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Antibiotic prophylaxis

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9 papers 500 to 1000 followers
By Faye Kehler Family Physician and GP Anesthetist since 1987 interested in all aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17210420/antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-arthroscopy-of-the-knee-is-it-necessary
#1
Jack M Bert, Debra Giannini, Leslie Nace
PURPOSE: Our purpose was to determine the incidence of infection after routine arthroscopic meniscectomy of the knee with and without preoperative prophylactic intravenous antibiotics. METHODS: A retrospective review of 3,231 arthroscopic knee surgeries was performed at a physician-owned in-office ambulatory surgery center over a 3-year period, of which 2,780 were arthroscopic meniscectomies. The cases were evaluated with respect to the incidence of deep infection as evidenced by a positive joint aspirate...
January 2007: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17116804/implementing-1-dose-antibiotic-prophylaxis-for-prevention-of-surgical-site-infection
#2
Silvia Nunes Szente Fonseca, Sônia Regina Melon Kunzle, Maria José Junqueira, Renata Teodoro Nascimento, José Ivan de Andrade, Anna S Levin
HYPOTHESIS: Replacing a 24-hour regimen with a 1-dose antibiotic prophylaxis for elective surgery would not increase rates of surgical site infection and would decrease costs. DESIGN AND SETTING: Before-after trial in a tertiary, private general hospital in Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. PATIENTS: Surgery was performed on 6140 consecutive patients from February 2002 through October 2002 (period 1) and 6159 consecutive patients from December 2002 through August 2003 (period 2)...
November 2006: Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26766392/selective-decontamination-of-the-digestive-tract-and-oropharynx-after-30-years-of-debate-is-the-definitive-answer-in-sight
#3
Richard J Price, Brian H Cuthbertson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Selective digestive or oropharyngeal decontamination has been being used as a means to prevent infections and death in intensive care patients for the past 30 years. It remains controversial and its use is limited. In this review, we summarize the recently published data on efficacy of selective decontamination and effects on antibiotic resistances. RECENT FINDINGS: The most recent meta-analysis shows a reduced mortality when selective digestive or oropharyngeal decontamination are compared with either standard care or oropharyngeal chlorhexidine...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26720272/discordance-between-perioperative-antibiotic-prophylaxis-and-wound-infection-cultures-in-patients-undergoing-pancreaticoduodenectomy
#4
Zhi Ven Fong, Matthew T McMillan, Giovanni Marchegiani, Klaus Sahora, Giuseppe Malleo, Matteo De Pastena, Andrew P Loehrer, Grace C Lee, Cristina R Ferrone, David C Chang, Matthew M Hutter, Jeffrey A Drebin, Claudio Bassi, Keith D Lillemoe, Charles M Vollmer, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo
IMPORTANCE: Wound infections after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) are common. The standard antibiotic prophylaxis given to prevent the infections is often a cephalosporin. However, this decision is rarely guided by microbiology data pertinent to PD, particularly in patients with biliary stents. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the microbiology of post-PD wound infection cultures and the effectiveness of institution-based perioperative antibiotic protocols. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: The pancreatic resection databases of 3 institutions (designated as institutions A, B, or C) were queried on patients undergoing PD from June 1, 2008, to June 1, 2013, and a total of 1623 patients were identified...
May 1, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26724957/evidence-based-recommendations-for-antibiotic-usage-to-treat-endodontic-infections-and-pain-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
REVIEW
Anita Aminoshariae, James C Kulild
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this investigation was to identify evidence-based scientific methodologies to aid dental clinicians in establishing the indications for prescribing antibiotics for endodontic infection or pain. METHODS: The authors prepared and registered a protocol on PROSPERO. They conducted electronic searches in MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials.gov. In addition, the authors hand searched the bibliographies of all relevant articles, the gray literature, and textbooks for randomized controlled clinical studies...
March 2016: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26733636/prophylactic-peri-operative-local-antibiotic-irrigation
#6
REVIEW
L A Whiteside
An extensive review of the spinal and arthroplasty literature was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of local antibiotic irrigation during surgery. The efficacy of antibiotic irrigation for the prevention of acute post-operative infection after total joint arthroplasty was evaluated retrospectively in 2293 arthroplasties (1990 patients) between January 2004 and December 2013. The mean follow-up was 73 months (20 to 139). One surgeon performed all the procedures with minimal post-operative infection. The intra-operative protocol included an irrigation solution of normal saline with vancomycin 1000 mg/l and polymyxin 250,000 units/l at the rate of 2 l per hour...
January 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742080/asymptomatic-bacteriuria-in-clinical-urological-practice-preoperative-control-of-bacteriuria-and-management-of-recurrent-uti
#7
Tommaso Cai, Sandra Mazzoli, Paolo Lanzafame, Patrizio Caciagli, Gianni Malossini, Gabriella Nesi, Florian M E Wagenlehner, Bela Köves, Robert Pickard, Magnus Grabe, Truls E Bjerklund Johansen, Riccardo Bartoletti
Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) is a common clinical condition that often leads to unnecessary antimicrobial use. The reduction of antibiotic overuse for ABU is consequently an important issue for antimicrobial stewardship and to reduce the emergence of multidrug resistant strains. There are two issues in everyday urological practice that require special attention: the role of ABU in pre-operative prophylaxis and in women affected by recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs). Nowadays, this is the time to think over our practice and change our way of thinking...
January 5, 2016: Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25421958/addition-of-vancomycin-to-cefazolin-prophylaxis-is-associated-with-acute-kidney-injury-after-primary-joint-arthroplasty
#8
P Maxwell Courtney, Christopher M Melnic, Zachary Zimmer, Jason Anari, Gwo-Chin Lee
BACKGROUND: With increasing prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in patients undergoing hip and knee arthroplasty, some have advocated a dual-antibiotic regimen including vancomycin as prophylaxis against surgical site infections. However, routine administration of vancomycin may result in impaired renal functions in susceptible patients. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients receiving antibiotic prophylaxis with cefazolin and vancomycin have a higher risk of postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) compared with patients receiving cefazolin alone before elective primary hip and knee arthroplasty...
July 2015: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23327981/clinical-practice-guidelines-for-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-in-surgery
#9
Dale W Bratzler, E Patchen Dellinger, Keith M Olsen, Trish M Perl, Paul G Auwaerter, Maureen K Bolon, Douglas N Fish, Lena M Napolitano, Robert G Sawyer, Douglas Slain, James P Steinberg, Robert A Weinstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2013: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
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