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General sports medicine

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198 papers 100 to 500 followers Myofascial pain, use of contemporary medical acupuncture in Sports Medicine and miofascial complaints, and general Sports medicine
By Hugo Silva Pinto Sports medicine MD, neuromuscular pain and dysfunctions private practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849130/treatment-of-muscle-injuries-in-football
#1
Peter Ueblacker, Lutz Haensel, Hans-Wilhelm Mueller-Wohlfahrt
Muscle injuries are frequent and represent one of the most substantial medical problems in professional football. They can have both traumatic and overuse causes with direct practical consequence due to differences in terms of the post-primary care regimen and prognosis. An accurate diagnosis is the first step towards a specific treatment and usually allows to predict return to play (RTP). Current treatment principles have no firm scientific basis; they are practiced largely as empirical medicine due to a lack of prospective randomised studies...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899377/soft-tissue-injuries-are-still-a-challenge-in-musculoskeletal-sports-and-exercise-medicine
#2
EDITORIAL
Nikos Malliaropoulos, Mourad Ghrairi, Yacine Zerguini, Nat Padhiar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903670/oxygen-the-lung-and-the-diver-friends-and-foes
#3
Pieter-Jan A M van Ooij, Peter J Sterk, Robert A van Hulst
Worldwide, the number of professional and sports divers is increasing. Most of them breathe diving gases with a raised partial pressure of oxygen (PO2 ). However, if the PO2 is between 50 and 300 kPa (375-2250 mmHg) (hyperoxia), pathological pulmonary changes can develop, known as pulmonary oxygen toxicity (POT). Although in its acute phase, POT is reversible, it can ultimately lead to non-reversible pathological changes. Therefore, it is important to monitor these divers to prevent them from sustaining irreversible lesions...
December 2016: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747843/-aerobic-and-anaerobic-terms-used-in-exercise-physiology-a-critical-terminology-reflection
#4
Karim Chamari, Johnny Padulo
The purpose of this Current Opinion article is to focus on the appropriate use of the terms 'aerobic'- and 'anaerobic'-exercise in sports medicine, in order to try to unify their use across coaches/athletes and sport scientists. Despite the high quality of most of the investigations, the terms aerobic/anaerobic continue to be used inappropriately by some researchers in exercise science. Until late 2014, for instance, 14,883 and 6,136 articles were cited in PubMed, in the field of 'exercise science', using the words 'aerobic' or 'anaerobic', respectively...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802799/discord-between-approaches-to-spinal-and-extremity-disorders-is-it-logical
#5
Gwendolen Jull
Rapid advances in the basic, clinical, and behavioral sciences are molding developments in conservative management of musculoskeletal disorders. Curiously, there seems to be discord developing between approaches to the assessment and management of patients, depending on whether they present with an extremity or spinal disorder. This viewpoint will comment on examples of differences emerging in some current practices. The aim is not to present a scientific treatise about underpinning sciences and evidence-based practice or to comment on what is correct or incorrect...
November 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729321/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-accelerates-regeneration-after-acute-skeletal-muscle-injury
#6
Angela Zissler, Peter Steinbacher, Reinhold Zimmermann, Stefan Pittner, Walter Stoiber, Arne C Bathke, Alexandra M Sänger
BACKGROUND: Muscle injuries are among the most common sports-related lesions in athletes; however, optimal treatment remains obscure. Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) may be a promising approach in this context, because it has gained increasing importance in tissue regeneration in various medical fields. HYPOTHESIS: ESWT stimulates and accelerates regenerative processes of acute muscle injuries. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study...
October 11, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610386/prp-treatment-efficacy-for-tendinopathy-a-review-of-basic-science-studies
#7
REVIEW
Yiqin Zhou, James H-C Wang
Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) has been widely used in orthopaedic surgery and sport medicine to treat tendon injuries. However, the efficacy of PRP treatment for tendinopathy is controversial. This paper focuses on reviewing the basic science studies on PRP performed under well-controlled conditions. Both in vitro and in vivo studies describe PRP's anabolic and anti-inflammatory effects on tendons. While some clinical trials support these findings, others refute them. In this review, we discuss the effectiveness of PRP to treat tendon injuries with evidence presented in basic science studies and the potential reasons for the controversial results in clinical trials...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707741/injuries-among-weightlifters-and-powerlifters-a-systematic-review
#8
Ulrika Aasa, Ivar Svartholm, Fredrik Andersson, Lars Berglund
BACKGROUND: Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting are two sports that expose the body to great forces. Injury characteristics have not been systematically reviewed for these two growing sports. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature regarding various definitions of injuries used, injury localisation, the prevalence and incidence of injuries and the associated risk factors for injuries in weightlifting and powerlifting. DESIGN: Systematic review...
