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A A Schmaltz
Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the inability of the heart to meet the metabolic demands of the body. As a disease of the advanced age with a frequency of 1-2% of the population it is rare in infancy and childhood. The incidence ranges from 2.95 (in all US children's hospitals) to 23.2 (University's Childrens Hospital Essen) on 1 000 discharges. Among the diagnostic procedures echocardiography is the primary modality of imaging. Tei-index and tissue-Doppler are more sensitive parameters for LV-dysfunction...
January 2015: Klinische Pädiatrie
Chiara Mozzini, Ulisse Garbin, Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Luciano Cominacini
The importance of focused cardiac ultrasound (FCU) in Internal Medicine care has been recognized by the American Society of Echocardiography. The aim of this study was to test what realistic skill targets could be achieved in FCU, with a relatively short training (theoretical and practical) of 9 h offered to Internal Medicine certification board attending students, and if the addition of further 9 h of training could significantly improve the level of competence. Kappa statistic was used to calculate the inter-observer agreement (trainees/tutor)...
February 2015: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Sandeep S Hothi, David Sprigings, John Chambers
The optimum management of acute medical patients requires prompt and accurate diagnosis, monitoring and treatment. The clinical history and physical examination remain central to diagnosis, but often need supplementation by laboratory testing or imaging. Echocardiographic assessment of cardiac structure and function provides valuable information that can aid diagnosis and assess clinical progress. It has many advantages as an imaging modality, and recent technological advances have resulted in hand-held, battery-powered ultrasound devices that provide high-quality images...
December 2014: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
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