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Chiropractic and manual therapy

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27 papers 0 to 25 followers
R Pavione Rodrigues Pereira, S Nascimento Fagundes, A Surry Lebl, L Azevedo Soster, M G Machado, V H Koch, C Tanaka
INTRODUCTION: Integration of the neuromuscular system is required for maintaining balance and adequate voiding function. Children with enuresis have delayed maturation of the motor cortex, with changes in the sensory and motor systems. Along with various alterations, including the genetic, hormonal, behavioral, and sleep disturbances, and neuromotor and sensory deficits associated with nocturnal enuresis (NE) in children and adults, a consistent alteration in the posture of children with NE has been observed in the current practice...
August 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Kesava Kovanur Sampath, Ramakrishnan Mani, James David Cotter, Steve Tumilty
The autonomic nervous system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis have been shown to be dysfunctional in a number of chronic pain disorders. Spinal manipulation is a therapeutic technique used by manual therapists, which may have widespread neuro-physiological effects. The autonomic nervous system has been implicated to modulate these effects. A theory is proposed that spinal manipulation has the potential to be used as a tool in restoring the autonomic nervous system balance. Further, it is also hypothesised that through its anatomical and physiological connections, the autonomic nervous system activity following a thoracic spinal manipulation may have an effect on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and therefore pain and healing via modulation of endocrine and physiological processes...
December 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Taco A W Houweling, Andrea V Braga, Thomas Hausheer, Marco Vogelsang, Cynthia Peterson, B Kim Humphreys
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify differences in outcomes, patient satisfaction, and related health care costs in spinal, hip, and shoulder pain patients who initiated care with medical doctors (MDs) vs those who initiated care with doctors of chiropractic (DCs) in Switzerland. METHODS: A retrospective double cohort design was used. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by first-contact care spinal, hip, and shoulder pain patients who, 4 months previously, contacted a Swiss telemedicine provider regarding advice about their complaint...
September 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Thomas M Kosloff, David Elton, Jiang Tao, Wade M Bannister
BACKGROUND: There is controversy surrounding the risk of manipulation, which is often used by chiropractors, with respect to its association with vertebrobasilar artery system (VBA) stroke. The objective of this study was to compare the associations between chiropractic care and VBA stroke with recent primary care physician (PCP) care and VBA stroke. METHODS: The study design was a case-control study of commercially insured and Medicare Advantage (MA) health plan members in the U...
2015: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
A Achalandabaso, G Plaza-Manzano, R Lomas-Vega, A Martínez-Amat, M V Camacho, M Gassó, F Hita-Contreras, F Molina
Spinal manipulation (SM) is a manual therapy technique frequently applied to treat musculoskeletal disorders because of its analgesic effects. It is defined by a manual procedure involving a directed impulse to move a joint past its physiologic range of movement (ROM). In this sense, to exceed the physiologic ROM of a joint could trigger tissue damage, which might represent an adverse effect associated with spinal manipulation. The present work tries to explore the presence of tissue damage associated with SM through the damage markers analysis...
2014: Disease Markers
Andrew Moore
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2015: Evidence-based Medicine
Narjes Nabavi, Zahra Mosallanezhad, Hamid Reza Haghighatkhah, Mohammad Ali Mohseni Bandpeid
BACKGROUND: Lumbar paraspinal muscles play an important role in providing both mobility and stability during dynamic tasks. Among paraspinal muscles, transverse abdominis and lumbar multifidus have been of particular interest as active stabilizers of the lumbar spine. These muscles may become dysfunctional in chronic low back pain (CLBP). Low back injury can result in muscle inhibition and control loss that cannot recover spontaneously, and specific exercises are required to stimulate their recovery...
August 2014: Iranian Journal of Radiology: a Quarterly Journal Published By the Iranian Radiological Society
Jurdan Mendiguchia, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, Matt Brughelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2012: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Eric J Hegedus, Adam P Goode, Chad E Cook, Lori Michener, Cortney A Myer, Daniel M Myer, Alexis A Wright
OBJECTIVE: To update our previously published systematic review and meta-analysis by subjecting the literature on shoulder physical examination (ShPE) to careful analysis in order to determine each tests clinical utility. METHODS: This review is an update of previous work, therefore the terms in the Medline and CINAHL search strategies remained the same with the exception that the search was confined to the dates November, 2006 through to February, 2012. The previous study dates were 1966 - October, 2006...
November 2012: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Paolo Pillastrini, Carla Vanti, Stefania Curti, Stefano Mattioli, Silvano Ferrari, Francesco Saverio Violante, Andrew Guccione
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to construct PubMed search strings that could efficiently retrieve studies on manual therapy (MT), especially for time-constrained clinicians. METHODS: Our experts chose 11 Medical Subject Heading terms describing MT along with 84 additional potential terms. For each term that was able to retrieve more than 100 abstracts, we systematically extracted a sample of abstracts from which we estimated the proportion of studies potentially relevant to MT...
