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Congenital heart disease

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1276 papers 100 to 500 followers Original articles, reviews, editorials related to screening, diagnosis, practice implications, treatment, and outcomes of structural CHD, congenital arrhythmias, adult congenital heart disease
By Jamie Jarmul Md / PhD student at UNC - Chapel Hill, PhD in Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436781/rsv-prophylaxis-guideline-changes-and-outcomes-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#1
MULTICENTER STUDY
Adam S Walpert, Ian D Thomas, Merlin C Lowe, Michael D Seckeler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare inpatient outcomes and costs for children with respiratory syncytial virus and congenital heart disease before and after the change in management guidelines for respiratory syncytial virus prophylaxis. DESIGN: Hospital discharge data from the Vizient (formerly University HealthSystem Consortium) were queried from October 2012 to June 2014 (Era 1) and July 2014 to April 2016 (Era 2) for patients aged <24 months with an any International Classification of Disease (ICD)-9 or ICD-10 code for congenital heart disease (745-747...
May 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457357/improving-outpatient-advance-care-planning-for-adults-with-congenital-or-pediatric-heart-disease-followed-in-a-pediatric-heart-failure-and-transplant-clinic
#2
Lindsay A Edwards, Christine Bui, Antonio G Cabrera, Jill Ann Jarrell
OBJECTIVE: To improve outpatient advanced care planning (ACP) for adults with congenital/pediatric heart disease followed in a pediatric heart failure (HF) and transplant clinic through quality improvement (QI) methodology. DESIGN: A one-year QI project was completed. We conducted quarterly chart reviews and incorporated feedback from the providers to direct subsequent interventions. PATIENTS AND SETTING: Patients ≥18 years of age seen in the HF and Transplant Clinic for follow-up visit were included in analysis...
May 2018: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259844/cyanotic-congenital-heart-disease-and-atherosclerosis
#3
REVIEW
Julie Bjerre Tarp, Annette Schophuus Jensen, Thomas Engstrøm, Niels-Henrik Holstein-Rathlou, Lars Søndergaard
Improved treatment options in paediatric cardiology and congenital heart surgery have resulted in an ageing population of patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease (CCHD). The risk of acquired heart disease such as atherosclerosis increases with age.Previous studies have speculated whether patients with CCHD are protected against atherosclerosis. Results have shown that the coronary arteries of patients with CCHD are free from plaques and stenosis. Decreased carotid intima-media thickness and low total plasma cholesterol may indicate a reduced risk of later development of atherosclerosis...
June 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362845/hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-genotype-prediction-models-in-a-pediatric-population
#4
Randa Newman, John Lynn Jefferies, Clifford Chin, Hua He, Amy Shikany, Erin M Miller, Ashley Parrott
The Toronto Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM) Genotype Score and Mayo HCM Genotype Predictor are risk assessment models developed to estimate a patient's likelihood of testing positive for a pathogenic variant causative of HCM. These models were developed from adult populations with HCM based on factors that have been associated with a positive genotype and have not been validated in external populations. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the overall predictive abilities of these models in a clinical pediatric HCM setting...
April 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326110/contemporary-management-and-outcomes-in-congenitally-corrected-transposition-of-the-great-arteries
#5
REVIEW
Shelby Kutty, David A Danford, Gerhard-Paul Diller, Oktay Tutarel
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (ccTGA) can occur in isolation, or in combination with other structural cardiac anomalies, most commonly ventricular septal defect, pulmonary stenosis and tricuspid valve disease. Clinical recognition can be challenging, so echocardiography is often the means by which definitive diagnosis is made. The tricuspid valve and right ventricle are on the systemic arterial side of the ccTGA circulation, and are therefore subject to progressive functional deterioration...
July 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350246/data-driven-quality-improvement-project-to-increase-the-value-of-the-congenital-echocardiographic-report
#6
Pei-Ni Jone, Ruthanne Gould, Cindy Barrett, Adel K Younoszai, Brian Fonseca
Echocardiography is the primary diagnostic modality for congenital heart disease patients. The written report is used to communicate with the care team and organization is often divided into the body with detailed findings and the conclusions with important findings summarized. Strategies to increase workflow efficiency include batch writing of reports after performance of multiple echocardiograms and the use of report templates which may contribute to discrepancies within report leading to potential downstream medical errors...
April 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260345/palivizumab-in-the-prevention-of-severe-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease-a-novel-cost-utility-modeling-study-reflecting-evidence-based-clinical-pathways-in-spain
#7
Ralph Schmidt, Istvan Majer, Natalia García Román, Alejandra Rivas Basterra, ElizaBeth Grubb, Constancio Medrano López
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection remains one of the major reasons of re-hospitalization among children with congenital heart disease (CHD). This study estimated the cost-effectiveness of palivizumab prophylaxis versus placebo, in Spain, from the societal perspective, using a novel cost-effectiveness model reflecting evidence-based clinical pathways. METHODS: A decision-analytic model, combining a decision tree structure in the first year and a Markov structure in later years, was constructed to evaluate the benefits and costs associated with palivizumab versus no prophylaxis among children with CHD...
