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Psychotherapy

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12 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Abraham Nunes Psychiatry resident interested in computational neuroscience, forensic psychiatry, and neuropsychiatry.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26101458/behavioural-and-cognitive-behavioural-treatments-of-parasomnias
#1
REVIEW
Andrea Galbiati, Fabrizio Rinaldi, Enrico Giora, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Sara Marelli
Parasomnias are unpleasant or undesirable behaviours or experiences that occur predominantly during or within close proximity to sleep. Pharmacological treatments of parasomnias are available, but their efficacy is established only for few disorders. Furthermore, most of these disorders tend spontaneously to remit with development. Nonpharmacological treatments therefore represent valid therapeutic choices. This paper reviews behavioural and cognitive-behavioural managements employed for parasomnias. Referring to the ICSD-3 nosology we consider, respectively, NREM parasomnias, REM parasomnias, and other parasomnias...
2015: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25722737/computer-assisted-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-randomized-trial-on-the-impact-of-lay-vs-professional-coaching
#2
Kenneth A Kobak, Revere Greist, David M Jacobi, Hollie Levy-Mack, John H Greist
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of computerized cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) self-help treatment for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) (BT Steps) both alone and when supported by coaching from either a lay non-therapist coach or an experienced CBT therapist. METHODS: Eighty-seven subjects with clinically significant OCD were recruited through newspaper ads and randomly assigned to receive 12 weeks of treatment with either BT Steps alone (n = 28), BT Steps with non-therapist coaching (n = 28), or BT Steps with CBT therapist coaching (n = 31)...
2015: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17274734/neurobiology-of-dynamic-psychotherapy-an-integration-possible
#3
REVIEW
Emanuela Mundo
In the last decades, Kandel's innovative experiments have demonstrated that brain structures and synaptic connections are dynamic. Synapses can be modified by a wide variety of environmental factors, including learning and memory processes. The hypothesis that dynamic psychotherapy process involves memory and learning processes has opened the possibility of a dialogue between neuroscience and psychoanalysis and related psychotherapy techniques. The primary aim of the present article is to critically review the more recent data on neurobiological effects of dynamic psychotherapy in psychiatric disorders...
2006: Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25721182/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-child-anxiety-confers-long-term-protection-from-suicidality
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Courtney Benjamin Wolk, Philip C Kendall, Rinad S Beidas
OBJECTIVE: Evidence for an independent relationship between anxiety and suicidality has been mixed. Few studies have examined this relationship in youth seeking treatment for anxiety. The present study examined the relationship between response to treatment for an anxiety disorder in childhood and suicidal ideation, plans, and attempts at a follow-up interval of 7 to 19 years. We hypothesized that successful treatment for an anxiety disorder in childhood would be protective against later suicidality...
March 2015: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25677355/is-exposure-necessary-a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-ptsd
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John C Markowitz, Eva Petkova, Yuval Neria, Page E Van Meter, Yihong Zhao, Elizabeth Hembree, Karina Lovell, Tatyana Biyanova, Randall D Marshall
OBJECTIVE: Exposure to trauma reminders has been considered imperative in psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors tested interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT), which has demonstrated antidepressant efficacy and shown promise in pilot PTSD research as a non-exposure-based non-cognitive-behavioral PTSD treatment. METHOD: The authors conducted a randomized 14-week trial comparing IPT, prolonged exposure (an exposure-based exemplar), and relaxation therapy (an active control psychotherapy) in 110 unmedicated patients who had chronic PTSD and a score >50 on the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS)...
May 2015: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25411561/behavioural-therapies-versus-treatment-as-usual-for-depression
#6
Deborah Caldwell, Vivien Hunot, Theresa Hm Moore, Philippa Davies, Hannah Jones, Glyn Lewis, Rachel Churchill
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To examine the effectiveness and acceptability of all BT approaches compared with treatment as usual/waiting list/attention placebo control conditions for acute depression.To examine the effectiveness and acceptability of different BT approaches (behavioural therapy, behavioural activation, social skills training and relaxation training) compared with treatment as usual/waiting list/attention placebo control conditions for acute depression...
