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General sports medicine

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214 papers 100 to 500 followers Myofascial pain, use of contemporary medical acupuncture in Sports Medicine and miofascial complaints, and general Sports medicine
By Hugo Silva Pinto Sports medicine MD, neuromuscular pain and dysfunctions private practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028840/pain-duration-is-associated-with-increased-muscle-sympathetic-nerve-activity-in-patients-with-achilles-tendinopathy
#1
J L Jewson, E A Lambert, S Docking, M Storr, G W Lambert, J E Gaida
Tendinopathy is a common condition, which has been linked to surrogate measures of sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activity and insulin resistance. This study aimed to compare in vivo measures of the SNS and insulin resistance between individuals with and without Achilles tendinopathy. This case-control study compared Achilles tendinopathy sufferers to healthy controls. SNS activity was quantified using muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA), while metabolic status was assessed via a modified glucose tolerance test and fasting lipid panel...
December 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078610/optimization-of-the-return-to-sport-paradigm-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-critical-step-back-to-move-forward
#2
REVIEW
Bart Dingenen, Alli Gokeler
Athletes who have sustained an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury often opt for an ACL reconstruction (ACLR) with the goal and expectation to resume sports. Unfortunately, the proportion of athletes successfully returning to sport is relatively low, while the rate of second ACL injury has been reported to exceed 20% after clearance to return to sport, especially within younger athletic populations. Despite the development of return-to-sport guidelines over recent years, there are still more questions than answers on the most optimal return-to-sport criteria after ACLR...
January 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857272/clinical-approach-for-patient-centered-physical-activity-assessment-and-interventions
#3
Allica Austin, Shamsha Damani, Therese Bevers
BACKGROUND: A physical activity algorithm for adults was created with the aim of reducing patients' barriers for physical activity by providing healthcare professionals with a standardized process to guide clinical discussions on physical activity to reduce the risk of chronic diseases, specifically cancer. OBJECTIVES: The physical activity algorithm was designed as an applicable process that could be adopted in many professional settings with the mission to provide relevant, safe, and appropriate physical activity interventions...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959935/a-45-second-self-test-for-cardiorespiratory-fitness-heart-rate-based-estimation-in-healthy-individuals
#4
Francesco Sartor, Matteo Bonato, Gabriele Papini, Andrea Bosio, Rahil A Mohammed, Alberto G Bonomi, Jonathan P Moore, Giampiero Merati, Antonio La Torre, Hans-Peter Kubis
Cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF) is a widespread essential indicator in Sports Science as well as in Sports Medicine. This study aimed to develop and validate a prediction model for CRF based on a 45 second self-test, which can be conducted anywhere. Criterion validity, test re-test study was set up to accomplish our objectives. Data from 81 healthy volunteers (age: 29 ± 8 years, BMI: 24.0 ± 2.9), 18 of whom females, were used to validate this test against gold standard. Nineteen volunteers repeated this test twice in order to evaluate its repeatability...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920584/evaluation-management-and-prevention-of-lower-extremity-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#5
REVIEW
Charles A Popkin, Brian M Schulz, Caroline N Park, Thomas S Bottiglieri, T Sean Lynch
Ice hockey is a fast-paced sport played by increasing numbers of children and adolescents in North America and around the world. Requiring a unique blend of skill, finesse, power and teamwork, ice hockey can become a lifelong recreational activity. Despite the rising popularity of the sport, there is ongoing concern about the high frequency of musculoskeletal injury associated with participation in ice hockey. Injury rates in ice hockey are among the highest in all competitive sports. Numerous research studies have been implemented to better understand the risks of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573090/sports-specialization-and-intensive-training-in-young-athletes
#6
Joel S Brenner
Sports specialization is becoming the norm in youth sports for a variety of reasons. When sports specialization occurs too early, detrimental effects may occur, both physically and psychologically. If the timing is correct and sports specialization is performed under the correct conditions, the athlete may be successful in reaching specific goals. Young athletes who train intensively, whether specialized or not, can also be at risk of adverse effects on the mind and body. The purpose of this clinical report is to assist pediatricians in counseling their young athlete patients and their parents regarding sports specialization and intensive training...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27608681/taking-a-holistic-approach-to-managing-difficult-stress-fractures
#7
REVIEW
Timothy L Miller, Thomas M Best
Stress fractures and other bony stress injuries occur along a spectrum of severity which can impact treatment and prognosis. When treating these injuries, it should be borne in mind that no two stress fractures behave exactly alike. Given that they are not a consistent injury, standardized treatment protocols can be challenging to develop. Treatment should be individualized to the patient or athlete, the causative activity, the anatomical site, and the severity of the injury. A holistic approach to the treatment of the most difficult stress fractures should be taken by orthopedists and sports medicine specialists...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626835/nontraumatic-testicular-pain-due-to-sacroiliac-joint-dysfunction-a-case-report
#8
James E Leone, Steve Middleton
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the case of a 49-year-old man who presented to the sports medicine staff with pelvic pain of 10 years' duration consistent with pudendal neuralgia. BACKGROUND: Testicular pain in men is often provoked by direct trauma or may indicate an oncologic process. DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS: Epididymitis, athletic pubalgia, testicular tumor, sacroiliac joint dysfunction, lumbar radiculopathy. TREATMENT: The patient responded positively to treatment and rehabilitation to restore normal mechanics to the lumbo-pelvic-hip complex...
