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619 papers 100 to 500 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20375886/adrenal-insufficiency-etiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#1
REVIEW
Nicola Neary, Lynnette Nieman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Adrenal insufficiency, first codified in 1855 by Thomas Addison, remains relevant in 2010 because of its lethal nature. RECENT FINDINGS: Reports illuminate features of adrenal insufficiency cause, diagnosis and treatment, and the role of glucocorticoids in critical illness. SUMMARY: Progress has been made in identifying human leukocyte antigen and major histocompatability complex alleles that predispose to the development of adrenal insufficiency in patients with antibodies to 21-hydroxylase, but their role in clinical care is not established...
June 2010: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986133/prevention-and-management-of-glucocorticoid-induced-side-effects-a-comprehensive-review-gastrointestinal-and-endocrinologic-side-effects
#2
REVIEW
Avrom Caplan, Nicole Fett, Misha Rosenbach, Victoria P Werth, Robert G Micheletti
Part 2 of this 4-part continuing medical education series continues with a discussion of the prevention and management of gastrointestinal side effects associated with corticosteroid use, including peptic ulcer disease, gastrointestinal bleeding, and pancreatitis, followed by a review of corticosteroid-related endocrinologic side effects, such as diabetes, adrenal suppression, and Cushing syndrome.
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22171584/clinically-significant-drug-interactions-with-newer-antidepressants
#3
REVIEW
Edoardo Spina, Gianluca Trifirò, Filippo Caraci
After the introduction of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), other newer antidepressants with different mechanisms of action have been introduced in clinical practice. Because antidepressants are commonly prescribed in combination with other medications used to treat co-morbid psychiatric or somatic disorders, they are likely to be involved in clinically significant drug interactions. This review examines the drug interaction profiles of the following newer antidepressants: escitalopram, venlafaxine, desvenlafaxine, duloxetine, milnacipran, mirtazapine, reboxetine, bupropion, agomelatine and vilazodone...
January 1, 2012: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22732295/treatment-of-four-psychiatric-emergencies-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#4
REVIEW
O Joseph Bienvenu, Karin J Neufeld, Dale M Needham
OBJECTIVES: To review the diagnosis and management of four selected psychiatric emergencies in the intensive care unit: agitated delirium, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, serotonin syndrome, and psychiatric medication overdose. DATA SOURCES: Review of relevant medical literature. DATA SYNTHESIS: Standardized screening for delirium should be routine. Agitated delirium should be managed with an antipsychotic and, possibly, dexmedetomidine in treatment-refractory cases...
September 2012: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19001785/clinical-value-of-automatic-reporting-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-in-geriatrics
#5
Hanife Kurtal, Vedat Schwenger, Marina Azzaro, Nadja Abdollahnia, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Rolf Nieczaj, Ralf-Joachim Schulz
BACKGROUND: Geriatric patients frequently have impaired renal function. Multimorbidity leads to polypharmacy with high risk of adverse drug reactions. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to evaluate the prevalence of renal impairment and risk of overdosing renally excreted drugs in hospitalized geriatric patients. METHODS: In 221 patients aged >or=65 years, GFR was estimated by the MDRD, Cockcroft-Gault (CG) and lean body mass (LBM)-adjusted CG equations...
2009: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10803857/differential-pharmacokinetics-of-lithium-in-elderly-patients
#6
REVIEW
B A Sproule, B G Hardy, K I Shulman
The pharmacotherapeutic use of lithium in the elderly as acute and maintenance therapy in bipolar disorder and augmentation therapy for major depression is well documented. Differences in the response to lithium are explained, in part, by the effect of age-related physiological changes, comorbid conditions, and concurrent medications on the pharmacokinetics of lithium in the elderly. The pharmacokinetic profile of lithium has been studied for many years, primarily in younger adult populations. Lithium pharmacokinetics may be influenced by a number of factors including age...
