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Flat foot, Pes Planus

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19 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Alex McKanna Podiatry Resident @ Franciscan Alliance/MWU based in Dyer, IN USA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20015666/a-review-of-51-talonavicular-joint-arthrodeses-for-flexible-pes-valgus-deformity
#1
Craig A Camasta, Christopher R D Menke, Patrick B Hall
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the radiographic and clinical outcomes of isolated talonavicular arthrodesis in the treatment of the flexible pes valgus foot type. Retrospectively, 51 consecutive isolated talonavicular arthrodeses in 41 patients were evaluated. The mean patient age was 47 (range 9 to 72) years, and the mean follow-up duration was 43.3 (range 11 to 113) months. The mean 10-cm categorical pain score before the surgery was 7.60 +/- 2.37, and this improved to 1.90 +/- 2.38 postoperatively, and this difference was statistically significant (P < ...
March 2010: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25682414/a-case-of-acute-tarsal-tunnel-syndrome-following-lateralizing-calcaneal-osteotomy
#2
Raymond J Walls, Jeremy Y Chan, Scott J Ellis
Surgical correction of hindfoot varus is frequently performed with a lateral displacement calcaneal osteotomy. It has rarely been associated with iatrogenic tarsal tunnel syndrome in patients with pre-existing neurological disease. We report the first case of acute postoperative tarsal tunnel syndrome in a neurologically intact patient with post-traumatic hindfoot varus. Early diagnosis and emergent operative release afforded an excellent clinical outcome. Imaging studies can help outrule a compressive hematoma and assess for possible nerve transection; however it is paramount that a high index of suspicion is utilized with judicious operative intervention to minimize long-term sequelae...
March 2015: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25771476/classification-of-calcaneal-spurs-and-their-relationship-with-plantar-fasciitis
#3
Binghua Zhou, You Zhou, Xu Tao, Chengsong Yuan, Kanglai Tang
Calcaneal spurs, as a cause of plantar fasciitis, are currently debatable. A prospective study was performed to classify calcaneal spurs according to the findings from an investigation of the relationship between calcaneal spurs and plantar fasciitis. Thirty patients with calcaneal spurs and plantar heel pain underwent calcaneal spur removal and endoscopic plantar fasciotomy. The relationship between the classification of calcaneal spurs and plantar fasciitis was evaluated by endoscopic findings, clinical symptoms, radiographic images, and biopsy findings...
July 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15768358/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-adult-flatfoot
#4
REVIEW
Michael S Lee, John V Vanore, James L Thomas, Alan R Catanzariti, Geza Kogler, Steven R Kravitz, Stephen J Miller, Susan Couture Gassen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2005: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25228437/a-simple-technique-for-repair-of-chronic-tendinopathy
#5
Jaclyn M Schwartz, Matrona Giakoumis, Alan S Banks
A large number of tendon repair techniques have been described for acute tendon injury. However, after reviewing the literature, it was noted that there were limited descriptions of specific suture techniques that address repair processes of chronic tendon pathology. Generally, in chronic tendinopathy, others have described a process known as tendon tubularization, which consists of a running stitch using a nonabsorbable suture material along the external surface of the tendon. We believe that leaving a nonabsorbable suture on the exterior surface of the tendon in this manner has the potential to disrupt the optimal gliding function...
January 2015: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24548515/forefoot-tendon-transfers
#6
REVIEW
Andrea Veljkovic, Edward Lansang, Johnny Lau
Flexible forefoot deformities, such as hallux varus, clawed hallux, hammer toes, and angular lesser toe deformities, can be treated effectively with tendon transfers. Based on the presentation of the flexible forefoot deformities, tendon transfers can be used as the primary treatment or as adjuncts to bony procedures when there are components of fixed deformities.
March 2014: Foot and Ankle Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24418401/demographic-physical-and-radiographic-factors-associated-with-functional-flatfoot-deformity
#7
Naohiro Shibuya, Ryan T Kitterman, Javier LaFontaine, Daniel C Jupiter
In 1 of our previous studies, the occurrence of self-reported flatfoot was associated with self-reported increased age, male gender, Asian and African American races, veteran status, poor health, increased body mass index, callus, bunion, hammertoe, and arthritis. However, we had to rely on survey data to identify these risk factors, and the accuracy of the survey results was unknown. Therefore, we decided to identify the risk factors associated with flatfeet using objectively and more accurately measured data...
