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Papers for Acupuncturists

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36 papers 0 to 25 followers Papers for Acupuncturists
By Jacob Godwin Acupuncturist. Not a hippie.
Natalia Egorova, Randy L Gollub, Jian Kong
Acupuncture, an ancient East Asian therapy, is aimed at rectifying the imbalance within the body caused by disease. Studies evaluating the efficacy of acupuncture with neuroimaging tend to concentrate on brain regions within the pain matrix, associated with acute pain. We, however, focused on the effect of repeated acupuncture treatment specifically on brain regions known to support functions dysregulated in chronic pain disorders. Transition to chronic pain is associated with increased attention to pain, emotional rumination, nociceptive memory and avoidance learning, resulting in brain connectivity changes, specifically affecting the periaqueductal gray (PAG), medial frontal cortex (MFC) and bilateral hippocampus (Hpc)...
2015: NeuroImage: Clinical
Jordan D Dworkin, Andrew McKeown, John T Farrar, Ian Gilron, Matthew Hunsinger, Robert D Kerns, Michael P McDermott, Bob A Rappaport, Dennis C Turk, Robert H Dworkin, Jennifer S Gewandter
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the quality of reporting of statistical methods in randomized clinical trials (RCTs), including identification of primary analyses, missing data accommodation, and multiplicity adjustment, in studies of nonpharmacologic, noninterventional pain treatments (e.g., physical therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, acupuncture, and massage). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of 101 articles reporting RCTs of pain treatments that were published between January 2006 and June 2013 in the European Journal of Pain, the Journal of Pain, and Pain...
April 2016: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
Zongshi Qin, Xiaoxu Liu, Jiani Wu, Yanbing Zhai, Zhishun Liu
This is a systematic review and meta-analysis, which aimed to assess the current evidence on the effects and safety of acupuncture for treating sciatica. In this review, a total of 11 randomized controlled trials were included. As a result, we found that the use of acupuncture may be more effective than drugs and may enhance the effect of drugs for patients with sciatica, but because of the insufficient number of relevant and rigorous studies, the evidence is limited. Future trials using rigorous methodology, appropriate comparisons, and clinically relevant outcomes should be conducted...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Bruce S McEwen
Stress is a state of the mind, involving both brain and body as well as their interactions; it differs among individuals and reflects not only major life events but also the conflicts and pressures of daily life that alter physiological systems to produce a chronic stress burden that, in turn, is a factor in the expression of disease. This burden reflects the impact of not only life experiences but also genetic variations and individual health behaviors such as diet, physical activity, sleep, and substance abuse; it also reflects stable epigenetic modifications in development that set lifelong patterns of physiological reactivity and behavior through biological embedding of early environments interacting with cumulative change from experiences over the lifespan...
October 16, 2012: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Richard L Nahin, Barbara J Stussman, Patricia M Herman
UNLABELLED: National surveys suggest that millions of adults in the United States use complementary health approaches such as acupuncture, chiropractic manipulation, and herbal medicines to manage painful conditions such as arthritis, back pain, and fibromyalgia. Yet, national and per person out-of-pocket (OOP) costs attributable to this condition-specific use are unknown. In the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, the use of complementary health approaches, the reasons for this use, and the associated OOP costs were captured in a nationally representative sample of 5,467 adults...
November 2015: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Yuichi Katayama, Toyoharu Kamibeppu, Ryuichi Nishii, Shoichiro Mukai, Hironobu Wakeda, Toshiyuki Kamoto
OBJECTIVE: To use CT scanning to evaluate the precision with which acupuncture needles can be inserted into sacral foramina to establish sacral nerve modulation by electroacupuncture. METHODS: The subjects were five adult women (mean age 71.6 years). These five cases were divided into two groups. In the first three subjects (group A) the intention was to insert acupuncture needles in the S3 and S4 foramina; in the remaining two subjects (group B) the intention was to insert acupuncture needles in the S2 and S3 foramina...
February 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
M Kay Garcia, Jennifer McQuade, Robin Haddad, Sonya Patel, Richard Lee, Peiying Yang, J Lynn Palmer, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Many cancer centers offer acupuncture services. To date, a comprehensive systematic review of acupuncture in cancer care has not been conducted. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of acupuncture for symptom management in patients with cancer. METHODS: Medline, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane (all databases), Scopus, and PubMed were searched from inception through December 2011 for prospective randomized clinical trials (RCT) evaluating acupuncture for symptom management in cancer care...