October 4, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677917/training-load-and-fatigue-marker-associations-with-injury-and-illness-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#9
Christopher M Jones, Peter C Griffiths, Stephen D Mellalieu
BACKGROUND: Coaches, sport scientists, clinicians and medical personnel face a constant challenge to prescribe sufficient training load to produce training adaption while minimising fatigue, performance inhibition and risk of injury/illness. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to investigate the relationship between injury and illness and longitudinal training load and fatigue markers in sporting populations. METHODS: Systematic searches of the Web of Science and PubMed online databases to August 2015 were conducted for articles reporting relationships between training load/fatigue measures and injury/illness in athlete populations...
September 28, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676856/an-injury-prevention-program-is-able-to-reduce-the-number-of-injury-complaints-at-medium-term-in-athletics
#10
Pascal Edouard, Emmanuelle Cugy, Romain Dolin, Nicolas Morel, Kathrin Steffen
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of injuries in athletics is important, with consequences at short and long terms in sport, health, social and professional levels. It is therefore important to define strategies to reduce the incidence and severity of injuries in athletics. The objective of this study was to determine whether an injury prevention program (IPP) can reduce the occurrence and/or severity of injuries related to the practice of athletics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The IPP has been developed, based on current scientific knowledge, targeting exercises on the most common injuries in athletics (hamstring muscle injury, Achilles and patellar tendinopathy, low back pain, ankle sprain) and selecting exercises known to treat and/or prevent these injuries (care stability, hamstrings and leg eccentric muscle strengthening, pelvis balance and stabilizing work)...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27340245/return-to-sport-after-tibial-shaft-fractures-a-systematic-review
#11
Greg A J Robertson, Alexander M Wood
CONTEXT: Acute tibial shaft fractures represent one of the most severe injuries in sports. Return rates and return-to-sport times after these injuries are limited, particularly with regard to the outcomes of different treatment methods. OBJECTIVE: To determine the current evidence for the treatment of and return to sport after tibial shaft fractures. DATA SOURCES: OVID/MEDLINE (PubMed), EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Collaboration Database, Web of Science, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Scopus, and Google Scholar were all searched for articles published from 1988 to 2014...
July 2016: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27414804/effect-of-preactivation-on-torque-enhancement-by-the-stretch-shortening-cycle-in-knee-extensors
#12
Atsuki Fukutani, Jun Misaki, Tadao Isaka
The stretch-shortening cycle is one of the most interesting topics in the field of sport sciences, because the performance of human movement is enhanced by the stretch-shortening cycle (eccentric contraction). The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the influence of preactivation on the torque enhancement by stretch-shortening cycle in knee extensors. Twelve men participated in this study. The following three conditions were conducted for knee extensors: (1) concentric contraction without preactivation (CON), (2) concentric contraction with eccentric preactivation (ECC), and (3) concentric contraction with isometric preactivation (ISO)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677038/correlation-between-vo2max-and-isokinetic-parameters-spine-before-and-after-functional-restoration-program-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#13
Julien Nardoux
OBJECTIVE: Chronic low-back pain is accompanied by physical deconditioning which result among other by lower VO2max and by disturbances isokinetic explorations. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between VO2max and isokinetic parameters spine before and after a functional restoration program (FRP). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Uni-centric retrospective study in routine care. Isokinetic spine muscle strength evaluation and functional exercise exploration were performed before and after FRP for all hospitalized patients for 4 weeks to FRP...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26614421/does-load-influence-shoulder-muscle-recruitment-patterns-during-scapular-plane-abduction
#14
Darren Reed, Ian Cathers, Mark Halaki, Karen A Ginn
OBJECTIVES: Load is used to increasingly challenge muscle function and has been shown to increase muscle activity levels with no change in activation patterns during shoulder flexion, extension, adduction and rotation. However, the effect of load during shoulder abduction, a movement commonly used in assessment of shoulder dysfunction and to improve shoulder function, has not been comprehensively examined. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if load influences shoulder muscle activation patterns and levels during scapular plane abduction in normal subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485177/inter-disciplinarity-in-sport-sciences-the-neuroscience-example
#15
Patrick Fargier, Christian Collet, Aidan Moran, Raphaël Massarelli
Sport science is a relatively recent domain of research born from the interactions of different disciplines related to sport. According to the European College of sport science ( http://sport-science.org ): "scientific excellence in sport science is based on disciplinary competence embedded in the understanding that its essence lies in its multi- and interdisciplinary character". In this respect, the scientific domain of neuroscience has been developed within such a framework. Influenced by the apparent homogeneity of this scientific domain, the present paper reviews three important research topics in sport from a neuroscientific perspective...