March 2014: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25666487/in-vivo-three-dimensional-analysis-of-hindfoot-kinematics-in-stage-ii-pttd-flatfoot
#8
Jian Xu, Yijun Zhang, Hassan Muhammad, Xu Wang, Jiazhang Huang, Chao Zhang, Xiang Geng, Xin Ma
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the rotation and translation of each joint in the hindfoot and compare the differences in healthy foot with that in stage II PTTD flatfoot by analyzing the reconstructive three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) image data during several extreme positions. METHODS: CT scans of 20 healthy feet and 20 feet with stage II PTTD flatfoot were taken in maximal positions of plantarflexion, dorsiflexion, inversion, eversion, external rotation and internal rotation conditions...
May 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25666532/lateral-column-lengthening-corrects-hindfoot-valgus-in-a-cadaveric-flatfoot-model
#9
Josh R Baxter, Constantine A Demetracopoulos, Marcelo Pires Prado, Theerawoot Tharmviboonsri, Jonathan T Deland
BACKGROUND: Adult-acquired flatfoot deformity requires a complex operative plan that often utilizes a number of procedures to correct deformity, at both the hindfoot and midfoot. A lateral column lengthening procedure is typically performed to correct abduction deformity across the talonavicular joint; however its effect on hindfoot alignment is not well understood, and overcorrecting the hindfoot deformity can lead to pain and revision surgeries. Therefore, understanding the effect of lateral column lengthening on hindfoot alignment is important for operative planning...
June 2015: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25588756/understanding-the-basics-of-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-and-the-associated-flatfoot-conservative-and-surgical-thoughts
#10
Terry M Philbin, Mark Hofbauer, Premjit Pete S Deol, Melissa Galli, Stephen A Brigido, W Bret Smith, Stephen A Brigido
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2015: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25615758/imaging-of-adult-flatfoot-correlation-of-radiographic-measurements-with-mri
#11
Yu-Ching Lin, Jennifer Ni Mhuircheartaigh, Joshua Lamb, Justin W Kung, Corrie M Yablon, Jim S Wu
OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to determine whether radiographic foot measurements can predict injury of the posterior tibial tendon (PTT) and the supporting structures of the medial longitudinal arch as diagnosed on MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS. After institutional review board approval, 100 consecutive patients with radiographic and MRI examinations performed within a 2-month period were enrolled. Thirty-one patients had PTT dysfunction clinically, and 69 patients had other causes of ankle pain. Talonavicular uncoverage angle, incongruency angle, calcaneal pitch angle, Meary angle, cuneiform-to-fifth metatarsal height, and talar tilt were calculated on standing foot or ankle radiographs...
February 2015: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25413309/screw-size-and-insertion-technique-compared-with-removal-rates-for-calcaneal-displacement-osteotomies
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Douglas E Lucas, G Alexander Simpson, Gregory C Berlet, Terrence M Philbin, J Luke Smith
BACKGROUND: The calcaneal displacement osteotomy is frequently used by foot and ankle surgeons to correct hindfoot angular deformity. Headed compression screws are often used for this purpose, but a common complication is postoperative plantar heel pain from prominent hardware. We evaluated hardware removal rates after calcaneal displacement osteotomies and analyzed technical factors including screw size, position, and angle. We hypothesized that larger screws placed more plantarly would have been removed more frequently...
April 2015: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25125512/calcaneal-z-osteotomy-effect-on-hindfoot-varus-after-triple-arthrodesis-in-a-cadaver-model
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Diego H Zanolli, Richard R Glisson, Gangadhar M Utturkar, Tobin T Eckel, James K DeOrio
BACKGROUND: Triple arthrodesis involves subtalar, talonavicular, and calcaneocuboid joint fusion and is performed to relieve pain and correct deformity. Complications include malunion resulting in equinovarus and lateral column overload, which can lead to painful callosities and stress fractures. This study quantified the effectiveness of a closing-wedge calcaneal "Z" osteotomy for correction of the varus condition and reduction of abnormal loading of the lateral border of the foot. METHODS: Ten fresh-frozen feet were used...
