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Stephen L Wood, Selphee Tang, Susan Crawford
BACKGROUND: Cesarean delivery is being increasingly used by obstetricians for indicated deliveries in the second stage of labor. Unplanned extension of the uterine incision involving the cervix often occurs with these surgeries. Therefore, we hypothesized that cesarean delivery in the second stage of labor may increase the rate of subsequent spontaneous premature birth. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine if cesarean delivery in the late first stage of labor or in the second stage of labor increases the risk of a subsequent spontaneous preterm birth...
July 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Roberto Romero, Agustin Conde-Agudelo, Eduardo Da Fonseca, John M O'Brien, Elcin Cetingoz, George W Creasy, Sonia S Hassan, Kypros H Nicolaides
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of vaginal progesterone for preventing preterm birth and adverse perinatal outcomes in singleton gestations with a short cervix has been questioned after publication of the OPPTIMUM study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether vaginal progesterone prevents preterm birth and improves perinatal outcomes in asymptomatic women with a singleton gestation and a midtrimester sonographic short cervix. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, LILACS, and CINAHL (from their inception to September 2017), Cochrane databases, bibliographies, and conference proceedings...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
(no author information available yet)
The American Diabetes Association (ADA) "Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes" includes ADA's current clinical practice recommendations and is intended to provide the components of diabetes care, general treatment goals and guidelines, and tools to evaluate quality of care. Members of the ADA Professional Practice Committee, a multidisciplinary expert committee, are responsible for updating the Standards of Care annually, or more frequently as warranted. For a detailed description of ADA standards, statements, and reports, as well as the evidence-grading system for ADA's clinical practice recommendations, please refer to the Standards of Care Introduction Readers who wish to comment on the Standards of Care are invited to do so at professional...
January 2018: Diabetes Care
Myriam Safrai, Doron Kabiri, Rani Haj-Yahya, Adi Reuveni-Salzman, Michal Lipschuetz, Yossef Ezra
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prophylactic antibiotics reduce the frequency of postpartum endometritis after manual removal of the placenta. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using data for all women who underwent manual removal of the placenta after vaginal delivery at a tertiary medical center in Jerusalem, Israel, between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2015. The study group comprised women who had not received prophylactic antibiotic treatment, whereas the control group comprised women who had received prophylactic antibiotic treatment...
October 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Diana M Bond, Philippa Middleton, Kate M Levett, David P van der Ham, Caroline A Crowther, Sarah L Buchanan, Jonathan Morris
BACKGROUND: Current management of preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) involves either initiating birth soon after PPROM or, alternatively, adopting a 'wait and see' approach (expectant management). It is unclear which strategy is most beneficial for mothers and their babies. This is an update of a Cochrane review published in 2010 (Buchanan 2010). OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of planned early birth versus expectant management for women with preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes between 24 and 37 weeks' gestation for fetal, infant and maternal well being...
March 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
A Jarde, O Lutsiv, C K Park, J Barrett, J Beyene, S Saito, J M Dodd, P S Shah, J L Cook, A B Biringer, L Giglia, Z Han, K Staub, W Mundle, C Vera, L Sabatino, S K Liyanage, S D McDonald
BACKGROUND: About half of twin pregnancies deliver preterm, and it is unclear whether any intervention reduces this risk. OBJECTIVES: To assess the evidence for the effectiveness of progesterone, cerclage, and pessary in twin pregnancies. SEARCH STRATEGY: We searched Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and ISI Web of Science, without language restrictions, up to 25 January 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of progesterone, cerclage, or pessary for preventing preterm birth in women with twin pregnancies, without symptoms of threatened preterm labour...
July 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
T P Bernardes, K Broekhuijsen, C M Koopmans, K E Boers, L van Wyk, P Tajik, M G van Pampus, S A Scherjon, B W Mol, M T Franssen, P P van den Berg, H Groen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate caesarean section and adverse neonatal outcome rates after induction of labour or expectant management in women with an unripe cervix at or near term. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of data from two randomised clinical trials. SETTING: Data were collected in two nationwide Dutch trials. POPULATION: Women with hypertensive disease (HYPITAT trial) or suspected fetal growth restriction (DIGITAT trial) and a Bishop score ≤6...
August 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
R Romero, A Conde-Agudelo, W El-Refaie, L Rode, M L Brizot, E Cetingoz, V Serra, E Da Fonseca, M S Abdelhafez, A Tabor, A Perales, S S Hassan, K H Nicolaides
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of vaginal progesterone for the prevention of preterm birth and neonatal morbidity and mortality in asymptomatic women with a twin gestation and a sonographic short cervix (cervical length ≤ 25 mm) in the mid-trimester. METHODS: This was an updated systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data (IPD) from randomized controlled trials comparing vaginal progesterone with placebo/no treatment in women with a twin gestation and a mid-trimester sonographic cervical length ≤ 25 mm...
March 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Yuanyuan Zhang, Fei Li, Yao Wang, Aaron Pitre, Zhong-Ze Fang, Matthew W Frank, Christopher Calabrese, Kristopher W Krausz, Geoffrey Neale, Sharon Frase, Peter Vogel, Charles O Rock, Frank J Gonzalez, John D Schuetz
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is associated with adverse neonatal survival and is estimated to impact between 0.4 and 5% of pregnancies worldwide. Here we show that maternal cholestasis (due to Abcb11 deficiency) produces neonatal death among all offspring within 24 h of birth due to atelectasis-producing pulmonary hypoxia, which recapitulates the neonatal respiratory distress of human ICP. Neonates of Abcb11-deficient mothers have elevated pulmonary bile acids and altered pulmonary surfactant structure...
