collection
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Acupuncture and neurologic disorders

shared collection
151 papers 25 to 100 followers Use of acupuncture to modulate the neuroplastic changes ocurred in the peripheral and central nervous Systems in crônica and açude pain patients
By Hugo Silva Pinto Sports medicine MD, neuromuscular pain and dysfunctions private practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495634/network-targeted-cerebellar-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-improves-attentional-control
#1
Michael Esterman, Michelle Thai, Hidefusa Okabe, Joseph DeGutis, Elyana Saad, Simon E Laganiere, Mark A Halko
Developing non-invasive brain stimulation interventions to improve attentional control is extremely relevant to a variety of neurological and psychiatric populations, yet few studies have identified reliable biomarkers that can be readily modified to improve attentional control. One potential biomarker of attention is functional connectivity in the core cortical network supporting attention - the dorsal attention network (DAN). We used a network-targeted cerebellar transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) procedure, intended to enhance cortical functional connectivity in the DAN...
May 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27501358/potential-corticomotor-plasticity-in-those-with-and-without-chronic-ankle-instability
#2
Kyle B Kosik, Masafumi Terada, Colin P Drinkard, Ryan S McCann, Phillip A Gribble
INTRODUCTION: Quantifying corticomotor alterations is important to understand the neurophysiological mechanisms that likely contribute to the neuromuscular control deficits observed in patients with chronic ankle instability (CAI). Corticomotor output mapping provides further insight into the changes within the motor cortex and identifies potential changes in the area of the motor cortex associated with selected muscles. Therefore, this investigation compared the corticomotor map output for the fibularis longus (FL) muscle in patients with and without CAI...
January 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450832/transcranial-electric-stimulation-for-precision-medicine-a-spatiomechanistic-framework
#3
Fatemeh Yavari, Michael A Nitsche, Hamed Ekhtiari
During recent years, non-invasive brain stimulation, including transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) in general, and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) in particular, have created new hopes for treatment of neurological and psychiatric diseases. Despite promising primary results in some brain disorders, a more widespread application of tES is hindered by the unsolved question of determining optimum stimulation protocols to receive meaningful therapeutic effects. tES has a large parameter space including various montages and stimulation parameters...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456902/cerebellar-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-ctdcs-impairs-balance-control-in-healthy-individuals
#4
Águida Foerster, Lorena Melo, Marina Mello, Rebeca Castro, Lívia Shirahige, Sérgio Rocha, Kátia Monte-Silva
The cerebellum plays an important role in the planning, initiation and stability of movements, as well as in postural control and balance. Modulation of neural regions underlying balance control may be a potential alternative to treat balance impairments in cerebellar patients. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a noninvasive and safe tool capable to modulate cerebellar activity. We aim to investigate the effects of cerebellar tDCS (ctDCS) on postural balance in healthy individuals. Fifteen healthy and right-handed subjects were submitted to three sessions of ctDCS (anodal, cathodal and sham), separated by at least 48 h...
April 29, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457836/imaging-of-current-flow-in-the-human-head-during-transcranial-electrical-therapy
#5
A K Kasinadhuni, A Indahlastari, M Chauhan, Michael Schär, T H Mareci, R J Sadleir
BACKGROUND: It has been assumed that effects caused by tDCS or tACS neuromodulation are due to electric current flow within brain structures. However, to date, direct current density distributions in the brains of human subjects have not been measured. Instead computational models of tDCS or tACS have been used to predict electric current and field distributions for dosimetry and mechanism analysis purposes. OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: We present the first in vivo images of electric current density distributions within the brain in four subjects undergoing transcranial electrical stimulation...
April 20, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473764/paired-associative-stimulation-targeting-the-tibialis-anterior-muscle-using-either-mono-or-biphasic-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#6
Natalie Mrachacz-Kersting, Andrew J T Stevenson
Paired associative stimulation (PAS) protocols induce plastic changes within the motor cortex. The objectives of this study were to investigate PAS effects targeting the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle using a biphasic transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) pulse form and, to determine whether a reduced intensity of this pulse would lead to significant changes as has been reported for hand muscles using a monophasic TMS pulse. Three interventions were investigated: (1) suprathreshold PAbi-PAS (n = 11); (2) suprathreshold PAmono-PAS (n = 11) where PAS was applied using a biphasic or monophasic pulse form at 120% resting motor threshold (RMT); (3) subthreshold PAbi-PAS (n = 10) where PAS was applied as for (1) at 95% active motor threshold (AMT)...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487047/anodal-and-cathodal-electrical-stimulation-over-v5-improves-motion-perception-by-signal-enhancement-and-noise-reduction
#7
Luca Battaglini, Stefano Noventa, Clara Casco
BACKGROUND: The effect that transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has on discrimination of coherent motion (CM) signals in a field of randomly moving dots (noise) can be accounted for by both noise reduction and signal enhancement. OBJECTIVE: To distinguish between noise reduction and signal enhancement, we monitored the discrimination of the correct CM direction as a function of the coherence level (using the psychophysical method of constant stimuli)...
