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29 papers 0 to 25 followers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481922/recurrent-iliofemoral-venous-thrombosis-in-the-setting-of-may-thurner-syndrome-as-the-presenting-symptom-of-behcet-s-disease
#1
Sameer Lakha, Chien Yi Maximilian Png, Kevin Chun, Windsor Ting
BACKGROUND: Vascular manifestations including pulmonary artery aneurysms and venous thrombosis are seen in up to 14% of patients with Behcet's disease. We report a patient who had recurrent deep vein thrombosis (DVT) as the presenting symptom of Behcet's Disease. METHODS: A 19-year-old male who presented with acute iliofemoral DVT, confirmed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and venogram. May-Thurner syndrome was also observed. Repeated catheter-based pharmacomechanical thrombolysis, thrombectomy, and subsequent iliac vein stenting were performed...
May 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454036/percutaneous-endovenous-intervention-plus-anticoagulation-versus-anticoagulation-alone-for-treating-patients-with-proximal-deep-vein-thrombosis-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#2
Chao-Nan Wang, Hong-Ru Deng
BACKGROUND: Combination treatment with percutaneous endovenous intervention (PEVI) and anticoagulation has been proposed for treating lower-extremity proximal deep vein thrombosis (DVT). We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to assess the effect of PEVI plus anticoagulation versus anticoagulation alone in patients with lower-extremity proximal DVT. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library from inception to May 2016...
May 2018: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399531/deep-vein-thrombosis-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-medical-management
#3
REVIEW
Jonathan Stone, Patrick Hangge, Hassan Albadawi, Alex Wallace, Fadi Shamoun, M Grace Knuttien, Sailendra Naidu, Rahmi Oklu
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a major preventable cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE), affects an estimated 1 per 1,000 people and contributes to 60,000-100,000 deaths annually. Normal blood physiology hinges on a delicate balance between pro- and anti-coagulant factors. Virchow's Triad distills the multitude of risk factors for DVT into three basic elements favoring thrombus formation: venous stasis, vascular injury, and hypercoagulability...
December 2017: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449145/antithrombotic-therapy-following-venous-stenting-international-delphi-consensus
#4
Kristijonas Milinis, Ankur Thapar, Joseph Shalhoub, Alun H Davies
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Deep venous stenting is increasingly used in the treatment of deep venous obstruction; however, there is currently no consensus regarding post-procedural antithrombotic therapy. The aim of the present study was to determine the most commonly used antithrombotic regimens and facilitate global consensus. METHODS: An electronic survey containing three clinical scenarios on venous stenting for non-thrombotic iliac vein lesions, acute deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and post-thrombotic syndrome was distributed to five societies whose members included vascular surgeons, interventional radiologists, and haematologists...
April 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593681/initial-anticoagulation-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-thrombolysis-unfractionated-heparin-lmwh-fondaparinux-or-doacs
#5
REVIEW
Jenneke Leentjens, Mike Peters, Anne C Esselink, Yvo Smulders, Cornelis Kramers
The initial treatment of haemodynamically stable patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) has dramatically changed since the introduction of low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs). With the recent discovery of the direct oral anticoagulant drugs (DOACs), initial treatment of PE will be simplified even further. In several large clinical trials it has been demonstrated that DOACs are not inferior to standard therapy for the initial treatment of PE, and because of their practicability they are becoming the agents of first choice...
November 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222259/controversies-in-venous-thromboembolism-to-treat-or-not-to-treat-superficial-vein-thrombosis
#6
REVIEW
Jan Beyer-Westendorf
The management of superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is poorly defined and remains controversial overall. SVT has long been considered a benign, self-limited disease, but recent studies show that SVT carries a nonnegligible risk for recurrence, deep vein thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism. Current guidelines recommend the use of low-molecular-weight heparin or fondaparinux, but results of several surveys indicate that the majority of patients with SVT receive nonanticoagulant therapy only, which includes compression stockings or bandages, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, topical application of heparin gel, or surgical interventions...
December 8, 2017: Hematology—the Education Program of the American Society of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315455/home-versus-in-patient-treatment-for-deep-vein-thrombosis
#7
REVIEW
Richard Othieno, Emmanuel Okpo, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow through a vein, which can occur after surgery, after trauma, or when a person has been immobile for a long time. Clots can dislodge and block blood flow to the lungs (pulmonary embolism (PE)), causing death. DVT and PE are known by the term venous thromboembolism (VTE). Heparin (in the form of unfractionated heparin (UFH)) is a blood-thinning drug used during the first three to five days of DVT treatment...
