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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932408/golden-hour-of-neonatal-life-need-of-the-hour
#1
REVIEW
Deepak Sharma
"Golden Hour" of neonatal life is defined as the first hour of post-natal life in both preterm and term neonates. This concept in neonatology has been adopted from adult trauma where the initial first hour of trauma management is considered as golden hour. The "Golden hour" concept includes practicing all the evidence based intervention for term and preterm neonates, in the initial sixty minutes of postnatal life for better long-term outcome. Although the current evidence supports the concept of golden hour in preterm and still there is no evidence seeking the benefit of golden hour approach in term neonates, but neonatologist around the globe feel the importance of golden hour concept equally in both preterm and term neonates...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26210630/hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia
#2
REVIEW
Maria Güemes, Khalid Hussain
In hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH) there is dysregulation of insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. Insulin secretion becomes inappropriate for the level of blood glucose leading to severe hypoglycemia. HH is associated with a high risk of brain injury because insulin inhibits lipolysis and ketogenesis thus preventing the generation of alternative brain substrates (such as ketone bodies). Hence HH must be diagnosed as soon as possible and the management instituted appropriately to prevent brain damage...
August 2015: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291720/congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-pregnancy-and-the-neonate-consensus-recommendations-for-prevention-diagnosis-and-therapy
#3
REVIEW
William D Rawlinson, Suresh B Boppana, Karen B Fowler, David W Kimberlin, Tiziana Lazzarotto, Sophie Alain, Kate Daly, Sara Doutré, Laura Gibson, Michelle L Giles, Janelle Greenlee, Stuart T Hamilton, Gail J Harrison, Lisa Hui, Cheryl A Jones, Pamela Palasanthiran, Mark R Schleiss, Antonia W Shand, Wendy J van Zuylen
Congenital cytomegalovirus is the most frequent, yet under-recognised, infectious cause of newborn malformation in developed countries. Despite its clinical and public health importance, questions remain regarding the best diagnostic methods for identifying maternal and neonatal infection, and regarding optimal prevention and therapeutic strategies for infected mothers and neonates. The absence of guidelines impairs global efforts to decrease the effect of congenital cytomegalovirus. Data in the literature suggest that congenital cytomegalovirus infection remains a research priority, but data are yet to be translated into clinical practice...
June 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331629/congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-a-review
#4
REVIEW
Praveen Kumar Chandrasekharan, Munmun Rawat, Rajeshwari Madappa, David H Rothstein, Satyan Lakshminrusimha
Congenital Diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a condition characterized by a defect in the diaphragm leading to protrusion of abdominal contents into the thoracic cavity interfering with normal development of the lungs. The defect may range from a small aperture in the posterior muscle rim to complete absence of diaphragm. The pathophysiology of CDH is a combination of lung hypoplasia and immaturity associated with persistent pulmonary hypertension of newborn (PPHN) and cardiac dysfunction. Prenatal assessment of lung to head ratio (LHR) and position of the liver by ultrasound are used to diagnose and predict outcomes...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389438/management-and-investigation-of-neonatal-encephalopathy-2017-update
#5
Kathryn Martinello, Anthony R Hart, Sufin Yap, Subhabrata Mitra, Nicola J Robertson
This review discusses an approach to determining the cause of neonatal encephalopathy, as well as current evidence on resuscitation and subsequent management of hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE). Encephalopathy in neonates can be due to varied aetiologies in addition to hypoxic-ischaemia. A combination of careful history, examination and the judicious use of investigations can help determine the cause. Over the last 7 years, infants with moderate to severe HIE have benefited from the introduction of routine therapeutic hypothermia; the number needed to treat for an additional beneficial outcome is 7 (95% CI 5 to 10)...
July 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424358/ultrasound-assessment-of-umbilical-venous-catheter-migration-in-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#6
Jan Franta, Andrei Harabor, Amuchou S Soraisham
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the umbilical venous catheter (UVC) tip position by ultrasound and compare it with standard radiograph findings and to examine the catheter tip migration rates during the first week of life. DESIGN: Prospective observational study of inborn preterm infants who had an UVC placed and its position radiographically confirmed. The first ultrasound was done on UVC placement at median (IQR) age of 2 hours (1-4) and follow-up scans at a median (IQR) age of 34 hours (27-44 hours), 77 hours (70-94 hours) and 6 days (5-7 days) after insertion...
