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Exercise therapy

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9 papers 100 to 500 followers
By Gabriel Radu Physical medicine and rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596288/should-exercises-be-painful-in-the-management-of-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Benjamin E Smith, Paul Hendrick, Toby O Smith, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael S Rathleff, James Selfe, Pip Logan
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal disorders are a prevalent and costly global health issue. A new form of exercise therapy focused on loading and resistance programmes that temporarily aggravates a patient's pain has been proposed. The object of this review was to compare the effect of exercises where pain is allowed/encouraged compared with non-painful exercises on pain, function or disability in patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain within randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Two authors independently selected studies and appraised risk of bias...
June 8, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26934620/opioid-use-and-walking-among-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sarah L Krein, Amy Bohnert, Hyungjin Myra Kim, Meredith E Harris, Caroline R Richardson
This study examined the effect of a walking intervention on step counts among patients with chronic back pain who report opioid use. Data were collected as part of a randomized trial to reduce back-pain-related disability. Participants (n = 118 usual care, 111 intervention) were Veterans receiving care within one healthcare system. Step counts were collected at baseline, 6 mo, and 12 mo via an uploading pedometer. Self-reported opioid use was collected by survey. More than 40% (n = 99) of participants reported opioid use at baseline...
2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849389/core-stability-exercise-versus-general-exercise-for-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
REVIEW
Brian J Coulombe, Kenneth E Games, Elizabeth R Neil, Lindsey E Eberman
Reference: Wang XQ, Zheng JJ, Yu ZW, et al. A meta-analysis of core stability exercise versus general exercise for chronic low back pain. PLoS One. 2012;7(12):e52082. Clinical Questions: Is core stability exercise more effective than general exercise in the treatment of patients with nonspecific low back pain (LBP)? DATA SOURCES:  The authors searched the following databases: China Biological Medicine disc, Cochrane Library, Embase, and PubMed from 1970 through 2011. The key medical subject headings searched were chronic pain, exercise, LBP, lumbosacral region, and sciatica...
January 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707631/stabilization-exercise-compared-to-general-exercises-or-manual-therapy-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Mansueto Gomes-Neto, Jordana Moura Lopes, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Anderson Araujo, Alécio Brasileiro, Camila Sousa, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo
AIM: We performed a systematic review with a meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of stabilization exercises versus general exercises or manual therapy in patients with low back pain. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Scielo, and CINAHL (from the earliest date available to November 2014) for randomized controlled trials that examined the efficacy of stabilization exercises compared to general exercises or manual therapy on pain, disability, and function in patients with low back pain...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#5
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26618056/current-concepts-in-periodization-of-strength-and-conditioning-for-the-sports-physical-therapist
#6
Daniel Lorenz, Scot Morrison
UNLABELLED: The rehabilitation process is driven by the manipulation of training variables that elicit specific adaptations in order to meet established goals. Periodization is an overall concept of training that deals with the division of the training process into specific phases. Programming is the manipulation of the variables within these phases (sets, repetitions, load) that are needed to bring about the specific adaptations desired within that particular period. The current body of literature is very limited when it comes to how these variables are best combined in an injured population since most of the periodization research has been done in a healthy population...
November 2015: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25691583/effects-of-exercise-therapy-on-walking-ability-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#7
REVIEW
Ryo Tanaka, Junya Ozawa, Nobuhiro Kito, Hideki Moriyama
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of exercise therapy on the walking ability of individuals with knee osteoarthritis. DATA SOURCES: Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) were identified by searching through PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature. All literature published to October 2014 were included in the search. REVIEW METHODS: Data were collected from RCTs that compared the effects of exercise therapy on walking ability with the effects of no intervention or psychoeducational intervention in participants with knee osteoarthritis...
January 2016: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25047853/the-effect-of-inter-set-rest-intervals-on-resistance-exercise-induced-muscle-hypertrophy
#8
REVIEW
Menno Henselmans, Brad J Schoenfeld
Due to a scarcity of longitudinal trials directly measuring changes in muscle girth, previous recommendations for inter-set rest intervals in resistance training programs designed to stimulate muscular hypertrophy were primarily based on the post-exercise endocrinological response and other mechanisms theoretically related to muscle growth. New research regarding the effects of inter-set rest interval manipulation on resistance training-induced muscular hypertrophy is reviewed here to evaluate current practices and provide directions for future research...
December 2014: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17513578/core-components-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-secondary-prevention-programs-2007-update-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association-exercise-cardiac-rehabilitation-and-prevention-committee-the-council-on-clinical-cardiology-the-councils-on-cardiovascular
#9
Gary J Balady, Mark A Williams, Philip A Ades, Vera Bittner, Patricia Comoss, JoAnne M Foody, Barry Franklin, Bonnie Sanderson, Douglas Southard
The American Heart Association and the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation recognize that all cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs should contain specific core components that aim to optimize cardiovascular risk reduction, foster healthy behaviors and compliance to these behaviors, reduce disability, and promote an active lifestyle for patients with cardiovascular disease. This update to the previous statement presents current information on the evaluation, interventions, and expected outcomes in each of the core components of cardiac rehabilitation/secondary prevention programs, in agreement with the 2006 update of the American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Secondary Prevention Guidelines, including baseline patient assessment, nutritional counseling, risk factor management (lipids, blood pressure, weight, diabetes mellitus, and smoking), psychosocial interventions, and physical activity counseling and exercise training...
May 22, 2007: Circulation
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