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By Nisha Branch Surgical resident interested in disparities research.
Melissa M Kwee, Warren M Rozen, Jeannette W C Ting, Mansoor Mirkazemi, James Leong, Charles Baillieu
Large scalp defects can require complicated options for reconstruction, often only achieved with free flaps. In some cases, even a single free flap may not suffice. We review the literature for options in the coverage of all reported large scalp defects, and report a unique case in which total scalp reconstruction was required. In this case, two anterolateral thigh (ALT) flaps were used to resurface a large scalp and defect, covering a total of 743 cm(2). The defect occurred after resection and radiotherapy for desmoplastic melanoma, with several failed skin grafts and local flaps and osteoradionecrosis involving both inner and outer tables of the skull...
July 2012: Microsurgery
David C Shonka, Andrea E Potash, Mark J Jameson, Gerry F Funk
OBJECTIVE: To provide a framework for the management of scalp and skull defects. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Two tertiary care hospitals. PATIENTS/INTERVENTION: Fifty-six consecutive patients who underwent reconstruction of scalp and/or skull defects with free flaps, rotational skin/fascia flaps, skin grafts, and implants. Defects closed primarily and those of the lateral temporal bone and skull base were excluded...
November 2011: Laryngoscope
Ahmed Afifi, Risal S Djohan, Warren Hammert, Frank A Papay, Addison E Barnett, James E Zins
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to review our experience in single-stage reconstruction of skull and scalp defects, aiming to highlight pitfalls in our management. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients who had a single-stage cranioplasty and free-tissue transfer at our institution over the last 10 years. Thirteen patients (9 men and 4 women) with an average age of 66.5 years (range, 34-83 years) were identified. Etiology of the defects included malignancy (n = 7), osteoradionecrosis (n = 3), and infection (n = 3)...
July 2010: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Kao-Ping Chang, Ching-Hung Lai, Chih-Hau Chang, Chih-Lung Lin, Chung-Sheng Lai, Sin-Daw Lin
OBJECTIVE: The advent of free tissue transfer has offered several options that allow the restoration of both the structural and functional defects of the scalp and calvaria caused by malignant tumors or sequelae after trauma. This study aims to investigate the free flap options for complicated scalp and calvarial reconstructions. METHODS: There were 12 free tissue transfers used to reconstruct scalp and calvarial defects in this study, with nine acute or subacute wounds resulting from trauma or cranietomy, two congenital hydrocephalus post ventriculo-peritoneal shunting and one primary cancer...
2010: Microsurgery
Iris A Seitz, Neta Adler, Eric Odessey, Russell R Reid, Lawrence J Gottlieb
Adequate coverage of complex, composite scalp defects in previously radiated, infected, or otherwise compromised tissue represents a challenge in reconstructive surgery. To provide wound closure with bony protection to the brain, improve cranial contour, and prevent or seal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leaks, composite free tissue transfer is a reliable and safe option. We report our experience with the latissimus dorsi/rib intercostal perforator myo-osseocutaneous free flap in the reconstruction of bony and soft tissue defects of the cranium and overlying scalp...
November 2009: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
M Thorwarth, C Eulzer, R Bader, C Wolf, M Schmidt, S Schultze-Mosgau
BACKGROUND: The advances of cranio-maxillofacilal surgery are considerably driven by the evolution of microsurgical techniques. At present, these methods continue to provide new therapeutic options to the field. Especially, free flap transfer has evolved to become an integral part of current treatment protocols for head and neck malignancies. It ensures uneventful wound healing even after previous radiotherapy and can often preserve form and function. For many patients, this may lead to a significant improvement in their quality of life...
September 2008: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Howard T Wang, Detlev Erdmann, Kevin C Olbrich, Allan H Friedman, L Scott Levin, Michael R Zenn
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of major neurosurgical resections can present a significant challenge because of the morbidity of radiation therapy, cerebrospinal fluid leaks, bacterial contamination from sinus exposure, and functional and cosmetic deformity from the size and location of the defect. The authors present their experience with free tissue reconstruction of scalp and calvarial defects. In particular, the authors examine their results in relation to major comorbidities, such as preoperative cerebrospinal fluid leak, history of smoking, and perioperative radiation therapy...
March 2007: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Ayman Amin, Mohammed Rifaat, Francisco Civantos, Donald Weed, Mohammed Abu-Sedira, Mahmoud Bassiouny
Free-tissue transfer has revolutionized skull-base surgery by expanding the ability to perform cranial base resection and by improving the quality of reconstruction. The anterolateral thigh flap has come recently into use in the field of head and neck reconstruction. Its role in craniofacial and midface reconstruction has not been specifically defined. This study involved a total of 18 patients who were treated over a 5-year period from 1998 to 2003. Seventeen patients had locally advanced head and neck cancer, requiring craniofacial resection, and one patient had a complicated gun shot wound of the forehead...
February 2006: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Jason E Leedy, Jeffrey E Janis, Rod J Rohrich
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should: 1. Understand scalp anatomy, hair physiology, and skin viscoelastic properties as they relate to scalp reconstruction. 2. Understand the principles that allow for aesthetic reconstruction of scalp defects. 3. Understand the use of local tissue rearrangement for reconstruction of specific areas of the scalp. 4. Understand the use of tissue expansion and free tissue transfer for scalp reconstruction. BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of scalp defects is required for acute trauma, tumor extirpation, radiation necrosis, and the repair of traumatic alopecia or cosmetically displeasing scars...
September 15, 2005: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Martin I Newman, Matthew M Hanasono, Joseph J Disa, Peter G Cordeiro, Babak J Mehrara
Scalp reconstruction after ablative surgery can be challenging. A useful reconstructive algorithm is lacking. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the authors' experience and to identify an appropriate reconstructive strategy. This was a retrospective review of all patients treated by the authors' service for scalp defects during a 15-year period. Reconstructive methods, independent factors, and outcomes were analyzed. A total of 73 procedures were performed in 64 patients. Techniques for reconstruction included primary closure, grafts, and local and distal flaps...
May 2004: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Christopher J Hussussian, Gregory P Reece
The literature regarding reconstruction of large scalp wounds with free tissue transfer consists mostly of case reports and small series, and none of the published reports focus on the particular problems of the oncology patient. Here the authors describe their experience with 37 flaps in 32 patients, all of whom required scalp reconstruction with free tissue transfer after tumor extirpation. Twenty-seven free flaps were performed at the time of the initial surgery and 10 were performed after a prior reconstruction failed...
May 2002: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
S Nair, G Giannakopoulos, M Granick, M Solomon, T McCormack, P Black
Patients with malignant brain tumors requiring multiple craniotomies and external beam radiotherapy are at risk of scalp wound breakdown secondary to fibrosis and radiation damage. We present three cases to illustrate the nature of the problem and the surgical approaches to scalp repair. When a bicoronal incision has been used for the initial craniotomy, the plastic repair can be performed with a bipedicle visor scalp flap and split-thickness skin graft to cover the pericranium at the donor site. When a curvilinear (U-shaped or horseshoe) flap has been used for the initial craniotomy, a single-pedicle flap may be rotated to achieve closure without tension...
January 1994: Neurosurgery
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