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Access to care

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299 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Jamie Jarmul Md / PhD student at UNC - Chapel Hill, PhD in Health Policy and Management
Florence E Turrentine, Patrick J Buckley, Min-Woong Sohn, Michael D Williams
The University of Virginia (UVA) has recently become an Accountable Care Organization (ACO), intensifying efforts to provide better care for individuals. UVA's ACO population resides across the entire Commonwealth, with a large percentage of patients living in rural areas. To provide better health for this population, the central tenet of the ACO mission, we identified geographic risk factors influencing hospital readmission. We analyzed the relationship between the distance of patients' residence to the nearest hospital and 30-day readmission in general surgery patients...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Jamie O Creed, Julianne M Cyr, Hillary Owino, Shannen E Box, Mia Ives-Rublee, Brian B Sheitman, Beat D Steiner, Jefferson G Williams, Michael W Bachman, Jose G Cabanas, J Brent Myers, Seth W Glickman
OBJECTIVE: Emergency Departments (ED) are overburdened with patients experiencing acute mental health crises. Pre-hospital transport by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) to community mental health and substance abuse treatment facilities could reduce ED utilization and costs. Our objective was to describe characteristics, treatment, and outcomes of acute mental health crises patients who were transported by EMS to an acute crisis unit at WakeBrook, a North Carolina community mental health center...
September 2018: Prehospital Emergency Care
Jose F Figueroa, Karen E Joynt, Xiner Zhou, Endel J Orav, Ashish K Jha
OBJECTIVE: US hospitals that care for vulnerable populations, "safety-net hospitals" (SNHs), are more likely to incur penalties under the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program, which penalizes hospitals with higher-than-expected readmissions. Understanding whether SNHs face unique barriers to reducing readmissions or whether they underuse readmission-prevention strategies is important. DESIGN: We surveyed leadership at 1600 US acute care hospitals, of whom 980 participated, between June 2013 and January 2014...
March 2017: Medical Care
Shikhar Agarwal, Karan Sud, Sahil Khera, Dhaval Kolte, Gregg C Fonarow, Julio A Panza, Venu Menon
BACKGROUND: We assessed trends in incidence, in-hospital mortality, and admission among patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) presenting to the emergency department (ED) from 2006 to 2012. HYPOTHESIS: There is a considerable burden of ACHD in the US EDs. METHODS: We used the 2006-2012 US Nationwide Emergency Department Sample. All ED visits with ACHD were identified using standard International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Edition, Clinical Modification codes...
July 2016: Clinical Cardiology
Deirdre Weymann, Kate Smolina, Emilie J Gladstone, Steven G Morgan
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in pharmaceutical spending and patient characteristics across prescription drug user groups. DATA SOURCES: British Columbia's population-based linked administrative health and sociodemographic databases (N = 3,460,763). STUDY DESIGN: We classified individuals into empirically derived prescription drug user groups based on pharmaceutical spending patterns outside hospitals from 2007 to 2011. We examined variation in patient characteristics, mortality, and health services usage and applied hierarchical clustering to determine patterns of concurrent drug use identifying high-cost patients...
April 2017: Health Services Research
Mary Norine Walsh, Karen E Joynt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
Marc G Cribbs, David A Briston, Ali N Zaidi
OBJECTIVES: The growing number of women with CHD presents unique challenges, including those related to pregnancy, which can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. We sought to evaluate the perception of paediatric cardiologists towards the reproductive health of women with CHD. METHODS: Paediatric cardiologists in the United States of America were invited to participate in a cross-sectional, anonymous survey. Information solicited included knowledge of contraceptive methods, experience caring for pregnant women with CHD, and referral patterns including the utilisation of high-risk obstetric and adult CHD specialists...
March 2017: Cardiology in the Young
Kathleen Danhausen, Deepa Joshi, Sarah Quirk, Robert Miller, Michael Fowler, Mavis N Schorn
INTRODUCTION: Addressing the persistent challenge of inadequate prenatal care requires innovative solutions. Student-run free health centers are poised to rise to this challenge. The Shade Tree Clinic Early Pregnancy Program, jointly operated by university medical and nursing programs, functions as an ongoing access-to-care portal for pregnant women without health insurance. The clinic is run by medical students and nurse-midwifery students and uses a service-based learning model that allows students to work and learn in supervised, interprofessional teams while providing evidence-based prenatal care...
May 2015: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
Sean D Sullivan, Kai Yeung, Carol Vogeler, Scott D Ramsey, Edward Wong, Chad O Murphy, Dan Danielson, David L Veenstra, Louis P Garrison, Wylie Burke, John B Watkins
BACKGROUND: Value-based insurance design attempts to align drug copayment tier with value rather than cost. Previous implementations of value-based insurance design have lowered copayments for drugs indicated for select "high value" conditions and have found modest improvements in medication adherence. However, these implementations have generally not resulted in cost savings to the health plan, suggesting a need for increased copayments for "low value" drugs. Further, previous implementations have assigned equal copayment reductions to all drugs within a therapeutic area without assessing the value of individual drugs...
April 2015: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Dan Poenaru, Julia Pemberton, Brian H Cameron
BACKGROUND: Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) have become the standard metric for estimating burden of disease (BoD), but have not yet been applied to delayed access to surgical procedures. This study estimates the DALYs accrued from delayed access to surgical care in two pediatric surgical units in Kenya and Canada. METHODS: Records of operations for 13 congenital health states in a Kenyan and a Canadian hospital were prospectively collected for 2012. DALYs caused by delayed presentation were estimated using disability weights and ideal and actual age at surgery...
