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Predictive system x med errors

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By Oswaldo Vargas Health system pharmacist currently working on Medication Safety as a part of Patient Safety work task force group
Samuel Lapkin, Tracy Levett-Jones, Lynn Chenoweth, Maree Johnson
AIM: The aim of this overview was to examine the effectiveness of interventions designed to improve patient safety by reducing medication administration errors using data from systematic reviews. BACKGROUND: Medication administration errors remain unacceptably high despite the introduction of a range of interventions aimed at enhancing patient safety. Systematic reviews of strategies designed to improve medication safety report contradictory findings. A critical appraisal and synthesis of these findings are, therefore, warranted...
May 11, 2016: Journal of Nursing Management
Amanda Hanora Lavan, Paul Gallagher
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are common in older adults, with falls, orthostatic hypotension, delirium, renal failure, gastrointestinal and intracranial bleeding being amongst the most common clinical manifestations. ADR risk increases with age-related changes in pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, increasing burden of comorbidity, polypharmacy, inappropriate prescribing and suboptimal monitoring of drugs. ADRs are a preventable cause of harm to patients and an unnecessary waste of healthcare resources...
February 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
Anthony S Fauci, David M Morens
The explosive pandemic of Zika virus infection occurring throughout South America, Central America, and the Caribbean (see map) and potentially threatening the United States is the most recent of four unexpected arrivals of important arthropod-borne viral diseases in the Western Hemisphere over the..
February 18, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Ercan Celikkayalar, Minna Myllyntausta, Matthew Grissinger, Marja Airaksinen
BACKGROUND: The US Institute for Safe Medication Practices' (ISMP) Medication Safety Self-Assessment (MSSA) tool for hospitals is a comprehensive tool for assessing safe medication practices in hospitals. AIMS: To adapt and remodel the ISMP MSSA tool for hospitals so that it can be used in individual wards in order to support long-term medication safety initiatives in Finland. METHODS: The MSSA tool was first adapted for Finnish hospital settings by a four-round (applicability, desirability and feasibility were evaluated) Delphi consensus method (14 panellists), and then remodelled by organizing the items into a new order which is consistent with the order of the ward-based pharmacotherapy plan recommended by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health...
August 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Adam J Vanderman, Jason M Moss, William E Bryan, Richard Sloane, George L Jackson, S Nicole Hastings
Potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) have been associated with poor outcomes in older adults. Electronic health record (EHR)-based interventions may be an effective way to reduce PIM prescribing. The main objective of this study was to evaluate changes in PIM prescribing to older adult veterans ≥65 years old in the ambulatory care setting preimplementation and postimplementation of medication alert messages at the point of computerized provider order entry (CPOE). Additional exploratory objectives included evaluating provider type and patient-provider relationship as a factor for change in PIM prescribing...
December 23, 2015: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Susan Knapp
PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between four organizational cultural types defined by the Competing Values Framework and three Lean Six Sigma implementation components - management involvement, use of Lean Six Sigma methods and Lean Six Sigma infrastructure. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: The study involved surveying 446 human resource and quality managers from 223 hospitals located in Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts and Rhode Island using the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument...
2015: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
Urmimala Sarkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
Abdulmaged M Traish, Michael Zitzmann
Testosterone deficiency (TD) is a well-established and recognized medical condition that contributes to several co-morbidities, including metabolic syndrome, visceral obesity and cardiovascular disease (CVD). More importantly, obesity is thought to contribute to TD. This complex bidirectional interplay between TD and obesity promotes a vicious cycle, which further contributes to the adverse effects of TD and obesity and may increase the risk of CVD. Testosterone (T) therapy for men with TD has been shown to be safe and effective in ameliorating the components of the metabolic syndrome (Met S) and in contributiong to increased lean body mass and reduced fat mass and therefore contributes to weight loss...
September 2015: Reviews in Endocrine & Metabolic Disorders
Zvetanka Dobreva Zhivkova, Tsvetelina Mandova, Irini Doytchinova
PURPOSE: The early prediction of pharmacokinetic behavior is of paramount importance for saving time and resources and for increasing the success of new drug candidates. The steady-state volume of distribution (VDss) is one of the key pharmacokinetic parameters required for the design of a suitable dosage regimen. The aim of the study is to propose a quantitative structure - pharmacokinetics relationships (QSPkR) for VDss of basic drugs. METHODS: The data set consists of 216 basic drugs, divided to a modeling (n = 180) and external validation set (n = 36)...
2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences: a Publication of the Canadian Society for Pharmaceutical Sciences
François Maltese, Mélanie Adda, Amandine Bablon, Sami Hraeich, Christophe Guervilly, Samuel Lehingue, Sandrine Wiramus, Marc Leone, Claude Martin, Renaud Vialet, Xavier Thirion, Antoine Roch, Jean-Marie Forel, Laurent Papazian
BACKGROUND: The relationship between tiredness and the risk of medical errors is now commonly accepted. The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of an intensive care unit (ICU) night shift on the cognitive performance of a group of intensivists. The influence of professional experience and the amount of sleep on cognitive performance was also investigated. METHODS: A total of 51 intensivists from three ICUs (24 seniors and 27 residents) were included...
