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Cervical pessary

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7 papers 0 to 25 followers
By Chad Klauser Maternal Fetal Medicine physician in NYC
Waleed El-refaie, Mohamed S Abdelhafez, Ahmed Badawy
PURPOSE: To evaluate the value of vaginal progesterone therapy for reduction of preterm labor in asymptomatic women with twin pregnancies and sonographic short cervix. METHODS: This randomized controlled study was conducted in Mansoura University Hospital and private practice settings in Mansoura, Egypt. Of 322 women with dichorionic twin pregnancy, 250 asymptomatic women with cervical length of 20-25 mm at 20-24 weeks of gestation were included in the study. All women were randomly divided into two groups; the study group (n = 125) received vaginal progesterone suppositories in a dose of 400 mg daily starting at 20-24 weeks of gestation while the control group (n = 125) received no treatment...
January 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
I Kyvernitakis, R Khatib, N Stricker, B Arabin
Objective: Patients with a history of one or more conizations have an increased risk of spontaneous preterm birth (SPTB). The aim of this study was to investigate the outcome of pregnancies in patients with a history of conization and early treatment with a cervical pessary. Methods: In this pilot observational study we included 21 patients and evaluated the obstetric history, the interval between pessary placement and delivery, gestational age at delivery, the neonatal outcome and the number of days of maternal and neonatal admission...
November 2014: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
S M S Liem, G J van Baaren, F M C Delemarre, I M Evers, G Kleiverda, A J van Loon, J Langenveld, N Schuitemaker, J M Sikkema, B C Opmeer, M G van Pampus, B W J Mol, D J Bekedam
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cost-effectiveness of a cervical pessary to prevent preterm delivery in women with a multiple pregnancy. METHODS: The study design comprised an economic analysis of data from a randomized clinical trial evaluating cervical pessaries (ProTWIN). Women with a multiple pregnancy were included and an economic evaluation was performed from a societal perspective. Costs were estimated between the time of randomization and 6 weeks postpartum. The prespecified subgroup of women with a cervical length (CL) < 25(th) centile (< 38 mm) was analyzed separately...
September 2014: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
L Sentilhes, P Descamps, G Legendre
Cervical pessary is a promising tool to prevent preterm birth in high risk pregnant women with shortened midtrimester ultrasonographic cervical length. It is well tolerated by women. PECEP and ProTWIN trials have opened new fields of clinical research. Their results suggest that cervical pessary may prevent preterm birth in women with (i) singleton and cervical length ≤25 mm at 18-22weeks, and with (ii) twins and cervical length ≤37mm at 16-22weeks. These results must be confirmed by other randomized controlled trial before a generalization of cervical pessary in these situations...
January 2014: Gynécologie, Obstétrique & Fertilité
Noelia Zork, Joseph Biggio, Alan Tita, Dwight Rouse, Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman
The twin birth rate has been steadily increasing in the United States over the past 10 years attributable in large part to the increased use of reproductive technologies. Despite advancements in the prevention of preterm labor for singletons, the overall rate of preterm birth has decreased only minimally. Several interventions to prevent preterm birth in twins have been studied, but none has proven effective. Inpatient bedrest has not been shown to be effective and can cause significant maternal morbidity. Although intramuscular 17α-hydroxyprogesterone caproate is effective in decreasing the risk of recurrent preterm delivery in singletons, neither it nor cerclage is effective in twin gestations, even in those with a short cervix...
August 2013: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Sophie Liem, Ewoud Schuit, Maud Hegeman, Joke Bais, Karin de Boer, Kitty Bloemenkamp, Jozien Brons, Hans Duvekot, Bas Nij Bijvank, Maureen Franssen, Ingrid Gaugler, Irene de Graaf, Martijn Oudijk, Dimitri Papatsonis, Paula Pernet, Martina Porath, Liesbeth Scheepers, Marko Sikkema, Jan Sporken, Harry Visser, Wim van Wijngaarden, Mallory Woiski, Mariëlle van Pampus, Ben Willem Mol, Dick Bekedam
BACKGROUND: In women with a multiple pregnancy, spontaneous preterm delivery is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Interventions to reduce preterm birth in these women have not been successful. We assessed whether a cervical pessary could effectively prevent poor perinatal outcomes. METHODS: We undertook a multicentre, open-label randomised controlled trial in 40 hospitals in the Netherlands. We randomly assigned women with a multiple pregnancy between 12 and 20 weeks' gestation (1:1) to pessary or control groups, using a web-based application with a computer-generated list with random block sizes of two to four, stratified by hospital...
October 19, 2013: Lancet
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