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19 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12466507/a-comparison-of-rate-control-and-rhythm-control-in-patients-with-recurrent-persistent-atrial-fibrillation
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Isabelle C Van Gelder, Vincent E Hagens, Hans A Bosker, J Herre Kingma, Otto Kamp, Tsjerk Kingma, Salah A Said, Julius I Darmanata, Alphons J M Timmermans, Jan G P Tijssen, Harry J G M Crijns
BACKGROUND: Maintenance of sinus rhythm is the main therapeutic goal in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, recurrences of atrial fibrillation and side effects of antiarrhythmic drugs offset the benefits of sinus rhythm. We hypothesized that ventricular rate control is not inferior to the maintenance of sinus rhythm for the treatment of atrial fibrillation. METHODS: We randomly assigned 522 patients who had persistent atrial fibrillation after a previous electrical cardioversion to receive treatment aimed at rate control or rhythm control...
December 5, 2002: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12466506/a-comparison-of-rate-control-and-rhythm-control-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
D G Wyse, A L Waldo, J P DiMarco, M J Domanski, Y Rosenberg, E B Schron, J C Kellen, H L Greene, M C Mickel, J E Dalquist, S D Corley
BACKGROUND: There are two approaches to the treatment of atrial fibrillation: one is cardioversion and treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs to maintain sinus rhythm, and the other is the use of rate-controlling drugs, allowing atrial fibrillation to persist. In both approaches, the use of anticoagulant drugs is recommended. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, multicenter comparison of these two treatment strategies in patients with atrial fibrillation and a high risk of stroke or death...
December 5, 2002: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23071159/efficacy-and-safety-of-the-novel-oral-anticoagulants-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Francesco Dentali, Nicoletta Riva, Mark Crowther, Alexander G G Turpie, Gregory Y H Lip, Walter Ageno
BACKGROUND: Novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) have been proposed as alternatives to vitamin K antagonists for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation. Individually, NOACs were at least noninferior to vitamin K antagonists, but a clear superiority in overall and vascular mortality was not consistently proven. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a meta-analysis of phase II and phase III randomized, controlled trials comparing NOACs with vitamin K antagonists in patients with atrial fibrillation...
November 13, 2012: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25296634/systolic-blood-pressure-and-mortality-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-heart-failure-insights-from-the-affirm-and-af-chf-studies
#4
Maxime Tremblay-Gravel, Paul Khairy, Denis Roy, Hugues Leduc, D George Wyse, Julia Cadrin-Tourigny, Laurent Macle, Marc Dubuc, Jason Andrade, Lena Rivard, Peter G Guerra, Bernard Thibault, Ali Ahmed, Mario Talajic, Marie-Claude Guertin, Michel White
AIMS: To investigate the association between baseline systolic blood pressure levels and mortality in patients with AF with or without LV dysfunction. Hypertension leads to cardiovascular disease but, in specific groups, low blood pressure has been associated with a paradoxical increase in mortality. In patients with AF and heart failure, the relationship between blood pressure and death remains largely unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted a post-hoc combined analysis on pooled data from AFFIRM and AF-CHF trials and assessed the relationship between baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) and mortality and hospitalizations...
November 2014: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25181386/efficacy-of-amiodarone-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-with-and-without-left-ventricular-dysfunction-a-pooled-analysis-of-affirm-and-af-chf-trials
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Julia Cadrin-Tourigny, D G Wyse, Denis Roy, Lucie Blondeau, Sylvie Levesque, Mario Talajic, Jason G Andrade, Marc Dubuc, Bernard Thibault, Peter G Guerra, Laurent Macle, Lena Rivard, Paul Khairy
INTRODUCTION: Despite amiodarone's established safety profile in the setting of heart failure, it is unknown whether its impact on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation is modulated by left ventricular function. METHODS AND RESULTS: A pooled analysis of 3,307 patients (age 68.0 ± 0.2 years; 31.1% female) enrolled in AFFIRM and AF-CHF trials was conducted to assess the effect of rhythm control with amiodarone on cardiovascular outcomes, according to left ventricular systolic function...
