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Renal Pruritus

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40 papers 25 to 100 followers
By Isabel Acosta-Ochoa Nephrology senior staff. Valladolid. Spain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006661/-importance-of-phototherapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-pruritus
#1
REVIEW
Franz J Legat
Phototherapy and photochemotherapy (PUVA) are important treatment modalities in inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis and atopic dermatitis as well as in cutaneous T‑cell lymphoma (e.g., mycosis fungoides/Sezary syndrome). Many of these skin diseases are accompanied by distracting pruritus. In addition, patients may suffer from intense pruritus in systemic diseases of the kidney and liver as well as of the endocrine and hematopoietic system. UV-light during phototherapy is capable of not only improving the inflammatory skin lesions but also of reducing the pruritus in skin and systemic diseases...
July 13, 2018: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29971209/uremic-pruritus-and-associated-factors-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-multi-center-study
#2
Nurten Ozen, Fatma Ilknur Cinar, Dilek Askin, Dilek Mut
Background: Uremic pruritus is a common and disturbing problem in hemodialysis patients. Although its pathogenesis is not completely understood, it is thought to be multifactorial. The aim of this study was to identify risk factors of uremic pruritus in hemodialysis patients. Methods: A total of 249 patients from four dialysis centers were included in this study. Data were collected using a questionnaire, the visual analogue scale, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
June 2018: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29929599/end-stage-renal-disease-chronic-itch-and-its-management
#3
REVIEW
Radomir Reszke, Jacek C Szepietowski
End-stage renal disease chronic itch is a frequent symptom that bothers patients with advanced stages of chronic kidney disease. The pathogenesis of the chronic itch symptom is complex and not yet fully understood and includes many metabolic, immunologic, and neurogenic factors. A significant burden of the disease results in decreased quality of life with sleep impairment, depressive symptoms, and increased mortality of affected individuals. No treatment of choice is available; topical therapy (emollients), phototherapy (UV-B), and systemic therapy (antiepileptics, opioid agonists, and antagonists) provide significant relief in varying percentages of patients...
July 2018: Dermatologic Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913453/uremic-pruritus-is-associated-with-two-year-cardiovascular-mortality-in-long-term-hemodialysis-patients
#4
Cheng-Hao Weng, Ching-Chih Hu, Tzung-Hai Yen, Ching-Wei Hsu, Wen-Hung Huang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Uremic pruritus (UP) is an unpleasant complication in patients undergoing maintenance dialysis. Cardiovascular and infection related deaths are the major causes of mortality in patients undergoing dialysis. Studies on the correlation between cardiovascular or infection related mortality and UP are limited. METHODS: We analyze 866 maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients in our hemodialysis centers. Clinical parameters and 24-month cardiovascular and infection-related mortality are recorded...
2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794739/prevalence-of-chronic-kidney-disease-associated-pruritus-among-adult-dialysis-patients-a-meta-analysis-of-cross-sectional-studies
#5
REVIEW
Xinmiao Hu, Yan Sang, Mei Yang, Xue Chen, Wenjuan Tang
Chronic kidney disease (CKD)-associated pruritus is a common adverse symptom in patients with end-stage renal disease treated by dialysis. Herein, a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of CKD-associated pruritus among adult dialysis patients was conducted.An electronic search of PubMed, Web of Science, Elsevier, Wanfang, and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure databases was conducted from inception to November 23, 2016, and all cross-sectional studies that reported the prevalence of CKD-associated pruritus in dialysis were collected...
May 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778130/the-effect-of-increasing-blood-flow-rate-on-severity-of-uremic-pruritus-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-single-clinical-trial
#6
Mansooreh Aliasgharpour, Soheila Zabolypour, Ahmadali Asadinoghabi, Hamid Haghani, Mahboub Lesanpezeshki
BACKGROUND: Although the prevalence of uremic pruritus has decreased compared to the past, the problem still remains as a matter of health and a major challenge of research in medical field, and has no effective treatment at present. This study aimed to investigate the effect of increasing blood flow rate on severity of uremic pruritus in hemodialysis patients in Iran. METHODS: This clinical trial was performed on 60 hemodialysis patients that referred to hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences and these patients were selected through the convenience method and were treated for four weeks...
June 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391822/post-marketing-surveillance-study-of-the-safety-and-efficacy-of-nalfurafine-hydrochloride-remitch-%C3%A2-capsules-2-5-%C3%AE-g-in-3-762-hemodialysis-patients-with-intractable-pruritus
#7
Hideki Kozono, Hiroshi Yoshitani, Ryoko Nakano
Background: Intractable pruritus in hemodialysis patients can significantly decrease their quality of life and is also associated with poor vital prognosis. Although combined multiple causes of intractable pruritus in these patients have been identified, no existing treatments are proven to be sufficiently effective. We conducted a post-marketing surveillance to follow-up and assess the safety and efficacy of nalfurafine, a selective κ-opioid receptor agonist, for the treatment of intractable pruritus in patients undergoing hemodialysis...