August 2, 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27525176/a-new-clinical-muscle-function-test-for-assessment-of-hip-external-rotation-strength-augustsson-strength-test
#16
Jesper Augustsson
INTRODUCTION: Dynamic clinical tests of hip strength applicable on patients, non-athletes and athletes alike, are lacking. The aim of this study was therefore to develop and evaluate the reliability of a dynamic muscle function test of hip external rotation strength, using a novel device. A second aim was to determine if gender differences exist in absolute and relative hip strength using the new test. METHODS: Fifty-three healthy sport science students (34 women and 19 men) were tested for hip external rotation strength using a device that consisted of a strap connected in series with an elastic resistance band loop, and a measuring tape connected in parallel with the elastic resistance band...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27540370/environmental-influences-on-elite-sport-athletes-well-being-from-gold-silver-and-bronze-to-blue-green-and-gold
#17
Aoife A Donnelly, Tadhg E MacIntyre, Nollaig O'Sullivan, Giles Warrington, Andrew J Harrison, Eric R Igou, Marc Jones, Chris Gidlow, Noel Brick, Ian Lahart, Ross Cloak, Andrew M Lane
This paper considers the environmental impact on well-being and performance in elite athletes during Olympic competition. The benefits of exercising in natural environments are recognized, but less is known about the effects on performance and health in elite athletes. Although some Olympic events take place in natural environments, the majority occur in the host city, usually a large densely populated area where low exposure to natural environments is compounded by exposure to high levels of air, water, and noise pollution in the ambient environment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542313/exercise-training-induced-modification-in-autonomic-nervous-system-an-update-for-cardiac-patients
#18
Florent Besnier, Marc Labrunée, Atul Pathak, Anne Pavy-Le Traon, Céline Galès, Jean-Michel Sénard, Thibaut Guiraud
Patients with cardiovascular disease show autonomic dysfunction, including sympathetic activation and vagal withdrawal, which leads to fatal events. This review aims to place sympathovagal balance as an essential element to be considered in management for cardiovascular disease patients who benefit from a cardiac rehabilitation program. Many studies showed that exercise training, as non-pharmacologic treatment, plays an important role in enhancing sympathovagal balance and could normalize levels of markers of sympathetic flow measured by microneurography, heart rate variability or plasma catecholamine levels...
August 16, 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583089/sports-anaemia-and-anthropometric-evaluation-of-footballers-at-kwame-nkrumah-university-of-science-and-technology-knust
#19
Clement Opoku-Okrah, Daniel Kwasi Sam, Bernard Nkum, Elliot Eli Dogbe, Lilian Antwi-Boateng, Benedict Sackey, Daniel Gyamfi, Kwabena Owusu Danquah
INTRODUCTION: Sports anaemia is a physiological activity that occurs amongst footballers and may be due to poor diet, over-training, as well as an increase in plasma volume in endurance training activities. High plasma volume leads to changes in haematological parameters that may impact on endurance of footballers. The objective of the study was to determine the correlation between haematological and an-thropometric indices and their role in sports anaemia in a tropical setting. METHODS: Venous blood was taken into EDTA for 12 soccer players of KNUST soccer team before training and after training for the first (W1) and fifth (W5) weeks of training sessions...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649242/a-systematic-review-of-athletes-and-coaches-nutrition-knowledge-and-reflections-on-the-quality-of-current-nutrition-knowledge-measures
#20
REVIEW
Gina L Trakman, Adrienne Forsyth, Brooke L Devlin, Regina Belski
CONTEXT: Nutrition knowledge can influence dietary choices and impact on athletic performance. Valid and reliable measures are needed to assess the nutrition knowledge of athletes and coaches. OBJECTIVES: (1) To systematically review the published literature on nutrition knowledge of adult athletes and coaches and (2) to assess the quality of measures used to assess nutrition knowledge. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscuss, Web of Science, and SCOPUS...
September 16, 2016: Nutrients
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