December 2014: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25060415/optimal-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-from-the-affirm-trial
#6
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Apurva O Badheka, Nileshkumar J Patel, Peeyush M Grover, Neeraj Shah, Nilay Patel, Vikas Singh, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Kathan Mehta, Ankit Chothani, Ghanshyambhai T Savani, Shilpkumar Arora, Ankit Rathod, George R Marzouka, James Lafferty, Jawahar L Mehta, Raul D Mitrani
Many medications used to treat atrial fibrillation (AF) also reduce blood pressure (BP). The relation between BP and mortality is unclear in patients with AF. We performed a post hoc analysis of 3,947 participants from the Atrial Fibrillation Follow-Up Investigation of Rhythm Management trial. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at baseline and follow-up were categorized by 10-mm Hg increments. The end points were all-cause mortality (ACM) and secondary outcome (combination of ACM, ventricular tachycardia and/or fibrillation, pulseless electrical activity, significant bradycardia, stroke, major bleeding, myocardial infarction, and pulmonary embolism)...
September 1, 2014: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24507168/outcomes-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-with-and-without-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-when-treated-with-a-lenient-rate-control-or-rhythm-control-strategy
#7
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Apurva O Badheka, Neeraj Shah, Peeyush M Grover, Nileshkumar J Patel, Ankit Chothani, Kathan Mehta, Vikas Singh, Abhishek Deshmukh, Ghanshyambhai T Savani, Ankit Rathod, Sidakpal S Panaich, Nilay Patel, Shilpkumar Arora, Vipulkumar Bhalara, James O Coffey, Raul D Mitrani, Jonathan L Halperin, Juan F Viles-Gonzalez
Although left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy has been proposed as a factor predisposing to atrial fibrillation (AF), its relevance to prognosis and selection of therapeutic strategies is unclear. We identified 2,105 patients with echocardiographic data on LV mass enrolled in the Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) trial. LV hypertrophy was defined as increased LV mass, stratified by American Society of Echocardiography criteria. The primary end point was all-cause mortality, secondary end point was as per AFFIRM trial definition, and tertiary end point was cardiovascular hospitalizations...
April 1, 2014: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24368753/qrs-duration-predicts-death-and-hospitalization-among-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-irrespective-of-heart-failure-evidence-from-the-affirm-study
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Matthew G Whitbeck, Richard J Charnigo, Jignesh Shah, Gustavo Morales, Steve W Leung, Brandon Fornwalt, Alison L Bailey, Khaled Ziada, Vincent L Sorrell, Milagros M Zegarra, Jenks Thompson, Neil Aboul Hosn, Charles L Campbell, John Gurley, Paul Anaya, David C Booth, Luigi Di Biase, Andrea Natale, Susan Smyth, David J Moliterno, Claude S Elayi
AIMS: The association of QRS duration (QRSd) with morbidity and mortality is understudied in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). We sought to assess any association of prolonged QRS with increased risk of death or hospitalization among patients with AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: QRS duration was retrieved from the baseline electrocardiograms of patients enroled in the Atrial Fibrillation Follow-Up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) study and divided into three categories: <90, 90-119, ≥120 ms...
June 2014: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23410544/rate-control-efficacy-in-permanent-atrial-fibrillation-successful-and-failed-strict-rate-control-against-a-background-of-lenient-rate-control-data-from-race-ii-rate-control-efficacy-in-permanent-atrial-fibrillation
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hessel F Groenveld, Jan G P Tijssen, Harry J G M Crijns, Maarten P Van den Berg, Hans L Hillege, Marco Alings, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Isabelle C Van Gelder
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate differences in outcome between patients treated with successful strict, failed strict, and lenient rate control. BACKGROUND: The RACE II (Rate Control Efficacy in Permanent Atrial Fibrillation) study showed no difference in outcome between lenient and strict rate control in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF). However, in the strict group not all patients achieved the pre-defined heart rate target. METHODS: The primary outcome was a composite of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality...