December 19, 2017: Health Economics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277859/management-of-acute-heart-failure-in-adult-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease
#8
REVIEW
Alexander Van De Bruaene, Lukas Meier, Walter Droogne, Pieter De Meester, Els Troost, Marc Gewillig, Werner Budts
Heart failure is an increasing reason for hospitalization and the leading cause of death in patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD). Recently, the European Society of Cardiology and the American Heart Association published consensus documents on the management of chronic heart failure in ACHD patients. However, little data and/or guidelines are available for the management of (sub)acute heart failure. The ACHD population is heterogeneous by definition and often has complex underlying anatomy, which could pose a challenge to the physician confronted with the ACHD patient in (sub)acute heart failure...
January 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279413/association-between-diastolic-blood-pressure-during-pediatric-in-hospital-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-and-survival
#9
Robert A Berg, Robert M Sutton, Ron W Reeder, John T Berger, Christopher J Newth, Joseph A Carcillo, Patrick S McQuillen, Kathleen L Meert, Andrew R Yates, Rick E Harrison, Frank W Moler, Murray M Pollack, Todd C Carpenter, David L Wessel, Tammara L Jenkins, Daniel A Notterman, Richard Holubkov, Robert F Tamburro, J Michael Dean, Vinay M Nadkarni
BACKGROUND: On the basis of laboratory cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) investigations and limited adult data demonstrating that survival depends on attaining adequate arterial diastolic blood pressure (DBP) during CPR, the American Heart Association recommends using blood pressure to guide pediatric CPR. However, evidence-based blood pressure targets during pediatric CPR remain an important knowledge gap for CPR guidelines. METHODS: All children ≥37 weeks' gestation and <19 years old in Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network intensive care units with chest compressions for ≥1 minute and invasive arterial blood pressure monitoring before and during CPR between July 1, 2013, and June 31, 2016, were included...
April 24, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222139/effect-of-losartan-on-right-ventricular-dysfunction-results-from-the-double-blind-randomized-redefine-trial-right-ventricular-dysfunction-in-tetralogy-of-fallot-inhibition-of-the-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-in-adults-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#10
Jouke P Bokma, Michiel M Winter, Arie P van Dijk, Hubert W Vliegen, Joost P van Melle, Folkert J Meijboom, Martijn C Post, Jacqueline K Berbee, S Matthijs Boekholdt, Maarten Groenink, Aeilko H Zwinderman, Barbara J M Mulder, Berto J Bouma
BACKGROUND: The effect of angiotensin II receptor blockers on right ventricular (RV) function is still unknown. Angiotensin II receptor blockers are beneficial in patients with acquired left ventricular dysfunction, and recent findings have suggested a favorable effect in symptomatic patients with systemic RV dysfunction. The current study aimed to determine the effect of losartan, an angiotensin II receptor blocker, on subpulmonary RV dysfunction in adults after repaired tetralogy of Fallot...
April 3, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247847/risk-estimates-for-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-in-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease
#11
George K Lui, Ian S Rogers, Victoria Y Ding, Haley K Hedlin, Kirstie MacMillen, David J Maron, Christy Sillman, Anitra Romfh, Tara C Dade, Christiane Haeffele, Stafford R Grady, Doff B McElhinney, Daniel J Murphy, Susan M Fernandes
The adult with congenital heart disease (CHD) is at risk of developing atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). We performed a cross-sectional study to describe established ASCVD risk factors and estimate 10-year and lifetime risk of ASCVD in adults over age 18 with CHD of moderate or great complexity using 3 validated risk assessment tools-the Framingham Study Cardiovascular Disease Risk Assessment, the Reynolds Risk Score, and the ASCVD Risk Estimator. We obtained extensive clinical and survey data on 178 enrolled patients, with average age 37...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29255914/outcomes-of-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-reconstruction-for-children-with-persistent-truncus-arteriosus-a-10-year-single-center-experience
#12
Kai Luo, Jinghao Zheng, Zhongqun Zhu, Botao Gao, Xiaomin He, Zhiwei Xu, Jinfen Liu
The purpose of this report is to assess the mid- and long-term outcomes of right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) reconstruction for children with persistent truncus arteriosus. Between September 2006 and 2016, 105 patients with persistent truncus arteriosus (PTA) received surgical treatment at Shanghai Children's Medical Center. Direct right ventricle-pulmonary artery anastomosis (pulmonary artery pull-down) was performed in 51 patients; a left auricle or pericardial conduit was inserted between the RVOT and pulmonary artery as a connection in 17 patients; heterograft (bovine jugular vein or Gore-tex) conduits and homograft conduits were used in 30 and 7 cases, respectively, to connect the distal pulmonary and right ventricle outflow tract; and pulmonary valve reconstruction was performed in 38 patients using a Gore-tex monocusp...