September 29, 2015: Nature Communications
(no author information available yet)
Imaging studies are important adjuncts in the diagnostic evaluation of acute and chronic conditions. However, confusion about the safety of these modalities for pregnant and lactating women and their infants often results in unnecessary avoidance of useful diagnostic tests or the unnecessary interruption of breastfeeding. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging are not associated with risk and are the imaging techniques of choice for the pregnant patient, but they should be used prudently and only when use is expected to answer a relevant clinical question or otherwise provide medical benefit to the patient...
February 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Maria Goya, Maria de la Calle, Laia Pratcorona, Carme Merced, Carlota Rodó, Begoña Muñoz, Miquel Juan, Ariana Serrano, Elisa Llurba, Teresa Higueras, Elena Carreras, Luis Cabero
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous preterm birth (SPB) is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. In twins, the rate of preterm birth is higher than in singletons; interventions to prevent preterm birth are needed in this high-risk population. OBJECTIVE: We sought to test whether a cervical pessary reduces the preterm birth rate in twin pregnancies with sonographic short cervix. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, open-label, multicenter, randomized clinical trial was conducted in 5 hospitals in Spain...
February 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Jodie Dionne-Odom, Alan T N Tita, Neil S Silverman
Between 800,000-1.4 million people in the United States and more than 240 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV). Specific to pregnancy, an estimated prevalence of 0.7-0.9% for chronic hepatitis B infection among pregnant women in the United States has been reported, with >25,000 infants at risk for chronic infection born annually to these women. Vertical transmission of HBV from infected mothers to their fetuses or newborns, either in utero or peripartum, remains a major source of perpetuating the reservoir of chronically infected individuals globally...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Tara A Lynch, Scott C Dexter
BACKGROUND: Coexisting medical complications in pregnancy can present in a fashion similar to preeclampsia and can be challenging to differentiate. CASE: We present a patient who, at 27 3/7 weeks of gestation, fulfilled diagnostic criteria for severe preeclampsia, including hypertension, proteinuria, headache, abnormal serum creatinine levels, thrombocytopenia, and liver function abnormalities, but who nevertheless did not have preeclampsia. Instead, she was diagnosed with alcoholic pancreatitis based on a history of heavy alcohol use and elevated amylase and lipase...
December 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Xiaohua Liu, Mark B Landon, Yan Chen, Weiwei Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To describe perinatal outcomes of twin pregnancies complicated by intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women delivered at a large tertiary obstetric center in Shanghai, China from January 2006 to May 2014. Delivery data were abstracted from medical records of all twin gestations delivered at the hospital. RESULTS: A total of 129/1922(6.7%) twin and 1190/92 273 singleton (1...
2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Venu Jain, Radha Chari, Sharon Maslovitz, Dan Farine, Emmanuel Bujold, Robert Gagnon, Melanie Basso, Hayley Bos, Richard Brown, Stephanie Cooper, Katy Gouin, N Lynne McLeod, Savas Menticoglou, William Mundle, Christy Pylypjuk, Anne Roggensack, Frank Sanderson
OBJECTIVE: Physical trauma affects 1 in 12 pregnant women and has a major impact on maternal mortality and morbidity and on pregnancy outcome. A multidisciplinary approach is warranted to optimize outcome for both the mother and her fetus. The aim of this document is to provide the obstetric care provider with an evidence-based systematic approach to the pregnant trauma patient. OUTCOMES: Significant health and economic outcomes considered in comparing alternative practices...
June 2015: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Molly J Stout, Shayna N Conner, Graham A Colditz, George A Macones, Methodius G Tuuli
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature and synthesize data on the diagnostic performance of a 12-hour urine collection for proteinuria in pregnant women with suspected preeclampsia. DATA SOURCES: We performed a literature search of PubMed, Embase, Scopus,, and CINAHL through February 2014 using key words related to gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and proteinuria. METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: Studies that contained results of both the 12-hour and 24-hour urine collection in the same patients were eligible...
October 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sarah Rae Easter, Ellice Lieberman, Daniela Carusi
BACKGROUND: Despite the demonstrated safety of a trial of labor for pregnancies with a vertex-presenting twin and clinical guidelines in support of this plan, the rate of planned cesarean delivery for twin pregnancies remains high. This high rate, as well as variation in cesarean rates for twin pregnancies across providers, may be influenced strongly by concern about delivery of the second twin, particularly when it is in a nonvertex presentation. There are limited data in the literature that has examined the impact of the position of the nonpresenting twin on successful vaginal delivery or maternal/neonatal morbidity...
January 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ian A Greer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Carl H Rose, Arij Faksh, Kyle D Traynor, Daniel Cabrera, Katherine W Arendt, Brian C Brost
Although perimortem delivery has been recorded in the medical literature for millennia, the procedural intent has evolved to the current fetocentric approach, predicating timing of delivery following maternal cardiopulmonary arrest to optimize neonatal outcome. We suggest a call to action to reinforce the concept that if the uterus is palpable at or above the umbilicus, preparations for delivery should be made simultaneous with initiation of maternal resuscitative efforts; if maternal condition is not rapidly reversible, hysterotomy with delivery should be performed regardless of fetal viability or elapsed time since arrest...
November 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Y Berhan, A Haileamlak
BACKGROUND: The mode of delivery in term singleton breech presentation has been debated for more than half a century and has been examined in both randomised and observational studies. OBJECTIVE: To determine the absolute and relative risks of perinatal mortality and morbidity in planned vaginal breech delivery. SEARCH STRATEGY: A computer-based literature search was conducted mainly in the databases of HINARI, PubMed and Google scholar for studies comparing planned vaginal delivery and planned caesarean section...
January 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
2015-08-09 12:18:58
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