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376 papers 100 to 500 followers Myofascial pain, use of contemporary medical acupuncture in Sports Medicine and miofascial complaints, and general Sports medicine
By Hugo Silva Pinto Sports medicine MD, neuromuscular pain and dysfunctions private practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176650/assortment-of-herbal-medicines-of-the-treatment-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#1
Ivanna V Sakhanda, Kostyantyn L Kosyachenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Medicinal plants are an effective means of prevention of many cardiovascular diseases in high-risk groups. Also, they are often used as a means of adjuvant therapy. Centuries of experience in the use of medicinal plants in folk medicine is the result of their relatively high efficiency and their wide distribution in natural ecosystems, and sometimes close to human habitation. The aim of this work is to study the assortment of herbal medicinal products and to consider examples of the basic methods of treatment of cardiovascular diseases with medicinal plants...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30059343/cost-effectiveness-of-a-platelet-rich-plasma-preparation-technique-for-clinical-use
#2
Mohamad Shariff A Hamid
INTRODUCTION: Despite limited clinical evidence, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is currently used for the treatment of various soft tissue injuries, but optimal use of PRP has yet to be determined. In many instances, PRP is prepared using commercial devices that lack standardized preparation techniques and consistent quality of the PRP produced. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore a simple, easy, economical method of PRP preparation that is practical for clinical use...
July 2018: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30095546/exercise-is-medicine-for-concussion
#3
REVIEW
John J Leddy, Mohammad N Haider, Michael Ellis, Barry S Willer
Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a physiological brain injury that produces cerebral and systemic effects, including exercise intolerance. Exercise intolerance after concussion is believed to be the result of autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction. Ventilation is inappropriately low for the level of exercise intensity, raising arterial carbon dioxide (PaCO2) levels. Elevated PaCO2 increases cerebral blood flow (CBF) out of proportion to exercise intensity, which is associated with symptoms that limit exercise performance...
August 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18500378/pharmacology-of-anabolic-steroids
#4
REVIEW
A T Kicman
Athletes and bodybuilders have recognized for several decades that the use of anabolic steroids can promote muscle growth and strength but it is only relatively recently that these agents are being revisited for clinical purposes. Anabolic steroids are being considered for the treatment of cachexia associated with chronic disease states, and to address loss of muscle mass in the elderly, but nevertheless their efficacy still needs to be demonstrated in terms of improved physical function and quality of life...
June 2008: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23124786/effect-of-oral-anabolic-steroid-on-muscle-strength-and-muscle-growth-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ouppatham Supasyndh, Bancha Satirapoj, Pornanong Aramwit, Duangkamol Viroonudomphol, Amnart Chaiprasert, Vipa Thanachatwej, Supat Vanichakarn, Joel D Kopple
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia is common in hemodialysis patients. This study examined whether the anabolic steroid oxymetholone improves muscle mass and handgrip strength in hemodialysis patients and possible mechanisms that might engender such changes. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Forty-three eligible hemodialysis patients were randomly assigned to ingest oxymetholone or placebo for 24 weeks. Body composition, handgrip strength, and quality of life were measured during the study...
February 2013: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21575947/persistent-primary-hypogonadism-associated-with-anabolic-steroid-abuse
#6
Kusuma Boregowda, Lisa Joels, Jeffrey W Stephens, David E Price
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of primary gonadal failure due to the chronic abuse of anabolic steroids used for bodybuilding. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom. PATIENT(S): A 40-year-old man. INTERVENTION(S): None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Clinical symptoms, levels of serum T, FSH, and LH...
July 2011: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21818626/the-anabolic-steroid-methandienone-targets-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular-axis-and-myostatin-signaling-in-a-rat-training-model
#7
Stephanie Mosler, Carlos Pankratz, Alexis Seyfried, Marion Piechotta, Patrick Diel
There is increasing evidence that the biological activity of myostatin (MSTN), a negative regulator of muscle growth, is affected by training but also anabolic steroids. In this study, we analyzed the effects of the frequently abused anabolic steroid methandienone (Md) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular axis and androgen-sensitive tissues in intact rats performing a treadmill training to simulate the situation of abusing athletes. The anabolic effects were correlated with the expression of members of the MSTN signaling cascade...