December 2014: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24980929/addressing-stage-ii-posterior-tibial-tendon-dysfunction-biomechanically-repairing-the-osseous-structures-without-the-need-of-performing-the-flexor-digitorum-longus-transfer
#14
REVIEW
Lawrence A DiDomenico, Zachary M Thomas, Ramy Fahim
The clinical presentation of adult flatfoot can range from a flexible deformity with normal joint integrity to a rigid, arthritic flat foot. Debate still exists regarding the surgical management of stage II deformities, especially in the presence of medial column instability. This article reviews and discusses various surgical options for the correction of stage II flatfoot reconstructive procedures. The authors discuss their opinion that is not always necessary to transfer the flexor digitorum longus tendon to provide relief and stability in this patient population...
July 2014: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24980928/surgical-management-of-stage-2-adult-acquired-flatfoot
#15
REVIEW
Jared M Maker, James M Cottom
Adult acquired flatfoot deformity is a progressive disorder with multiple symptoms and degrees of deformity. Stage II adult acquired flatfoot can be divided into stage IIA and IIB based on severity of deformity. Surgical procedures should be chosen based on severity as well as location of the flatfoot deformity. Care must be taken not to overcorrect the flatfoot deformity so as to decrease the possibility of lateral column overload as well as stiffness.
July 2014: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24980927/procedure-selection-for-the-flexible-adult-acquired-flatfoot-deformity
#16
REVIEW
Matthew J Hentges, Kyle R Moore, Alan R Catanzariti, Richard Derner
Adult acquired flatfoot represents a spectrum of deformities affecting the foot and the ankle. The flexible, or nonfixed, deformity must be treated appropriately to decrease the morbidity that accompanies the fixed flatfoot deformity or when deformity occurs in the ankle joint. A comprehensive approach must be taken, including addressing equinus deformity, hindfoot valgus, forefoot supinatus, and medial column instability. A combination of osteotomies, limited arthrodesis, and medial column stabilization procedures are required to completely address the deformity...
July 2014: Clinics in Podiatric Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23966258/the-calcaneal-scarf-osteotomy-surgical-correction-of-the-adult-acquired-flatfoot-deformity-and-radiographic-results
#17
Catherine A Feuerstein, Lowell Weil, Lowell Scott Weil, Erin E Klein, Nicholas G Agerakis, Usman Akram
PURPOSE: Surgical correction of the adult acquired flatfoot deformity (AAFD) is continually evolving. This technique article presents the technique of the calcaneal scarf osteotomy (CSO) and radiographic evidence supporting the ability of this procedure to correct an AAFD. METHOD: The technique described here is a single osteotomy that corrects flatfoot deformity in all 3 planes. Retrospectively, medical records were reviewed to identify patients who underwent a CSO for surgical correction of AAFD...
October 2013: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23520297/lateral-column-length-in-adult-flatfoot-deformity
#18
Steve Kang, Timothy P Charlton, David B Thordarson
INTRODUCTION: In adult acquired flatfoot deformity, it is unclear whether the lateral column length shortens with progression of the deformity, whether it is short to begin with, or whether it is short at all. To our knowledge, no previous study has examined the lateral column length of patients with adult acquired flatfoot deformity compared to a control population. The purpose of our study was to compare the lateral column length in patients with and without adult acquired flatfoot deformity to see if there was a significant difference...
March 2013: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23147626/comparison-of-the-calcaneo-cuboid-cuneiform-osteotomies-and-the-calcaneal-lengthening-osteotomy-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-symptomatic-flexible-flatfoot
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Luis Moraleda, Maria Salcedo, Tracey P Bastrom, Dennis R Wenger, Javier AlbiƱana, Scott J Mubarak
BACKGROUND: Surgery is indicated in symptomatic flatfoot when conservative treatment fails to relieve the symptoms. Osteotomies appear to be the best choice for these painful feet. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiographic outcome of the calcaneo-cuboid-cuneiform osteotomies (triple C) and the calcaneal-lengthening osteotomy in the treatment of children with symptomatic flexible flatfoot. METHODS: The surgeries were performed by senior surgeons who preferred either triple C or calcaneal lengthening...
December 2012: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
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