March 2000: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323335/surgical-guidelines-for-perioperative-management-of-older-adults-what-geriatricians-need-to-know
#7
Jessica L Colburn, Sanjay Mohanty, John R Burton
A multidisciplinary panel of experts representing surgery, anesthesia, and geriatrics recently published guidelines for surgeons on the optimal perioperative management of older adults, including recommendations on postoperative recovery and posthospital transitions of care. Geriatricians have an important role in the care for older adults in the preoperative period as older adults consider surgical options and prepare for surgical procedures, during the perioperative period as inpatient consultants, and in the postoperative period as older adults transition to rehabilitation facilities or to home...
March 21, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329788/defining-health-trajectories-in-older-adults-with-five-clinical-indicators
#8
Giola Santoni, Alessandra Marengoni, Amaia Calderón-Larrañaga, Sara Angleman, Debora Rizzuto, Anna-Karin Welmer, Francesca Mangialasche, Nicola Orsini, Laura Fratiglioni
Background: People age differently, challenging the identification of those more at risk of rapid health deterioration. This study aimed to explore the heterogeneity in the health of older adults by using five clinical indicators to detect age-related variation and individual health trajectories over time. Methods: Health of 3,363 people aged 60+ from the Swedish National study on Aging and Care-Kungsholmen (SNAC-K) assessed at baseline and at 3- and 6-year follow-ups...
October 19, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/4054193/cns-related-side-effects-with-metoprolol-and-atenolol
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J R Cove-Smith, C A Kirk
Vivid and bizarre dreams, hallucinations, sleep disturbance and psychosis have all been described following treatment with beta-blockers. It has been suggested that these central nervous system (CNS) side-effects are related to the degree of lipophilicity of the beta-blocker. A randomized double-blind crossover study was performed to compare the incidence of CNS side-effects with atenolol and metoprolol in hypertensive patients who had reported CNS side-effects with lipophilic beta-blockers. Eleven women and six men completed the study, in which a 30-item psychiatric questionnaire was used to detect changes in psychological status and possible CNS side-effects...
1985: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282301/postoperative-confusion-in-older-adults
#10
Freddi Segal-Gidan
The development of postoperative confusion in older patients is increasingly being recognized as clinically significant because it is becoming more common as the population ages. Postoperative delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction differ in time course of development. Risk factors other than age include certain medications as well as anesthesia (both the type and amount used). Postoperative delirium and postoperative cognitive dysfunction appear to increase a patient's risk for developing dementia...
April 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262178/zolpidem-s-use-for-insomnia
#11
REVIEW
Jaime M Monti, David Warren Spence, Kenneth Buttoo, Seithikurippu R Pandi-Perumal
Zolpidem is a short-acting non-benzodiazepine hypnotic drug that belongs to the imidazopyridine class. In addition to immediate-release (IR) and extended-release (ER) formulations, the new delivery forms including two sublingual tablets [standard dose (SD) and low dose (LD)], and an oral spray form have been recently developed which bypass the gastrointestinal tract. So far, Zolpidem has been studied in several clinical populations: cases poor sleepers, transient insomnia, elderly and non-elderly patients with chronic primary insomnia, and in comorbid insomnia...
February 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12090909/acute-delirium-induced-by-metoprolol
#12
Alexander A Fisher, Michael Davis, Ian Jeffery
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of delirium associated with use of metoprolol and to analyse 24 such cases including 22 cases reported to Australian Adverse Drug Reaction Advisory Committee and one case previously published (S. Ahmad, Am Fam Physician, 1991;44:1142, 1144). CASE SUMMARY: An 89 year old caucasian man with an acute coronary syndrome who had no psychiatric history and no infections, brain injury, stroke, metabolic nor neoplastic disease developed delirium after two small doses of metoprolol (25 mg)...
March 2002: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22336000/metoprolol-induced-visual-hallucinations-a-case-series
#13
Jonathan A Goldner
INTRODUCTION: Metoprolol is a widely used beta-adrenergic blocker that is commonly prescribed for a variety of cardiovascular syndromes and conditions. While central nervous system adverse effects have been well-described with most beta-blockers (especially lipophilic agents such as propranolol), visual hallucinations have been only rarely described with metoprolol. CASE PRESENTATIONS: Case 1 was an 84-year-old Caucasian woman with a history of hypertension and osteoarthritis, who suffered from visual hallucinations which she described as people in her bedroom at night...
