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Yanbin Dong, Inger S Stallmann-Jorgensen, Norman K Pollock, Ryan A Harris, Daniel Keeton, Ying Huang, Ke Li, Reda Bassali, De-huang Guo, Jeffrey Thomas, Gary L Pierce, Jennifer White, Michael F Holick, Haidong Zhu
CONTEXT: Vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency is commonly observed in black youth. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] in response to 2000 IU vitamin D supplementation over time; to evaluate the relation between 25(OH)D concentrations and total body fat mass by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry; and to determine whether vitamin D supplementation improves arterial stiffness measured by pulse wave velocity (PWV). DESIGN: We conducted a randomized, blinded, controlled clinical trial...
October 2010: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Abbas Meamarbashi, Ali Rajabi
BACKGROUND: Enhancing athletic performance is a great desire among the athletes, coaches and researchers. Mint is one of the most famous natural herbs used for its analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic, antioxidant, and vasoconstrictor effects. Even though inhaling mint aroma in athletes has been investigated, there were no significant effects on the exercise performance. METHODS: Twelve healthy male students every day consumed one 500 ml bottle of mineral water, containing 0...
2013: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Matthew Stark, Judith Lukaszuk, Aimee Prawitz, Amanda Salacinski
The purpose of this review was to determine whether past research provides conclusive evidence about the effects of type and timing of ingestion of specific sources of protein by those engaged in resistance weight training. Two essential, nutrition-related, tenets need to be followed by weightlifters to maximize muscle hypertrophy: the consumption of 1.2-2.0 g -1 of body weight, and ≥44-50 of body weight. Researchers have tested the effects of timing of protein supplement ingestion on various physical changes in weightlifters...
2012: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
Nicolas Babault, Gaëlle Deley, Pascale Le Ruyet, François Morgan, François André Allaert
BACKGROUND: The effects of protein supplementation on muscle thickness, strength and fatigue seem largely dependent on its composition. The current study compared the effects of soluble milk protein, micellar casein, and a placebo on strength and fatigue during and after a resistance training program. METHODS: Sixty-eight physically active men participated in this randomized controlled trial and underwent 10 weeks of lower-body resistance training. Participants were randomly assigned to the Placebo (PLA), Soluble Milk Protein (SMP, with fast digestion rate) or Micellar Casein (MC, with slow digestion rate) group...
2014: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
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