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Competency based Medical Educatiom

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By Stephen Miller Director EM Simulation Dalhousie University and Div. of Medical Education. Director Skilled Clinician Program Undergraduate Medical Education. MD, FCFP(EM) MEd
Somnath Mookherjee, Anna Chang, Christy K Boscardin, Karen E Hauer
BACKGROUND: Objective Structured Clinical Exams (OSCEs) with standardized patients (SPs) are commonly used in medical education to assess learners' clinical skills. However, assessments are often discrete rather than intentionally developmentally sequenced. AIMS: We developed an examination blueprint to optimize assessment and feedback to learners with purposeful sequence as a series of longitudinally integrated assessments based on performance milestones. Integrated and progressive clinical skills assessments offer several benefits: assessment of skill development over time, systematic identification of learning needs, data for individualized feedback and learning plans, and baseline reference points for reassessment...
November 2013: Medical Teacher
Nadia Saeed, Tara Jaffery, Khaja Hameeduddin Mujtaba Quadri
OBJECTIVE: To explore the process of final year Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) for improving the quality of assessment. METHODS: The analytical cross-sectional study was conducted with purposive sampling on one-year Medicine Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) scores of Final Year batch of 2009 at the Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad. The scores from December 2008 to December 2009 of 77 Final Year students were analysed. The process of examination and the interpretation of the scores was evaluated using the Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing as the conceptual framework for validity testing which identifies five sources of test validity evidence...
August 2012: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
W Tormey
INTRODUCTION: Methods of teaching and assessment in medical schools have transformed over the recent past. Accreditation of medical schools through national licensing bodies and removal of bias at examinations is the norm. This review is intended to inform senior doctors who are peripherally involved in training at speciality or general professional level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From the summative assessment of learning, the uses of assessment for learning and formative assessment have transformed the process of education...
March 2015: Irish Journal of Medical Science
Adel Abdelaziz, Emad Koshak
Structuring clinical teaching is a challenge facing medical education curriculum designers. A variety of instructional methods on different domains of learning are indicated to accommodate different learning styles. Conventional methods of clinical teaching, like training in ambulatory care settings, are prone to the factor of coincidence in having varieties of patient presentations. Accordingly, alternative methods of instruction are indicated to compensate for the deficiencies of these conventional methods...
2014: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
Tim Dornan, Naomi Tan, Henny Boshuizen, Rachel Gick, Rachel Isba, Karen Mann, Albert Scherpbier, John Spencer, Elizabeth Timmins
Clerkship education has been called a 'black box' because so little is known about what, how, and under which conditions students learn. Our aim was to develop a blueprint for education in ambulatory and inpatient settings, and in single encounters, traditional rotations, or longitudinal experiences. We identified 548 causal links between conditions, processes, and outcomes of clerkship education in 168 empirical papers published over 7 years and synthesised a theory of how students learn. They do so when they are given affective, pedagogic, and organisational support...
December 2014: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Debra Pugh, Stanley J Hamstra, Timothy J Wood, Susan Humphrey-Murto, Claire Touchie, Rachel Yudkowsky, Georges Bordage
Internists are required to perform a number of procedures that require mastery of technical and non-technical skills, however, formal assessment of these skills is often lacking. The purpose of this study was to develop, implement, and gather validity evidence for a procedural skills objective structured clinical examination (PS-OSCE) for internal medicine (IM) residents to assess their technical and non-technical skills when performing procedures. Thirty-five first to third-year IM residents participated in a 5-station PS-OSCE, which combined partial task models, standardized patients, and allied health professionals...
March 2015: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
Tim J Wilkinson, Judith N Hudson, Geoffrey J Mccoll, Wendy C Y Hu, Brian C Jolly, Lambert W T Schuwirth
BACKGROUND: Benchmarking among medical schools is essential, but may result in unwanted effects. AIM: To apply a conceptual framework to selected benchmarking activities of medical schools. METHODS: We present an analogy between the effects of assessment on student learning and the effects of benchmarking on medical school educational activities. A framework by which benchmarking can be evaluated was developed and applied to key current benchmarking activities in Australia and New Zealand...
February 2015: Medical Teacher
Eric S Holmboe
Competency-based medical education (CBME) places a premium on both educational and clinical outcomes. The Milestones component of the Next Accreditation System represents a fundamental change in medical education in the United States and is part of the drive to realize the full promise of CBME. The Milestones framework provides a descriptive blueprint in each specialty to guide curriculum development and assessment practices. From the beginning of the Outcomes project in 1999, the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education and the larger medical education community recognized the importance of improving their approach to assessment...
April 2015: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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