March 1, 2013: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
Hongli Wu, Hongxing Kan, Chuanfu Li, Kyungmo Park, Yifang Zhu, Abdalla Z Mohamed, Chunsheng Xu, Yuanyuan Wu, Wei Zhang, Jun Yang
Acupuncture is widely used in the treatment of Bell's palsy (BP) in many countries, but its underlying physiological mechanism remained controversial. In order to explore the potential mechanism, changes of functional connectivity (FC) of anterior cingulate gyrus (ACC) were investigated. We collected 20 healthy (control group) participants and 28 BP patients with different clinical duration accepted resting state functional MRI (rfMRI) scans before and after acupuncture, respectively. The FC of ACC before and after acupuncture was compared with paired t-test and the detailed results are presented in the paper...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Z Lu, H Dong, Q Wang, L Xiong
Accumulated evidences from clinical trials and updated reviews suggest that the role of acupuncture in perioperative medicine extends beyond the classical scope of anaesthesia and has been underestimated. Perioperative acupuncture reduces not only the consumption of anaesthetics and analgesics, but also anaesthesia-related complications, and protects organs in the perioperative period. These beneficial effects make acupuncture a promising approach in perioperative management, especially with respect to enhanced surgery recovery and specific surgical populations, such as elderly patients and 'triple-low' patients...
August 2015: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Martha Brown Menard, John Weeks, Belinda Anderson, William Meeker, Carlo Calabrese, David O'Bryon, Greg D Cramer
BACKGROUND: This commentary presents the most impactful, shared priorities for research investment across the licensed complementary and integrative health (CIH) disciplines according to the Academic Consortium for Complementary and Alternative Health Care (ACCAHC). These are (1) research on whole disciplines; (2) costs; and (3) building capacity within the disciplines' universities, colleges, and programs. The issue of research capacity is emphasized. DISCUSSION: ACCAHC urges expansion of investment in the development of researchers who are graduates of CIH programs, particularly those with a continued association with accredited CIH schools...
July 2015: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Petra I Baeumler, Johannes Fleckenstein, Franziska Benedikt, Julia Bader, Dominik Irnich
Our aim was to distinguish between spinal and supraspinal mechanisms in the intact nervous system by comparing homosegmental and heterosegmental effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and manual acupuncture (MA) on sensory perception in healthy volunteers by means of quantitative sensory testing. Seventy-two healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to receive either MA or EA at SP 6, SP 9, GB 39, and ST 36 at the left leg or relaxed for 30 minutes (control group [CG]). Blinded examiners assessed 13 sensory modalities (thermal and mechanical detection and pain thresholds) at the upper arms and lower legs before and after intervention by means of a standardized quantitative sensory testing battery...
November 2015: Pain
David D McFadden, Tony Y Chon, Ivana T Croghan, Darrell R Schroeder, Molly J Mallory, Jon O Ebbert, J Taylor Hays
BACKGROUND: Despite the significant decline in smoking rates in the USA over the last 50 years, 42 million Americans continue to smoke. Although the combination of behavioural counselling with FDA-approved medications offers the best evidence-based treatment approach, 12-month relapse rates remain at >60%. Both healthcare providers and patients are searching for alternative treatment options. Most acupuncture trials have yielded poor results for smoking cessation; however, most trials have not used an intense treatment protocol and maintained treatment for at least 12 weeks...
October 2015: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Jungdae Kim, Dae-In Kang
Having modernized imaging tools for precise positioning of acupuncture points over the human body where the traditional therapeutic method is applied is essential. For that reason, we suggest a more systematic positioning method that uses X-ray computer tomographic images to precisely position acupoints. Digital Korean human data were obtained to construct three-dimensional head-skin and skull surface models of six individuals. Depending on the method used to pinpoint the positions of the acupoints, every acupoint was classified into one of three types: anatomical points, proportional points, and morphological points...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Anthony J Lisi, Paula Breuer, Rollin M Gallagher, Eric Rodriguez, Michelle I Rossi, Kenneth Schmader, Joel D Scholten, Debra K Weiner
OBJECTIVE: To present an algorithm of sequential treatment options for managing myofascial pain (MP) in older adults, along with a representative clinical case. METHODS: A modified Delphi process was used to synthesize evidence-based recommendations. A multidisciplinary expert panel developed the algorithm, which was subsequently refined through an iterative process of input from a primary care physician panel. RESULTS: We present an algorithm and supportive materials to help guide the care of older adults with MP, an important contributor to chronic low back pain (CLBP)...
