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Labour Analgesia

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152 papers 100 to 500 followers A collection from an obstetric anesthesiologist with an interest in patient centred analgesia and new modalities
By Ron George Anesthesiologist with special interests in Obstetrics, Pain, and Global Health
Pamela Angle, Christine Kurtz Landy, Jasmine Djordjevic, Jon Barrett, Alanna Kibbe, Saiena Sriparamananthan, Yuna Lee, Lydia Hamata, Alex Kiss
OBJECTIVES: The Angle Labor Pain Questionnaire (A-LPQ) is a new, condition-specific, multidimensional psychometric instrument which measures the most important dimensions of women's childbirth pain experiences using 5 subscales: The Enormity of the Pain, Fear/Anxiety, Uterine Contraction Pain, Birthing Pain and Back Pain/Long Haul. This study assessed the A-LPQ's test-retest reliability during early active labor without pain relief. METHODS: Two versions of the A-LPQ were randomly administered during 2 test sessions separated by a 20 minute window...
September 28, 2016: Clinical Journal of Pain
Ema Hrešanová
This paper explores the history of the 'psychoprophylactic method of painless childbirth' in socialist Czechoslovakia, in particular, in the Czech and Moravian regions of the country, showing that it substantially differs from the course that the method took in other countries. This non-pharmacological method of pain relief originated in the USSR and became well known as the Lamaze method in western English-speaking countries. Use of the method in Czechoslovakia, however, followed a very different path from both the West, where its use was refined mainly outside the biomedical frame, and the USSR, where it ceased to be pursued as a scientific method in the 1950s after Stalin's death...
October 2016: Medical History
J L Booth, P H Pan, J A Thomas, L C Harris, R D'Angelo
BACKGROUND: The optimal volume of blood required to treat post-dural puncture headache remains in question. In our institution a target volume of 30mL is used for an epidural blood patch unless the patient experiences pain during injection. METHODS: The institutional database was retrospectively reviewed for epidural blood patch and delivery statistics over a 15-year period to determine if the volume of blood administered during the procedure directly correlated with the number of epidural blood patches administered...
June 3, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Agnes M Lamon, Ashraf S Habib
Obesity is a worldwide epidemic. It is associated with increased comorbidities and increased maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. The risk of cesarean delivery is also increased in obese parturients. Anesthetic management of the obese parturient is challenging and requires adequate planning. Therefore, those patients should be referred to antenatal anesthetic consultation. Anesthesia-related complications and maternal mortality are increased in this patient population. The risk of difficult intubation is increased in obese patients...
2016: Local and Regional Anesthesia
Theresa R Crowgey, Jennifer E Dominguez, Cathleen Peterson-Layne, Terrence K Allen, Holly A Muir, Ashraf S Habib
Respiratory depression can occur after neuraxial morphine administration. In the obstetric population, there are little data on respiratory depression after neuraxial morphine administration in women undergoing cesarean delivery. In this single-center, retrospective study in 5036 obstetric patients (mean body mass index = 34 kg/m) who underwent cesarean delivery and received neuraxial morphine, we did not identify any instances of respiratory depression requiring naloxone administration or rapid response team involvement...
December 2013: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Daniel Stocki, Idit Matot, Sharon Einav, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, Yehuda Ginosar, Carolyn F Weiniger
BACKGROUND: Safe and effective alternatives are required in labor when epidural analgesia is not appropriate. We hypothesized that patient-controlled IV remifentanil labor analgesia would not be inferior to patient-controlled epidural labor analgesia. METHODS: This randomized nonblinded controlled noninferiority study in healthy women with a singleton fetus and vertex presentation was performed at 1 site. Women were randomized to receive patient-controlled IV analgesia titrated from 20 mcg up to a maximum bolus dose of 60 mcg with a lockout interval of 1 to 2 minutes, or patient-controlled epidural analgesia 0...
March 2014: Anesthesia and Analgesia
S Segal, M Su, P Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to quantitatively estimate the effect of a rapid introduction or withdrawal of on-demand epidural analgesia on the cesarean delivery rate. STUDY DESIGN: MEDLINE and meeting abstracts were searched for studies reporting the cesarean delivery rate immediately before and after a rapid change in the availability of epidural analgesia. Nine studies reporting data on 37,753 patients were selected. Meta-analysis was performed to estimate the means and 95% confidence intervals for the changes in rates of total cesarean deliveries, cesarean deliveries among nulliparous women, cesarean deliveries for dystocia, and operative vaginal deliveries...
October 2000: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Melissa E Bauer, Jill M Mhyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Sharon Orbach-Zinger, Eran Ashwal, Lilach Hazan, Danielle Bracco, Alex Ioscovich, Liran Hiersch, Andrey Khinchuck, Amir Aviram, Leonid A Eidelman
BACKGROUND: Unintended dural puncture (UDP) is one of the main risks of epidural analgesia, with a reported incidence of approximately 1.5% among the obstetric population. UDP is associated with maternal adverse outcomes, with the most frequent adverse outcome being postdural puncture headache (PDPH). Our retrospective cohort study objective was to identify demographic and obstetric risk factors that increase the risk of unintentional dural puncture as well as describing the obstetric outcome once a dural puncture has occurred...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Suzanne K W Mankowitz, Antonio Gonzalez Fiol, Richard Smiley
Extension of epidural labor analgesia for cesarean delivery anesthesia may fail. There are a number of factors associated with labor epidural catheter failure. This focused review discusses these associations and anesthetic options when faced with inadequate surgical epidural anesthesia for cesarean delivery.
