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34 papers 25 to 100 followers
S D Marshall, N Chrimes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Anaesthesia
Jodi Taylor, Sarah Black, Stephen J Brett, Kim Kirby, Jerry P Nolan, Barnaby C Reeves, Maria Robinson, Chris A Rogers, Lauren J Scott, Adrian South, Elizabeth A Stokes, Matthew Thomas, Sarah Voss, Sarah Wordsworth, Jonathan R Benger
Health outcomes after out of hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) are extremely poor, with only 7-9% of patients in the United Kingdom (UK) surviving to hospital discharge. Currently emergency medical services (EMS) use either tracheal intubation or newer supraglottic airway devices (SGAs) to provide advanced airway management during OHCA. Equipoise between the two techniques has led to calls for a well-designed randomised controlled trial. The primary objective of the AIRWAYS-2 trial is to assess whether the clinical effectiveness of the i-gel, a second-generation SGA, is superior to tracheal intubation in the initial airway management of OHCA patients in the UK...
September 30, 2016: Resuscitation
Jason J Bischof, Ashish R Panchal, Geoffrey I Finnegan, Thomas E Terndrup
UNLABELLED: Introduction Endotracheal intubation (ETI) is a complex clinical skill complicated by the inherent challenge of providing care in the prehospital setting. Literature reports a low success rate of prehospital ETI attempts, partly due to the care environment and partly to the lack of consistent standardized training opportunities of prehospital providers in ETI. Hypothesis/Problem The availability of a mobile simulation laboratory (MSL) to study clinically critical interventions is needed in the prehospital setting to enhance instruction and maintain proficiency...
October 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Simon Sulser, Dirk Ubmann, Martin Schlaepfer, Martin Brueesch, Georg Goliasch, Burkhardt Seifert, Donat R Spahn, Kurt Ruetzler
BACKGROUND: Airway management in the emergency room can be challenging when patients suffer from life-threatening conditions. Mental stress, ignorance of the patient's medical history, potential cervical injury or immobilisation and the presence of vomit and/or blood may also contribute to a difficult airway. Videolaryngoscopes have been introduced into clinical practice to visualise the airway and ultimately increase the success rate of airway management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that the C-MAC videolaryngoscope improves first-attempt intubation success rate compared with direct laryngoscopy in patients undergoing emergency rapid sequence intubation in the emergency room setting...
August 16, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Takashi Asai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Anesthesiology
Tony Kyle, S le Clerc, A Thomas, I Greaves, V Whittaker, J E Smith
BACKGROUND: The insertion of a surgical airway in the presence of severe airway compromise is an uncommon occurrence in everyday civilian practice. In conflict, the requirement for insertion of a surgical airway is more common. Recent military operations in Afghanistan resulted in large numbers of severely injured patients, and a significant proportion required definitive airway management through the insertion of a surgical airway. OBJECTIVE: To examine the procedural success and survival rate to discharge from a military hospital over an 8-year period...
June 6, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
John W Hafner, Blake W Perkins, Joshua D Korosac, Alayna K Bucher, Jean C Aldag, Kelly L Cox
OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to determine if newer indirect laryngoscopes or intubating devices are superior to a standard laryngoscope for intubation success among helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) personnel. METHODS: Flight nurses and paramedics intubated standardized mannequins with a normal airway, a trauma airway, and a difficult airway using a standard laryngoscope, a gum elastic bougie, the Airtraq laryngoscope (King System Corp, Noblesville, IN), the Glidescope Ranger laryngoscope (Verathon Inc, Bothell, WA), and the S...
May 2016: Air Medical Journal
A Norris, T Heidegger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Mahmood Rafiq, Tariq M Wani, Melissa Moore-Clingenpeel, Joseph D Tobias
BACKGROUND: Choosing an appropriately sized endotracheal tube (ETT) is important in pediatric patients as an inappropriately sized ETT may result in multiple endotracheal intubation attempts or excessive pressure on the tracheal mucosa with the potential for airway damage. Although age-based formulas are generally used with choice of an ETT based on the internal diameter (ID), measurements of the outer diameter (OD) of the ETT would seem to be a more scientific approach to determine the proper size of an ETT...
June 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
A Timmermann, N Chrimes, C A Hagberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Mohamed Naguib, Lara Brewer, Cristen LaPierre, Aaron F Kopman, Ken B Johnson
BACKGROUND: An unanticipated difficult airway during induction of anesthesia can be a vexing problem. In the setting of can't intubate, can't ventilate (CICV), rapid recovery of spontaneous ventilation is a reasonable goal. The urgency of restoring ventilation is a function of how quickly a patient's hemoglobin oxygen saturation decreases versus how much time is required for the effects of induction drugs to dissipate, namely the duration of unresponsiveness, ventilatory depression, and neuromuscular blockade...