2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25409415/predicting-treatment-response-to-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-panic-disorder-with-agoraphobia-by-integrating-local-neural-information
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Tim Hahn, Tilo Kircher, Benjamin Straube, Hans-Ulrich Wittchen, Carsten Konrad, Andreas Ströhle, André Wittmann, Bettina Pfleiderer, Andreas Reif, Volker Arolt, Ulrike Lueken
IMPORTANCE: Although neuroimaging research has made substantial progress in identifying the large-scale neural substrate of anxiety disorders, its value for clinical application lags behind expectations. Machine-learning approaches have predictive potential for individual-patient prognostic purposes and might thus aid translational efforts in psychiatric research. OBJECTIVE: To predict treatment response to cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on an individual-patient level based on functional magnetic resonance imaging data in patients with panic disorder with agoraphobia (PD/AG)...
January 2015: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25267905/psychodynamic-therapies-versus-other-psychological-therapies-for-depression
#8
Rachel Churchill, Theresa Hm Moore, Philippa Davies, Deborah Caldwell, Hannah Jones, Glyn Lewis, Vivien Hunot
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To examine the effectiveness and acceptability of all psychodynamic therapy approaches compared with all other psychological therapy approaches for acute depression.To examine the effectiveness and acceptability of different psychodynamic therapy approaches (drive/structural, relational and integrative analytic models) compared with all other psychological therapy approaches for acute depression.To examine the effectiveness and acceptability of all psychodynamic therapy approaches compared with different psychological therapy approaches (behavioural, humanistic, integrative, cognitive-behavioural, 'third-wave' CBT) for acute depression...
2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25267901/psychological-interventions-for-obsessive-compulsive-personality-disorder
#9
Rajesh Alex, Michael Ferriter, Hannah Jones, Conor Duggan, Nick Huband, Simon Gibbon, Birgit A Völlm, Jutta Stoffers, Klaus Lieb
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To evaluate the potential beneficial and adverse effects of psychological interventions for people with obsessive-compulsive personality disorder and to make recommendations for future areas of research.
2010: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25221436/psychological-therapies-remotely-delivered-for-the-management-of-chronic-and-recurrent-pain-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
Emma Fisher, Emily Law, Tonya M Palermo, Christopher Eccleston
This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To determine the effectiveness of psychological therapies delivered remotely compared to waiting-list, treatment-as-usual, or active control for the management of chronic pain in children and adolescents.
May 14, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23738545/controlled-trial-of-psychotherapy-for-congolese-survivors-of-sexual-violence
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Judith K Bass, Jeannie Annan, Sarah McIvor Murray, Debra Kaysen, Shelly Griffiths, Talita Cetinoglu, Karin Wachter, Laura K Murray, Paul A Bolton
BACKGROUND: Survivors of sexual violence have high rates of depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although treatment for symptoms related to sexual violence has been shown to be effective in high-income countries, evidence is lacking in low-income, conflict-affected countries. METHODS: In this trial in the Democratic Republic of Congo, we randomly assigned 16 villages to provide cognitive processing therapy (1 individual session and 11 group sessions) or individual support to female sexual-violence survivors with high levels of PTSD symptoms and combined depression and anxiety symptoms...
June 6, 2013: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23265631/psychosocial-treatment-efficacy-for-disruptive-behavior-problems-in-very-young-children-a-meta-analytic-examination
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Jonathan S Comer, Candice Chow, Priscilla T Chan, Christine Cooper-Vince, Lianna A S Wilson
OBJECTIVE: Service use trends showing increased off-label prescribing in very young children and reduced psychotherapy use raise concerns about quality of care for early disruptive behavior problems. Meta-analysis can empirically clarify best practices and guide clinical decision making by providing a quantitative synthesis of a body of literature, identifying the magnitude of overall effects across studies, and determining systematic factors associated with effect variations. METHOD: We used random-effects meta-analytic procedures to empirically evaluate the overall effect of psychosocial treatments on early disruptive behavior problems, as well as potential moderators of treatment response...
January 2013: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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