations between comorbidity and medication in patients with polysomnographically confirmed idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD), using a large multicenter clinic-based cohort. METHODS: Data of a self-administered questionnaire on comorbidity and medication use of 318 patients with iRBD and 318 matched controls were analyzed. Comparisons between cases and controls were made using logistic regression analysis...
March 25, 2014: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24082312/cognitive-performances-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-idiopathic-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-results-of-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#9
Michele Terzaghi, Chiara Zucchella, Valter Rustioni, Elena Sinforiani, Raffaele Manni
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the capacity of neuropsychological deficits in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) to predict the development of dementia and/or parkinsonism. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal follow-up study. SETTING: Tertiary sleep center. PATIENTS: Twenty patients with initial iRBD (19 males, mean age 66.1 ± 7.1) underwent a clinical and neuropsychological follow-up within a mean of 43 ± 19 months...
October 1, 2013: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23886593/rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-devising-controlled-active-treatment-studies-for-symptomatic-and-neuroprotective-therapy-a-consensus-statement-from-the-international-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-study-group
#10
C H Schenck, J Y Montplaisir, B Frauscher, B Hogl, J-F Gagnon, R Postuma, K Sonka, P Jennum, M Partinen, I Arnulf, V Cochen de Cock, Y Dauvilliers, P-H Luppi, A Heidbreder, G Mayer, F Sixel-Döring, C Trenkwalder, M Unger, P Young, Y K Wing, L Ferini-Strambi, R Ferri, G Plazzi, M Zucconi, Y Inoue, A Iranzo, J Santamaria, C Bassetti, J C Möller, B F Boeve, Y Y Lai, M Pavlova, C Saper, P Schmidt, J M Siegel, C Singer, E St Louis, A Videnovic, W Oertel
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to provide a consensus statement by the International Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder Study Group (IRBD-SG) on devising controlled active treatment studies in rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and devising studies of neuroprotection against Parkinson disease (PD) and related neurodegeneration in RBD. METHODS: The consensus statement was generated during the fourth IRBD-SG symposium in Marburg, Germany in 2011. The IRBD-SG identified essential methodologic components for a randomized trial in RBD, including potential screening and diagnostic criteria, inclusion and exclusion criteria, primary and secondary outcomes for symptomatic therapy trials (particularly for melatonin and clonazepam), and potential primary and secondary outcomes for eventual trials with disease-modifying and neuroprotective agents...
August 2013: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22763014/obstructive-sleep-apnea-increases-hemoglobin-a1c-levels-regardless-of-glucose-tolerance-status
#11
Akira Tamura, Yoshiyuki Kawano, Toru Watanabe, Junichi Kadota
OBJECTIVE: We sought to clarify the association between the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. METHODS: HbA1c levels were measured in 330 subjects who were suspected of having OSA and who underwent polysomnography. A 75-g oral glucose tolerance test was performed in 308 subjects who had not been diagnosed to have diabetes mellitus. Patients with use of hypoglycemic agents were excluded. The 330 subjects were divided into three subgroups: 164 with normal glucose tolerance, 111 with impaired glucose tolerance, and 55 with diabetes mellitus (DM)...
September 2012: Sleep Medicine
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