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ECMO

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419538/percutaneous-mechanical-circulation-support-combined-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-oxyrvad-in-secondary-right-heart-failure
#1
Philipp M Lepper, Sabrina I Hörsch, Frederik Seiler, Annegret Kamp, Sören L Becker, Christian Lensch, Lars O Conzelmann, Hendrik Haake, Ralf M Muellenbach, Robert Bals, Markus Kredel, Frank Langer, Heinrike Wilkens, Franziska C Trudzinski
Right heart failure (RHF) because of pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a frequently encountered clinical problem with high mortality. The last resort, if pharmacological therapy fails, is mechanical circulatory support. There is a lack of percutaneous systems to support the right ventricle (RV). Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is widely used as a bailout in acute RHF in non-left ventricular assist device patients. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation does not unload the left ventricle and may cause failure of the left ventricle if used for a longer period of time...
February 6, 2018: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435994/evaluation-of-the-novel-centrifugal-pump-capiox-sl-in-chronic-large-animal-experiments
#2
Kei Iizuka, Nobumasa Katagiri, Yoshiaki Takewa, Tomonori Tsukiya, Toshihide Mizuno, Yosuke Itamochi, Kouko Kumano, Eisuke Tatsumi
In the development of a new device for extracorporeal circulation, long-term durability and biocompatibility are required. The CAPIOX SL Pump (SL pump, Terumo Corporation, Tokyo, Japan), which is a centrifugal pump using a two-pivot bearing, was developed with the hope of suppressing pump thrombus formation around the bearings. This study aimed to evaluate the in vivo performance of the SL pump in the condition assumed severe clinical situation for long-term extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support...
February 12, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444222/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-as-a-bridge-to-lung-transplantation-may-not-impact-overall-mortality-risk-after-transplantation-results-from-a-7-year-single-centre-experience
#3
Fabio Ius, Ruslan Natanov, Jawad Salman, Christian Kuehn, Wiebke Sommer, Murat Avsar, Thierry Siemeni, Dmitry Bobylev, Reza Poyanmehr, Dietmar Boethig, Joerg Optenhoefel, Nicolaus Schwerk, Axel Haverich, Gregor Warnecke, Igor Tudorache
OBJECTIVES: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has an important role in bridging patients to lung transplantation. In this study, we present our experience with pretransplant ECMO during the last 7 years and investigate its impact on graft outcomes. METHODS: Records of all lung-transplanted patients at our institution between January 2010 and April 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. Graft survival was compared between patients who required pretransplant ECMO (pre-Tx ECMO+) and patients who did not (pre-Tx ECMO-)...
February 12, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395201/duration-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-and-survival-in-cardiovascular-surgery-patients
#4
Klaus Distelmaier, Dominik Wiedemann, Christina Binder, Thomas Haberl, Daniel Zimpfer, Gottfried Heinz, Herbert Koinig, Alessia Felli, Barbara Steinlechner, Alexander Niessner, Günther Laufer, Irene M Lang, Georg Goliasch
OBJECTIVE: The overall therapeutic goal of venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in patients with postcardiotomy shock is bridging to myocardial recovery. However, in patients with irreversible myocardial damage prolonged ECMO treatment would cause a delay or even withholding of further permanent potentially life-saving therapeutic options. We therefore assessed the prognostic effect of duration of ECMO support on survival in adult patients after cardiovascular surgery...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399566/predictive-value-of-procalcitonin-for-infection-and-survival-in-adult-cardiogenic-shock-patients-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#5
Do Wan Kim, Hwa Jin Cho, Gwan Sic Kim, Sang Yun Song, Kook Joo Na, Sang Gi Oh, Bong Suk Oh, In Seok Jeong
Procalcitonin (PCT) is a predictive marker for the occurrence of bacterial infection and the decision to terminate antibiotic treatment in critically ill patients. An unusual increase in PCT, regardless of infection, has been observed during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. We evaluated trends and the predictive value of PCT levels in adult cardiogenic shock during treatment with ECMO. We reviewed the clinical records of 38 adult cardiogenic shock patients undergoing veno-arterial ECMO support between January 2014 and December 2016...
January 2018: Chonnam Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362203/novel-leg-cannula-for-venous-decompression-in-peripheral-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#6
Shuhua Luo, Celeste Foreman, Minako Sano, Maria Jose Soto Agüero, Anne-Marie Guerguerian, Roxanne Kirsch, Tilman Humpl, Lennox Huang, Osami Honjo
A chimney femoral artery graft for peripheral extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can potentially cause hyperperfusion and subsequent venous congestion in the ipsilateral leg, especially in the context of septic shock and higher flow requirement. This report describes a novel technique to use an additional leg venous cannula to avoid leg congestion as well as to achieve higher total flow.