2018: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321547/polycythemia-vera-treatment-algorithm-2018
#8
REVIEW
Ayalew Tefferi, Alessandro M Vannucchi, Tiziano Barbui
Recently reported mature survival data have confirmed the favorable prognosis in polycythemia vera (PV), with an estimated median survival of 24 years, in patients younger than age 60 years old. Currently available drugs for PV have not been shown to prolong survival or alter the natural history of the disease and are instead indicated primarily for prevention of thrombosis. Unfortunately, study endpoints that are being utilized in currently ongoing clinical trials in PV do not necessarily target clinically or biologically relevant outcomes, such as thrombosis, survival, or morphologic remission, and are instead focused on components of disease palliation...
January 10, 2018: Blood Cancer Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29253847/a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial-of-nalbuphine-er-tablets-for-uremic-pruritus
#9
Vandana S Mathur, Jayant Kumar, Paul W Crawford, Howard Hait, Thomas Sciascia
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is a distressing hallmark of the uremic condition, affecting approximately 60% of hemodialysis patients. Abnormal endogenous opioid ligand activity at μ and κ-opioid receptors has been postulated as a mechanism in uremic pruritus. Nalbuphine is a μ-opioid antagonist and κ-opioid agonist. METHODS: In this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, 373 hemodialysis patients with moderate or severe uremic pruritus were randomized in a 1: 1:1 ratio to nalbuphine extended-release tablets 120 mg (NAL 120), 60 mg (NAL 60), or placebo and treated for 8 weeks...
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183013/uremic-pruritus-an-itch-with-ominous-consequences
#10
Michael J Germain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923831/international-comparisons-of-prevalence-awareness-and-treatment-of-pruritus-in-people-on-hemodialysis
#11
Hugh C Rayner, Maria Larkina, Mia Wang, Matthew Graham-Brown, Sabine N van der Veer, Tevfik Ecder, Takeshi Hasegawa, Werner Kleophas, Brian A Bieber, Francesca Tentori, Bruce M Robinson, Ronald L Pisoni
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Uremic pruritus in patients on hemodialysis is associated with depression, lower quality of life, and mortality. We studied the prevalence, awareness, and treatment of pruritus to assess how well this important condition is currently managed internationally. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Data from 35,452 patients on hemodialysis in up to 17 countries from the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study were analyzed to describe pruritus prevalence from 1996 to 2015...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720208/treatment-of-uremic-pruritus-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Elizabeth Simonsen, Paul Komenda, Blake Lerner, Nicole Askin, Clara Bohm, James Shaw, Navdeep Tangri, Claudio Rigatto
BACKGROUND: Uremic pruritus is a common and burdensome symptom afflicting patients with advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) and has been declared a priority for CKD research by patients. The optimal treatments for uremic pruritus are not well defined. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. SETTING & POPULATION: Adult patients with advanced CKD (stage ≥ 3) or receiving any form of dialysis. SELECTION CRITERIA FOR STUDIES: PubMed, CINAHL, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, Scopus, Cochrane Library, and ClinicalTrials...
November 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687195/%C3%AE-2-microglobulin-elicits-itch-related-responses-in-mice-through-the-direct-activation-of-primary-afferent-neurons-expressing-transient-receptor-potential-vanilloid-1
#13
Tsugunobu Andoh, Takahito Maki, Sikai Li, Daisuke Uta
Uremic pruritus is an unpleasant symptom in patients undergoing hemodialysis, and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. β2-Microglobulin (β2-MG) is well-known as an MHC class I molecule and its level is increased in the plasma of patients undergoing hemodialysis. In this study, we investigated whether β2-MG was a pruritogen in mice. Intradermal injections of β2-MG into the rostral back induced scratching in a dose-dependent manner. Intradermal injection of β2-MG into the cheek also elicited scratching, but not wiping...
