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Agustín Conde-Agudelo, Aníbal Nieto, Anyeli Rosas-Bermudez, Roberto Romero
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of prophylactic misoprostol use at cesarean delivery for reducing intraoperative and postoperative hemorrhage. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and metaanalysis of randomized controlled trials. RESULTS: Seventeen studies (3174 women) were included of which 7 evaluated misoprostol vs oxytocin and 8 evaluated misoprostol plus oxytocin vs oxytocin alone. Overall, there were no significant differences in intraoperative and postoperative hemorrhage between sublingual or oral misoprostol and oxytocin...
July 2013: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Anette-G Ziegler, Maike Wallner, Imme Kaiser, Michaela Rossbauer, Minna H Harsunen, Lorenz Lachmann, Jörg Maier, Christiane Winkler, Sandra Hummel
Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have a high risk of developing postpartum type 2 diabetes. Strategies to prevent postpartum type 2 diabetes are important to reduce the epidemic of diabetes and its societal impact. Breastfeeding was reported to improve early postpartum glucose tolerance and reduce the subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes. To investigate whether breastfeeding influences short- and long-term postpartum diabetes outcomes, women with GDM (n = 304) participating in the prospective German GDM study were followed from delivery for up to 19 years postpartum for diabetes development...
December 2012: Diabetes
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2003: Diabetes Care
Ellen W Seely, Jeffrey Ecker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2011: New England Journal of Medicine
H Ijäs, M Vääräsmäki, L Morin-Papunen, R Keravuo, T Ebeling, T Saarela, T Raudaskoski
OBJECTIVE: To examine if oral metformin is as effective as insulin in the prevention of fetal macrosomy in pregnancies complicated with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Open-label prospective randomised controlled study. SETTING: Maternity outpatient clinics in a secondary and tertiary level hospital in Finland. SAMPLE: One hundred women with GDM who did not attain euglycaemia with diet. METHODS: Women were randomised to therapy with insulin (n = 50) or oral metformin (n = 50)...
June 2011: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Ellen L Mozurkewich, Julie L Chilimigras, Deborah R Berman, Uma C Perni, Vivian C Romero, Valerie J King, Kristie L Keeton
BACKGROUND: Rates of labour induction are increasing. We conducted this systematic review to assess the evidence supporting use of each method of labour induction. METHODS: We listed methods of labour induction then reviewed the evidence supporting each. We searched MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library between 1980 and November 2010 using multiple terms and combinations, including labor, induced/or induction of labor, prostaglandin or prostaglandins, misoprostol, Cytotec, 16,16,-dimethylprostaglandin E2 or E2, dinoprostone; Prepidil, Cervidil, Dinoprost, Carboprost or hemabate; prostin, oxytocin, misoprostol, membrane sweeping or membrane stripping, amniotomy, balloon catheter or Foley catheter, hygroscopic dilators, laminaria, dilapan, saline injection, nipple stimulation, intercourse, acupuncture, castor oil, herbs...
2011: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Mona R Prasad, Edmund Funai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2012: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Derek C Angus, Tom van der Poll
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 369, Issue 9, Page 840-851, August 2013.
August 29, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
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