February 19, 2013: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23186806/increased-mortality-among-patients-taking-digoxin-analysis-from-the-affirm-study
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Matthew G Whitbeck, Richard J Charnigo, Paul Khairy, Khaled Ziada, Alison L Bailey, Milagros M Zegarra, Jignesh Shah, Gustavo Morales, Tracy Macaulay, Vincent L Sorrell, Charles L Campbell, John Gurley, Paul Anaya, Hafez Nasr, Rong Bai, Luigi Di Biase, David C Booth, Guillaume Jondeau, Andrea Natale, Denis Roy, Susan Smyth, David J Moliterno, Claude S Elayi
AIMS: Digoxin is frequently used for rate control of atrial fibrillation (AF). It has, however, been associated with increased mortality. It remains unclear whether digoxin itself is responsible for the increased mortality (toxic drug effect) or whether it is prescribed to sicker patients with inherently higher mortality due to comorbidities. The goal of our study was to determine the relationship between digoxin and mortality in patients with AF. METHODS AND RESULTS: The association between digoxin and mortality was assessed in patients enrolled in the AF Follow-Up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) trial using multivariate Cox proportional hazards models...
May 2013: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21996393/the-effect-of-rate-control-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-permanent-atrial-fibrillation-data-from-the-race-ii-rate-control-efficacy-in-permanent-atrial-fibrillation-ii-study
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Hessel F Groenveld, Harry J G M Crijns, Maarten P Van den Berg, Eric Van Sonderen, A Marco Alings, Jan G P Tijssen, Hans L Hillege, Ype S Tuininga, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Adelita V Ranchor, Isabelle C Van Gelder
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of rate control on quality of life (QOL). BACKGROUND: The RACE II (Rate Control Efficacy in Permanent Atrial Fibrillation II) trial showed that lenient rate control is not inferior to strict rate control in terms of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The influence of stringency of rate control on QOL is unknown. METHODS: In RACE II, a total of 614 patients with permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) were randomized to lenient (resting heart rate [HR] <110 beats/min) or strict (resting HR <80 beats/min, HR during moderate exercise <110 beats/min) rate control...
October 18, 2011: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21851883/effect-of-lenient-versus-strict-rate-control-on-cardiac-remodeling-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-data-of-the-race-ii-rate-control-efficacy-in-permanent-atrial-fibrillation-ii-study
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Marcelle D Smit, Harry J G M Crijns, Jan G P Tijssen, Hans L Hillege, Marco Alings, Ype S Tuininga, Hessel F Groenveld, Maarten P Van den Berg, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Isabelle C Van Gelder
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate echocardiographic remodeling in permanent atrial fibrillation (AF) patients treated with either lenient or strict rate control. BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether in permanent AF, lenient rate control is associated with more adverse cardiac remodeling than strict rate control. METHODS: Echocardiography was conducted at baseline and at follow-up in 517 patients included in the RACE II (RAte Control Efficacy in permanent atrial fibrillation II) trial...
August 23, 2011: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20455988/the-effects-of-rate-and-rhythm-control-on-blood-pressure-and-antihypertensive-drug-usage-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-and-hypertension-enrolled-in-the-affirm-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Syed O Masood, Stephen L Wasmund, Nazem W Akoum, Marlene J Egger, Tzung Hsiai, Mohamed H Hamdan
INTRODUCTION: Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been shown to be associated with activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, endothelial dysfunction, and increased sympathetic activity, all of which could lead to hypertension (HTN). While the effects of HTN on AF incidence and arrhythmogenesis have been reported, the long-term effects of AF on blood pressure (BP) remain unknown. We hypothesized that a rate control strategy is associated with an increase in BP and/or antihypertensive drug therapy when compared with a rhythm control strategy in patients with a history of AF and HTN...
October 2010: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20231232/lenient-versus-strict-rate-control-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Isabelle C Van Gelder, Hessel F Groenveld, Harry J G M Crijns, Ype S Tuininga, Jan G P Tijssen, A Marco Alings, Hans L Hillege, Johanna A Bergsma-Kadijk, Jan H Cornel, Otto Kamp, Raymond Tukkie, Hans A Bosker, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Maarten P Van den Berg
BACKGROUND: Rate control is often the therapy of choice for atrial fibrillation. Guidelines recommend strict rate control, but this is not based on clinical evidence. We hypothesized that lenient rate control is not inferior to strict rate control for preventing cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation. METHODS: We randomly assigned 614 patients with permanent atrial fibrillation to undergo a lenient rate-control strategy (resting heart rate <110 beats per minute) or a strict rate-control strategy (resting heart rate <80 beats per minute and heart rate during moderate exercise <110 beats per minute)...