August 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626836/muscle-activation-during-landing-before-and-after-fatigue-in-individuals-with-or-without-chronic-ankle-instability
#9
Kathryn A Webster, Brian G Pietrosimone, Phillip A Gribble
CONTEXT: Ankle instability is a common condition in physically active individuals. It often occurs during a jump landing or lateral motion, particularly when participants are fatigued. OBJECTIVE: To compare muscle activation during a lateral hop prefatigue and postfatigue in individuals with or without chronic ankle instability (CAI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sports medicine research laboratory. PATIENTS OR OTHER PARTICIPANTS: A total of 32 physically active participants volunteered for the study...
August 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660369/amssm-position-statement-on-cardiovascular-preparticipation-screening-in-athletes-current-evidence-knowledge-gaps-recommendations-and-future-directions
#10
Jonathan A Drezner, Francis G O'Connor, Kimberly G Harmon, Karl B Fields, Chad A Asplund, Irfan M Asif, David E Price, Robert J Dimeff, David T Bernhardt, William O Roberts
Cardiovascular screening in young athletes is widely recommended and routinely performed prior to participation in competitive sports. While there is general agreement that early detection of cardiac conditions at risk for sudden cardiac arrest and death (SCA/D) is an important objective, the optimal strategy for cardiovascular screening in athletes remains an issue of considerable debate. At the centre of the controversy is the addition of a resting ECG to the standard preparticipation evaluation using history and physical examination...
September 22, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676150/salivary-testosterone-and-cortisol-measurement-in-sports-medicine-a-narrative-review-and-user-s-guide-for-researchers-and-practitioners
#11
L D Hayes, N Sculthorpe, B Cunniffe, F Grace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752983/frequency-the-overlooked-resistance-training-variable-for-inducing-muscle-hypertrophy
#12
Scott J Dankel, Kevin T Mattocks, Matthew B Jessee, Samuel L Buckner, J Grant Mouser, Brittany R Counts, Gilberto C Laurentino, Jeremy P Loenneke
The principle of progressive overload must be adhered to for individuals to continually increase muscle size with resistance training. While the majority of trained individuals adhere to this principle by increasing the number of sets performed per exercise session, this does not appear to be an effective method for increasing muscle size once a given threshold is surpassed. Opposite the numerous studies examining differences in training loads and sets of exercise performed, a few studies have assessed the importance of training frequency with respect to muscle growth, none of which have tested very high frequencies of training (e...