January 2012: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939960/location-specific-responses-to-nociceptive-input-support-the-purposeful-nature-of-motor-adaptation-to-pain
#8
Alessio Gallina, Sauro E Salomoni, Leanne M Hall, K Tucker, S Jayne Garland, Paul W Hodges
Movement is changed in pain, but the mechanisms remain unclear. Key questions are unresolved such as whether activation can be inhomogeneously distributed within a muscle in a manner that is specific to the location of noxious input. This study addressed this question using high density EMG to study regional redistribution of muscle activation within the vasti muscles and changes in knee extension force direction in response to noxious stimulation applied to muscular and non-muscular tissues around the knee...
June 21, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30021587/effect-of-local-infiltration-analgesia-peripheral-nerve-blocks-general-and-spinal-anesthesia-on-early-functional-recovery-and-pain-control-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
M T Berninger, J Friederichs, W Leidinger, P Augat, V Bühren, C Fulghum, W Reng
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain control and enhanced mobilization, muscle strength and range of motion following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are pivotal requisites to optimize rehabilitation and early recovery. The aim of the study was to analyze the effect of local infiltration analgesia (LIA), peripheral nerve blocks, general and spinal anesthesia on early functional recovery and pain control in primary total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Between January 2016 until August 2016, 280 patients underwent primary TKA and were subdivided into four groups according to their concomitant pain and anesthetic procedure with catheter-based techniques of femoral and sciatic nerve block (group GA&FNB, n = 81) or epidural catheter (group SP&EPI, n = 51) in combination with general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia, respectively, and LIA combined with general anesthesia (group GA&LIA, n = 86) or spinal anesthesia (group SP&LIA, n = 61)...
July 18, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30025379/scapular-muscles-weakness-in-subjects-with-traumatic-anterior-glenohumeral-instability
#10
Walter Ansanello Netto, Gisele Garcia Zanca, Michele Forgiarini Saccol, Salomão Chade Assan Zatiti, Stela Márcia Mattiello
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible alterations on scapular muscle strength in subjects with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-two subjects of both sexes: 26 healthy and 26 with traumatic anterior glenohumeral instability. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects performed maximal isometric and concentric isokinetic contractions of shoulder protraction and retraction in scapular and sagittal planes, at slow (12...
September 2018: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780836/defining-platelet-rich-plasma-usage-by-team-physicians-in-elite-athletes
#11
David E Kantrowitz, Ajay S Padaki, Christopher S Ahmad, T Sean Lynch
Background: The indications for the use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are vaguely defined despite the frequency of its use as a treatment for athletes. While select studies have advocated for its efficacy, the majority of orthopaedic research conducted on the topic has been equivocal. Purpose: To define the use of PRP in elite athletes by team physicians from professional sports leagues. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A survey assessing treatment timing, usage patterns, indications, and complications was generated by fellowship-trained sports medicine orthopaedic surgeons...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29994823/physical-effects-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroids-in-healthy-exercising-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Mary A Andrews, Charles D Magee, Travis M Combest, Rhonda J Allard, Kevin M Douglas
Many athletes use anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) for physical enhancement but the magnitude of these gains and associated adverse effects has not been rigorously quantified. MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, SPORTDiscus, and PsycINFO were searched to identify randomized placebo-controlled trials of AAS in healthy exercising adults that reported one of the following outcomes: muscular strength, body composition, cardiovascular endurance, or power. Two authors appraised abstracts to identify studies for full-text retrieval; these were reviewed in duplicate to identify included studies...
July 2018: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366744/growth-factors-levels-determine-efficacy-of-platelets-rich-plasma-injection-in-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-double-blind-noninferiority-trial-compared-with-viscosupplementation
#13
Marie Laure Louis, Jeremy Magalon, Elizabeth Jouve, Charles Eric Bornet, Jean Camille Mattei, Christophe Chagnaud, Alexandre Rochwerger, Julie Veran, Florence Sabatier
PURPOSE: To assess the noninferiority of a single platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injection compared with hyaluronic acid (HA), to alleviate pain and enhance functional capacity in knee osteoarthritis, and identify biological characteristics of PRP that may affect their efficacy. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis received a single injection of either PRP (26 patients) or HA (28 patients). They were assessed at baseline and at 1, 3, and 6 months...