April 15, 2010: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17631079/comparison-of-rate-versus-rhythm-control-for-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-left-ventricular-dysfunction-from-the-affirm-study
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ronald S Freudenberger, Alan C Wilson, John B Kostis
Optimal treatment for patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and left ventricular (LV) dysfunction is not well defined. It is unclear if sinus rhythm is of greater benefit in patients with significantly reduced ejection fraction (EF) than in patients with normal or mildly depressed LV function. The Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) study compared 2 treatment strategies: "rhythm control," attempting to maintain sinus rhythm, principally with antiarrhythmic drugs, and "rate control," allowing AF to persist or recur while controlling the ventricular rate...
July 15, 2007: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15990747/clinical-factors-that-influence-response-to-treatment-strategies-in-atrial-fibrillation-the-atrial-fibrillation-follow-up-investigation-of-rhythm-management-affirm-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anne B Curtis, Bernard J Gersh, Scott D Corley, John P DiMarco, Michael J Domanski, Nancy Geller, H Leon Greene, Joyce C Kellen, Mary Mickel, Joy Dalquist Nelson, Yves Rosenberg, Eleanor Schron, Lynn Shemanski, Albert L Waldo, D George Wyse
BACKGROUND: The AFFIRM Study was a randomized multicenter comparison of 2 treatment strategies, rate-control versus rhythm-control, in high-risk patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The primary outcome of the trial showed no overall difference in survival between strategies. However, there may be important patient subgroups for which there are identifiable differences in outcome with 1 of the 2 strategies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Subgroups that were prespecified for analysis from the main AFFIRM Study were age, sex, coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension, congestive heart failure (CHF), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), rhythm at randomization, first episode of AF, and duration of the qualifying episode of AF...
April 2005: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15851259/effect-of-rate-and-rhythm-control-on-left-ventricular-function-and-cardiac-dimensions-in-patients-with-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-the-rate-control-versus-electrical-cardioversion-for-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-race-study
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Vincent E Hagens, Dirk J Van Veldhuisen, Otto Kamp, Michiel Rienstra, Hans A Bosker, Nic J G M Veeger, Jan G P Tijssen, Harry J G M Crijns, Isabelle C Van Gelder
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate left ventricular function and atrial and ventricular diameters in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with rate or rhythm control. BACKGROUND: Restoration of sinus rhythm in patients with persistent AF may improve left ventricular function and reduce atrial dimensions. Adequate rate control in AF may preserve ventricular function. METHODS: In 335 patients included in the RAte Control versus Electrical Cardioversion for Persistent Atrial Fibrillation (RACE) study, echocardiography was performed at baseline and 1- and 2-year follow-up...
January 2005: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15071255/affirm-and-race-trials-implications-for-the-management-of-atrial-fibrillation
#18
REVIEW
Joseph L Blackshear, Robert E Safford
The Atrial Fibrillation (AF) Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) and Rate Control versus Electrical Cardioversion for Persistent Atrial Fibrillation Study (RACE) Trials evaluated strategies of rate control or rhythm control in atrial fibrillation. AFFIRM enrolled patients with recent onset AF, and at entry over half of all patients were in sinus rhythm. At any point in the trial, the achieved difference in cardiac rhythm was likely only about 30%. In RACE all patients were entered in AF, and at the end of the study, sinus rhythm was present in 10% vs 39%...
December 2003: Cardiac Electrophysiology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15063430/the-atrial-fibrillation-follow-up-investigation-of-rhythm-management-affirm-study-approaches-to-control-rate-in-atrial-fibrillation
#19
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Brian Olshansky, Lynda E Rosenfeld, Alberta L Warner, Allen J Solomon, Gearoid O'Neill, Arjun Sharma, Edward Platia, Gregory K Feld, Toshio Akiyama, Michael A Brodsky, H Leon Greene
OBJECTIVES: We sought to evaluate approaches used to control rate, the effectiveness of rate control, and switches from one drug class to another in the Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) study. BACKGROUND: The AFFIRM study showed that atrial fibrillation (AF) can be treated effectively with rate control and anticoagulation, but drug efficacy to control rate remains uncertain. METHODS: Patients (n = 2,027) randomized to rate control in the AFFIRM study were given rate-controlling drugs by their treating physicians...
April 7, 2004: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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