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Nutrition

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By Paul Ross ICUnurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25639583/methods-used-by-critical-care-nurses-to-verify-feeding-tube-placement-in-clinical-practice
#1
Annette M Bourgault, Janie Heath, Vallire Hooper, Mary Lou Sole, Elizabeth G Nesmith
BACKGROUND: The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses practice alert on verification of feeding tube placement makes evidence-based practice recommendations to guide nursing management of adult patients with blindly inserted feeding tubes. Many bedside verification methods do not allow detection of improper positioning of a feeding tube within the gastrointestinal tract, thereby increasing aspiration risk. OBJECTIVES: To determine how the expected practices from the American Association of Critical-Care Nurses practice alert were implemented by critical care nurses...
February 2015: Critical Care Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25409371/early-versus-on-demand-nasoenteric-tube-feeding-in-acute-pancreatitis
#2
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Olaf J Bakker, Sandra van Brunschot, Hjalmar C van Santvoort, Marc G Besselink, Thomas L Bollen, Marja A Boermeester, Cornelis H Dejong, Harry van Goor, Koop Bosscha, Usama Ahmed Ali, Stefan Bouwense, Wilhelmina M van Grevenstein, Joos Heisterkamp, Alexander P Houdijk, Jeroen M Jansen, Thom M Karsten, Eric R Manusama, Vincent B Nieuwenhuijs, Alexander F Schaapherder, George P van der Schelling, Matthijs P Schwartz, B W Marcel Spanier, Adriaan Tan, Juda Vecht, Bas L Weusten, Ben J Witteman, Louis M Akkermans, Marco J Bruno, Marcel G Dijkgraaf, Bert van Ramshorst, Hein G Gooszen
BACKGROUND: Early enteral feeding through a nasoenteric feeding tube is often used in patients with severe acute pancreatitis to prevent gut-derived infections, but evidence to support this strategy is limited. We conducted a multicenter, randomized trial comparing early nasoenteric tube feeding with an oral diet at 72 hours after presentation to the emergency department in patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We enrolled patients with acute pancreatitis who were at high risk for complications on the basis of an Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score of 8 or higher (on a scale of 0 to 71, with higher scores indicating more severe disease), an Imrie or modified Glasgow score of 3 or higher (on a scale of 0 to 8, with higher scores indicating more severe disease), or a serum C-reactive protein level of more than 150 mg per liter...
November 20, 2014: New England Journal of Medicine
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