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Completed suicide and Psychological autopsies

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24657202/suicide-risk-among-individuals-with-sleep-disturbances-in-japan-a-case-control-psychological-autopsy-study
#1
Manami Kodaka, Toshihiko Matsumoto, Yotaro Katsumata, Masato Akazawa, Hisateru Tachimori, Norito Kawakami, Nozomi Eguchi, Norihito Shirakawa, Tadashi Takeshima
OBJECTIVE: This case-control psychological autopsy study aimed to explore a relationship between sleep disturbances and suicide among Japanese, as well as determine the importance and usability of screening for sleep disturbances in suicide prevention. METHODS: A semi-structured interview was conducted with the close family members of 49 adult suicide completers and 145 gender-, age-, and residential municipality-matched living controls. The survey included sections on demographics, sleep disturbances, and mental disorders...
April 2014: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22288728/the-next-generation-of-psychological-autopsy-studies-part-2-interview-procedures
#2
Kenneth R Conner, Annette L Beautrais, David A Brent, Yeates Conwell, Michael R Phillips, Barbara Schneider
The psychological autopsy (PA) is a systematic method of assessing the psychological and contextual circumstances preceding suicide. The method requires interviews with one or more proxy respondents (i.e., informants) of suicide decedents. Procedural challenges that need to be addressed to conduct PA interviews are described in this article and recommendations for meeting these challenges in future PA investigations are made. Procedures addressed include determining the timing of PA interviews after suicide, designing the structure and flow of interviews, selection of proxy respondents, integrating interview data with information gathered from records, and selecting and training interviewers...
February 2012: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22050639/the-next-generation-of-psychological-autopsy-studies-part-i-interview-content
#3
Kenneth R Conner, Annette L Beautrais, David A Brent, Yeates Conwell, Michael R Phillips, Barbara Schneider
The psychological autopsy (PA) is a systematic method to understand the psychological and contextual circumstances preceding suicide. The method requires interviews with one or more proxy respondents (i.e., informants) of decedents. The methodological challenges that need to be addressed when determining the content of these research interviews for PA studies are described and recommendations are made for meeting these challenges in future PA investigations. Ways to improve the data collected about mental disorders and life events--domains that are assessed in almost all PA studies--are discussed at length...
December 2011: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20819420/validity-of-proxy-data-obtained-by-different-psychological-autopsy-information-reconstruction-techniques
#4
L Fang, J Zhang
Two informants were interviewed for each of 416 living controls (individuals sampled from the normal population) interviewed in a Chinese case-control psychological autopsy study. The validity of proxy data, obtained using seven psychological autopsy information reconstruction techniques (types 1, 2 and A - E), was evaluated, with living controls' self reports used as the gold-standard. Proxy data for reconstruction technique types 1, 2 and D on the Impulsivity Inventory Scale (total impulsivity score) were no different from the living controls' self report gold standard, whereas data for types A and E were smaller than data from living controls...
May 2010: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19261564/therapeutic-effects-of-psychological-autopsies
#5
Melissa Henry, Brian J Greenfield
BACKGROUND: Several authors have observed a therapeutic impact of the psychological autopsy on the interviewee, although they do not explicitly define what aspects of the process were helpful. AIMS: This article aims to identify these therapeutic effects and to discuss their potential impact on participants' narratives. METHODS: This article derives from 35 psychological autopsy interviews that were conducted to better understand adolescent and young adult suicide...
2009: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12701661/psychological-autopsy-studies-of-suicide-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
J T O Cavanagh, A J Carson, M Sharpe, S M Lawrie
BACKGROUND: The psychological autopsy method offers the most direct technique currently available for examining the relationship between particular antecedents and suicide. This systematic review aimed to examine the results of studies of suicide that used a psychological autopsy method. METHOD: A computer aided search of MEDLINE, BIDS ISI and PSYCHLIT, supplemented by reports known to the reviewers and reports identified from the reference lists of other retrieved reports...
April 2003: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11728849/psychological-autopsy-studies-a-review
#7
REVIEW
E T Isometsä
Psychological autopsy is one of the most valuable tools of research on completed suicide. The method involves collecting all available information on the deceased via structured interviews of family members, relatives or friends as well as attending health care personnel. In addition, information is collected from available health care and psychiatric records, other documents, and forensic examination. Thus a psychological autopsy synthesizes the information from multiple informants and records. The early generation of psychological autopsies established that more than 90% of completed suicides have suffered from usually co-morbid mental disorders, most of them mood disorders and/or substance use disorders...
November 2001: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
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