February 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Alban Merepeza
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is a prevalent disorder that has a significant burden to society in terms of loss of work time and increased economic cost. Two common treatment choices of intervention for CLBP are spinal manipulation and prescribed exercise. PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the effectiveness of spinal manipulation vs prescribed exercise for patients diagnosed with CLBP. Studies that compared head-to-head spinal manipulation to an exercise group were included in this review...
December 2014: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Hasan Shafiq, Carolyn McGregor, Bernadette Murphy
Heart Rate variability (HRV) is the inter-beat variability in heart rate and is moderated by the balance of sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system. Electrocardiography (ECG) can be utilized to obtain Low frequency (LF) to high frequency (HF) ratios that represent sympathetic to parasympathetic response, respectively and these ratios may be increased in people with chronic pain. Spinal manipulation is often used to manage musculoskeletal disorders such as neck pain. This study assesses the influence of cervical manipulation on HRV using LF/HF ratio...
2014: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
James M Whedon, Yunjie Song, Todd A Mackenzie, Reed B Phillips, Timothy G Lukovits, Jon D Lurie
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to quantify risk of stroke after chiropractic spinal manipulation, as compared to evaluation by a primary care physician, for Medicare beneficiaries aged 66 to 99 years with neck pain. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort analysis of a 100% sample of annualized Medicare claims data on 1 157 475 beneficiaries aged 66 to 99 years with an office visit to either a chiropractor or primary care physician for neck pain. We compared hazard of vertebrobasilar stroke and any stroke at 7 and 30 days after office visit using a Cox proportional hazards model...
February 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Youngjoon Seo, Jaeseok Lee, Dongwook Han
[Purpose] This study was performed to examine the immediate effects of spinal mobilization with arm movements (SMWAMs) for strengthening the shoulder muscles. [Subjects] The subjects of this study were 12 healthy male students who were studying at S University, Busan City. They had no musculoskeletal disease, or upper congenital malformation, and had no history of surgery or neurological disease. [Methods] The SMWAMs were performed on the 4th cervical vertebra (C4). For stimulation of the 5th cervical nerve, the spinous process of the C4 was pushed to the left and held in place...
January 2015: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Julie C Kendall, Jan Hartvigsen, Simon D French, Michael F Azari
Many risk factors exist for falls in the elderly. Dizziness is an important risk factor for such falls. Spinal pain has also been identified as a risk factor for these falls. In this overview of the literature, we examine studies, including trials, of neck manipulation for neck pain, unsteadiness and falls risk relevant to the elderly. We also examine two related, but not mutually exclusive, mechanisms through which a putative beneficial effect may be mediated. These are the effects of neck manipulation on neck pain and on non-specific dizziness...
March 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
Sethu Mani-Babu, Dylan Morrissey, Charlotte Waugh, Hazel Screen, Christian Barton
BACKGROUND: There is accumulating evidence for the effectiveness of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) when treating lower limb tendinopathies including greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS), patellar tendinopathy (PT), and Achilles tendinopathy (AT). PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of ESWT for lower limb tendinopathies. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed (Medline), Embase, Web of Knowledge, Cochrane, and CINAHL were searched from inception to February 2013 for studies of any design investigating the effectiveness of ESWT in GTPS, PT, and AT...
March 2015: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Joel E Bialosky, Mark D Bishop, Don D Price, Michael E Robinson, Steven Z George
Prior studies suggest manual therapy (MT) as effective in the treatment of musculoskeletal pain; however, the mechanisms through which MT exerts its effects are not established. In this paper we present a comprehensive model to direct future studies in MT. This model provides visualization of potential individual mechanisms of MT that the current literature suggests as pertinent and provides a framework for the consideration of the potential interaction between these individual mechanisms. Specifically, this model suggests that a mechanical force from MT initiates a cascade of neurophysiological responses from the peripheral and central nervous system which are then responsible for the clinical outcomes...
October 2009: Manual Therapy
Joel E Bialosky, Steven Z George, Mark D Bishop
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2008: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Sophie Louise Vohralik, Annika Rose Bowen, Joshua Burns, Claire Elizabeth Hiller, Elizabeth Jean Nightingale
In clinical and research settings, objective range of motion measurement is an essential component of lower limb assessment and treatment evaluation. One reliable tool is the digital inclinometer; however, availability and cost preclude its widespread use. Smartphone apps are now widely available, allowing smartphones to be used as an inclinometer. Reliability and validity studies of new technologies are scarce. Intrarater and interrater reliability of the iHandy Level app installed on a smartphone and an inclinometer were assessed in 20 participants for ankle dorsiflexion using a weight-bearing lunge test...
April 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Silje Stensrud, May Arna Risberg, Ewa M Roos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a 12-wk exercise therapy program and arthroscopic partial meniscectomy on knee strength and functional performance in middle-aged patients with degenerative meniscus tears. DESIGN: A total of 82 patients (mean age, 49 yrs; 35% women) with a symptomatic, unilateral, magnetic resonance imaging-verified degenerative meniscus tear and no or mild radiographic osteoarthritis were randomly assigned to a supervised neuromuscular and strength exercise program or arthroscopic partial meniscectomy...
June 2015: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
2015-02-25 09:30:41
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