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By Kevin Hu A medical student
R J Harvey, M Skelton-Robinson, M N Rossor
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of dementia in people under the age of 65 in a large catchment area, and use these figures to estimate the number of younger people affected by dementia in the UK. DESIGN: Epidemiological catchment area prevalence survey. SETTING: The London boroughs of Kensington and Chelsea, Westminster, and Hillingdon with a total population of 567500 people. PARTICIPANTS: All residents of the catchment area with dementia, where the illness began before the age of 65 years...
September 2003: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Dulanji K Kuruppu, Brandy R Matthews
Young-onset dementia is a neurologic syndrome that affects behavior and cognition of patients younger than 65 years of age. Although frequently misdiagnosed, a systematic approach, reliant upon attainment of a detailed medical history, a collateral history, neuropsychological testing, laboratory studies, and neuroimaging, may facilitate earlier and more accurate diagnosis with subsequent intervention. The differential diagnosis of young-onset dementia is extensive and includes early-onset forms of adult neurodegenerative conditions including Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, Lewy body dementias, Huntington's disease, and prion disease...
September 2013: Seminars in Neurology
Mario Masellis, Kayla Sherborn, Pedro Neto, Dessa A Sadovnick, Ging-Yuek R Hsiung, Sandra E Black, Sadhana Prasad, Meghan Williams, Serge Gauthier
This paper summarizes the body of literature about early-onset dementia (EOD) that led to recommendations from the Fourth Canadian Consensus Conference on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Dementia. A broader differential diagnosis is required for EOD compared with late-onset dementia. Delays in diagnosis are common, and the social impact of EOD requires special care teams. The etiologies underlying EOD syndromes should take into account family history and comorbid diseases, such as cerebrovascular risk factors, that may influence the clinical presentation and age at onset...
July 31, 2013: Alzheimer's Research & Therapy
Renata Teles Vieira, Leonardo Caixeta, Sergio Machado, Adriana Cardoso Silva, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Oscar Arias-CarriĆ³n, Mauro Giovanni Carta
Presenile Dementia or Early Onset Dementia (EOD) is a public health problem, it differs from Senile Dementia, and encloses a significant number of cases; nevertheless, it is still poorly understood and underdiagnosed. This study aims to review the prevalence and etiology of EOD, comparing EOD with Senile Dementia, as well as to show the main causes of EOD and their prevalence in population and non-population based studies. The computer-supported search used the following databases: Pubmed/Medline, ISI Web of Knowledge and Scielo...
2013: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
Brendan J Kelley, Bradley F Boeve, Keith A Josephs
BACKGROUND: Onset of dementia before age 45 years presents a difficult clinical circumstance, having a broad differential diagnosis and numerous psychosocial implications for the patient and their family. Few data exist regarding the demographics characterizing this population or the etiologic diagnoses among those affected. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the demographic characteristics and the etiologic causes of dementia with age at onset younger than 45 years. DESIGN: Observational, retrospective, single-cohort study...
November 2008: Archives of Neurology
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