February 15, 2012: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20516418/incontinence-in-older-women
#14
Patricia S Goode, Kathryn L Burgio, Holly E Richter, Alayne D Markland
Urinary incontinence is a common geriatric syndrome that affects at least 1 in 3 older women and can greatly diminish quality of life. Incontinence has been associated with increased social isolation, falls, fractures, and admission to long-term care facilities. Often unreported and thus untreated, it is important to include incontinence as part of the review of systems for all older women. Using the case of Mrs F, we highlight the chronicity of incontinence and discuss the evidence base for evaluation of incontinence in older women, with proper initial diagnosis of the type of incontinence-stress, urgency, or mixed-in order to prescribe optimal treatment...
June 2, 2010: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18322284/clinical-practice-urinary-stress-incontinence-in-women
#15
REVIEW
Rebecca G Rogers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2008: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25144147/the-use-of-pharmacotherapy-for-male-patients-with-urgency-and-stress-incontinence
#16
REVIEW
Karl-Erik Andersson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent data on the medical treatment of men with incontinence due to overactive bladder or to stress urinary incontinence published in peer-reviewed journals. RECENT FINDINGS: Previous randomized controlled trials have shown that both antimuscarinic drugs and α1-adrenoceptor blockers can be useful for treatment of male lower urinary tract symptoms, including the overactive bladder syndrome, and that combination of the two principles may offer additional benefits over monotherapy with either agent...
November 2014: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23504618/the-role-of-duloxetine-in-stress-urinary-incontinence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Jinhong Li, Lu Yang, Chunxiao Pu, Yin Tang, Haichao Yun, Ping Han
OBJECTIVES: This systematic review determined whether the duloxetine can get more benefits versus placebo in managing women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) all over the world. METHODS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing duloxetine with placebo in these patients. The eligible RCTs were identified from the following electronic databases: Cochrane CENTRAL, Medline and EMBASE. We treated the incontinence episode frequency (IEF) as the main outcome, and the secondary outcomes were cured, average voiding interval, incontinence quality of life (I-QOL), treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and discontinuation...
June 2013: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19797990/predictors-of-mortality-in-elderly-patients-with-an-intertrochanteric-or-a-femoral-neck-fracture
#18
Hayrettin Kesmezacar, Egemen Ayhan, Mehmet C Unlu, Ali Seker, Saffet Karaca
BACKGROUND: We retrospectively analyzed 112 intertrochanteric femur fracture patients and 136 femoral neck fracture patients to determine mortality rates and factors affecting mortality. Internal fixation is the standard treatment method for intertrochanteric femur fracture patients in our institute, and arthroplasty, as a treatment choice, shows an increase in mortality rates. We wanted to convey if there was any decrease in mortality rate of intertrochanteric femur fracture patients when compared with femoral neck fracture patients who were almost always treated with arthroplasty...
January 2010: Journal of Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20830542/mortality-after-distal-femur-fractures-in-elderly-patients
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Philipp N Streubel, William M Ricci, Ambrose Wong, Michael J Gardner
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures in the elderly are associated with high 1-year mortality rates, but whether patients with other lower extremity fractures are exposed to a similar mortality risk is not clear. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We evaluated the mortality of elderly patients after distal femur fractures; determined predictors for mortality; analyzed the effect of surgical delay; and compared survivorship of elderly patients with distal femur fractures with subjects in a matched hip fracture group...
April 2011: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199291/distal-radius-fractures-in-the-elderly
#20
L Scott Levin, Joshua C Rozell, Nicholas Pulos
Distal radius fractures are common in elderly patients, and the incidence continues to increase as the population ages. The goal of treatment is to provide a painless extremity with good function. In surgical decision making, special attention should be given to the patient's bone quality and functional activity level. Most of these fractures can be treated nonsurgically, and careful closed reduction should aim for maintenance of anatomic alignment with a focus on protecting fragile soft tissues. Locked plating is typically used for fracture management when surgical fixation is appropriate...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
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