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Bipolar disorder

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22 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Abraham Nunes Psychiatry resident interested in computational neuroscience, forensic psychiatry, and neuropsychiatry.
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25845021/recovery-and-recurrence-following-a-first-episode-of-mania-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-prospectively-characterized-cohorts
#1
REVIEW
Andréanne Gignac, Alexander McGirr, Raymond W Lam, Lakshmi N Yatham
OBJECTIVE: Information about recurrence rates is useful in informing clinical practice, but most data with regard to recurrence rates in bipolar patients come from cohorts at different stages of illness. These data are of limited utility in estimating risk of relapse in first-episode bipolar disorder. Therefore, the objective of this investigation was to synthesize available recurrence data after a first episode of mania. DATA SOURCES: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) from 1980 to January 24th, 2014, for articles in English, French, or Spanish using (1) bipolar disorder (MeSH term) OR manic/mania, AND (2) first* (episode*, hospitalization* OR admission*) OR time factor (MeSH term), AND (3) recovery, remission, recurrence OR relapse...
September 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27284081/clinical-status-of-comorbid-bipolar-disorder-and-borderline-personality-disorder
#2
Gordon Parker, Adam Bayes, Georgia McClure, Yolanda Romàn Ruiz Del Moral, Janine Stevenson
BACKGROUND: The status and differentiation of comorbid borderline personality disorder and bipolar disorder is worthy of clarification. AIMS: To determine whether comorbid borderline personality disorder and bipolar disorder are interdependent or independent conditions. METHOD: We interviewed patients diagnosed with either a borderline personality disorder and/or a bipolar condition. RESULTS: Analyses of participants grouped by DSM diagnoses established that those with comorbid conditions scored similarly to those with a borderline personality disorder alone on all key variables (i...
September 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26628905/the-neurocognitive-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-of-data
#3
Eirini Tsitsipa, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis
BACKGROUND: During the last decades, there have been many different opinions concerning the neurocognitive function in Bipolar disorder (BD). The aim of the current study was to perform a systematic review of the literature and to synthesize the data in a comprehensive picture of the neurocognitive dysfunction in BD. METHODS: Papers were located with searches in PubMed/MEDLINE, through June 1st 2015. The review followed a modified version of the recommendations of the Preferred Items for Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement...
2015: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26384588/a-report-on-older-age-bipolar-disorder-from-the-international-society-for-bipolar-disorders-task-force
#4
REVIEW
Martha Sajatovic, Sergio A Strejilevich, Ariel G Gildengers, Annemiek Dols, Rayan K Al Jurdi, Brent P Forester, Lars Vedel Kessing, John Beyer, Facundo Manes, Soham Rej, Adriane R Rosa, Sigfried Ntm Schouws, Shang-Ying Tsai, Robert C Young, Kenneth I Shulman
OBJECTIVES: In the coming generation, older adults with bipolar disorder (BD) will increase in absolute numbers as well as proportion of the general population. This is the first report of the International Society for Bipolar Disorder (ISBD) Task Force on Older-Age Bipolar Disorder (OABD). METHODS: This task force report addresses the unique aspects of OABD including epidemiology and clinical features, neuropathology and biomarkers, physical health, cognition, and care approaches...
November 2015: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26388529/bipolar-disorder
#5
REVIEW
Iria Grande, Michael Berk, Boris Birmaher, Eduard Vieta
Bipolar disorder is a recurrent chronic disorder characterised by fluctuations in mood state and energy. It affects more than 1% of the world's population irrespective of nationality, ethnic origin, or socioeconomic status. Bipolar disorder is one of the main causes of disability among young people, leading to cognitive and functional impairment and raised mortality, particularly death by suicide. A high prevalence of psychiatric and medical comorbidities is typical in affected individuals. Accurate diagnosis of bipolar disorder is difficult in clinical practice because onset is most commonly a depressive episode and looks similar to unipolar depression...
April 9, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26257147/neuroprogression-and-cognitive-functioning-in-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Taiane Cardoso, Isabelle E Bauer, Thomas D Meyer, Flavio Kapczinski, Jair C Soares
Bipolar disorder (BD) has been associated with impairments in a range of cognitive domains including attention, verbal learning, and mental flexibility. These deficits are increased during the acute phases of the illness and worsen over the course of BD. This review will examine the literature in relation to potential mechanisms associated with cognitive decline in BD. Scopus (all databases), Pubmed, and Ovid Medline were systematically searched with no language or year restrictions, up to January 2015, for human studies that collected cross-sectional and longitudinal cognitive data in adults with BD and matched healthy controls (HC)...