February 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392738/heart-transplantation-in-patients-supported-by-ecmo-is-the-apache-iv-score-a-predictor-of-survival
#7
Andrea Lechiancole, Sandro Sponga, Miriam Isola, Igor Vendramin, Massimo Maiani, Ugolino Livi
Bridge to heart transplantation (HTx) with ECMO is associated with poor outcome, but patient status, according to different levels of multiorgan compromise, is generally not considered. The aim of this study was to analyze the prognostic value of acute physiology, age, and chronic health evaluation IV (APACHE IV) score in this setting. Thirty-two patients underwent HTx bridged with ECMO at our institution between 2005 and 2017; they were divided into two groups, according to a cutoff value of APACHE IV score obtained by Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis for 30-day mortality...
February 2, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383543/soluble-fibrin-is-a-useful-marker-for-predicting-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-circuit-exchange-because-of-circuit-clots
#8
Kota Hoshino, Kentaro Muranishi, Yasumasa Kawano, Hiroki Hatomoto, Shintaro Yamasaki, Yoshihiko Nakamura, Hiroyasu Ishikura
A circuit clot is one of the most frequent complications during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support. We identify coagulation/fibrinolysis markers for predicting ECMO circuit exchange because of circuit clots during ECMO support. Ten patients with acute pulmonary failure who underwent veno-venous ECMO were enrolled between January 2014 and December 2016. ECMO support lasted 106 days. The 6 days on which the ECMO circuits were exchanged were considered as circuit clot (+) group, while the remaining 100 days were considered as circuit clot (-) group...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365092/the-influence-of-advanced-age-on-venous-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-outcomes
#9
Michael Salna, Koji Takeda, Paul Kurlansky, Hirohisa Ikegami, Liqiong Fan, Jiho Han, Samantha Stein, Veli Topkara, Melana Yuzefpolskaya, Paolo C Colombo, Dimitrios Karmpaliotis, Yoshifumi Naka, Ajay J Kirtane, Arthur R Garan, Hiroo Takayama
OBJECTIVES: Ethical and health care economic concerns surround the use of venous-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) in elderly patients. Patients requiring VA-ECMO are often in critical condition and the decision to cannulate is time-sensitive. We investigated the relationship between age and VA-ECMO outcomes to better inform this decision. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of 355 patients placed on VA-ECMO between March 2007 and August 2016 at our institution...
January 22, 2018: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366330/practical-implementation-of-failure-mode-and-effects-analysis-for-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-activation
#10
Faria Nasim, Joseph T Poterucha, Lisa M Daniels, John G Park, Troy G Seelhammer, John K Bohman, Tammy P Friedrich, Caitlin L Blau, Jennifer L Elmer, Gregory J Schears
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used to treat severe hypoxemic respiratory failure and as a rescue therapy for patients with cardiopulmonary arrest within a narrow window of time. A failure modes and effects analysis (FMEA) was conducted to analyze the clinical and operational processes leading to delays in initiating ECMO. FMEA determined these highest-risk failure modes that were contributing to process failure: (1) ECMO candidacy not determined in time, (2) no or incomplete evaluation for ECMO prior to consult or arrest, (3) ECMO team not immediately available, and (4) cannulation not completed in time...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340875/thromboelastography-based-anticoagulation-management-during-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-safety-and-feasibility-pilot-study
#11
Mauro Panigada, Giacomo E Iapichino, Matteo Brioni, Giovanna Panarello, Alessandro Protti, Giacomo Grasselli, Giovanna Occhipinti, Cristina Novembrino, Dario Consonni, Antonio Arcadipane, Luciano Gattinoni, Antonio Pesenti
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the management of anticoagulation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). ECMO is currently burdened by a high rate of hemostatic complications, possibly associated with inadequate monitoring of heparin anticoagulation. This study aims to assess the safety and feasibility of an anticoagulation protocol for patients undergoing ECMO based on thromboelastography (TEG) as opposed to an activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT)-based protocol...
January 16, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361299/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-as-a-direct-bridge-to-heart-transplantation-in-adults
#12
Shinichi Fukuhara, Koji Takeda, Paul A Kurlansky, Yoshifumi Naka, Hiroo Takayama
OBJECTIVES: Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) use as a bridge to transplant is extremely infrequent in adults. We investigated patient outcomes of the use of ECMO as bridge to transplant. METHODS: United Network of Organ Sharing provided de-identified patient-level data. Between 2003 and 2016, 25,168 adult recipients were identified. Of these, 107 (0.4%) were bridged with ECMO and 6148 (24.4%) were bridged with a continuous-flow left ventricular assist device...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323413/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-refractory-severe-respiratory-failure-in-acute-interstitial-pneumonia
#13
Gabriela Gonçalves-Venade, Nuno Lacerda-Príncipe, Roberto Roncon-Albuquerque, José Artur Paiva
Acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP) is a rare idiopathic interstitial lung disease with rapid progressive respiratory failure and high mortality. In the present report, three cases of AIP complicated by refractory respiratory failure supported with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) are presented. One male and two female patients (ages 27-59) were included. Venovenous ECMO support was provided using miniaturized systems, with two-site femoro-jugular circuit configuration. Despite lung protective ventilation, prone position and neuromuscular blockade, refractory respiratory failure of unknown etiology supervened (ratio of arterial oxygen partial pressure to fractional inspired oxygen 46-130) and ECMO was initiated after 3-7 days of mechanical ventilation...