September 5, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652758/blood-lead-level-is-a-positive-predictor-of-uremic-pruritus-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#14
Cheng-Hao Weng, Ching-Wei Hsu, Ching-Chih Hu, Tzung-Hai Yen, Ming-Jen Chan, Wen-Hung Huang
Although uremic pruritus (UP) is a common and annoying symptom for end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis, its pathogenesis is poorly understood. However, systemic inflammation is one of the possible pathogenesis of UP, and blood lead level (BLL) has been noted to be associated with inflammation and nutritional status in long-term HD patients. There might be an interaction or association, therefore, between BLL and UP through systemic inflammation. We analyzed cross-sectional data among 866 participants...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450770/prevalence-pattern-and-association-of-pruritus-with-quality-of-life-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-attending-kidney-care-centre-ondo-city-southwest-nigeria
#15
Oluseyi Adejumo, Ayodeji Akinbodewa, Oladimeji Alli, Abolarin Olatunji, Ifedayo Ibukun
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is a common cutaneous manifestation of chronic kidney disease (CKD). It is associated with poor sleep quality, anxiety and depression which may contribute to reduction in quality of life (QoL). Paying more attention to pruritus in CKD patients may improve their QoL, reduce kidney disease burden and mortality. This study determined the prevalence, pattern and association of pruritus with QoL in CKD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in a Kidney Care Centre, Ondo City, Southwest Nigeria...
November 2016: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178931/transformation-of-5-d-itch-scale-and-numerical-rating-scale-in-chronic-hemodialysis-patients
#16
Jia-Wen Lai, Hung-Chih Chen, Che-Yi Chou, Hung-Rong Yen, Tsai-Chung Li, Mao-Feng Sun, Hen-Hong Chang, Chiu-Ching Huang, Fuu-Jen Tsai, Johannes Tschen, Chiz-Tzung Chang
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is a common and frustrating symptom in hemodialysis (HD) patients and 5-D itch scale is proposed as a reliable measurement of pruritus. However, information regarding 5-D itch scale categories is currently unavailable. We explored optimal cut-offs 5-D itching scale based on numerical rating scale (NRS) categories in HD patients. METHODS: Four hundred and nine HD patients in China Medical University Hospital in December 2014 were included and severity of pruritus was estimated using NRS and 5-D itch scale...
February 8, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176969/chronic-kidney-disease-associated-pruritus-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-current-management-challenges
#17
REVIEW
Shayan Shirazian, Olufemi Aina, Youngjun Park, Nawsheen Chowdhury, Kathleen Leger, Linle Hou, Nobuyuki Miyawaki, Vandana S Mathur
Chronic kidney disease-associated pruritus (CKD-aP) is a distressing, often overlooked condition in patients with CKD and end-stage renal disease. It affects ~40% of patients with end-stage renal disease and has been associated with poor quality of life, poor sleep, depression, and mortality. Prevalence estimates vary based on the instruments used to diagnose CKD-aP, and standardized diagnostic instruments are sorely needed. Treatment studies have often yielded conflicting results. This is likely related to studies that are limited by small sample size, flawed designs, and nonstandardized diagnostic instruments...
2017: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183080/total-calcium-and-albumin-are-decreased-in-the-deeper-epidermis-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-associated-pruritus
#18
Akishi Momose, Yasuo Shiraiwa, Satoshi Narita, Tomomi Kusumi, Shoko Goto, Koichiro Sera
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In our earlier studies, we reported high concentrations of intra- and extracellular calcium ions (Ca2+) in the deeper epidermis of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and associated pruritus. To determine the cause of this phenomenon, we measured total calcium (TCa) concentrations in the deeper epidermis and performed immunostaining of epidermal albumin, which binds to Ca2+. METHODS: This study included 45 patients with CKD-stage 5, which was defined as severely reduced kidney function (i...
2017: Nephron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099602/psychotropics-in-different-causes-of-itch-systematic-review-with-controlled-studies
#19
REVIEW
Lízie Emanuelle Eulalio Brasileiro, Dayanna Patrícia de Carvalho Barreto, Emerson Arcoverde Nunes
Among the wide range of symptoms neglected or resistant to conventional treatments in clinical practice, itch is emerging gradually as a theme to be studied. Itch complaints and the negative effects in the quality of life are observed in several medical fields. Although the partially obscure pathophysiology, some researchers decided to check and test the use of psychotropic drugs in resistant itch to conventional topical treatments and antihistamines. The objective of this study was to evaluate scientific evidence in psychotropic use in the treatment of itch of various causes...
November 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101457/therapeutic-effects-of-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-chronic-kidney-disease-associated-pruritus-a-literature-review
#20
REVIEW
Yunes Panahi, Simin Dashti-Khavidaki, Farahnoosh Farnood, Hamid Noshad, Mahsa Lotfi, Afshin Gharekhani
Uremic pruritus remains one of the most tormenting, frequent and potentially disabling problem in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. However, an area of substantial etiological interest with relation to uremic pruritus is the essential fatty acids deficiency. So we performed a literature review to elucidate the efficacy of omega-3 fatty acids on uremic pruritus. This review evaluated all of the studies published in English language, focusing on the clinical effects of omega-3 fatty acids on uremic pruritus...
December 2016: Advanced Pharmaceutical Bulletin
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