May 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411000/meconium-aspiration-or-respiratory-distress-associated-with%C3%A2-meconium-stained-amniotic-fluid
#7
REVIEW
Nestor E Vain, Daniel G Batton
The designation meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) reflects a spectrum of disorders in infants born with meconium-stained amniotic fluid, ranging from mild tachypnea to severe respiratory distress and significant mortality. The frequency of MAS is highest among infants with post-term gestation, thick meconium, and birth asphyxia. Pulmonary hypertension is an important component in severe cases. Prenatal hypopharyngeal suctioning and postnatal endotracheal intubation and suctioning of vigorous infants are not effective...
August 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649091/european-consensus-guidelines-on-the-management-of-respiratory-distress-syndrome-2016-update
#8
David G Sweet, Virgilio Carnielli, Gorm Greisen, Mikko Hallman, Eren Ozek, Richard Plavka, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Umberto Simeoni, Christian P Speer, Máximo Vento, Gerard H A Visser, Henry L Halliday
Advances in the management of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) ensure that clinicians must continue to revise current practice. We report the third update of the European Guidelines for the Management of RDS by a European panel of expert neonatologists including input from an expert perinatal obstetrician based on available literature up to the beginning of 2016. Optimizing the outcome for babies with RDS includes consideration of when to use antenatal steroids, and good obstetric practice includes methods of predicting the risk of preterm delivery and also consideration of whether transfer to a perinatal centre is necessary and safe...
2017: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605513/neonatal-hypoglycemia
#9
REVIEW
David H Adamkin
A consistent definition for neonatal hypoglycemia in the first 48 h of life continues to elude us. Enhanced understanding of metabolic disturbances and genetic disorders that underlie alterations in postnatal glucose homeostasis has added useful information to understanding transitional hypoglycemia. This growth in knowledge still has not led to what we need to know: "How low is too low and for how long?" This article reviews the current state of understanding of neonatal hypoglycemia and how different approaches reach different "expert" opinions...
February 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27566670/tidal-volume-delivery-during-continuous-chest-compressions-and-sustained-inflation
#10
A L Solevåg, T-F Lee, M Lu, G M Schmölzer, P-Y Cheung
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distending pressure needed to achieve sufficient tidal volume (VT) delivery during continuous chest compressions (CC) superimposed by sustained inflation (SI) (CC+SI). DESIGN: Randomised animal/manikin trial. SETTING: University laboratory. SUBJECTS: Cadaver piglets/manikin. INTERVENTIONS: SI distending pressures of 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30 cm H2O were delivered in random order during CC+SI for 2 min each...
January 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573092/umbilical-cord-care-in-the-newborn-infant
#11
REVIEW
Dan Stewart, William Benitz
Postpartum infections remain a leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality worldwide. A high percentage of these infections may stem from bacterial colonization of the umbilicus, because cord care practices vary in reflection of cultural traditions within communities and disparities in health care practices globally. After birth, the devitalized umbilical cord often proves to be an ideal substrate for bacterial growth and also provides direct access to the bloodstream of the neonate. Bacterial colonization of the cord not infrequently leads to omphalitis and associated thrombophlebitis, cellulitis, or necrotizing fasciitis...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553589/mri-and-spectroscopy-in-near-term-neonates-with-perinatal-asphyxia-and-therapeutic-hypothermia
#12
Thomas Alderliesten, Linda S de Vries, Liza Staats, Ingrid C van Haastert, Lauren Weeke, Manon J N L Benders, Corine Koopman-Esseboom, Floris Groenendaal
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated the association of abnormalities on diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) in infants with perinatal asphyxia. The use of therapeutic hypothermia might change this association. AIM: To study the association between DW-MRI and (1)H-MRS and outcome after perinatal asphyxia and therapeutic hypothermia in infants with a gestational age of ≥36 weeks. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Infants with perinatal asphyxia and therapeutic hypothermia (n=88) were included when an MR examination was performed within 7 days after birth...
March 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553590/neonatal-hypoglycaemia-learning-from-claims
#13
REVIEW
Jane M Hawdon, Jeanette Beer, Deborah Sharp, Michele Upton
OBJECTIVES: Neonatal hypoglycaemia is a potential cause of neonatal morbidity, and on rare but tragic occasions causes long-term neurodevelopmental harm with consequent emotional and practical costs for the family. The organisational cost to the NHS includes the cost of successful litigation claims. The purpose of the review was to identify themes that could alert clinicians to common pitfalls and thus improve patient safety. DESIGN: The NHS Litigation Authority (NHS LA) Claims Management System was reviewed to identify and review 30 claims for injury secondary to neonatal hypoglycaemia, which were notified to the NHS LA between 2002 and 2011...
