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Ca esofago

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By Peter Vorwald Surgeon
B Dent, S M Griffin, R Jones, S Wahed, A Immanuel, N Hayes
BACKGROUND: Leaks following oesophagectomy include true anastomotic leaks, leaks from the gastrotomy and gastric conduit necrosis. Historically, these complications were associated with high mortality rates. Recent improvements in outcome have been attributed to the wider use of oesophageal stents in patient management. This study examined outcomes of patients who developed a leak in a single high-volume institution that did not use stenting as a primary treatment modality. METHODS: All patients undergoing an oesophagectomy between January 2009 and December 2013 were included...
July 2016: British Journal of Surgery
Michael Pauthner, Thomas Haist, Markus Mann, Dietmar Lorenz
BACKGROUND: The modern therapy of early esophageal carcinomas (pT1) requires an excellent cooperation between experienced gastroenterologists, pathologists, and esophageal surgeons. While endoscopic resection (ER) is accepted as the standard curative treatment for mucosal esophageal carcinomas, submucosal tumors are regarded as a strict indication for surgery. There is an ongoing discussion about the operative approach and the extent of lymph node dissection in these cases. METHODS: A literature review was performed to evaluate the operative treatment of early esophageal cancer...
October 2015: Viszeralmedizin
Thomas W Rice, Hemant Ishwaran, Wayne L Hofstetter, Paul H Schipper, Kenneth A Kesler, Simon Law, E M R Lerut, Chadrick E Denlinger, Jarmo A Salo, Walter J Scott, Thomas J Watson, Mark S Allen, Long-Qi Chen, Valerie W Rusch, Robert J Cerfolio, James D Luketich, Andre Duranceau, Gail E Darling, Manuel Pera, Carolyn Apperson-Hansen, Eugene H Blackstone
OBJECTIVES: To identify the associations of lymph node metastases (pN+), number of positive nodes, and pN subclassification with cancer, treatment, patient, geographic, and institutional variables, and to recommend extent of lymphadenectomy needed to accurately detect pN+ for esophageal cancer. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Limited data and traditional analytic techniques have precluded identifying intricate associations of pN+ with other cancer, treatment, and patient characteristics...
January 7, 2016: Annals of Surgery
Sujing Liu, Hui Zhu, Wanghu Li, Baijiang Zhang, Li Ma, Zhijun Guo, Yong Huang, Pingping Song, Jinming Yu, Hongbo Guo
BACKGROUND: Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) is reported to have a significant advantage over CT for staging esophageal cancer (EC). However, whether PET/CT may play a useful role in guiding surgical approach remains undetermined. METHODS: Patients with potentially resectable squamous cell EC were randomized into either PET/CT group or CT group. The surgical data and survival outcomes were compared. RESULTS: Compared to the CT group, the right-sided approach was more frequently used (42...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
H Manner, J Wetzka, A May, M Pauthner, O Pech, A Fisseler-Eckhoff, M Stolte, M Vieth, D Lorenz, C Ell
The rate of lymph-node (LN) metastasis in early adenocarcinoma (EAC) of the esophagus with mid to deep submucosal invasion (pT1b sm2/3) has not yet been precisely defined. The aim of the this study was to evaluate the rate of LN metastasis in pT1b sm2/3 EAC depending on macroscopic and histological risk patterns to find out whether there may also be options for endoscopic therapy as in cancers limited to the mucosa and the upper third of the submucosa. A total of 1.718 pt with suspicion of EAC were referred for endoscopic treatment (ET) to the Dept...
March 8, 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Sushanth Reddy, Carlo M Contreras, Brandon Singletary, T Miller Bradford, Mary G Waldrop, Andrew H Mims, W Andrew Smedley, Jacob A Swords, Thomas N Wang, Martin J Heslin
BACKGROUND: Current methods to predict patients' perioperative morbidity use complex algorithms with multiple clinical variables focusing primarily on organ-specific compromise. The aim of the current study was to determine the value of a timed stair climb in predicting perioperative complications for patients undergoing abdominal surgery. STUDY DESIGN: From March 2014 to July 2015, three hundred and sixty-two patients attempted stair climbing while being timed before undergoing elective abdominal surgery...
