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Ryoichi Ochiai
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has been intensively and continuously studied in various settings, but its mortality is still as high as 30-40 %. For the last 20 years, lung protective strategy has become a standard care for ARDS, but we still do not know the best way to ventilate patients with ARDS. Tidal volume itself does not seem to have an important role to develop ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI), but the driving pressure, which is inspiratory plateau pressure-PEEP, is the most important to predict and affect the outcome of ARDS, though there is no safe limit for the driving pressure...
2015: Journal of Intensive Care
Nicole Ritz, Markus Hufnagel, Patrick Gérardin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Thomas W Conlon, Adam S Himebauch, Julie C Fitzgerald, Aaron E Chen, Anthony J Dean, Nova Panebianco, Kassa Darge, Meryl S Cohen, William J Greeley, Robert A Berg, Akira Nishisaki
OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility and describe the process of implementing a pediatric critical care bedside ultrasound program in a large academic PICU and to evaluate the impact of bedside ultrasound on clinical management. DESIGN: Retrospective case series, description of program implementation. SETTING: Single-center quaternary noncardiac PICU in a children's hospital. PATIENTS: Consecutive patients from January 22, 2012, to July 22, 2012, with bedside ultrasounds performed and interpreted by pediatric critical care practitioners...
March 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
James Fackler, Harold P Lehmann, Randall C Wetzel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Djillali Annane, Shidasp Siami, Samir Jaber, Claude Martin, Souheil Elatrous, Adrien Descorps Declère, Jean Charles Preiser, Hervé Outin, Gilles Troché, Claire Charpentier, Jean Louis Trouillet, Antoine Kimmoun, Xavier Forceville, Michael Darmon, Olivier Lesur, Jean Reignier, Jean Régnier, Fékri Abroug, Philippe Berger, Christophe Clec'h, Christophe Cle'h, Joël Cousson, Laure Thibault, Sylvie Chevret
IMPORTANCE: Evidence supporting the choice of intravenous colloid vs crystalloid solutions for management of hypovolemic shock remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To test whether use of colloids compared with crystalloids for fluid resuscitation alters mortality in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) with hypovolemic shock. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A multicenter, randomized clinical trial stratified by case mix (sepsis, trauma, or hypovolemic shock without sepsis or trauma)...
November 6, 2013: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Steven G Kernie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Anselmo Caricato, Sara Pitoni, Luca Montini, Maria Grazia Bocci, Pina Annetta, Massimo Antonelli
Transcranial sonography (TCS) is an ultrasound-based imaging technique, which allows the identification of several structures within the brain parenchyma. In the past it has been applied for bedside assessment of different intracranial pathologies in children. Presently, TCS is also used on adult patients to diagnose intracranial space occupying lesions of various origins, intracranial hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, midline shift and neurodegenerative movement disorders, in both acute and chronic clinical settings...
September 28, 2014: World Journal of Radiology
Harri Hemilä, Pekka Louhiala
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is one of the most common serious infections, causing two million deaths annually among young children in low-income countries. In high-income countries pneumonia is most significantly a problem of the elderly. OBJECTIVES: To assess the prophylactic and therapeutic effects of vitamin C on pneumonia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL 2013, Issue 3, MEDLINE (1950 to March week 4, 2013), EMBASE (1974 to April 2013) and Web of Science (1955 to April 2013)...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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