May 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Charles Scott Hultman, Wendell G Gilland, Samuel Weir
INTRODUCTION: Inefficient patient throughput in a surgery practice can result in extended new patient backlogs, excessively long cycle times in the outpatient clinics, poor patient satisfaction, decreased physician productivity, and loss of potential revenue. This project assesses the efficacy of multiple throughput interventions in an academic, plastic surgery practice at a public university. METHODS: We implemented a Patient Access and Efficiency (PAcE) initiative, funded and sponsored by our health care system, to improve patient throughput in the outpatient surgery clinic...
June 2015: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Jared Lane K Maeda, Jacqueline J Bradley, Sarah R Eissler, Marcia Lobrano, Mindy R Rubin, Maritha Gay, Michael A Horberg, Bernadette C Loftus
The Community Ambassador Program (CAP) in the Mid-Atlantic States Region places Kaiser Permanente-employed nurse practitioners, midwives, and physician assistants to work in the safety-net clinics and share best practices through a long-term community collaboration. The authors conducted an evaluation of 18 safety-net clinics that participated in the CAP in 2012. The Community Ambassadors provided an estimated 32,249 encounters to 11,988 patients. Performance was at or near 90% for 2 adult quality measures (weight screening and tobacco use assessment)...
2015: Permanente Journal
Bianca Perez, Janelle Schrag
Safety-net hospitals are resource-constrained and serve complex patients yet are innovators in chronic disease care. Their strategies include personalized care, multidisciplinary teams, and information systems yielding real-time data. Safety-net providers are prime examples from which the health care community can learn to improve the delivery of chronic disease care.
February 2015: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Tyler N A Winkelman, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Navjyot K Vidwan, Meredith Niess, Cynthia S Davey, Derek Donovan, Joseph Cofrancesco, Mia Mallory, Sandi Moutsios, Ryan M Antiel, John Y Song
BACKGROUND: It is not known whether medical students support the Affordable Care Act (ACA) or possess the knowledge or will to engage in its implementation as part of their professional obligations. OBJECTIVE: To characterize medical students' views and knowledge of the ACA and to assess correlates of these views. DESIGN: Cross-sectional email survey. PARTICIPANTS: All 5,340 medical students enrolled at eight geographically diverse U...
July 2015: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Peggy Wros, Launa Rae Mathews, Heather Voss, Nicholas Bookman
The Interprofessional Care Access Network is an innovative model for academic-practice partnership providing care coordination for vulnerable and underserved clients and populations in identified neighborhoods. Interprofessional student teams, including health professions students from nursing, medicine, pharmacy, and dentistry, collaborate with community service organizations and primary care clinics to address social determinants of health identified as barriers to achieving health care outcomes and Triple Aim goals...
April 2015: Family & Community Health
Shreya Kangovi, Katherine Kellom, Christopher Sha, Sarah Johnson, Casey Chanton, Tamala Carter, Judith A Long, David Grande
To explore perceptions of high-risk patients and their practice staff on the patient-centered medical home, we conducted a multisite qualitative study with chronically ill, low-income patients and their primary care practice staff (N = 51). There were 3 key findings. Both patients and staff described a trade-off: timely care from an unfamiliar provider versus delayed access to their personal physician. Staff were enthusiastic about enhancing access through strategies such as online communication, yet high-risk patients viewed these as access barriers...
April 2015: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
Greta Tubbesing, Frederick M Chen
PURPOSE: Interprofessional practice (IPP) is associated with better patient care outcomes and patient and provider satisfaction, yet little is known about the organizational structures that support effective IPP. METHODS: We selected 9 diverse clinical practice sites with exemplary IPP and conducted site visits with nonparticipant observations and interviewed 80 physicians, nurses, pharmacists, dieticians, medical and hospital assistants, nurse practitioners, physician assistants, clinic managers, physical and occupational therapists, respiratory therapists, social workers, psychologists, and others...
March 2015: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Barry John Milne, Karl Parker, Jessica McLay, Martin von Randow, Roy Lay-Yee, Phil Hider, Jacqueline Cumming, Peter Davis
Ambulatory sensitive hospitalizations (ASH) are those thought to be preventable by timely and effective primary health care. Better access to primary health care has been associated with lower ASH rates. Funding increases to primary health care in New Zealand beginning in 2001 led to an improvement in access. Analysis of hospitalizations to all New Zealand public hospitals revealed that, for most age groups, ASH rates did not show long-term reductions from 2001 to 2009, while socioeconomic differences in ASH rates widened across this period...
April 2015: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
Julie Schmittdiel, Marsha Raebel, Wendy Dyer, John Steiner, Glenn Goodrich, Andy Karter, Gregory Nichols
OBJECTIVES: CMS recently added medication adherence to antihypertensives, antihyperlipidemics, and oral antihyperglycemics to its Medicare Star quality measures. These CMS metrics exclude patients with <2 medication fills (ie, "early nonadherence") and patients concurrently taking insulin. This study examined the proportion of patients with diabetes prescribed cardiovascular disease (CVD) medications excluded from Star adherence metrics and assessed the relationship of both Star-defined adherence and exclusion from Star metrics with CVD risk factor control...
2014: American Journal of Managed Care
Mia Kanak, Lori Rutman, Elizabeth A Pirrotta, Mary Giammona, Marmi Bermudez, Nancy E Wang
OBJECTIVES: Although 40% of emergency departments (EDs) report having an insurance linkage program, no studies have evaluated the long-term success of these programs. This study aimed to examine insurance retention and utilization by children initially referred to insurance by our ED insurance linkage program. METHODS: We retrospectively examined insurance records of all uninsured children successfully enrolled in public insurance by the insurance linkage program established in our suburban academic ED between 2004 and 2009...
March 2015: Pediatric Emergency Care
2015-03-07 18:39:12
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