July 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Doga Demirel, Alexander Yu, Tansel Halic, Ganesh Sankaranarayanan, Adam Ryason, David Spindler, Kathryn L Butler, Caroline Cao, Emil Petrusa, Marcos Molina, Dan Jones, Suvranu De, Marc Demoya, Stephanie Jones
This paper presents a simulation of Virtual Airway Skill Trainer (VAST) tasks. The simulated tasks are a part of two main airway management techniques; Endotracheal Intubation (ETI) and Cricothyroidotomy (CCT). ETI is a simple nonsurgical airway management technique, while CCT is the extreme surgical alternative to secure the airway of a patient. We developed identification of Mallampati class, finding the optimal angle for positioning pharyngeal/mouth axes tasks for ETI and identification of anatomical landmarks and incision tasks for CCT...
2016: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
K B Greenland, C Acott, R Segal, G Goulding, R H Riley, A F Merry
'Can't intubate, can't oxygenate' scenarios are rare but are often poorly managed, with potentially disastrous consequences. In our opinion, all doctors should be able to create a surgical airway if necessary. More practically, at least all anaesthetists should have this ability. There should be a change in culture to one that encourages and facilitates the performance of a life-saving emergency surgical airway when required. In this regard, an understanding of the human factors that influence the decision to perform an emergency surgical airway is as important as technical skill...
July 2011: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
Nurul Haizam Yahaya, Rufinah Teo, Azarinah Izaham, Shereen Tang, Aliza Mohamad Yusof, Norsidah Abdul Manap
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of anaesthetic trainee doctors compared to nursing anaesthetic assistants in identifying the cricoid cartilage, applying the appropriate cricoid pressure and producing an adequate laryngeal inlet view. METHODS: Eighty-five participants, 42 anaesthetic trainee doctors and 43 nursing anaesthetic assistants, were asked to complete a set of questionnaires which included the correct amount of force to be applied to the cricoid cartilage...
May 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Helmut Trimmel, Janett Kreutziger, Robert Fitzka, Stephan Szüts, Christoph Derdak, Elisabeth Koch, Boris Erwied, Wolfgang G Voelckel
OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess whether the GlideScope Ranger video laryngoscope may be a reliable alternative to direct laryngoscopy in the prehospital setting. DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, control trial with patient recruitment over 18 months. SETTING: Four study centers operating physician-staffed rescue helicopters or ground units in Austria and Norway. PATIENTS: Adult emergency patients requiring endotracheal intubation...
July 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Davinder Ramsingh, Ethan Frank, Robert Haughton, John Schilling, Kimberly M Gimenez, Esther Banh, Joseph Rinehart, Maxime Cannesson
BACKGROUND: Unrecognized malposition of the endotracheal tube (ETT) can lead to severe complications in patients under general anesthesia. The focus of this double-blinded randomized study was to assess the accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound in verifying the correct position of the ETT and to compare it with the accuracy of auscultation. METHODS: Forty-two adult patients requiring general anesthesia with ETT were consented. Patients were randomized to right main bronchus, left main bronchus, or tracheal intubation...
May 2016: Anesthesiology
Jia-Qiang Zhang, Fu-Shan Xue, Fan-Min Meng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
Laurent Brisard, Didier Péan, Jean-Louis Bourgain, Arnaud Winer, Xavier Combes, Olivier Langeron, Marc Fischler, Corinne Lejus
OBJECTIVE: The Formation de référents aux techniques d'intubation difficile (FRTID) is a French continuing medical education program on difficult airway management. Its objectives are to train experts in the task of training other physicians in their hospitals for better guideline compliance. Our aim was to describe the curriculum of the experts and to evaluate the program's efficacy via a prospective survey. METHODS: Each participant was asked to complete a questionnaire before (T0), immediately (T1), 6 (T6) and 12 (T12) months after the course...
April 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Lauren Klein, Glenn Paetow, Rebecca Kornas, Rob Reardon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
Samuel Stafrace, Thomas Engelhardt, Wendy H Teoh, Michael S Kristensen
Ultrasound of the airways is a technique which has been described in a number of recent articles and reviews highlighting the diagnostic possibilities and simple methodology. However, there is a paucity of information focusing specifically on such methods in children where equipment, technique, and challenges are different. This review article gives a general overview of the equipment considerations, scanning protocols, and clinical applications in children.
February 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
2016-03-20 20:49:13
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