January 11, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325841/single-center-experience-with-venovenous-ecmo-for-influenza-related-ards
#14
Jessica Buchner, Michael Mazzeffi, Zachary Kon, Jay Menaker, Lewis Rubinson, Gregory Bittle, Chetan Pasrija, Daniel Herr
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine whether venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VV ECMO) reduced mortality in patients with influenza-related acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Baseline characteristics of participants were compared and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare survival at last medical center follow-up. Cox proportional hazards modeling also was performed to test for univariate associations between salient variables and mortality...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303795/nonejecting-hearts-on-femoral-veno-arterial-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-aortic-root-blood-stasis-and-thrombus-formation-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Hanane Hireche-Chikaoui, Martin R Grübler, Andreas Bloch, Stephan Windecker, Stefan Bloechlinger, Lukas Hunziker
OBJECTIVES: Cardiogenic shock constitutes the final common pathway of cardiac dysfunction associated with tissue hypoperfusion and organ failure. Besides treatment of the underlying cause, temporary mechanical circulatory support serves as a supportive measure. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can effectively prevent hypoxemia and end-organ dysfunction, but knowledge about patient selection, risks, and complications remains sparse. DATA SOURCES: Clinical observation...
January 4, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310932/bridging-to-heart-transplant-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-good-or-vad
#16
EDITORIAL
Ken Kuljit Parhar, Paul W M Fedak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29272229/extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-ecmo-an-option-for-cardiac-reccovery-from-advanced-cardiogenic-shock
#17
Ali Ghodsizad, Kai Singbartl, Matthias Loebe, Mohamed Zeriouh, Arjang Ruhparwar, April Grant, Ali El-Banayosy, M M Koerner
Mechanical circulatory support can prevent multi-organ failure and death in patients with advanced cardiogenic shock. Here we describe our experience using extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for treatment of advanced cardiogenic shock which has been used by our team for daily routine care in more than 200 patients during the last five years at the Penn State Medical Center. Venoarterial (VA) ECMO has been used as a viable therapeutic option for advanced cardiogenic shock as a bridge to recovery (BTR) or bridge to next decision (BTD)...
December 22, 2017: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29312713/outcomes-of-perioperative-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-use-in-patients-undergoing-lung-transplantation
#18
Joo Han Song, Ji Eun Park, Jin Gu Lee, Chang Young Lee, Kyung Sik Nam, Jee Won Suh, Anes Kim, Seung Hyun Lee, Hyun Chel Joo, Young Nam Youn, Song Yee Kim, Moo Suk Park, Hyo Chae Paik
Background: The aim of this single-center study is to review the transplant outcomes of patients receiving lung transplantation (LTx) using intraoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) according to the perioperative use of ECMO. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the transplant outcomes of 107 consecutive patients who underwent LTx using intraoperative ECMO between March 2013 and August 2016 at Severance Hospital of Yonsei University (Seoul, Korea)...
December 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313706/unproven-and-expensive-before-proven-and-cheap-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-vs-prone-position-in-ards
#19
Xue Li, Damon C Scales, Brian P Kavanagh
We identified 810 reports that described ECMO in ARDS, and 61 fulfilled our inclusion criteria (Figure). 61 reports were included, and the authors of 26 (43%) responded to email requests for confirmation (or clarification). Based on the aggregate (published and emailed) information, 9 papers were excluded because key data were unclear; unambiguous data were available relating to 17 papers. These 17 papers represented 672 patients with ARDS who were cannulated with VV-ECMO; of these patients, 208 (31%) received a trial of prone positioning before ECMO, and 464 (69%) did not...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314296/successful-use-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-support-in-severe-septic-shock-with-associated-acute-cardiomyopathy
#20
S Michelle Perdue, Brian J Poore, Ashok N Babu, W Kyle Stribling
A 24-year-old female presented with sepsis and cardiogenic shock 4 days after vaginal delivery. Veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) therapy was used for cardiovascular support as a bridge for recovery. The use of VA ECMO in patients with cardiogenic shock secondary to sepsis is reviewed.
January 4, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
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