May 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941618/is-it-time-to-reframe-how-we-care-for-people-with-non-traumatic-musculoskeletal-pain
#14
EDITORIAL
Jeremy Lewis, Peter O'Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 25, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29631732/pharmacologic-strategies-for-exercise-induced-bronchospasm-with-a-focus-on-athletes
#15
REVIEW
Vibeke Backer, John Mastronarde
Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) is the transient narrowing of the airways during and after exercise that occurs in response to increased ventilation in susceptible individuals. It occurs across the age spectrum in patients with underlying asthma and can occur in athletes without baseline asthma. The inflammatory mechanisms underlying EIB in patients without asthma may be distinct from those underlying EIB in patients with asthma. This review summarizes mechanistic and clinical data that can guide the choice of chronic and acute pharmacologic therapies targeting control of EIB...
May 2018: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928234/the-critical-power-model-as-a-potential-tool-for-anti-doping
#16
REVIEW
Michael J Puchowicz, Eliran Mizelman, Assaf Yogev, Michael S Koehle, Nathan E Townsend, David C Clarke
Existing doping detection strategies rely on direct and indirect biochemical measurement methods focused on detecting banned substances, their metabolites, or biomarkers related to their use. However, the goal of doping is to improve performance, and yet evidence from performance data is not considered by these strategies. The emergence of portable sensors for measuring exercise intensities and of player tracking technologies may enable the widespread collection of performance data. How these data should be used for doping detection is an open question...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925502/2018-consensus-statement-on-exercise-therapy-and-physical-interventions-orthoses-taping-and-manual-therapy-to-treat-patellofemoral-pain-recommendations-from-the-5th-international-patellofemoral-pain-research-retreat-gold-coast-australia-2017
#17
Natalie J Collins, Christian J Barton, Marienke van Middelkoop, Michael J Callaghan, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Bill T Vicenzino, Irene S Davis, Christopher M Powers, Erin M Macri, Harvi F Hart, Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Kay M Crossley
Patellofemoral pain affects a large proportion of the population, from adolescents to older adults, and carries a substantial personal and societal burden. An international group of scientists and clinicians meets biennially at the International Patellofemoral Research Retreat to share research findings related to patellofemoral pain conditions and develop consensus statements using best practice methods. This consensus statement, from the 5th International Patellofemoral Research Retreat held in Australia in July 2017, focuses on exercise therapy and physical interventions (eg, orthoses, taping and manual therapy) for patellofemoral pain...
September 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927640/does-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-improve-functional-and-radiographic-outcomes-over-nonoperative-management-5-years-after-injury
#18
Elizabeth Wellsandt, Matthew J Failla, Michael J Axe, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Current practice patterns for the management of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury favor surgical reconstruction. However, long-term outcomes may not differ between patients completing operative and nonoperative treatment of ACL injury. Differences in outcomes between operative and nonoperative treatment of patients in the United States is largely unknown, as are outcomes in long-term strength and performance measures. PURPOSE: To determine if differences exist in 5-year functional and radiographic outcomes between patients completing operative and nonoperative treatment of ACL injury when both groups complete a progressive criterion-based rehabilitation protocol...
July 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29967584/effects-of-consecutive-versus-non-consecutive-days-of-resistance-training-on-strength-body-composition-and-red-blood-cells
#19
Yifan Yang, Pang B Bay, Yongtai R Wang, Junli Huang, Hilary W J Teo, Jorming Goh
Health authorities worldwide recommend 2-3 days per week of resistance training (RT) performed ∼48-72 h apart. However, the influence of recovery period between RT sessions on muscle strength, body composition, and red blood cells (RBCs) are unclear. Aim: Examine the effects of three consecutive (C) or non-consecutive (NC) days of RT per week for 12 weeks on strength, body composition, and RBCs. Methods: Thirty young, healthy and recreationally active males were randomly assigned to 3 C (∼24 h between sessions) or NC (∼48-72 h between sessions) days of RT per week for 12 weeks...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970994/using-tdcs-as-an-add-on-treatment-prior-to-fes-therapy-in-improving-upper-limb-function-in-severe-chronic-stroke-patients-a-randomized-controlled-study
#20
Nuerjiayi Shaheiwola, Bin Zhang, Jie Jia, Dingguo Zhang
Background: Upper limb function recovery is of vital importance for stroke patients. However, it is difficult to get ideal recovery, especially for patients with severe chronic stroke. As the first randomized controlled long-term trial combining bilateral transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) therapy, this study examined the efficacy of a novel protocol that included applying tDCS as an add-on treatment prior to FES therapy over the course of a 4-week program...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
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