April 28, 2017: Brain Stimulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489931/cortical-involvement-in-celiac-disease-before-and-after-long-term-gluten-free-diet-a-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-study
#8
Manuela Pennisi, Giuseppe Lanza, Mariagiovanna Cantone, Riccardo Ricceri, Raffaele Ferri, Carmela Cinzia D'Agate, Giovanni Pennisi, Vincenzo Di Lazzaro, Rita Bella
OBJECTIVE: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation in de novo patients with Celiac Disease previously revealed an imbalance in the excitability of cortical facilitatory and inhibitory circuits. After a median period of 16 months of gluten-free diet, a global increase of cortical excitability was reported, suggesting a glutamate-mediated compensation for disease progression. We have now evaluated cross-sectionally the changes of cortical excitability to TMS after a much longer gluten-free diet...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491480/new-treatment-strategies-of-depression-based-on-mechanisms-related-to-neuroplasticity
#9
REVIEW
Yu-Jhen Huang, Hsien-Yuan Lane, Chieh-Hsin Lin
Major depressive disorder is a severe and complex mental disorder. Impaired neurotransmission and disrupted signalling pathways may influence neuroplasticity, which is involved in the brain dysfunction in depression. Traditional neurobiological theories of depression, such as monoamine hypothesis, cannot fully explain the whole picture of depressive disorders. In this review, we discussed new treatment directions of depression, including modulation of glutamatergic system and noninvasive brain stimulation. Dysfunction of glutamatergic neurotransmission plays an important role in the pathophysiology of depression...
2017: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493519/neurotransmitters-behind-pain-relief-with-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-positron-emission-tomography-evidence-for-release-of-endogenous-opioids
#10
S Lamusuo, J Hirvonen, P Lindholm, I K Martikainen, N Hagelberg, R Parkkola, T Taiminen, J Hietala, S Helin, A Virtanen, A Pertovaara, S K Jääskeläinen
BACKGROUND: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) at M1/S1 cortex has been shown to alleviate neuropathic pain. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the possible neurobiological correlates of cortical neurostimulation for the pain relief. METHODS: We studied the effects of M1/S1 rTMS on nociception, brain dopamine D2 and μ-opioid receptors using a randomized, sham-controlled, double-blinded crossover study design and 3D-positron emission tomography (PET)...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443010/enhanced-functional-connectivity-between-the-bilateral-primary-motor-cortices-after-acupuncture-at-yanglingquan-gb34-in-right-hemispheric-subcortical-stroke-patients-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#11
Yanzhe Ning, Kuangshi Li, Caihong Fu, Yi Ren, Yong Zhang, Hongwei Liu, Fangyuan Cui, Yihuai Zou
Increasing neuroimaging researches in stroke rehabilitation had revealed the neural mechanisms of rehabilitation therapy. However, little was known about the neural mechanisms of acupuncture therapy in subcortical stroke patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of functional connectivity (FC) between the bilateral primary motor cortices (M1s) after acupuncture intervention in right subcortical stroke patients. Twenty right-hemispheric subcortical stroke patients and 20 healthy subjects were recruited to undergo one functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanning...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454990/brain-disease-connectivity-plasticity-and-cognitive-therapy-a-neurological-view-of-mental-disorders
#12
G Lubrini, A Martín-Montes, O Díez-Ascaso, E Díez-Tejedor
INTRODUCTION: Our conception of the mind-brain relationship has evolved from the traditional idea of dualism to current evidence that mental functions result from brain activity. This paradigm shift, combined with recent advances in neuroimaging, has led to a novel definition of brain functioning in terms of structural and functional connectivity. The purpose of this literature review is to describe the relationship between connectivity, brain lesions, cerebral plasticity, and functional recovery...
April 25, 2017: Neurología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Neurología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464800/effect-of-tendon-vibration-during-wide-pulse-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-nmes-on-the-decline-and-recovery-of-muscle-force
#13
Vanesa Bochkezanian, Robert U Newton, Gabriel S Trajano, Amilton Vieira, Timothy S Pulverenti, Anthony J Blazevich
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) is commonly used to activate skeletal muscles and reverse muscle atrophy in clinical populations. Clinical recommendations for NMES suggest the use of short pulse widths (100-200 μs) and low-to-moderate pulse frequencies (30-50 Hz). However, this type of NMES causes rapid muscle fatigue due to the (non-physiological) high stimulation intensities and non-orderly recruitment of motor units. The use of both wide pulse widths (1000 μs) and tendon vibration might optimize motor unit activation through spinal reflex pathways and thus delay the onset of muscle fatigue, increasing muscle force and mass...