January 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29292209/treatment-of-femoral-vein-obstruction-concomitant-with-iliofemoral-stenting-in-patients-with-severe-post-thrombotic-syndrome
#8
Kaichuang Ye, Huihua Shi, Minyi Yin, Jinbao Qin, Xinrui Yang, Xiaobing Liu, Mier Jiang, Xinwu Lu
BACKGROUND: The aim was to assess the clinical and anatomical outcomes of iliofemoral stenting, with concomitant femoral stenting or balloon angioplasty alone, in patients with severe post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) and compromised inflow. METHODS: A database of patients with severe PTS who successfully underwent endovascular iliofemoral stenting was reviewed retrospectively. Patients with impaired inflow with chronic post-thrombotic obstructive lesions in the femoral vein (FV), but patent profunda vein, were selected and divided into two groups: the FV stenting (FV-S) group and the FV angioplasty (FV-A) group...
February 2018: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211671/pharmacomechanical-catheter-directed-thrombolysis-for-deep-vein-thrombosis
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Suresh Vedantham, Samuel Z Goldhaber, Jim A Julian, Susan R Kahn, Michael R Jaff, David J Cohen, Elizabeth Magnuson, Mahmood K Razavi, Anthony J Comerota, Heather L Gornik, Timothy P Murphy, Lawrence Lewis, James R Duncan, Patricia Nieters, Mary C Derfler, Marc Filion, Chu-Shu Gu, Stephen Kee, Joseph Schneider, Nael Saad, Morey Blinder, Stephan Moll, David Sacks, Judith Lin, John Rundback, Mark Garcia, Rahul Razdan, Eric VanderWoude, Vasco Marques, Clive Kearon
BACKGROUND: The post-thrombotic syndrome frequently develops in patients with proximal deep-vein thrombosis despite treatment with anticoagulant therapy. Pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis (hereafter "pharmacomechanical thrombolysis") rapidly removes thrombus and is hypothesized to reduce the risk of the post-thrombotic syndrome. METHODS: We randomly assigned 692 patients with acute proximal deep-vein thrombosis to receive either anticoagulation alone (control group) or anticoagulation plus pharmacomechanical thrombolysis (catheter-mediated or device-mediated intrathrombus delivery of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator and thrombus aspiration or maceration, with or without stenting)...
December 7, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965992/prophylactic-doses-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-as-periprocedural-bridging-therapy-in-mechanical-heart-valve-patients
#10
Line Hjellström, Ashkan Labaf
BACKGROUND: Mechanical heart valve (MHV) patients undergoing invasive procedures necessitating an interruption of their lifelong anticoagulant therapy, often require bridging with low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) or unfractionated heparin. The aim of this study was to assess whether bridging MHV patients with prophylactic doses of LMWH undergoing invasive, elective procedures is a safe and effective method. METHOD: This observational cohort study included all MHV patients on vitamin K anticoagulant therapy in Malmö, registered and monitored via AuriculA (the Swedish national quality registry for atrial fibrillation and anticoagulation), between 1/1/2008 and 31/12/2011...
March 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019712/inferior-vena-cava-filters
#11
REVIEW
L Duffett, M Carrier
Use of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters has increased dramatically in recent decades, despite a lack of evidence that their use has impacted venous thromboembolism (VTE)-related mortality. This increased use appears to be primarily driven by the insertion of retrievable filters for prophylactic indications. A growing body of evidence, however, suggests that IVC filters are frequently associated with clinically important adverse events, prompting a closer look at their role. We sought to narratively review the current evidence on the efficacy and safety of IVC filter placements...
January 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225642/interventional-management-of-venous-thromboembolism-state-of-the-art
#12
REVIEW
Harish Jarrett, Riyaz Bashir
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe the indications for and approach to catheter-based treatment of acute venous thromboembolism (VTE). CONCLUSION: Catheter-based treatment of VTE is a viable adjunct to anticoagulant therapy and is being rapidly adopted around the United States. Early data suggest that these therapies reduce postthrombotic sequelae and improve quality of life, but bleeding events are still frequent, particularly at low-volume centers...
April 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390916/direct-oral-anticoagulants-in-the-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease
#13
REVIEW
Luis Miguel Salmerón Febres, Jorge Cuenca Manteca
BACKGROUND: Anticoagulation is the treatment of choice in the management of venous thromboembolic disease. This approach is applied to reduce mortality and the risk of recurrences and associated complications. Standard therapy for non-oncologic patients has traditionally been based on parenteral anticoagulation followed by vitamin K antagonists. However, this approach has many limitations. METHODS: The aim of this manuscript was to critically review current evidence on the use of direct oral anticoagulants in the treatment of venous thromboembolic disease by analyzing the specific characteristics of each drug...