March 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Baruch Fischhoff
Formal analyses can be valuable aids to decision-making if their limits are understood. Those limits arise from the two forms of subjectivity found in all analyses: ethical judgments, made when setting the terms of an analysis, and scientific judgments, made when conducting it. As formal analysis has assumed a larger role in policy decisions, awareness of those judgments has grown, as have methods for making them. The present review traces these developments, using examples that illustrate the issues that arise when designing, executing, and interpreting analyses...
October 30, 2015: Science
Enoche F Oga, Shuichi Sekine, Yoshihisa Shitara, Toshiharu Horie
Herbal medicines are currently in high demand, and their popularity is steadily increasing. Because of their perceived effectiveness, fewer side effects and relatively low cost, they are being used for the management of numerous medical conditions. However, they are capable of affecting the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of coadministered conventional drugs. These interactions are particularly of clinically relevance when metabolizing enzymes and xenobiotic transporters, which are responsible for the fate of many drugs, are induced or inhibited, sometimes resulting in unexpected outcomes...
April 2016: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
Ashley Crowl, Anita Sharma, Lindsay Sorge, Todd Sorensen
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the fundamentals of the Model for Improvement and how the model can be applied to quality improvement activities associated with medication use, including understanding the three essential questions that guide quality improvement, applying a process for actively testing change within an organization, and measuring the success of these changes on care delivery. DATA SOURCES: PubMed from 1990 through April 2014 using the search terms quality improvement, process improvement, hospitals, and primary care...
July 2015: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
Marissa C Salvo, Michelle L Cannon-Breland
OBJECTIVE: To familiarize pharmacists with motivational interviewing as a way to engage patients in discussions about medication adherence. SUMMARY: Motivational interviewing is a collaborative, patient-centered communications skill set that can increase behavior change by stimulating a patient's own internal motivation for change. Pharmacists using motivational interviewing can explore factors associated with medication nonadherence, assess patient ambivalence and/or resistance, and educate a patient to promote medication-adherent behaviors...
July 2015: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
M M Ducharme, L A Boothby
Although preventability criteria have been assessed for all adverse drug reactions (ADRs) investigated at our institution over the past 12 years, a systematic evaluation of the data had not been performed. This project analysed preventability data previously collected to identify the potential areas for process improvements. A 3-year retrospective analysis was performed. All ADRs were categorised by drug, drug class, severity, probability of causality and preventability. Factors involved in preventability were assessed and tallied...
January 2007: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Raja Benkirane, Rachida Soulaymani-Bencheikh, Asmae Khattabi, Ghita Benabdallah, Loubna Alj, Houda Sefiani, Khedidja Hedna, Lahcen Ouammi, Sten Olsson, Shanti N Pal
BACKGROUND: Pharmacovigilance centres (PVCs) in the World Health Organization (WHO) Programme for International Drug Monitoring have demonstrated their ability to detect preventable adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in their databases. In this field, there is no gold-standard method for detecting medication errors and evaluating ADR preventability. Therefore, we developed, from existing tools, a preventability assessment method: the 'P Method' (PM). OBJECTIVE: To present the PM and to evaluate its inter-rater reliability...
April 2015: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Jeremy S Stultz, Milap C Nahata
INTRODUCTION: Information technology (IT) has the potential to prevent medication errors. While many studies have analyzed specific IT technologies and preventable adverse drug events, no studies have identified risk factors for errors still occurring that are not preventable by IT. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to categorize reported or trigger tool-identified errors and adverse events (AEs) at a pediatric tertiary care institution. Also, we sought to identify medication errors preventable by IT, determine why IT-preventable errors occurred, and to identify risk factors for errors that were not preventable by IT...
July 2015: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
Prerna K Chawla, Shweta R Nanday, Alpa J Dherai, Rajeev Soman, Rohan V Lokhande, Prasad R Naik, Tester F Ashavaid
BACKGROUND: Voriconazole is an antifungal drug essentially metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP2C19) isozyme. Plasma voriconazole levels exhibit wide inter-individual variability due to several factors like age, weight, food or drug interactions or CYP2C19 polymorphisms. OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we assessed the correlation of voriconazole levels with CYP2C19 genotype in patients on voriconazole therapy. SETTING: Biochemistry Department of a 480 inpatient bed tertiary care hospital in India...
October 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
David Czock, Martino Spitaletta, Frieder Keller
BACKGROUND: Recommendations on drug dose adjustment in patients with renal impairment may vary between the references. It is often unknown which approach the dosing schemes were based on and what drug exposure is likely to be achieved. OBJECTIVE: To develop a simple method to evaluate recommended dosing schemes for patients with renal impairment, to apply this method to selected antibacterial drugs in order to evaluate expected drug concentrations using dosing schemes recommended for patients with severe infections, and to evaluate the expected consequences...
October 2015: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Thorsteinn Loftsson
Novel pharmaceutical excipients, and new derivatives of currently used excipients, are new chemical entities and as such have to go through extensive pharmacokinetic and toxicologic evaluations before they can be approved for use in pharmaceutical products. The high cost of these safety studies, long development timelines and risks of failure have hampered development of new excipients and drug delivery systems. Various, relatively simple, methods are used for prediction of pharmacokinetic properties of new drug candidates based on their physicochemical properties...
March 1, 2015: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
2015-02-05 13:07:52
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