May 2, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460127/effects-of-combining-a-brief-cognitive-intervention-with-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-pain-tolerance-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#14
Abigail Powers, Alok Madan, Megan Hilbert, Scott T Reeves, Mark George, Michael R Nash, Jeffrey J Borckardt
Objective.:  Cognitive behavioral therapy has been shown to be effective for treating chronic pain, and a growing literature shows the potential analgesic effects of minimally invasive brain stimulation. However, few studies have systematically investigated the potential benefits associated with combining approaches. The goal of this pilot laboratory study was to investigate the combination of a brief cognitive restructuring intervention and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in affecting pain tolerance...
April 26, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290704/predicting-manual-therapy-treatment-success-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-instability-improving-self-reported-function
#15
Erik A Wikstrom, Patrick O McKeon
CONTEXT:   Therapeutic modalities that stimulate sensory receptors around the foot-ankle complex improve chronic ankle instability (CAI)-associated impairments. However, not all patients have equal responses to these modalities. Identifying predictors of treatment success could improve clinician efficiency when treating patients with CAI. OBJECTIVE:   To conduct a response analysis on existing data to identify predictors of improved self-reported function in patients with CAI...
April 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413118/cadaveric-and-ultrasonographic-validation-of-needling-placement-in-the-cervical-multifidus-muscle
#16
César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Juan A Mesa-Jiménez, Jose A Paredes-Mancilla, Shane L Koppenhaver, Samuel Fernández-Carnero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if a needle is able to reach the cervical multifidus during the application of dry needling or acupuncture. METHODS: Dry needling and ultrasound imaging of cervical multifidi was conducted on 5 patients (age: 32 ± 5 years) with mechanical neck pain and on 2 fresh cadavers (age: 64 ± 1 years). Dry needling was done using a needle of 40 mm in length inserted perpendicular to the skin about 1 cm lateral to the spinous process at C3-C4...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162807/a-brainstem-spinal-cord-inhibitory-circuit-for-mechanical-pain-modulation-by-gaba-and-enkephalins
#17
Amaury François, Sarah A Low, Elizabeth I Sypek, Amelia J Christensen, Chaudy Sotoudeh, Kevin T Beier, Charu Ramakrishnan, Kimberly D Ritola, Reza Sharif-Naeini, Karl Deisseroth, Scott L Delp, Robert C Malenka, Liqun Luo, Adam W Hantman, Grégory Scherrer
Pain thresholds are, in part, set as a function of emotional and internal states by descending modulation of nociceptive transmission in the spinal cord. Neurons of the rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) are thought to critically contribute to this process; however, the neural circuits and synaptic mechanisms by which distinct populations of RVM neurons facilitate or diminish pain remain elusive. Here we used in vivo opto/chemogenetic manipulations and trans-synaptic tracing of genetically identified dorsal horn and RVM neurons to uncover an RVM-spinal cord-primary afferent circuit controlling pain thresholds...
February 22, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904801/midfoot-and-forefoot-involvement-in-lateral-ankle-sprains-and-chronic-ankle-instability-part-1-anatomy-and-biomechanics
#18
John J Fraser, Mark A Feger, Jay Hertel
The modern human foot is the culmination of more than five million years of evolution. The ankle-foot complex absorbs forces during loading, accommodates uneven surfaces, and acts as a lever for efficient propulsion. The ankle-foot complex has six independent functional segments that should be understood for proper assessment and treatment of foot and ankle injuries: the shank, rearfoot, midfoot, lateral forefoot, and the medial forefoot. The compliance of the individual segments of the foot is dependent on velocity, task, and active and passive coupling mechanisms within each of the foot segments...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685009/effect-of-dry-needling-on-thigh-muscle-strength-and-hip-flexion-in-elite-soccer-players
#19
Christian Haser, Thomas Stöggl, Monika Kriner, Jörg Mikoleit, Bernd Wolfahrt, Johannes Scherr, Martin Halle, Florian Pfab
PURPOSE: Increase in muscle force, endurance, and flexibility is desired in elite athletes to improve performance and to avoid injuries, but it is often hindered by the occurrence of myofascial trigger points. Dry needling (DN) has been shown effective in eliminating myofascial trigger points. METHODS: This randomized controlled study in 30 elite youth soccer players of a professional soccer Bundesliga Club investigated the effects of four weekly sessions of DN plus water pressure massage on thigh muscle force and range of motion of hip flexion...
February 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365848/attenuation-of-cortical-activity-triggering-descending-pain-inhibition-in-chronic-low-back-pain-patients-a-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-study
#20
Yohei Matsuo, Jiro Kurata, Miho Sekiguchi, Katsuhiro Yoshida, Takuya Nikaido, Shin-Ichi Konno
PURPOSE: A considerable portion of chronic low back pain (cLBP) patients lack anatomical abnormality, resist conventional therapeutic interventions, and their symptoms are often complicated with psychological and social factors. Such patients have been reported to show cerebral abnormalities both in anatomy and function by neuroimaging studies. Here we examined differences in cerebral reactivity to a simulated low back pain stimulus between cLBP patients and healthy controls by functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), and their behavioral correlates from a psychophysical questionnaire...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
label_collection
label_collection
3989
1
2
2017-04-07 06:42:24
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"