April 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
J E Oor, M J Wiezer, E J Hazebroek
Hiatal hernia (HH) is an infrequent yet potentially life-threatening complication after esophagectomy. Several studies have reported the incidence of this complication after both open and minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE). This meta-analysis aimed to determine the pooled incidence of HH after both types of esophagectomy and, importantly, to provide insight in the outcome of subsequent HH repair. A systematic search was performed of the PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane databases. Article selection was performed using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) criteria...
August 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Masahiro Kimura, Akira Mitsui, Yoshiyuki Kuwabara
INTRODUCTION: Various types of staplers are used for gastric tube formation after esophagectomy. Using a stapling device, a gastric tube can safely be created in a short amount of time. The problems with gastric tube creation using only linear type staplers include staple overlap as well as the problem of cost associated with using multiple staplers. To address this, both linear and radial type staplers have been introduced. We herein compare three methods of gastric tube creation. METHODS: From 2012 to 2014, 62 patients with esophageal cancer underwent esophagectomy with gastric tube reconstruction...
March 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Yuji Tachimori, Soji Ozawa, Hodaka Numasaki, Hisahiro Matsubara, Masayuki Shinoda, Yasushi Toh, Harushi Udagawa, Mitsuhiro Fujishiro, Tsuneo Oyama, Takashi Uno
BACKGROUND: The extent of node dissection in esophageal cancer surgery is usually estimated by the number of resected nodes, irrespective of the area of dissection. The efficacy of lymph node dissection by area was evaluated according to the location of the primary tumor. METHODS: The study group comprised the 3827 patients who underwent R0 esophagectomy with three-field lymph node dissection for squamous cell carcinoma, registered in a nationwide registry in Japan...
2016: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Marijn Koëter, Kevin Parry, Rob H A Verhoeven, Misha D P Luyer, Jelle P Ruurda, Richard van Hillegersberg, Valery E P P Lemmens, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen
BACKGROUND: Resectable gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) tumors are treated either with an esophageal-cardia resection or with gastrectomy. The difference in outcome between these two treatment modalities is unknown; Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate population-based treatment strategies for patients with resectable adenocarcinomas of the GEJ and to compare the oncological outcomes. METHODS: Patients with potentially resectable GEJ tumors diagnosed between 2005 and 2012 were selected from the nationwide, population-based Netherlands Cancer Registry...
May 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Peter S N van Rossum, Lucas Goense, Jihane Meziani, Johannes B Reitsma, Peter D Siersema, Frank P Vleggaar, Marco van Vulpen, Gert J Meijer, Jelle P Ruurda, Richard van Hillegersberg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Accurate determination of residual cancer status after neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for esophageal cancer could assist in selecting the optimal treatment strategy. The aim of this study was to review the evidence on the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic biopsy and EUS after nCRT for detecting residual cancer at the primary tumor site (ypT+) and regional lymph nodes (ypN+) as opposed to a pathologic complete response (ypT0 and ypN0). METHODS: PubMed/Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane library were systematically searched...
May 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Ju-Wei Mu, Shu-Geng Gao, Qi Xue, You-Sheng Mao, Da-Li Wang, Jun Zhao, Yu-Shun Gao, Jin-Feng Huang, Jie He
AIM: To update our experiences with minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy for esophageal cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 445 consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy between January 2009 and July 2015 at the Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and used 103 patients who underwent open McKeown esophagectomy in the same period as controls. Among 375 patients who underwent total minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy, 180 in the early period were chosen for the study of learning curve of total minimally invasive McKeown esophagectomy...
December 7, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Xu Li, Fan-Cai Lai, Min-Lian Qiu, Rong-Gang Luo, Jian-Bo Lin, Bo Liao
BACKGROUND: An open esophagectomy for esophageal cancer is a severely invasive procedure. Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) has emerged as an effective alternative to open techniques. Conventionally, a thoracoscopic procedure is performed either in the left lateral decubitus position or in the prone position. Both positions have their disadvantage during the mobilization of the esophagus. In this study, we applied a novel position: the left lateral-prone position in the throacoscopic phase of MIE; we also describe the details of the technique and its feasibility, and present the initial results of this large-volume series...
February 2016: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
Seong-Jang Kim, Kyoungjune Pak, Samuel Chang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate whether the standardized uptake values, volumetric parameters and intratumoral heterogeneity of fluorine-18-fludeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) uptake could predict regional lymph node (rLN) metastasis in oesophageal cancer. METHODS: 51 patients with surgically resected oesophageal cancer were included in the present study. The (18)F-FDG positron emission tomography (PET)/CT findings and rLN metastasis were compared with the histopathological results...