September 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26039851/mania
#7
REVIEW
Steven L Dubovsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Primary mania and hypomania in full or subsyndromal forms are the defining features of bipolar disorder and are common in neurologic patients, as are manic syndromes precipitated by medications used to treat neurologic disorders. This article addresses the diagnosis, pathophysiology, treatment, and course of bipolar disorder after a manic episode as well as mania as a manifestation of neurologic disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Mania can be a primary psychiatric disorder but can also be a symptom of a neurologic disorder, especially right-sided cerebrovascular disease...
June 2015: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26084665/management-of-adverse-effects-of-mood-stabilizers
#8
REVIEW
Andrea Murru, Dina Popovic, Isabella Pacchiarotti, Diego Hidalgo, Jordi León-Caballero, Eduard Vieta
Mood stabilizers such as lithium and anticonvulsants are still standard-of-care for the acute and long-term treatment of bipolar disorder (BD). This systematic review aimed to assess the prevalence of their adverse effects (AEs) and to provide recommendations on their clinical management. We performed a systematic research for studies reporting the prevalence of AEs with lithium, valproate, lamotrigine, and carbamazepine/oxcarbazepine. Management recommendations were then developed. Mood stabilizers have different tolerability profiles and are eventually associated to cognitive, dermatological, endocrine, gastrointestinal, immunological, metabolic, nephrogenic, neurologic, sexual, and teratogenic AEs...
August 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26112914/chronobiology-of-bipolar-disorder-therapeutic-implication
#9
REVIEW
Sara Dallaspezia, Francesco Benedetti
Multiple lines of evidence suggest that psychopathological symptoms of bipolar disorder arise in part from a malfunction of the circadian system, linking the disease with an abnormal internal timing. Alterations in circadian rhythms and sleep are core elements in the disorders, characterizing both mania and depression and having recently been shown during euthymia. Several human genetic studies have implicated specific genes that make up the genesis of circadian rhythms in the manifestation of mood disorders with polymorphisms in molecular clock genes not only showing an association with the disorder but having also been linked to its phenotypic particularities...
August 2015: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26155299/psychosocial-treatment-and-interventions-for-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review
#10
Stella Miziou, Eirini Tsitsipa, Stefania Moysidou, Vangelis Karavelas, Dimos Dimelis, Vagia Polyzoidou, Konstantinos N Fountoulakis
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a chronic disorder with a high relapse rate, significant general disability and burden and with a psychosocial impairment that often persists despite pharmacotherapy. This indicates the need for effective and affordable adjunctive psychosocial interventions, tailored to the individual patient. Several psychotherapeutic techniques have tried to fill this gap, but which intervention is suitable for each patient remains unknown and it depends on the phase of the illness...
2015: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25682854/risk-factors-for-rapid-cycling-in-bipolar-disorder
#11
Marc Valentí, Isabella Pacchiarotti, Juan Undurraga, C Mar Bonnín, Dina Popovic, José M Goikolea, Carla Torrent, Diego Hidalgo-Mazzei, Francesc Colom, Eduard Vieta
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical factors associated with the development of rapid cycling, as well as to elucidate the role of antidepressants. METHODS: The present study (NCT01503489) is a prospective, naturalistic cohort study conducted in a sample of 289 patients diagnosed with bipolar disorder followed and treated for up to 14 years. The patients were divided into two groups on the basis of the development of a rapid cycling course (n = 48) or no development of such a course (n = 241), and compared regarding sociodemographic, clinical, and outcome variables...
August 2015: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25202283/integrated-neurobiology-of-bipolar-disorder
#12
REVIEW
Vladimir Maletic, Charles Raison
From a neurobiological perspective there is no such thing as bipolar disorder. Rather, it is almost certainly the case that many somewhat similar, but subtly different, pathological conditions produce a disease state that we currently diagnose as bipolarity. This heterogeneity - reflected in the lack of synergy between our current diagnostic schema and our rapidly advancing scientific understanding of the condition - limits attempts to articulate an integrated perspective on bipolar disorder. However, despite these challenges, scientific findings in recent years are beginning to offer a provisional "unified field theory" of the disease...
2014: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25742201/c-reactive-protein-alterations-in-bipolar-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#13
Aroldo A Dargél, Ophelia Godin, Flávio Kapczinski, David J Kupfer, Marion Leboyer
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence that bipolar disorder (BD) is associated with inflammation, including abnormal levels of acute-phase C-reactive protein (CRP). Our meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the size of the association between CRP levels and BD, accounting also for subgroup differences (mood phases and treatment). DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and ISI Web of Science and references of identified articles were searched up to June 2013 using the keywords (bipolar disorder) AND (C-reactive protein OR CRP)...