March 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170932/should-dopamine-be-the-first-line-inotrope-in-the-treatment-of-neonatal-hypotension-review-of-the-evidence
#14
Sadaf I Bhayat, Harsha M S Gowda, Michael Eisenhut
AIM: To determine if dopamine is effective in treating neonatal hypotension and safe to use comparing to other inotropes. METHODS: This is a review of evidence on inotropic treatment of neonatal hypotension. Databases searched were MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library, a total of 134 studies were identified. Only studies with high quality evidence (level 1a and b and 2a) were included. After review, only eight studies were included in the final analysis. Pooled risk ratios derived for each outcome [Mantel-Haenzel (M-H) fixed effect] with CI, as reported in the Cochrane reviews were plotted in forest plot form...
May 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429428/guideline-for-the-evaluation-of-cholestatic-jaundice-in-infants-joint-recommendations-of-the-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-and-the-european-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition
#15
Rima Fawaz, Ulrich Baumann, Udeme Ekong, Björn Fischler, Nedim Hadzic, Cara L Mack, Valérie A McLin, Jean P Molleston, Ezequiel Neimark, Vicky L Ng, Saul J Karpen
Cholestatic jaundice in infancy affects approximately 1 in every 2500 term infants and is infrequently recognized by primary providers in the setting of physiologic jaundice. Cholestatic jaundice is always pathologic and indicates hepatobiliary dysfunction. Early detection by the primary care physician and timely referrals to the pediatric gastroenterologist/hepatologist are important contributors to optimal treatment and prognosis. The most common causes of cholestatic jaundice in the first months of life are biliary atresia (25%-40%) followed by an expanding list of monogenic disorders (25%), along with many unknown or multifactorial (eg, parenteral nutrition-related) causes, each of which may have time-sensitive and distinct treatment plans...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26519706/delayed-cord-clamping-and-umbilical-cord-milking-at-birth
#16
EDITORIAL
Siddarth Ramji
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2015: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20514615/neonatal-aortic-thrombosis-a-comprehensive-review
#17
REVIEW
K Nagel, R Tuckuviene, B Paes, A K Chan
BACKGROUND: Neonatal aortic thrombosis is a rare occurrence, but can be fatal. Treatment of this condition is hampered by the lack of large studies involving this pediatric population. Reporting of this condition is also not standardized. METHODS: The purpose of this review is to collate available literature on the incidence, risk factors, presentation, treatment and outcome of neonatal aortic thrombosis as well as suggest a treatment model. RESULTS: A Medline search of PubMed, OVID and Cochrane databases was undertaken using the key words "neonatal", "infant", "aorta", "aortic", "thrombosis", "thrombus" and "clot"...
May 2010: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26324876/skin-to-skin-care-for-term-and-preterm-infants-in-the-neonatal-icu
#18
Jill Baley
“Kangaroo mother care” was first described as an alternative method of caring for low birth weight infants in resource-limited countries, where neonatal mortality and infection rates are high because of overcrowded nurseries, inadequate staffing, and lack of equipment. Intermittent skin-to-skin care (SSC), a modified version of kangaroo mother care, is now being offered in resource-rich countries to infants needing neonatal intensive care, including those who require ventilator support or are extremely premature...
September 2015: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25721501/meconium-aspiration-syndrome-possible-pathophysiological-mechanisms-and-future-potential-therapies
#19
REVIEW
Paal Helge Haakonsen Lindenskov, Albert Castellheim, Ola Didrik Saugstad, Tom Eirik Mollnes
Does meconium cause meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) or is meconium discharge only a marker of fetal hypoxia? This dispute has lasted for centuries, but since the 1960s, detrimental effects of meconium itself on the lungs have been demonstrated in animal experiments. In clinical MAS, persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn is the leading cause of death in MAS. Regarding the complex chemical composition of meconium, it is difficult to identify a single agent responsible for the pathophysiology. However, considering that meconium is stored in the intestines, partly unexposed to the immune system, aspirated meconium could be recognized as ‘danger', representing damaged self...
2015: Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26044097/30-years-of-surfactant-research-from-basic-science-to-new-clinical-treatments-for-the-preterm-infant
#20
Tore Curstedt, Henry L Halliday, Mikko Hallman, Ola D Saugstad, Christian P Speer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2015: Neonatology
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