2016: British Journal of Radiology
Boris Sepesi, Henner E Schmidt, Michal Lada, Arlene M Correa, Garrett L Walsh, Reza J Mehran, David C Rice, Jack A Roth, Ara A Vaporciyan, Jaffer A Ajani, Thomas J Watson, Stephen G Swisher, Donald E Low, Wayne L Hofstetter
BACKGROUND: The American Joint Committee on Cancer Cancer Staging Manual 7th Edition esophageal cancer staging was derived from outcomes of patients undergoing esophagectomy alone and eliminated nodal location from its schema. A limitation of this staging system is that it has not been validated in the setting of multimodality therapy for esophageal cancer. In addition, nodal location continues to influence treatment decisions. The aim of our study was to evaluate outcomes of patients with distal esophageal or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma undergoing trimodality therapy and assess the effect of nodal location on survival...
March 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Kazuo Koyanagi, Soji Ozawa, Yuji Tachimori
PURPOSE: We reviewed the surgical results of minimally invasive esophagectomy for esophageal cancer, performed with the patient in a prone position (MIE-PP), to assess its benefits. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed, and articles that fully described the surgical results of MIE-PP were selected. Parameters such as operative time, blood loss, and postoperative outcomes were compared with those obtained for open transthoracic esophagectomy (OE) and minimally invasive esophagectomy in a lateral decubitus position (MIE-LP)...
March 2016: Surgery Today
M Scarpa, B Filip, F Cavallin, R Alfieri, L Saadeh, M Cagol, C Castoro
Our study aimed to identify the best prognostic score for fitness for surgery and postoperative morbidity in elderly patients. A prospectively collected database of a consecutive series of patients with esophageal cancer evaluated for possible esophagectomy at our unit was analyzed. Fitness for surgery and postoperative morbidity were used as measures of outcome. The performances of the Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and morbidity (POSSUM) score, the Charlson Comorbidity Index, the age-related Charlson Comorbidity Index (ACCI), the American Society of Anesthesiologists scale and the prognostic nutritional index (PNI) were evaluated in elderly patients...
August 2016: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
Marijn Koëter, Maurice J C van der Sangen, Coen W Hurkmans, Misha D P Luyer, Harm J T Rutten, Grard A P Nieuwenhuijzen
BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant chemoradiation might increase anastomotic leakage and stenosis in patients with esophageal cancer treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiation and esophagectomy. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of radiation dose on the incidence of leakage and stenosis. METHODS: Fifty-three patients with esophageal cancer received neoadjuvant chemoradiation (23 × 1.8 Gy) (combined with Paclitaxel and Carboplatin) followed by a transhiatal esophagectomy between 2009 and 2011...
2015: Radiation Oncology
Tomoya Yokota, Nobutoshi Ando, Hiroyasu Igaki, Masayuki Shinoda, Ken Kato, Junki Mizusawa, Hiroshi Katayama, Kenichi Nakamura, Haruhiko Fukuda, Yuko Kitagawa
OBJECTIVE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy with 5-fluorouracil plus cisplatin and subsequent esophagectomy with two- to three-field lymphadenectomy is a standard treatment for patients with clinical stage II/III squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the esophagus. This study investigates the prognostic factors for patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Of 164 patients assigned to receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the JCOG9907 trial, multivariate analyses were performed for 159 and 149 patients to evaluate the preoperative and the combined preoperative and postoperative prognostic factors, respectively...
2015: Oncology
Moshim Kukar, Raed M Alnaji, Feraas Jabi, Timothy A Platz, Kristopher Attwood, Hector Nava, Kfir Ben-David, David Mattson, Kilian Salerno, Usha Malhotra, Kazunori Kanehira, James Gannon, Steven N Hochwald
IMPORTANCE: Predicting complete pathologic response (CPR) preoperatively can significantly affect surgical decision making. There are conflicting data regarding positron emission tomography computed tomography (PET CT) characteristics and the ability of PET CT to predict pathologic response following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in esophageal adenocarcinoma because most existing studies that include squamous histology have limited numbers and use nonstandardized PET CT imaging. OBJECTIVE: To determine if PET CT characteristics are associated with CPR in patients undergoing trimodality treatment for esophageal adenocarcinoma...
June 2015: JAMA Surgery
2015-04-25 17:29:15
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