July 2015: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Huan Liu, Shen-Bin Liu, Qian Li, Huijing Wang, Yan-Qing Wang, Qi-Liang Mao-Ying
Acupuncture or electroacupuncture (EA) has been demonstrated to have a powerful antihypernociceptive effect on inflammatory pain. The attenuation of G protein-coupled receptor kinase 2 (GRK2) in spinal cord and peripheral nociceptor has been widely acknowledged to promote the transition from acute to chronic pain and to facilitate the nociceptive progress. This study was designed to investigate the possible role of spinal GRK2 in EA antiallodynic in a rat model with complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) induced inflammatory pain...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Baohui Jia, Zhishun Liu, Baoquan Min, Zhenchang Wang, Aihong Zhou, Yong Li, Haifa Qiao, Jianping Jia
Accumulating neuroimaging studies in humans have shown that acupuncture can modulate a widely distributed brain network in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. Acupuncture at different acupoints could exert different modulatory effects on the brain network. However, whether acupuncture at real or sham acupoints can produce different effects on the brain network in MCI or AD patients remains unclear. Using resting-state fMRI, we reported that acupuncture at Taixi (KI3) induced amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) change of different brain regions in MCI patients from those shown in the healthy controls...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Yanyi Wang, Charlie Changli Xue, Robert Helme, Cliff Da Costa, Zhen Zheng
Objectives. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of manual acupuncture as a prophylaxis for frequent migraine. Methods. Fifty frequent migraineurs were randomly allocated to receive 16 sessions of either real acupuncture (RA = 26) or sham acupuncture (SA = 24) during 20 weeks. The primary outcomes were days with migraine over four weeks, duration, and intensity of migraine and the number of responders with more than 50% reduction of migraine days. The secondary outcomes were the relief medication, quality of migraine, quality of life, and pressure pain thresholds...
2015: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Larissa Vados, Alberto Ferreira, ShouFa Zhao, Rafael Vercelino, Shu Wang
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the combination of acupuncture and rehabilitation produces better results in the treatment of acute or subacute stroke sequelae than rehabilitation alone. METHODS: A systematic review was carried out. A search was conducted in March 2014 using PubMed, Medline, the Cochrane Library, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database (CNKI) and Wanfang databases. English and Chinese language articles published within 10 years of the search were reviewed for inclusion...
June 2015: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
Suzanne J Grant, Caroline A Smith, Nimna de Silva, Chunxiang Su
BACKGROUND: The quality and dose of acupuncture used in a clinical trial affects the outcome, as with the quality and dose of any intervention. The dose of acupuncture treatment may be characterized by the frequency of treatment, needle type and depth, length of needle retention, point selection, and combination. The dose in trials of acupuncture has at times been described as low or inappropriate but is seldom assessed in systematic reviews of acupuncture trials. This article examines the research evaluating acupuncture for cancer-related fatigue to determine what characteristics of treatment may contribute to a quality acupuncture intervention...
May 2015: Integrative Cancer Therapies
Joshua Bauml, Sharon X Xie, John T Farrar, Marjorie A Bowman, Susan Q Li, Deborah Bruner, Angela DeMichele, Jun J Mao
BACKGROUND: The large placebo effect observed in prior acupuncture trials presents a substantial challenge for interpretation of the efficacy of acupuncture. We sought to evaluate the relationship between response expectancy, a key component of the placebo effect over time, and treatment outcome in real and sham electroacupuncture (EA). METHODS: We analyzed data from a randomized controlled trial of EA and sham acupuncture (SA) for joint pain attributable to aromatase inhibitors among women with breast cancer...
November 2014: Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs
2015-03-11 14:33:49
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