February 2015: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24610031/the-bipolar-spectrum-conceptions-and-misconceptions
#14
REVIEW
S Nassir Ghaemi, Shannon Dalley
OBJECTIVE: This review aims to address concerns about the potential overinclusiveness and vagueness of bipolar spectrum concepts, and also, concerns about the overlap between bipolar illness and borderline personality. METHOD: Narrative review based on historical and empirical studies. RESULTS: Bipolar disorder (BD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) came to be separate entities with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Third Edition (DSM III), in contrast to the Kraepelinian manic-depressive insanity (MDI) concept, which included both...
April 2014: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24270482/clinical-differentiation-of-bipolar-ii-disorder-from-borderline-personality-disorder
#15
REVIEW
Adam Bayes, Gordon Parker, Kathryn Fletcher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Differentiating bipolar II disorder (BP II) from borderline personality disorder (BPD) is a common diagnostic dilemma. The purpose of this review is to focus on recent studies that have considered clinical differences between the conditions including family history, phenomenology, longitudinal course, comorbidity and treatment response, and which might advance their clinical distinction. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings suggest key differentiating parameters to include family history, onset pattern, clinical course, phenomenological profile of depressive and elevated mood states, and symptoms of emotional dysregulation...
January 2014: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25565896/treatment-of-bipolar-disorders-during-pregnancy-maternal-and-fetal-safety-and-challenges
#16
REVIEW
Richard A Epstein, Katherine M Moore, William V Bobo
Treating pregnant women with bipolar disorder is among the most challenging clinical endeavors. Patients and clinicians are faced with difficult choices at every turn, and no approach is without risk. Stopping effective pharmacotherapy during pregnancy exposes the patient and her baby to potential harms related to bipolar relapses and residual mood symptom-related dysfunction. Continuing effective pharmacotherapy during pregnancy may prevent these occurrences for many; however, some of the most effective pharmacotherapies (such as valproate) have been associated with the occurrence of congenital malformations or other adverse neonatal effects in offspring...
2015: Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25271938/prefrontal-cortical-dendritic-spine-pathology-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#17
Glenn T Konopaske, Nicholas Lange, Joseph T Coyle, Francine M Benes
IMPORTANCE: Prior studies have demonstrated reduced dendritic spine density in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear how generalizable this finding is in schizophrenia and if it is seen in bipolar disorder, a historically distinct psychiatric condition. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether spine loss is present in the DLPFC of individuals with schizophrenia and individuals with bipolar disorder. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This study used postmortem human brain tissue from individuals with schizophrenia (n=14), individuals with bipolar disorder (n=9), and unaffected control participants (n=19)...
December 1, 2014: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25100166/developmental-meta-analyses-of-the-functional-neural-correlates-of-bipolar-disorder
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ezra Wegbreit, Grace K Cushman, Megan E Puzia, Alexandra B Weissman, Kerri L Kim, Angela R Laird, Daniel P Dickstein
IMPORTANCE: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a debilitating mental illness associated with high costs to diagnosed individuals and society. Within the past 2 decades, increasing numbers of children and adolescents have been diagnosed as having BD. While functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) studies have begun to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying BD, few have directly compared differences in youths with BD and adults with BD (hereafter BD-youths and BD-adults, respectively). OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that BD-youths (<18 years old) would show greater convergence of amygdala hyperactivation and prefrontal cortical hypoactivation vs BD-adults...
August 2014: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24636453/differences-in-incidence-of-suicide-attempts-between-bipolar-i-and-ii-disorders-and-major-depressive-disorder
#19
K Mikael Holma, Jari Haukka, Kirsi Suominen, Hanna M Valtonen, Outi Mantere, Tarja K Melartin, T Petteri Sokero, Maria A Oquendo, Erkki T Isometsä
OBJECTIVES: Whether risk of suicide attempts (SAs) differs between patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) is unclear. We investigated whether cumulative risk differences are due to dissimilarities in time spent in high-risk states, incidence per unit time in high-risk states, or both. METHODS: Incidence rates for SAs during various illness phases, based on prospective life charts, were compared between patients from the Jorvi Bipolar Study (n = 176; 18 months) and the Vantaa Depression Study (n = 249; five years)...
September 2014: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23663953/treatment-of-bipolar-disorder
#20
REVIEW
John R Geddes, David J Miklowitz
We review recent developments in the acute and long-term treatment of bipolar disorder and identify promising future routes to therapeutic innovation. Overall, advances in drug treatment remain quite modest. Antipsychotic drugs are effective in the acute treatment of mania; their efficacy in the treatment of depression is variable with the clearest evidence for quetiapine. Despite their widespread use, considerable uncertainty and controversy remains about the use of antidepressant drugs in the management of depressive episodes...
May 11, 2013: Lancet
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