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Brain injury

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6 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Inessa Yurtsev RN graduated in 2008 from SFSU with Bachelor degree in nursing. I work at Kaiser Santa Clara hospital on medical surgical floor. I plan to go to Grad school
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19901711/prevention-of-deep-venous-thrombosis-and-pulmonary-embolism-in-patients-with-acute-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#1
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dilek Necioglu Orken, Gulay Kenangil, Huseyin Ozkurt, Cetin Guner, Lale Gundogdu, Muzaffer Basak, Hulki Forta
OBJECTIVES: Although patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are at risk for deep venous thrombosis (DVT), the data about preventive options for DVT prophylaxis in this population is insufficient. We investigated the safety of low dose low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) for DVT prophylaxis in patients with ICH and the effect of heparin on the enlargement of hemorrhage. METHODS: We prospectively randomized 75 primary ICH patients to subcutaneous LMWH (Enoxaparin sodium 40mg/d) or long compression stockings (CS) after the first 48 hours...
November 2009: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21712672/what-is-the-effect-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-for-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-compared-with-mechanical-methods-on-the-occurrence-of-hemorrhagic-and-venous-thromboembolic-complications-in-patients-with-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-critically-appraised
#2
Cumara B O'Carroll, Dan J Capampangan, Maria I Aguilar, Thomas P Bravo, Charlene R Hoffman-Snyder, Dean M Wingerchuk, Kay E Wellik, Bart M Demaerschalk
BACKGROUND: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are at risk for venous thromboembolic (VTE) complications after stroke. The dilemma remains on whether it is safe to initiate low-dose low-molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in patients with ICH without risking expansion of the initial bleed. OBJECTIVE: To critically assess current evidence regarding the safety of low-dose LMWH in the prevention of VTE complications in patients with acute ICH. METHODS: The objective was addressed through the development of a critically appraised topic that included a clinical scenario, structured question, literature search strategy, critical appraisal, assessment of results, evidence summary, commentary, and bottom-line conclusions...
July 2011: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19039218/early-administration-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-after-spontaneous-intracerebral-hemorrhage-a-safety-analysis
#3
Ines C Kiphuth, Dimitre Staykov, Martin Köhrmann, Tobias Struffert, Gregor Richter, Jurgen Bardutzky, Rainer Kollmar, Mathias Mäurer, Peter D Schellinger, Max-Josef Hilz, Arnd Doerfler, Stefan Schwab, Hagen B Huttner
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common complication after stroke. Application of low molecular weight heparins (LMWH) has been proven to be beneficial for the prevention of VTE in ischemic stroke patients. However, there is no consensus whether and how to administer LMWH for prevention of thrombotic complications after acute spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), the main concern being possible hematoma growth. The objective of this study was to assess the safety of early subcutaneous LMWH in patients with sICH with respect to hemorrhage enlargement...
2009: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24473409/paramedic-rapid-sequence-intubation-in-patients-with-non-traumatic-coma
#4
S A Bernard, K Smith, R Porter, C Jones, A Gailey, B Cresswell, D Cudini, S Hill, B Moore, T St Clair
INTRODUCTION: Pre-hospital intubation by paramedics is widely used in comatose patients prior to transportation to hospital, but the optimal technique for intubation is uncertain. One approach is paramedic rapid sequence intubation (RSI), which may improve outcomes in adult patients with traumatic brain injury. However, many patients present to emergency medical services with coma of non-traumatic cause and the role of paramedic RSI in these patients remains uncertain. METHODS: The electronic Victorian Ambulance Clinical Information System was searched for the term 'suxamethonium' between 2008 and 2011...
January 2015: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7477192/tissue-plasminogen-activator-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-the-national-institute-of-neurological-disorders-and-stroke-rt-pa-stroke-study-group
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Thrombolytic therapy for acute ischemic stroke has been approached cautiously because there were high rates of intracerebral hemorrhage in early clinical trials. We performed a randomized, double-blind trial of intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) for ischemic stroke after recent pilot studies suggested that t-PA was beneficial when treatment was begun within three hours of the onset of stroke. METHODS: The trial had two parts...
December 14, 1995: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25305798/in-vivo-leukocyte-mediated-brain-microcirculatory-inflammation-a-comparison-of-osmotherapies-and-progesterone-in-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kenichiro Kumasaka, Joshua A Marks, Rachel Eisenstadt, Mohammad A Murcy, Davoud Samadi, Shengjie Li, Victoria Johnson, Kevin D Browne, Douglas H Smith, C William Schwab, Jose L Pascual
BACKGROUND: Mannitol, hypertonic saline, and progesterone may blunt leukocyte recruitment after traumatic brain injury (TBI). We hypothesized that progesterone reduces pericontusional recruitment of leukocytes to a greater extent than either osmotherapy a day after TBI. METHODS: CD1 mice underwent controlled cortical impact and were treated with osmotherapy (mannitol and hypertonic saline) or progesterone. Thirty-two hours after TBI, live pial microscopy was used to evaluate leukocyte-endothelial interactions and immunohistochemistry was used for the detection of pericontusional tissue polymorphonuclear neutrophils...
December 2014: American Journal of Surgery
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