October 17, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792056/concussion-in-sports-what-do-orthopaedic-surgeons-need-to-know
#13
Patrick J Cahill, Christian Refakis, Eileen Storey, William C Warner
A concussion is a relatively common sports-related injury that affects athletes of all ages. Although orthopaedic surgeons are not expected to replace sports medicine physicians and neurologists with regard to the management of concussions, orthopaedic surgeons, particularly those who are fellowship-trained in sports medicine, must have a current knowledge base of what a concussion is, how a concussion is diagnosed, and how a concussion should be managed. Orthopaedic surgeons should understand the pathophysiology, assessment, and management of concussion so that they have a basic comprehension of this injury, which is at the forefront of the academic literature and North American media...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834612/the-effectiveness-of-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-improving-voluntary-activation-of-the-quadriceps-a-critically-appraised-topic
#14
Cody B Bremner, William R Holcomb, Christopher D Brown, Melanie E Perreault
: Clinical Scenario: Orthopedic knee conditions are regularly treated in sports medicine clinics. Rehabilitation protocols for these conditions are often designed to address the associated quadriceps strength deficits. Despite these efforts, patients with orthopedic knee conditions often fail to completely regain their quadriceps strength. Disinhibitory modalities have recently been suggested as a clinical tool that can be used to counteract the negative effects of arthrogenic muscle inhibition (AMI), which is believed to limit the effectiveness of therapeutic exercise...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900297/effects-of-lymphatic-drainage-and-local-cryo-exposition-regeneration-after-high-intensive-exercises
#15
Michael Behringer, Diana Jedlicka, Molly McCourt, Matthias Ring, Joachim Mester
BACKGROUND: Recovery from exercise and competition is important in sports medicine, particularly when rest periods are short. The objective is to determine the efficacy of cryo exposition (CRY) and manual lymphatic drainage (MLD) to hasten short term recovery of muscle performance after eccentric contractions. METHODS: In a randomized controlled trial, 30 healthy sport students (21 males, 9 females; age: 25.7±2.8 years) performed 4×20 eccentric contractions of knee extensors, followed by 30 min MLD, CRY, or rest (RST) under controlled laboratory environment...
April 2016: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903591/platelet-rich-plasma-powder-a-new-preparation-method-for-the-standardization-of-growth-factor-concentrations
#16
Matthias Kieb, Frank Sander, Cornelia Prinz, Stefanie Adam, Anett Mau-Möller, Rainer Bader, Kirsten Peters, Thomas Tischer
BACKGROUND: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is widely used in sports medicine. Available PRP preparations differ in white blood cell, platelet, and growth factor concentrations, making standardized research and clinical application challenging. PURPOSE: To characterize a newly standardized procedure for pooled PRP that provides defined growth factor concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. METHODS: A standardized growth factor preparation (lyophilized PRP powder) was prepared using 12 pooled platelet concentrates (PCs) derived from different donors via apheresis...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849130/treatment-of-muscle-injuries-in-football
#17
Peter Ueblacker, Lutz Haensel, Hans-Wilhelm Mueller-Wohlfahrt
Muscle injuries are frequent and represent one of the most substantial medical problems in professional football. They can have both traumatic and overuse causes with direct practical consequence due to differences in terms of the post-primary care regimen and prognosis. An accurate diagnosis is the first step towards a specific treatment and usually allows to predict return to play (RTP). Current treatment principles have no firm scientific basis; they are practiced largely as empirical medicine due to a lack of prospective randomised studies...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899377/soft-tissue-injuries-are-still-a-challenge-in-musculoskeletal-sports-and-exercise-medicine
#18
EDITORIAL
Nikos Malliaropoulos, Mourad Ghrairi, Yacine Zerguini, Nat Padhiar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903670/oxygen-the-lung-and-the-diver-friends-and-foes
#19
Pieter-Jan A M van Ooij, Peter J Sterk, Robert A van Hulst
Worldwide, the number of professional and sports divers is increasing. Most of them breathe diving gases with a raised partial pressure of oxygen (PO2 ). However, if the PO2 is between 50 and 300 kPa (375-2250 mmHg) (hyperoxia), pathological pulmonary changes can develop, known as pulmonary oxygen toxicity (POT). Although in its acute phase, POT is reversible, it can ultimately lead to non-reversible pathological changes. Therefore, it is important to monitor these divers to prevent them from sustaining irreversible lesions...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747843/-aerobic-and-anaerobic-terms-used-in-exercise-physiology-a-critical-terminology-reflection
#20
Karim Chamari, Johnny Padulo
The purpose of this Current Opinion article is to focus on the appropriate use of the terms 'aerobic'- and 'anaerobic'-exercise in sports medicine, in order to try to unify their use across coaches/athletes and sport scientists. Despite the high quality of most of the investigations, the terms aerobic/anaerobic continue to be used inappropriately by some researchers in exercise science. Until late 2014, for instance, 14,883 and 6,136 articles were cited in PubMed, in the field of 'exercise science', using the words 'aerobic' or 'anaerobic', respectively...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
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