March 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972464/guidelines-for-the-management-of-congenital-heart-diseases-in-childhood-and-adolescence
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260263/systematic-literature-review-on-the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-heart-failure-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
Robert E Shaddy, Aneesh Thomas George, Thomas Jaecklin, Eimear Nic Lochlainn, Lalit Thakur, Rumjhum Agrawal, Susan Solar-Yohay, Fabian Chen, Joseph W Rossano, Thomas Severin, Michael Burch
While the epidemiology of adult heart failure has been extensively researched, this systematic review addresses the less well characterized incidence and prevalence of pediatric HF. The search strategy used Cochrane methodology and identified 83 unique studies for inclusion. Studies were categorized according to whether the HF diagnosis was reported as primary (n = 10); associated with other cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) (n = 49); or associated with non-CVDs (n = 24). A narrative synthesis of the evidence is presented...
March 2018: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246897/hemodynamics-of-fontan-failure-the-role-of-pulmonary-vascular-disease
#15
Alexander C Egbe, Heidi M Connolly, William R Miranda, Naser M Ammash, Donald J Hagler, Gruschen R Veldtman, Barry A Borlaug
BACKGROUND: Nonpulsatile pulmonary blood flow in Fontan circulation results in pulmonary vascular disease, but the potential relationships between pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) and Fontan failure have not been studied. The objective was to determine whether the absence of subpulmonary ventricle in the Fontan circulation would make patients more vulnerable to even low-level elevations in PVRI, and when coupled with low cardiac index, this would identify patients at increased risk of Fontan failure...
December 2017: Circulation. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049043/challenges-of-healthcare-administration-optimizing-quality-and-value-at-an-affordable-cost-in-pediatric-cardiology
#16
REVIEW
Mitchell I Cohen, Patricio A Frias
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to explore the paradigm shift in healthcare delivery that will need to take place over the next few years away from an emphasis on supply-driven health care to better quality transparent-driven health care whose focus is on the consumer's best interest. RECENT FINDINGS: The current healthcare system is fragmented and costs continue to rise. The best way to contain costs is to improve quality to the consumer, the patient...
January 2018: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874252/pediatric-cardiac-readmissions-an-opportunity-for-quality-improvement
#17
Jeffrey H Sacks, Michael Kelleman, Courtney McCracken, Michelle Glanville, Matthew Oster
OBJECTIVE: Hospital readmissions are increasingly becoming a metric for quality in the current landscape of changing and cost effective medicine. However, no 30-d readmission rates have been established for pediatric cardiac medical patients in the United States. Thus, the objective was to determine 30 d readmission rates and risk factors associated with readmission for pediatric cardiac patients, hypothesizing that pediatric cardiac patients would have significantly higher readmission rates than their general pediatric counterparts...
May 2017: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27402234/congenital-heart-disease-with-and-without-cyanotic-potential-and-the-long-term-risk-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-population-based-follow-up-study
#18
Nicolas L Madsen, Bradley S Marino, Jessica G Woo, Reimar W Thomsen, Jørgen Videbœk, Henning Bœkgaard Laursen, Morten Olsen
BACKGROUND: Long-term survival for persons born with congenital heart disease (CHD) is improved, but limited knowledge exists of this growing population's acquired cardiovascular risk profile. This study's purpose was to assess CHD survivors' risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with attention to the impact of cyanotic CHD. METHODS AND RESULTS: This population-based cohort study included Danish subjects with CHD who were born between 1963 and 1980 and were alive at age 30 years...
July 8, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27400308/sildenafil-reduces-pulmonary-vascular-resistance-in-single-ventricular-physiology
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Hiroki Mori, In-Sam Park, Hiroyuki Yamagishi, Makoto Nakamura, Shiro Ishikawa, Kiyohiro Takigiku, Satoshi Yasukochi, Tomotaka Nakayama, Tsutomu Saji, Toshio Nakanishi
BACKGROUND: High pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) may be a risk factor for early and late mortality in both Glen shunt and Fontan operation patients. Furthermore, PVR may increase long after the Fontan operation. Whether pulmonary vasodilators such as phosphodiesterase 5 inhibitors can decrease PVR in patients with single ventricular physiology remains undetermined. METHODS AND RESULTS: This was a prospective, multicenter study. Patients with single ventricular physiology who have a PVR index higher than 2...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27385407/effects-of-balloon-pulmonary-valvuloplasty-as-preoperative-palliation-for-tetralogy-of-fallot
#20
Geena Kim, Gil Ho Ban, Hyoung Doo Lee, Si Chan Sung, Hyungtae Kim, Kwang Ho Choi
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of balloon pulmonary valvuloplasty (BPV) as a palliative procedure for patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF). METHODS: This was a retrospective single-center study conducted between 2008 and 2014. We classified patients into three groups according to palliation: treatment with BPV (group I), with a Blalock-Taussig shunt (group II), and with infundibulectomy (group III). The growth of the pulmonary valve (PV) annulus and need for transannular patching (TAP) during total correction were compared between groups...
July 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
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