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7 papers 25 to 100 followers
Zhe Qu, Valeri V Mossine, Jiankun Cui, Grace Y Sun, Zezong Gu
Garlic (Allium sativum) is used for culinary and medicinal purposes in diverse cultures worldwide. When fresh garlic is soaked in aqueous ethanol under ambient environment over 4 months or longer, the majority of irritating taste and odor is eliminated and the antioxidant profile in the resulting aged garlic extract (AGE) changes significantly. Recently, AGE and its components have been demonstrated to exert neuroprotective effects in neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and cerebral ischemia...
September 2016: Neuromolecular Medicine
Eman S H Abd Allah, Asmaa M S Gomaa
Oxidative stress and inflammation are involved in the development and progression of diabetes and its complications. The renin-angiotensin system also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetes and its complications. We hypothesized that curcumin and captopril would restore the kidney and nerve functions of diabetic rats through their angiotensin converting enzyme 1 (ACE1) inhibiting activity as well as their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (100 mg·kg(-1) body weight)...
October 2015: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
James C Watson, P James B Dyck
Peripheral neuropathy is one of the most prevalent neurologic conditions encountered by physicians of all specialties. Physicians are faced with 3 distinct challenges in caring for patients with peripheral neuropathy: (1) how to efficiently and effectively screen (in less than 2 minutes) an asymptomatic patient for peripheral neuropathy when they have a disorder in which peripheral neuropathy is highly prevalent (eg, diabetes mellitus), (2) how to clinically stratify patients presenting with symptoms of neuropathy to determine who would benefit from specialty consultation and what testing is appropriate for those who do not need consultation, and (3) how to treat the symptoms of painful peripheral neuropathy...
July 2015: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
S Javed, U Alam, R A Malik
The rise in the global burden of diabetes is spurring an increase in the prevalence of its complications. Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a common and devastating complication of diabetes, with multiple clinical manifestations. The most common is a symmetrical length-dependent dysfunction and damage of peripheral nerves. The management of DPN rests on three tenets: intensive glycaemic control, even though the evidence of benefit is questionable in people with type 2 diabetes; pathogenetic therapies; and symptomatic treatment...
December 2015: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Manal Shakeel
Diabetic neuropathy (DN) is one of the most common and severe manifestations of diabetes mellitus. The mechanisms underlying the structural, functional and metabolic changes in diabetic neuropathy have been under study for a long time. In this review the biochemistry and implications of the four pathways responsible for the development of DN, polyol pathway; increased AGEs (advanced glycation end-products) formation; activation of PKC (protein kinase C) and hexosamine pathway have been discussed. Experimental and clinical evidences suggest a close link between neurodegeneration and oxidative stress which serves as a unifying mechanism, thus linking the four pathways...
October 2015: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
Jaime Hernández-Ojeda, Luis Miguel Román-Pintos, Adolfo Daniel Rodríguez-Carrízalez, Rogelio Troyo-Sanromán, Ernesto Germán Cardona-Muñoz, María Del Pilar Alatorre-Carranza, Alejandra Guillermina Miranda-Díaz
BACKGROUND: Diabetic neuropathy affects 50%-66% of patients with diabetes mellitus. Oxidative stress generates nerve dysfunction by causing segmental demyelinization and axonal degeneration. Antioxidants are considered to be the only etiologic management for diabetic polyneuropathy, and statins such as rosuvastatin increase nitric oxide bioavailability and reduce lipid peroxidation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant effect of rosuvastatin in diabetic polyneuropathy...
2014: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
Rayaz A Malik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2014: Diabetes
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