July 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265130/interventional-therapy-for-upper-extremity-deep-vein-thrombosis
#14
REVIEW
Timothy A Carlon, Deepak Sudheendra
Approximately 10% of all deep vein thromboses occur in the upper extremity, and that number is increasing due to the use of peripherally inserted central catheters. Sequelae of upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (UEDVT) are similar to those for lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (LEDVT) and include postthrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolism. In addition to systemic anticoagulation, there are multiple interventional treatment options for UEDVT with the potential to reduce the incidence of these sequelae...
March 2017: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889688/management-of-distal-deep-vein-thrombosis
#15
REVIEW
Helia Robert-Ebadi, Marc Righini
Isolated distal deep vein thrombosis (DVT), also known as calf DVT, represents up to 50% of all lower limb DVT in ultrasound series and is therefore a frequent medical condition. Unlike proximal DVT and pulmonary embolism (PE), which have been extensively studied and for which management is well standardized, much less is known on the optimal management of isolated calf DVT. Recent data arising from registries and non-randomized studies suggest that most distal DVTs do not extend to the proximal veins and have an uneventful follow-up when left untreated...
January 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342731/preferred-management-of-primary-deep-arm-vein-thrombosis
#16
REVIEW
F J Vazquez, P Paulin, D Poodts, E Gándara
OBJECTIVE: Given its rarity, the management of primary upper extremity deep vein thrombosis is controversial. Although anticoagulation alone is commonly advocated for its treatment, it is unclear if this will reduce the risk of developing post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). The aim of this "Evidence Driven" Clinical Scenario is to evaluate whether more aggressive treatments (including catheter directed thrombolysis or surgery) might help reduce the risk of PTS or recurrent venous thromboembolism in patients with primary upper extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT)...
May 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279251/oral-anticoagulants-for-primary-prevention-treatment-and-secondary-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolic-disease-and-for-prevention-of-stroke-in-atrial-fibrillation-systematic-review-network-meta-analysis-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Jonathan Ac Sterne, Pritesh N Bodalia, Peter A Bryden, Philippa A Davies, Jose A López-López, George N Okoli, Howard Hz Thom, Deborah M Caldwell, Sofia Dias, Diane Eaton, Julian Pt Higgins, Will Hollingworth, Chris Salisbury, Jelena Savović, Reecha Sofat, Annya Stephens-Boal, Nicky J Welton, Aroon D Hingorani
BACKGROUND: Warfarin is effective for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF), but anticoagulation is underused in clinical care. The risk of venous thromboembolic disease during hospitalisation can be reduced by low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH): warfarin is the most frequently prescribed anticoagulant for treatment and secondary prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Warfarin-related bleeding is a major reason for hospitalisation for adverse drug effects. Warfarin is cheap but therapeutic monitoring increases treatment costs...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800207/upper-extremity-deep-vein-thromboses-the-bowler-and-the-barista
#18
Seth Stake, Anne L du Breuil, Jeremy Close
Effort thrombosis of the upper extremity refers to a deep venous thrombosis of the upper extremity resulting from repetitive activity of the upper limb. Most cases of effort thrombosis occur in young elite athletes with strenuous upper extremity activity. This article reports two cases who both developed upper extremity deep vein thromboses, the first being a 67-year-old bowler and the second a 25-year-old barista, and illustrates that effort thrombosis should be included in the differential diagnosis in any patient with symptoms concerning DVT associated with repetitive activity...
2016: Case Reports in Vascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105087/long-term-prognostic-analysis-of-early-interventional-therapy-for-lower-extremity-deep-venous-thrombosis
#19
Qiang Li, Zongxue Yu, Jinjun Wang, Xiao Chen, Lin Li
The aim of the present study was to observe the long-term prognostic value of early interventional therapy for lower extremity deep venous thrombosis (LDVT). In total, 85 patients diagnosed with LDVT for the first time were consecutively selected (identified course of disease was <3 months), and were divided into the control group with 43 cases and the observation group with 42 cases according to different therapeutic methods. The control group received anticoagulation therapy and thrombolysis, or integrated surgical thrombectomy, a conventional open operation, while the observation group received comprehensive treatment, combining endovascular catheter-directed thrombolysis and thrombectomy...
December 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132743/editor-s-choice-factors-associated-with-long-term-outcome-in-191-patients-with-ilio-femoral-dvt-treated-with-catheter-directed-thrombolysis
#20
P Foegh, L P Jensen, L Klitfod, R Broholm, N Bækgaard
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with long-term treatment success after catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) for acute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) involving the ilio-femoral vein. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a non-randomised observational cohort study. From 1999 to 2013, 191 consecutive patients (203 limbs) attending a tertiary vascular centre at Gentofte University Hospital, Denmark underwent CDT. All patients had ultrasonically verified acute ilio-femoral DVT with open distal popliteal vein and calf veins...
March 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
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