August 12, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Ana Sjaus, Dolores M McKeen, Ronald B George
PURPOSE: In this continuing professional development module, we review recent Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada (SOGC) guidelines for the classification and diagnosis of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP) as well as review the clinical features, laboratory investigations, and outcomes of HDP. We explore the evidence for anesthetic management and prevention of end-organ damage in women with HDP and describe the role and contribution of anesthesiologists as part of a multidisciplinary care team...
September 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Natasha R Alligood-Percoco, Kristen H Kjerulff, John T Repke
OBJECTIVE: To investigate risk factors for dyspareunia among primiparous women. METHODS: This was a planned secondary analysis using data from the 1- and 6-month postpartum interviews of a prospective study of women who delivered their first neonate in Pennsylvania, 2009-2011. Participants who had resumed sexual intercourse by the 6-month interview (N=2,748) constituted the analytic sample. Women reporting a big or medium problem with painful intercourse at 6 months were categorized as having dyspareunia...
September 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Brendan Carvalho, Ronald B George, Benjamin Cobb, Christine McKenzie, Edward T Riley
Programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) is an exciting new technology that has the potential to improve the maintenance of epidural labor analgesia. PIEB compared with a continuous epidural infusion (CEI) has the potential advantage of greater spread within the epidural space and therefore better sensory blockade. Studies have demonstrated a local anesthetic-sparing effect, fewer instrumental vaginal deliveries, less motor blockade, and improvements in maternal satisfaction with PIEB compared with CEI...
October 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Yunan Lin, Qiang Li, Jinlu Liu, Ruimin Yang, Jingchen Liu
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate differences between continuous epidural infusion (CEI) and programmed intermittent epidural bolus (IEB) analgesia for the Chinese parturients undergoing spontaneous delivery and to approach their safety to parturients and neonates. METHODS: Two hundred healthy American Society of Anesthesiologists class I or II, term (≥37 weeks' gestation), nulliparous women who requested analgesia for labor were recruited. Epidural analgesia was initiated with a solution of 0...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
Joana Nunes, Sara Nunes, Mariano Veiga, Mara Cortez, Isabel Seifert
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that administration of a programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) compared to continuous epidural infusion (CEI) leads to greater analgesia efficacy and maternal satisfaction with decreased anesthetic interventions. METHODS: In this study, 166 women with viable pregnancies were included. After an epidural loading dose of 10mL with Ropivacaine 0.16% plus Sufentanil 10μg, parturient were randomly assigned to one of three regimens: A - Ropivacaine 0...
September 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
Ann P Aschenbrenner, Lisa Hanson, Teresa S Johnson, Sheryl T Kelber
OBJECTIVE: To describe the attitudes of intrapartum nurses about the importance of and intent to provide professional labor support (PLS); barriers to PLS, such as perceived subjective norms and perceived behavioral control; and relationships among attitudes, behaviors, and nurse and site characteristics. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, mixed-methods, descriptive design was guided by the Theory of Planned Behavior. SETTING: Three hospital sites in one region of a single Midwestern state...
July 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Ellen L Tilden, Aaron B Caughey, Christopher S Lee, Cathy Emeis
OBJECTIVE: To synthesize and critique the quantitative literature on measuring childbirth self-efficacy and the effect of childbirth self-efficacy on perinatal outcomes. DATA SOURCES: Eligible studies were identified through searches of MEDLINE, CINAHL, Scopus, and Google Scholar databases. STUDY SELECTION: Published research articles that used a tool explicitly intended to measure childbirth self-efficacy and that examined outcomes within the perinatal period were included...
July 2016: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
Chitra P Akileswaran, Margaret S Hutchison
The principle of avoiding the worst possible outcomes guided the enormous successes of modern obstetrics in reducing the morbidity and mortality of childbirth. The challenges of improving the quality of childbirth today has prompted health care providers, policymakers, and patients to ask whether this principle is in fact preventing us from supporting the normal processes of childbirth, resulting in undue intervention and potentially causing harm. In this commentary, we suggest that recognizing the strengths of the medical model of childbirth does not preclude looking outside of it to meet the maternity care needs of the majority of healthy, low-risk women...
July 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kelly Madden, Philippa Middleton, Allan M Cyna, Mandy Matthewson, Leanne Jones
BACKGROUND: This review is one in a series of Cochrane reviews investigating pain management for childbirth. These reviews all contribute to an overview of systematic reviews of pain management for women in labour, and share a generic protocol. This review updates an earlier version of the review of the same title. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness and safety of hypnosis for pain management during labour and childbirth. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group's Trials Register (30 September 2015) and the reference lists of primary studies and review articles...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Kathrin Stoll, Yvonne Hauck, Soo Downe, Joyce Edmonds, Mechthild M Gross, Anne Malott, Patricia McNiven, Emma Swift, Gillian Thomson, Wendy A Hall
BACKGROUND: Assessment of childbirth fear, in advance of pregnancy, and early identification of modifiable factors contributing to fear can inform public health initiatives and/or school-based educational programming for the next generation of maternity care consumers. We developed and evaluated a short fear of birth scale that incorporates the most common dimensions of fear reported by men and women prior to pregnancy, fear of: labour pain, being out of control and unable to cope with labour and birth, complications, and irreversible physical damage...
June 2016: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
2016-05-18 17:56:13
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