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Weight Loss

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3 papers 0 to 25 followers
Bradley C Johnston, Steve Kanters, Kristofer Bandayrel, Ping Wu, Faysal Naji, Reed A Siemieniuk, Geoff D C Ball, Jason W Busse, Kristian Thorlund, Gordon Guyatt, Jeroen P Jansen, Edward J Mills
IMPORTANCE: Many claims have been made regarding the superiority of one diet or another for inducing weight loss. Which diet is best remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine weight loss outcomes for popular diets based on diet class (macronutrient composition) and named diet. DATA SOURCES: Search of 6 electronic databases: AMED, CDSR, CENTRAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, and MEDLINE from inception of each database to April 2014. STUDY SELECTION: Overweight or obese adults (body mass index ≥25) randomized to a popular self-administered named diet and reporting weight or body mass index data at 3-month follow-up or longer...
September 3, 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
M Garaulet, P Gómez-Abellán, J J Alburquerque-Béjar, Y-C Lee, J M Ordovás, F A J L Scheer
BACKGROUND: There is emerging literature demonstrating a relationship between the timing of feeding and weight regulation in animals. However, whether the timing of food intake influences the success of a weight-loss diet in humans is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of food timing in weight-loss effectiveness in a sample of 420 individuals who followed a 20-week weight-loss treatment. METHODS: Participants (49.5% female subjects; age (mean ± s...
April 2013: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Darcy L Johannsen, Nicolas D Knuth, Robert Huizenga, Jennifer C Rood, Eric Ravussin, Kevin D Hall
CONTEXT: An important goal during weight loss is to maximize fat loss while preserving metabolically active fat-free mass (FFM). Massive weight loss typically results in substantial loss of FFM potentially slowing metabolic rate. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether a weight loss program consisting of diet restriction and vigorous exercise helped to preserve FFM and maintain resting metabolic rate (RMR). PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTION: We measured body composition by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, RMR by indirect calorimetry, and total energy expenditure by doubly labeled water at baseline (n = 16), wk 6 (n = 11), and wk 30 (n = 16)...
July 2012: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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